Abstract

In this paper, the physical limitations of semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA)-based switching nodes for optical burst switching (OBS) are investigated. The investigation covers two broadcast-and-select (BAS)-based architectures. Their maximum size and throughput are analyzed for nodes at different bit rates. As main impairments for signal degradation amplifier noise, crosstalk, SOA gain saturation and dynamics, and SOA chirp are evaluated by simulations. In conclusion, general rules for design burst switching nodes are established.

© 2008 IEEE

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  2. C. Qiao, M. Yoo, "Optical burst switching (OBS)—A new paradigm for an optical internet," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).
  3. J. S. Turner, "Terabit burst switching," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 3-16 (1999).
  4. C. H. Xin, C. Qiao, "A comparative study of OBS and OFS," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2001) number ThG7-1.
  5. I. De Miguel, M. Düser, P. Bayvel, "Traffic load bounds for optical burst-switched networks with dynamic wavelength allocation," Proc. IFIP TC6 5th Int. Working Conf. Opt. Netw. Design Model. (ONDM 2001) (2001).
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  7. M. Düser, P. Bayvel, "Analysis of a dynamically wavelength-routed optical burst switched network architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 574-585 (2002).
  8. C. Qiao, M. Yoo, "Choices, features and issues in optical burst switching," Opt. Netw. Mag. 1, 37-44 (2000).
  9. K. Dolzer, C. M. Gauger, J. Späth, S. Bodamer, "Evaluation of reservation mechanisms for optical burst switching," AEÜ Int. J. Electron. Commun. 55, 18-26 (2001).
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  19. H. Feng, E. Patzak, J. Saniter, "Size and cascadability limits of SOA based burst switching nodes," Proc. Europ. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) (2002).
  20. D. Sadot, E. Boimovich, "Tunable optical filters for dense WDM networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 50-55 (1998).
  21. K. Shrikhande, "Performance demonstration of a fast-tunable transmitter and burst-mode packet receiver for HORNET," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) (2001) number ThG2.
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  29. T. Gyselings, "Crosstalk analysis of multiwavelength optical cross connects," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1273-1283 (1999).
  30. H. Buchta, E. Patzak, J. Saniter, F. Raub, "Impact of SOA gain saturation and dynamics on the throughput of optical burst switching nodes," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) (2004).
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2004

N. Hanik, "Extension of all-optical network-transparent domains based on normalized transmission sections," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1439-1453 (2004).

2003

M. Kauer, "16-Channel digitally tunable external-cavity laser with nanosecond switching time," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 371-373 (2003).

2002

M. Düser, P. Bayvel, "Analysis of a dynamically wavelength-routed optical burst switched network architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 574-585 (2002).

M. J. Potasek, "All-optical switching for high bandwidth optical network," Opt. Netw. Mag. 3, 30-43 (2002).

2001

K. Dolzer, C. M. Gauger, J. Späth, S. Bodamer, "Evaluation of reservation mechanisms for optical burst switching," AEÜ Int. J. Electron. Commun. 55, 18-26 (2001).

2000

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, "Choices, features and issues in optical burst switching," Opt. Netw. Mag. 1, 37-44 (2000).

C. Qiao, "Labeled optical burst switching for IP-over-WDM integration," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 104-114 (2000).

1999

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, "Optical burst switching (OBS)—A new paradigm for an optical internet," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).

J. S. Turner, "Terabit burst switching," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 3-16 (1999).

T. Gyselings, "Crosstalk analysis of multiwavelength optical cross connects," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1273-1283 (1999).

1998

M. W. Chbat, "Towards wide-scale all-optical transparent networking: The ACTS OPtical Pan-European (OPEN) Project," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1226-1244 (1998).

C. Guillemot, "Transparent optical packet switching: The European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

P. Gambini, "Transparent optical packet switching: Network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, (1998).

D. Chiaroni, "Physical and logical validation of a network based on all-optical packet switching systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 2255-2264 (1998).

D. Sadot, E. Boimovich, "Tunable optical filters for dense WDM networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 50-55 (1998).

1996

M. Renaud, M. Bachmann, M. Erman, "Semiconductor optical space switches," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 277-288 (1996).

T. Durhuus, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).

AEÜ Int. J. Electron. Commun.

K. Dolzer, C. M. Gauger, J. Späth, S. Bodamer, "Evaluation of reservation mechanisms for optical burst switching," AEÜ Int. J. Electron. Commun. 55, 18-26 (2001).

IEEE Commun. Mag.

C. Qiao, "Labeled optical burst switching for IP-over-WDM integration," IEEE Commun. Mag. 38, 104-114 (2000).

D. Sadot, E. Boimovich, "Tunable optical filters for dense WDM networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 50-55 (1998).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

M. W. Chbat, "Towards wide-scale all-optical transparent networking: The ACTS OPtical Pan-European (OPEN) Project," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, 1226-1244 (1998).

P. Gambini, "Transparent optical packet switching: Network architecture and demonstrators in the KEOPS project," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 16, (1998).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

M. Renaud, M. Bachmann, M. Erman, "Semiconductor optical space switches," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 2, 277-288 (1996).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. Kauer, "16-Channel digitally tunable external-cavity laser with nanosecond switching time," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 371-373 (2003).

J. High Speed Netw.

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, "Optical burst switching (OBS)—A new paradigm for an optical internet," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).

J. S. Turner, "Terabit burst switching," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 3-16 (1999).

J. Lightw. Technol.

M. Düser, P. Bayvel, "Analysis of a dynamically wavelength-routed optical burst switched network architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 574-585 (2002).

C. Guillemot, "Transparent optical packet switching: The European ACTS KEOPS project approach," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 2117-2134 (1998).

D. Chiaroni, "Physical and logical validation of a network based on all-optical packet switching systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 2255-2264 (1998).

T. Durhuus, "All-optical wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 942-954 (1996).

T. Gyselings, "Crosstalk analysis of multiwavelength optical cross connects," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1273-1283 (1999).

N. Hanik, "Extension of all-optical network-transparent domains based on normalized transmission sections," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1439-1453 (2004).

Opt. Netw. Mag.

M. J. Potasek, "All-optical switching for high bandwidth optical network," Opt. Netw. Mag. 3, 30-43 (2002).

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, "Choices, features and issues in optical burst switching," Opt. Netw. Mag. 1, 37-44 (2000).

Other

C. M. Gauger, "Viability and performance of optical burst switching," Proc. 9th Europ. Conf. Netw. Opt. Commun. (NOC) (2004).

H. Buchta, E. Patzak, J. Saniter, C. M. Gauger, "Maximal and effective throughput of optical switching nodes for optical burst switching," Proc. 4. ITG-Fachtagung Photonische Netze (2003).

C. H. Xin, C. Qiao, "A comparative study of OBS and OFS," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2001) number ThG7-1.

I. De Miguel, M. Düser, P. Bayvel, "Traffic load bounds for optical burst-switched networks with dynamic wavelength allocation," Proc. IFIP TC6 5th Int. Working Conf. Opt. Netw. Design Model. (ONDM 2001) (2001).

M. D¨ser, P. Bayvel, "Bandwidth utilization and wavelength re-use in WDM optical burst-switched packet networks," Proc. IFIP TC6 5th Int. Working Conf. Opt. Netw. Design Model. (ONDM 2001) (2001).

H. Feng, E. Patzak, J. Saniter, "Physikalische Grenzen von broadcast and select-Schaltknoten für optical burst switching," Proc. 3. ITG-Fachtagung Photonische Netze (2002).

H. Feng, E. Patzak, J. Saniter, "Size and cascadability limits of SOA based burst switching nodes," Proc. Europ. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) (2002).

H. Buchta, E. Patzak, J. Saniter, F. Raub, "Impact of SOA gain saturation and dynamics on the throughput of optical burst switching nodes," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) (2004).

H. Buchta, Analysis of physical constraints in an optical burst switching network Ph.D. dissertation Tech. Univ. BerlinBerlinGermany (2005).

Finisar www.finisar.com.

VPIsystems, Photonic Modules Reference Manual (2005).

J. M. Simmons, "Analysis of wavelength conversion in all-optical express backbone networks," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) AtlantaGA (2002) number TuG2 pp. 34-36.

O. Gerstel, R. Ramaswami, S. Foster, "Merits of hybrid networking," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) (2002) number TuG1 pp. 33-34.

J. E. Simsarian, "A widely tunable laser transmitter with fast, accurate switching between all channel combinations," Proc. Europ. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) CopenhagenDenmark (2002) number 3.3.6.

J. Gripp, "4 x 4 demonstration of a 1.2 Tb/s (32 x 40 Gb/s) optical switch fabric for multi-Tb/s packet routers," Proc. Europ. Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) CopenhagenDenmark (2002) number PD2.4.

K. Shrikhande, "Performance demonstration of a fast-tunable transmitter and burst-mode packet receiver for HORNET," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) (2001) number ThG2.

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