Abstract

A novel broadband photonic RF phase shifter is proposed that employs single-sideband modulation of the broadband RF signal onto an optical carrier. The phase of the carrier is shifted relative to the modulated signal using an optical allpass filter. Ring-resonator-based optical allpass filters are tuned across the carrier frequency to yield an RF phase shift of over 360 degrees. Results from a proof-of-concept experimental demonstration are presented for modulation frequencies in the range of 2–4 GHz.

© 2008 IEEE

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  1. J. Han, B.-J. Seo, S. Kim, H. Zhang, H. R. Fetterman, "Single-chip integrated electro-optic polymer photonic RF phase shifter array," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3257-3261 (2003).
  2. M. Y. Frankel, R. D. Esman, "True time-delay fiber-optic control of an ultrawideband array transmitter/receiver with multibeam capability," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 1–22387-2394 (1995).
  3. M. Y. Frankel, P. J. Matthews, R. D. Esman, "Fiber-optic true time steering of an ultrawide-band receive array," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 21522-1526 (1997).
  4. H. Zmuda, R. A. Soref, P. Payson, S. Johns, E. N. Toughlian, "Photonic beamformer for phased array antennas using a fiber grating prism," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 241-243 (1997).
  5. Y. Liu, J. Yang, J. Yao, "Continuous true-time-delay beamforming for phased array antenna using a tunable chirped fiber grating delay line," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1172-1174 (2002).
  6. J. Yang, J. Yao, Y. Liu, S. C. Tjin, "Continuous true-time-delay beamforming employing a tunable multiwavelength fiber ring laser source with equally increased or decreased wavelength spacing," Opt. Eng. 42, 239-244 (2003).
  7. C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, "Optical all-pass filters for phase response design with applications for dispersion compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 994-996 (1998).
  8. J. LeGrange, A. Kasper, C. Madsen, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, A. Griffin, E. J. Laskowski, M. Rasras, "Demonstration of an integrated, tunable high resolution true time delay line," 17th Annu. Meeting IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS 2004) (2004) pp. 790-791.
  9. M. S. Rasras, C. K. Madsen, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. T. Gomez, E. J. Laskowski, A. Griffin, A. Wong-Foy, A. Gasparyan, A. Kasper, J. Le Grange, S. S. Patel, "Integrated resonance-enhanced variable optical delay lines," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 834-836 (2005).
  10. C. K. Madsen, Compact solid-state variable optical delay line with a large continuous tuning range U.S. Patent 6 956 991 (2005).
  11. C. K. Madsen, J. H. Zhao, Optical Filter Design and Analysis: A Signal Processing Approach. (Wiley, 1999).
  12. D. B. Adams, C. K. Madsen, "Complex optical spectrum analysis using a tunable dispersive optical filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 90-92 (2008).
  13. C. K. Madsen, M. Thompson, D. B. Adams, M. Solmaz, "Boundless-range optical phase shifters and sideband reduction," Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications/Coherent Optical Technologies and Applications Conf. (2006) JWB9.
  14. D. M. Baney, B. Szafraniec, A. Motamedi, "Coherent optical spectrum analyzer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 355-357 (2002).
  15. B. Szafraniec, A. Lee, J. Y. Law, W. I. McAlexander, R. D. Pering, T. S. Tan, D. M. Baney, "Swept coherent optical spectrum analysis," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Measure. 53, 203-215 (2004).
  16. W. Chen, S. Chu, B. Little, J. Hryniewicz, D. Gill, O. King, F. Johnson, R. Davidson, K. Donovan, J. Gibson, H. Jiao, G. Carter, "Compact, full c-band, widely tunable optical dynamic dispersion compensators," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. AnaheimCA (2006).
  17. B. Costa, D. Mazzoni, M. Puleo, E. Vezzoni, "Phase shift technique for the measurement of chromatic dispersion in optical fibers using LED's," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1509-1515 (1982).
  18. T. Dennis, P. A. Williams, "Achieving high absolute accuracy for group-delay measurements using the modulation phase-shift technique," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3748-3754 (2005).
  19. R. Fortenberry, W. V. Sorin, P. Hernday, "Improvement of group delay measurement accuracy using a two-frequency modulation phase-shift method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 736-738 (2003).
  20. A. Motamedi, S. Bogdan, R. Peter, M. B. Douglas, "Group delay reference artifact based on molecular gas absorption," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2001) ThC8.
  21. G. Genty, T. Niemi, H. Ludvigsen, "New method to improve the accuracy of group delay measurements using the phase-shift technique," Opt. Commun. 204, 119-126 (2002).
  22. D. B. Adams, C. K. Madsen, "High resolution optical phase response measurement using single-sideband modulation," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA (2008).
  23. B.-J. Seo, H. Fetterman, "True-time-delay element in lossy environment using EO waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 10-12 (2006).

2008 (1)

D. B. Adams, C. K. Madsen, "Complex optical spectrum analysis using a tunable dispersive optical filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 90-92 (2008).

2006 (1)

B.-J. Seo, H. Fetterman, "True-time-delay element in lossy environment using EO waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 10-12 (2006).

2005 (2)

T. Dennis, P. A. Williams, "Achieving high absolute accuracy for group-delay measurements using the modulation phase-shift technique," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3748-3754 (2005).

M. S. Rasras, C. K. Madsen, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. T. Gomez, E. J. Laskowski, A. Griffin, A. Wong-Foy, A. Gasparyan, A. Kasper, J. Le Grange, S. S. Patel, "Integrated resonance-enhanced variable optical delay lines," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 834-836 (2005).

2004 (1)

B. Szafraniec, A. Lee, J. Y. Law, W. I. McAlexander, R. D. Pering, T. S. Tan, D. M. Baney, "Swept coherent optical spectrum analysis," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Measure. 53, 203-215 (2004).

2003 (3)

R. Fortenberry, W. V. Sorin, P. Hernday, "Improvement of group delay measurement accuracy using a two-frequency modulation phase-shift method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 736-738 (2003).

J. Yang, J. Yao, Y. Liu, S. C. Tjin, "Continuous true-time-delay beamforming employing a tunable multiwavelength fiber ring laser source with equally increased or decreased wavelength spacing," Opt. Eng. 42, 239-244 (2003).

J. Han, B.-J. Seo, S. Kim, H. Zhang, H. R. Fetterman, "Single-chip integrated electro-optic polymer photonic RF phase shifter array," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3257-3261 (2003).

2002 (3)

Y. Liu, J. Yang, J. Yao, "Continuous true-time-delay beamforming for phased array antenna using a tunable chirped fiber grating delay line," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1172-1174 (2002).

G. Genty, T. Niemi, H. Ludvigsen, "New method to improve the accuracy of group delay measurements using the phase-shift technique," Opt. Commun. 204, 119-126 (2002).

D. M. Baney, B. Szafraniec, A. Motamedi, "Coherent optical spectrum analyzer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 355-357 (2002).

1998 (1)

C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, "Optical all-pass filters for phase response design with applications for dispersion compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 994-996 (1998).

1997 (2)

M. Y. Frankel, P. J. Matthews, R. D. Esman, "Fiber-optic true time steering of an ultrawide-band receive array," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 21522-1526 (1997).

H. Zmuda, R. A. Soref, P. Payson, S. Johns, E. N. Toughlian, "Photonic beamformer for phased array antennas using a fiber grating prism," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 241-243 (1997).

1995 (1)

M. Y. Frankel, R. D. Esman, "True time-delay fiber-optic control of an ultrawideband array transmitter/receiver with multibeam capability," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 1–22387-2394 (1995).

1982 (1)

B. Costa, D. Mazzoni, M. Puleo, E. Vezzoni, "Phase shift technique for the measurement of chromatic dispersion in optical fibers using LED's," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1509-1515 (1982).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

C. K. Madsen, G. Lenz, "Optical all-pass filters for phase response design with applications for dispersion compensation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 994-996 (1998).

M. S. Rasras, C. K. Madsen, M. A. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, L. T. Gomez, E. J. Laskowski, A. Griffin, A. Wong-Foy, A. Gasparyan, A. Kasper, J. Le Grange, S. S. Patel, "Integrated resonance-enhanced variable optical delay lines," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 834-836 (2005).

D. M. Baney, B. Szafraniec, A. Motamedi, "Coherent optical spectrum analyzer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 355-357 (2002).

R. Fortenberry, W. V. Sorin, P. Hernday, "Improvement of group delay measurement accuracy using a two-frequency modulation phase-shift method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 736-738 (2003).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

M. Y. Frankel, R. D. Esman, "True time-delay fiber-optic control of an ultrawideband array transmitter/receiver with multibeam capability," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 1–22387-2394 (1995).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

B. Costa, D. Mazzoni, M. Puleo, E. Vezzoni, "Phase shift technique for the measurement of chromatic dispersion in optical fibers using LED's," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1509-1515 (1982).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

D. B. Adams, C. K. Madsen, "Complex optical spectrum analysis using a tunable dispersive optical filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 90-92 (2008).

H. Zmuda, R. A. Soref, P. Payson, S. Johns, E. N. Toughlian, "Photonic beamformer for phased array antennas using a fiber grating prism," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 241-243 (1997).

Y. Liu, J. Yang, J. Yao, "Continuous true-time-delay beamforming for phased array antenna using a tunable chirped fiber grating delay line," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1172-1174 (2002).

B.-J. Seo, H. Fetterman, "True-time-delay element in lossy environment using EO waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 10-12 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Measure. (1)

B. Szafraniec, A. Lee, J. Y. Law, W. I. McAlexander, R. D. Pering, T. S. Tan, D. M. Baney, "Swept coherent optical spectrum analysis," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Measure. 53, 203-215 (2004).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

M. Y. Frankel, P. J. Matthews, R. D. Esman, "Fiber-optic true time steering of an ultrawide-band receive array," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 21522-1526 (1997).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

T. Dennis, P. A. Williams, "Achieving high absolute accuracy for group-delay measurements using the modulation phase-shift technique," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3748-3754 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

J. Han, B.-J. Seo, S. Kim, H. Zhang, H. R. Fetterman, "Single-chip integrated electro-optic polymer photonic RF phase shifter array," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3257-3261 (2003).

Opt. Eng. (1)

J. Yang, J. Yao, Y. Liu, S. C. Tjin, "Continuous true-time-delay beamforming employing a tunable multiwavelength fiber ring laser source with equally increased or decreased wavelength spacing," Opt. Eng. 42, 239-244 (2003).

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. Genty, T. Niemi, H. Ludvigsen, "New method to improve the accuracy of group delay measurements using the phase-shift technique," Opt. Commun. 204, 119-126 (2002).

Other (7)

D. B. Adams, C. K. Madsen, "High resolution optical phase response measurement using single-sideband modulation," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. San DiegoCA (2008).

C. K. Madsen, Compact solid-state variable optical delay line with a large continuous tuning range U.S. Patent 6 956 991 (2005).

C. K. Madsen, J. H. Zhao, Optical Filter Design and Analysis: A Signal Processing Approach. (Wiley, 1999).

J. LeGrange, A. Kasper, C. Madsen, M. Cappuzzo, E. Chen, A. Griffin, E. J. Laskowski, M. Rasras, "Demonstration of an integrated, tunable high resolution true time delay line," 17th Annu. Meeting IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS 2004) (2004) pp. 790-791.

A. Motamedi, S. Bogdan, R. Peter, M. B. Douglas, "Group delay reference artifact based on molecular gas absorption," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (2001) ThC8.

W. Chen, S. Chu, B. Little, J. Hryniewicz, D. Gill, O. King, F. Johnson, R. Davidson, K. Donovan, J. Gibson, H. Jiao, G. Carter, "Compact, full c-band, widely tunable optical dynamic dispersion compensators," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. AnaheimCA (2006).

C. K. Madsen, M. Thompson, D. B. Adams, M. Solmaz, "Boundless-range optical phase shifters and sideband reduction," Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications/Coherent Optical Technologies and Applications Conf. (2006) JWB9.

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