Abstract

Statistical investigations of the transmission performance of Adaptively Modulated Optical Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (AMOOFDM) are undertaken in single-channel, optical amplifier-free, Multimode Fiber (MMF)-based links using Intensity Modulation and Direct Detection (IMDD). Numerical simulations are performed using statistically constructed 1000 worst-case MMF links having 3-dB bandwidths varying in a range of 220–490 MHz$ \cdot$km. It is shown that, by employing practically available devices, $>$30 Gb/s over 300-m AMOOFDM signal transmission is achievable in 99.5% of already installed MMF links, while by employing components that may be available in the future, the AMOOFDM technique is capable of supporting 100 Gb/s over 150-m signal transmission in 99.5% of already installed MMF links. In addition, it is confirmed, from a statistical point of view, that AMOOFDM has excellent flexibility and great robustness to different types of fibers and lasers, restricted launch conditions and practical implementation-related factors such as optical connector offset. It is also found that cyclic prefix and quantization are the key factors limiting the maximum achievable transmission performance of the AMOOFDM technique.

© 2008 IEEE

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  1. P. Pepeljugoski, M. J. Hackert, J. S. Abbott, S. E. Swanson, S. E. Golowich, A. J. Ritger, P. Kolesar, Y. C. Chen, P. Pleunis, "Development of system specification for laser-optimized 50- $\mu{\hbox {m}}$ multimode fiber for multigigabit short-wavelength LANs," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1256-1275 (2003).
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  26. G. C. Papen, G. M. Murphy, "Modal noise in multimode fibers under restricted launch conditions," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 817-822 (1999).
  27. L. Hanzo, S. X. Ng, T. Keller, W. Webb, Quadrature Amplitude Modulation: From Basics to Adaptive Trellis-Coded, Turbo-Equalised and Space-Time Coded OFDM, CDMA and MC-CDMA Systems (Wiley, 2004).
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  29. G. P. Agrawal, Fibre-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 1997).
  30. E. J. Tyler, P. Kourtessis, M. Webster, E. Rochart, T. Quinlan, S. E. M. Dudley, S. D. Walker, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Toward terabitper-second capacities over multimode fiber links using SCM/WDM techniques," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3237-3243 (2003).
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2007 (2)

J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "Maximizing the transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode-fiber links by optimizing analog-to-digital converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 787-798 (2007).

Y. Sun, P. Hallemeier, H. Ereifej, O. V. Sinkin, B. S. Marks, C. R. Menyuk, "Statistics of electrical dispersion compensator penalties of 10-Gb/s multimode fiber links with offset connectors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 689-691 (2007).

2006 (5)

J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "30 Gb/s signal transmission over 40-km directly modulated DFB-laser-based single-mode-fiber links without optical amplification and dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2318-2327 (2006).

X. J. Gu, W. Mohammed, P. W. Smith, "Demonstration of all-fiber WDM for multimode fiber local area networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 244-246 (2006).

K. Balemarthy, A. Polley, S. E. Ralph, "Electronic equalization of multikilometer 10-Gb/s multimode fiber links: Mode-coupling effects," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4885-4894 (2006).

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, K. A. Shore, "High-speed transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over multimode fibers using directly modulated DFBs," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 429-441 (2006).

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, K. A. Shore, "Transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode fiber links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 205-207 (2006).

2005 (2)

C. Xia, M. Ajgaonkar, W. Rosenkranz, "On the performance of the electrical equalization technique in MMF links for 10-gigabit Ethernet," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2001-2011 (2005).

A. M. E.-A. Diab, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Statistical analysis of subcarrier-modulated transmission over 300 m of 62.5- $\mu{\hbox {m}}$-core-diameter multimode fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2380-2398 (2005).

2004 (1)

J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, "Electronic equalisation for length extension of $\times$2 to $\times$3 in 10 Gbit/s multimode-fibre data communication links," Electron. Lett. 40, 1437-1439 (2004).

2003 (3)

P. Pepeljugoski, M. J. Hackert, J. S. Abbott, S. E. Swanson, S. E. Golowich, A. J. Ritger, P. Kolesar, Y. C. Chen, P. Pleunis, "Development of system specification for laser-optimized 50- $\mu{\hbox {m}}$ multimode fiber for multigigabit short-wavelength LANs," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1256-1275 (2003).

S. Kanprachar, I. Jacobs, "Diversity coding for subcarrier multiplexing on multimode fibers," IEEE Trans. Commun. 51, 1546-1553 (2003).

E. J. Tyler, P. Kourtessis, M. Webster, E. Rochart, T. Quinlan, S. E. M. Dudley, S. D. Walker, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Toward terabitper-second capacities over multimode fiber links using SCM/WDM techniques," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3237-3243 (2003).

2002 (1)

L. A. Buckman, B. E. Lemoff, A. J. Schmit, R. P. Tella, W. Gong, "Demonstration of a small-form-factor WWDM transceiver module for 10-Gb/s local area networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 702-704 (2002).

1999 (2)

G. C. Papen, G. M. Murphy, "Modal noise in multimode fibers under restricted launch conditions," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 817-822 (1999).

M. Webster, L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, "A statistical analysis of conditioned launch for gigabit Ethernet links using multimode fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1532-1541 (1999).

1998 (1)

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, M. C. Nowell, "An experimental and theoretical study of the offset launch technique for the enhancement of the bandwidth of multimode fiber links," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 324-331 (1998).

1992 (1)

G. D. Brown, "Bandwidth and rise time calculations for digital multimode fiber-optic data links," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 672-678 (1992).

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, "Electronic equalisation for length extension of $\times$2 to $\times$3 in 10 Gbit/s multimode-fibre data communication links," Electron. Lett. 40, 1437-1439 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, K. A. Shore, "Transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode fiber links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 205-207 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

L. A. Buckman, B. E. Lemoff, A. J. Schmit, R. P. Tella, W. Gong, "Demonstration of a small-form-factor WWDM transceiver module for 10-Gb/s local area networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 702-704 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

X. J. Gu, W. Mohammed, P. W. Smith, "Demonstration of all-fiber WDM for multimode fiber local area networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 244-246 (2006).

Y. Sun, P. Hallemeier, H. Ereifej, O. V. Sinkin, B. S. Marks, C. R. Menyuk, "Statistics of electrical dispersion compensator penalties of 10-Gb/s multimode fiber links with offset connectors," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 689-691 (2007).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

S. Kanprachar, I. Jacobs, "Diversity coding for subcarrier multiplexing on multimode fibers," IEEE Trans. Commun. 51, 1546-1553 (2003).

J. Lightw. Technol. (6)

E. J. Tyler, P. Kourtessis, M. Webster, E. Rochart, T. Quinlan, S. E. M. Dudley, S. D. Walker, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Toward terabitper-second capacities over multimode fiber links using SCM/WDM techniques," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3237-3243 (2003).

M. Webster, L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, "A statistical analysis of conditioned launch for gigabit Ethernet links using multimode fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1532-1541 (1999).

A. M. E.-A. Diab, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Statistical analysis of subcarrier-modulated transmission over 300 m of 62.5- $\mu{\hbox {m}}$-core-diameter multimode fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2380-2398 (2005).

G. D. Brown, "Bandwidth and rise time calculations for digital multimode fiber-optic data links," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 672-678 (1992).

K. Balemarthy, A. Polley, S. E. Ralph, "Electronic equalization of multikilometer 10-Gb/s multimode fiber links: Mode-coupling effects," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4885-4894 (2006).

P. Pepeljugoski, M. J. Hackert, J. S. Abbott, S. E. Swanson, S. E. Golowich, A. J. Ritger, P. Kolesar, Y. C. Chen, P. Pleunis, "Development of system specification for laser-optimized 50- $\mu{\hbox {m}}$ multimode fiber for multigigabit short-wavelength LANs," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1256-1275 (2003).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

C. Xia, M. Ajgaonkar, W. Rosenkranz, "On the performance of the electrical equalization technique in MMF links for 10-gigabit Ethernet," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2001-2011 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, M. C. Nowell, "An experimental and theoretical study of the offset launch technique for the enhancement of the bandwidth of multimode fiber links," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 324-331 (1998).

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, K. A. Shore, "High-speed transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over multimode fibers using directly modulated DFBs," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 429-441 (2006).

J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "Maximizing the transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode-fiber links by optimizing analog-to-digital converters," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 787-798 (2007).

J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "30 Gb/s signal transmission over 40-km directly modulated DFB-laser-based single-mode-fiber links without optical amplification and dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2318-2327 (2006).

G. C. Papen, G. M. Murphy, "Modal noise in multimode fibers under restricted launch conditions," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 817-822 (1999).

Other (14)

L. Hanzo, S. X. Ng, T. Keller, W. Webb, Quadrature Amplitude Modulation: From Basics to Adaptive Trellis-Coded, Turbo-Equalised and Space-Time Coded OFDM, CDMA and MC-CDMA Systems (Wiley, 2004).

J. Heiskala, J. Terry, OFDM Wireless LANs: A Theoretical and Practical Guide (Sams, 2002).

G. P. Agrawal, Fibre-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 1997).

The 10GBASE-LRM Standard IEEE Standard 802.3aq (2006).

M. Lawton, (2004)Framework for EDC Based 10GBASE-LRM IEEE 802.3 10 GbE Study Group http://ieee802.org/3/aq/public/may04/index.html.

R. Prasad, OFDM for Wireless Communications Systems (Artech House, 2004).

Y. Sun, P. Hallemeier, H. Ereifej, O. V. Sinkin, B. S. Marks, C. R. Menyuk, "Experimental and theoretical study of a 10 Gb/s Multimode fibre link with connection offset," Conference on Lasers & Electro-Optics (CLEO) (2005) Paper CWG4.

C. Xia, W. Rosenkranz, "Statistical analysis of electrical equalization of differential mode delay in MMF links for 10-Gigabit Ethernet," Optical Fibre Communication Conf./National Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) AnaheimCA (2005).

S. S.-H. Yam, F.-T. An, S. Sinha, M. E. Marhic, L. G. Kazovsky, "40 Gb/s transmission over 140 m 62.5 $\mu{\hbox {m}}$ multimode fibre using polarization controlled launch," Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) San FranciscoCA (2004) Paper CTuEE5 vol. 1.

M. Webster, E. J. Tyler, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Novel cascaded optical coding schemes for bandwidth efficient systems applications," Proc. Optical Fibre Communication Conf. Exhibit (OFC) (2001) pp. WDD47-1-WDD47-3.

L. Aronson, L. Buckman, (2004)Guide to HP Labs ROFL/OFL Fiber Measurements From 12/15/97–12/19/97 IEEE 802.3 10 GbE Study Group http://www.ieee802.org/3/z/mbi/index/html.

N. E. Jolley, H. Kee, R. Rickard, J. Tang, K. Cordina, "Generation and propagation of a 1550 nm 10 Gb/s optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed signal over 1000 m of multimode fibre using a directly modulated DFB," Optical Fibre Communication Conf./National Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) AnaheimCA (2005) Paper OFP3.

J. Heiskala, J. Terry, OFDM Wireless LANs: A Theoretical and Practical Guide (Sams, 2002).

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, M. Schuster, J. Zeng, F. Huijskens, H. P. A. Van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, N. Hanik, "24-Gb/s transmission over 730 m of multimode fibre by direct modulation of an 850-nm VCSEL using discrete multi-tone modulation," Optical Fibre Communication Conf./National Fiber Optic Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) AnaheimCA (2007) Paper PDP6.

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