Abstract

Several techniques for phase noise PSD measurement of continuous wave (CW) lasers to be used in coherent transmission systems are analyzed. Between them, we evaluate two novel techniques. The first employs a homodyne optical phase-locked loop, while the second uses a signal source analyzer. Experimental results obtained by these two methods are compared with classical linewidth measurement methods like self-heterodyne and Michelson interferometer. Limits and accuracy of each method are discussed. Furthermore, the comparison shows that, for coherent transmission system applications, only a subset of the analyzed methods is useful for laser phase noise characterization.

© 2008 IEEE

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  1. L. G. Kazovsky, "Balanced phase-locked loops for optical homodyne receivers: Performance analysis, design considerations, and laser linewidth requirements," J. Lightw. Technol. 4, 182-195 (1986).
  2. S. Norimatsu, O. Ishida, "Impact of flicker noise and random-walk noise on a phase-locked loop with finite propagation delay," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 86-95 (1994).
  3. A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, "Phase noise of single-mode diode lasers in interferometer systems," Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 530 (1981).
  4. B. Daino, P. Spano, M. Tamburrini, S. Piazzolla, "Phase noise and spectral line shape in semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. QE-19, 266-270 (1983).
  5. C. H. Henry, "Phase noise in semiconductor lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. T-4, 298-311 (1986).
  6. M. O. van Deventer, P. Spano, S. K. Nielsen, "Comparison of DFB laser linewidth measurement techniques results from COST 215 round robin," Electron. Lett. 26, 2018-2020 (1990).
  7. T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, Coherent Optical Fiber Communications (Kluwer, 1988).
  8. S. Piazzolla, P. Spano, M. Tamburrini, "Characterization of phase noise in semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 695 (1982).
  9. O. Ishida, "Delayed-self-heterodyne measurement of laser frequency fluctuations," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1528-1533 (1991).
  10. S. Camatel, V. Ferrero, "Phase noise power spectral density measurement of narrow linewidth CW lasers using an optical phase-locked loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2529-2531 (2006).
  11. T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, A. Nakayama, "Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum," Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).

2006 (1)

S. Camatel, V. Ferrero, "Phase noise power spectral density measurement of narrow linewidth CW lasers using an optical phase-locked loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2529-2531 (2006).

1994 (1)

S. Norimatsu, O. Ishida, "Impact of flicker noise and random-walk noise on a phase-locked loop with finite propagation delay," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 86-95 (1994).

1991 (1)

O. Ishida, "Delayed-self-heterodyne measurement of laser frequency fluctuations," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1528-1533 (1991).

1990 (1)

M. O. van Deventer, P. Spano, S. K. Nielsen, "Comparison of DFB laser linewidth measurement techniques results from COST 215 round robin," Electron. Lett. 26, 2018-2020 (1990).

1986 (2)

C. H. Henry, "Phase noise in semiconductor lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. T-4, 298-311 (1986).

L. G. Kazovsky, "Balanced phase-locked loops for optical homodyne receivers: Performance analysis, design considerations, and laser linewidth requirements," J. Lightw. Technol. 4, 182-195 (1986).

1983 (1)

B. Daino, P. Spano, M. Tamburrini, S. Piazzolla, "Phase noise and spectral line shape in semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. QE-19, 266-270 (1983).

1982 (1)

S. Piazzolla, P. Spano, M. Tamburrini, "Characterization of phase noise in semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 695 (1982).

1981 (1)

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, "Phase noise of single-mode diode lasers in interferometer systems," Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 530 (1981).

1980 (1)

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, A. Nakayama, "Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum," Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, "Phase noise of single-mode diode lasers in interferometer systems," Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 530 (1981).

S. Piazzolla, P. Spano, M. Tamburrini, "Characterization of phase noise in semiconductor lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 695 (1982).

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. O. van Deventer, P. Spano, S. K. Nielsen, "Comparison of DFB laser linewidth measurement techniques results from COST 215 round robin," Electron. Lett. 26, 2018-2020 (1990).

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, A. Nakayama, "Novel method for high resolution measurement of laser output spectrum," Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).

IEEE J. Quant. Electron. (1)

B. Daino, P. Spano, M. Tamburrini, S. Piazzolla, "Phase noise and spectral line shape in semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quant. Electron. QE-19, 266-270 (1983).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Camatel, V. Ferrero, "Phase noise power spectral density measurement of narrow linewidth CW lasers using an optical phase-locked loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2529-2531 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

C. H. Henry, "Phase noise in semiconductor lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. T-4, 298-311 (1986).

L. G. Kazovsky, "Balanced phase-locked loops for optical homodyne receivers: Performance analysis, design considerations, and laser linewidth requirements," J. Lightw. Technol. 4, 182-195 (1986).

S. Norimatsu, O. Ishida, "Impact of flicker noise and random-walk noise on a phase-locked loop with finite propagation delay," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 86-95 (1994).

O. Ishida, "Delayed-self-heterodyne measurement of laser frequency fluctuations," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1528-1533 (1991).

Other (1)

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, Coherent Optical Fiber Communications (Kluwer, 1988).

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