Abstract

Interferometric noise in optical communication systems employing reflective modulation schemes can be mitigated by reshaping the data spectrum to reduce the spectral overlap with backscattered and backreflected light. A novel analytical model, capable of analyzing accurately the performance of modulation formats with a wide optical spectrum, is derived here and applied to study the case of interferometric noise caused by Rayleigh backscattering. Compared to more complex models and simulations the new method is fast, simple to implement, and gives clear insight into the physical phenomena involved. In addition, the performance of practical systems can be easily analyzed and optimized due to the capability of the model to include real component specifications such as arbitrary optical and electrical filter responses. The specific case of phase-modulated non-return to zero (PM-NRZ) modulation format is used to validate the model against experimental results and excellent agreement is obtained. The PM-NRZ performance is also investigated as a function of various parameters, quantifying, for example, the trade-off between phase modulation index and interferometric noise mitigation.

© 2008 IEEE

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  1. H. Ueda, K. Okada, B. Ford, G. Mahony, S. Hornung, D. Faulkner, J. Abiven, S. Durel, R. Ballart, J. Erickson, "Deployment status and common technical specifications for a B-PON system," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 134-141 (2001).
  2. R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, K. McCammon, "Options for future optical access networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 50-56 (2006).
  3. G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, "Hybrid DWDM-TDM long reach PON for next generation optical access," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2827-2834 (2006).
  4. K. Iwatsuki, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, "Access and metro networks based on WDM technologies," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2623-2630 (2004).
  5. E. K. MacHale, G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, "10 Gb/s bidirectional transmission in a 116 km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PON," Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (2006) pp. OFE1.
  6. M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, "Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 740-746 (2006).
  7. R. K. Staubli, P. Gysel, "Crosstalk penalties due to coherent Rayleigh noise in bidirectional optical communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 375-380 (1991).
  8. T. Yoshida, S. Kimura, H. Kimura, K. Kumozaki, T. Imai, "A new single-fiber 10-Gb/s optical loopback method using phase modulation for WDM optical access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 786-796 (2006).
  9. Z. Li, Y. Dong, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "A novel PSK-Manchester modulation format in 10-Gb/s passive optical network system with high tolerance to beat interference noise," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1118-1120 (2005).
  10. C. W. Chow, G. Talli, A. D. Ellis, P. D. Townsend, "Rayleigh noise mitigation in DWDM LR-PONs using carrier suppressed subcarrier-amplitude modulated phase shift keying," Opt. Exp. 16, 1860-1866 (2008).
  11. C. W. Chow, G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, "Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 423-425 (2007).
  12. G. Talli, C. W. Chow, E. K. MacHale, P. D. Townsend, "Rayleigh noise mitigation in long reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PONs," J. Opt. Netw. 6, 765-776 (2007).
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  15. P. J. Winzer, M. Pfennigbauer, M. M. Strasser, W. R. Leeb, "Optimum filter bandwidths for optically preamplified NRZ receivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1263-1273 (2001).
  16. J. L. Rebola, A. V. T. Cartaxo, "Gaussian approach for performance evaluation of optically preamplified receivers with arbitrary optical and electrical filters," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 148, 135-142 (2001).
  17. I. T. Lima, Jr.A. O. Lima, Y. Sun, H. Jiao, J. Zweck, C. R. Menyuk, G. M. Carter, "A receiver model for optical fiber communication systems with arbitrarily polarized noise," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1478-1490 (2005).
  18. G. Talli, D. Cotter, P. D. Townsend, "Rayleigh backscattering impairments in access networks with centralised light source," Electron. Lett. 42, 877-878 (2006).
  19. J. L. Rebola, A. V. T. Cartaxo, "Q-factor estimation and impact of spontaneous-spontaneous beat noise on the performance of optically preamplified systems with arbitrary optical filtering," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 87-95 (2003).
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2008 (1)

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, A. D. Ellis, P. D. Townsend, "Rayleigh noise mitigation in DWDM LR-PONs using carrier suppressed subcarrier-amplitude modulated phase shift keying," Opt. Exp. 16, 1860-1866 (2008).

2007 (2)

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, "Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 423-425 (2007).

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, E. K. MacHale, P. D. Townsend, "Rayleigh noise mitigation in long reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PONs," J. Opt. Netw. 6, 765-776 (2007).

2006 (5)

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, K. McCammon, "Options for future optical access networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 50-56 (2006).

G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, "Hybrid DWDM-TDM long reach PON for next generation optical access," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2827-2834 (2006).

M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, "Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 740-746 (2006).

T. Yoshida, S. Kimura, H. Kimura, K. Kumozaki, T. Imai, "A new single-fiber 10-Gb/s optical loopback method using phase modulation for WDM optical access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 786-796 (2006).

G. Talli, D. Cotter, P. D. Townsend, "Rayleigh backscattering impairments in access networks with centralised light source," Electron. Lett. 42, 877-878 (2006).

2005 (2)

Z. Li, Y. Dong, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "A novel PSK-Manchester modulation format in 10-Gb/s passive optical network system with high tolerance to beat interference noise," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1118-1120 (2005).

I. T. Lima, Jr.A. O. Lima, Y. Sun, H. Jiao, J. Zweck, C. R. Menyuk, G. M. Carter, "A receiver model for optical fiber communication systems with arbitrarily polarized noise," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1478-1490 (2005).

2004 (1)

K. Iwatsuki, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, "Access and metro networks based on WDM technologies," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2623-2630 (2004).

2003 (1)

J. L. Rebola, A. V. T. Cartaxo, "Q-factor estimation and impact of spontaneous-spontaneous beat noise on the performance of optically preamplified systems with arbitrary optical filtering," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 87-95 (2003).

2001 (3)

P. J. Winzer, M. Pfennigbauer, M. M. Strasser, W. R. Leeb, "Optimum filter bandwidths for optically preamplified NRZ receivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1263-1273 (2001).

J. L. Rebola, A. V. T. Cartaxo, "Gaussian approach for performance evaluation of optically preamplified receivers with arbitrary optical and electrical filters," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 148, 135-142 (2001).

H. Ueda, K. Okada, B. Ford, G. Mahony, S. Hornung, D. Faulkner, J. Abiven, S. Durel, R. Ballart, J. Erickson, "Deployment status and common technical specifications for a B-PON system," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 134-141 (2001).

1991 (2)

R. C. Steele, G. R. Walker, N. G. Walker, "Sensitivity of optically preamplified receivers with optical filtering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 545-547 (1991).

R. K. Staubli, P. Gysel, "Crosstalk penalties due to coherent Rayleigh noise in bidirectional optical communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 375-380 (1991).

1989 (1)

N. Olsson, "Lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1071-1082 (1989).

Electron. Lett. (1)

G. Talli, D. Cotter, P. D. Townsend, "Rayleigh backscattering impairments in access networks with centralised light source," Electron. Lett. 42, 877-878 (2006).

IEE Proc. Optoelectron. (1)

J. L. Rebola, A. V. T. Cartaxo, "Gaussian approach for performance evaluation of optically preamplified receivers with arbitrary optical and electrical filters," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 148, 135-142 (2001).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

R. Davey, J. Kani, F. Bourgart, K. McCammon, "Options for future optical access networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 44, 50-56 (2006).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

H. Ueda, K. Okada, B. Ford, G. Mahony, S. Hornung, D. Faulkner, J. Abiven, S. Durel, R. Ballart, J. Erickson, "Deployment status and common technical specifications for a B-PON system," IEEE Commun. Mag. 39, 134-141 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

R. C. Steele, G. R. Walker, N. G. Walker, "Sensitivity of optically preamplified receivers with optical filtering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 545-547 (1991).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Z. Li, Y. Dong, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "A novel PSK-Manchester modulation format in 10-Gb/s passive optical network system with high tolerance to beat interference noise," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1118-1120 (2005).

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, "Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 423-425 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

T. Yoshida, S. Kimura, H. Kimura, K. Kumozaki, T. Imai, "A new single-fiber 10-Gb/s optical loopback method using phase modulation for WDM optical access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 786-796 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, "Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 740-746 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (7)

R. K. Staubli, P. Gysel, "Crosstalk penalties due to coherent Rayleigh noise in bidirectional optical communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 375-380 (1991).

G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, "Hybrid DWDM-TDM long reach PON for next generation optical access," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2827-2834 (2006).

K. Iwatsuki, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, "Access and metro networks based on WDM technologies," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2623-2630 (2004).

P. J. Winzer, M. Pfennigbauer, M. M. Strasser, W. R. Leeb, "Optimum filter bandwidths for optically preamplified NRZ receivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1263-1273 (2001).

I. T. Lima, Jr.A. O. Lima, Y. Sun, H. Jiao, J. Zweck, C. R. Menyuk, G. M. Carter, "A receiver model for optical fiber communication systems with arbitrarily polarized noise," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1478-1490 (2005).

J. L. Rebola, A. V. T. Cartaxo, "Q-factor estimation and impact of spontaneous-spontaneous beat noise on the performance of optically preamplified systems with arbitrary optical filtering," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 87-95 (2003).

N. Olsson, "Lightwave systems with optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1071-1082 (1989).

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Opt. Exp. (1)

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, A. D. Ellis, P. D. Townsend, "Rayleigh noise mitigation in DWDM LR-PONs using carrier suppressed subcarrier-amplitude modulated phase shift keying," Opt. Exp. 16, 1860-1866 (2008).

Other (2)

E. K. MacHale, G. Talli, P. D. Townsend, "10 Gb/s bidirectional transmission in a 116 km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PON," Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (2006) pp. OFE1.

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, P. D. Townsend, "Filter impact in spectrally-broadened Rayleigh noise reduction schemes for DWDM-PONs," Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (2007) pp. OWD4.

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