Abstract

We have designed and experimentally demonstrated radio-over-fiber (ROF) systems to simultaneously generate optical millimeter-wave (mm-wave) and centralized lightwaves using one low-bandwidth intensity modulator (IM) with low-frequency local oscillator (LO) signals while simplifying the transmission design and reducing the cost of the base station (BS). The techniques based on double-sideband (DSB) and single-sideband (SSB) signals for ROF systems are discussed in detail in terms of architecture efficiency, bandwidth requirement, and fiber transmission performance. The repetitive frequency of the optical mm-wave carriers are four times of that of the LO in central office (CO) by using DSB scheme. Full-duplex transmission services have been successfully realized over 20-km single-mode fiber (SMF) based on wavelength-reuse technique. In order to mitigate chromatic dispersion, the SSB technique has also been investigated in this paper. We had realized an ROF system that attained dispersion-free transmission and a negative power penalty by using SSB generation. We also quantified the optical carrier-to-sideband ratio (CSR) of downstream transmission in this ROF link and established that the performance of ROF system can be significantly improved when the optical signals are transmitted at a CSR value of 0 dB. The proposed architectures require much less bandwidth of the modulators, receiver sensitivity, system operation efficiency, and reliability.

© 2008 IEEE

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  1. T. Nakasyotani, H. Toda, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed millimeter-waveband radio-on-fiber system using a supercontinum light source," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 404-410 (2006).
  2. L. Chen, S. C. Wen, Y. Li, J. He, H. Wen, Y. Shao, Z. Dong, Y. P. , "Optical front-ends to generate optical millimeter-wave signal in radio-over-fiber systems with different architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3381-3387 (2007).
  3. C. T. Lin, W. R. Peng, P. C. Peng, J. Chen, C. F. Peng, B. S. Chiou, S. Chi, "Simultaneous generation of baseband and radio signals using only one single-electrode Mach–Zehnder modulator with enhanced linearity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2481-2483 (2006).
  4. L. Chen, H. Wen, S. C. Wen, "A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2056-2058 (2006).
  5. T. Kuri, H. Toda, K. Kitayama, "Dense wavelength-division multiplexing millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber signal transmission with photonic downconversion," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1510-1517 (2003).
  6. Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. Ellinas, G. K. Chang, "Key enabling technologies for optical-wireless networks: Optical millimeter-wave generation, wavelength reuse, and architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3452-3478 (2007).
  7. J. H. Seo, C. S. Choi, Y. S. Kang, Y. D. Chung, J. Kim, W. Y. Choi, "SOA-EAM frequency up/down-converters for 60-GHz bi-directional radio-on-fiber systems," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 959-966 (2006).
  8. G. Jaro, T. Berceli, "A new high-efficiency optical-microwave mixing approach," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3078-3084 (2003).
  9. D. Wake, C. R. Lima, P. A. Davies, "Optical generation of millimeter-wave signals for fiber-radio systems using a dual-mode DFB semiconductor laser," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 2270-2276 (1995).
  10. J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, "Centralized lightwave radio-over-fiber system with photonic frequency quadrupling for high-frequency millimeter-wave generation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1499-1501 (2007).
  11. G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, C. Belisle, "Generation and distribution of a wideband continuously tunable millimeter-wave signal with an optical external modulation technique," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 53, 3090-3097 (2005).
  12. Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, "A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726-1728 (2006).
  13. P. Shen, N. J. Gomes, P. A. Davies, W. P. Shillue, P. G. Huggard, B. N. Ellison, "High-purity millimeter-wave photonic local oscillator generation and delivery," Proc. Int. Microwave Photonics Topical Meeting (2003) pp. 189-192.
  14. J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, L. Chen, "Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves generated using LN-MZM intensity modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3244-3256 (2007).
  15. M. Attygalle, C. Lim, G. J. Pendock, A. Nirmalathas, G. Edvell, "Transmission improvement in fiber wireless links using fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 190-192 (2005).
  16. J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, G. Ellinas, "Demonstration of a novel WDM-PON access network compatible with ROF system to provide 2.5 Gb/s per channel symmetric data services," Optical Fiber communication Conf. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2007) Paper OThM5.
  17. J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, "A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 140-142 (2007).

2007 (5)

L. Chen, S. C. Wen, Y. Li, J. He, H. Wen, Y. Shao, Z. Dong, Y. P. , "Optical front-ends to generate optical millimeter-wave signal in radio-over-fiber systems with different architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3381-3387 (2007).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. Ellinas, G. K. Chang, "Key enabling technologies for optical-wireless networks: Optical millimeter-wave generation, wavelength reuse, and architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3452-3478 (2007).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, "Centralized lightwave radio-over-fiber system with photonic frequency quadrupling for high-frequency millimeter-wave generation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1499-1501 (2007).

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, L. Chen, "Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves generated using LN-MZM intensity modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3244-3256 (2007).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, "A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 140-142 (2007).

2006 (5)

T. Nakasyotani, H. Toda, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed millimeter-waveband radio-on-fiber system using a supercontinum light source," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 404-410 (2006).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, "A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726-1728 (2006).

J. H. Seo, C. S. Choi, Y. S. Kang, Y. D. Chung, J. Kim, W. Y. Choi, "SOA-EAM frequency up/down-converters for 60-GHz bi-directional radio-on-fiber systems," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 959-966 (2006).

C. T. Lin, W. R. Peng, P. C. Peng, J. Chen, C. F. Peng, B. S. Chiou, S. Chi, "Simultaneous generation of baseband and radio signals using only one single-electrode Mach–Zehnder modulator with enhanced linearity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2481-2483 (2006).

L. Chen, H. Wen, S. C. Wen, "A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2056-2058 (2006).

2005 (2)

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, C. Belisle, "Generation and distribution of a wideband continuously tunable millimeter-wave signal with an optical external modulation technique," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 53, 3090-3097 (2005).

M. Attygalle, C. Lim, G. J. Pendock, A. Nirmalathas, G. Edvell, "Transmission improvement in fiber wireless links using fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 190-192 (2005).

2003 (2)

T. Kuri, H. Toda, K. Kitayama, "Dense wavelength-division multiplexing millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber signal transmission with photonic downconversion," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1510-1517 (2003).

G. Jaro, T. Berceli, "A new high-efficiency optical-microwave mixing approach," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3078-3084 (2003).

1995 (1)

D. Wake, C. R. Lima, P. A. Davies, "Optical generation of millimeter-wave signals for fiber-radio systems using a dual-mode DFB semiconductor laser," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 2270-2276 (1995).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

J. H. Seo, C. S. Choi, Y. S. Kang, Y. D. Chung, J. Kim, W. Y. Choi, "SOA-EAM frequency up/down-converters for 60-GHz bi-directional radio-on-fiber systems," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 959-966 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

C. T. Lin, W. R. Peng, P. C. Peng, J. Chen, C. F. Peng, B. S. Chiou, S. Chi, "Simultaneous generation of baseband and radio signals using only one single-electrode Mach–Zehnder modulator with enhanced linearity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2481-2483 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, "A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726-1728 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, "Centralized lightwave radio-over-fiber system with photonic frequency quadrupling for high-frequency millimeter-wave generation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1499-1501 (2007).

M. Attygalle, C. Lim, G. J. Pendock, A. Nirmalathas, G. Edvell, "Transmission improvement in fiber wireless links using fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 190-192 (2005).

L. Chen, H. Wen, S. C. Wen, "A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2056-2058 (2006).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, "A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 140-142 (2007).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

D. Wake, C. R. Lima, P. A. Davies, "Optical generation of millimeter-wave signals for fiber-radio systems using a dual-mode DFB semiconductor laser," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 2270-2276 (1995).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, C. Belisle, "Generation and distribution of a wideband continuously tunable millimeter-wave signal with an optical external modulation technique," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 53, 3090-3097 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

G. Jaro, T. Berceli, "A new high-efficiency optical-microwave mixing approach," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3078-3084 (2003).

T. Nakasyotani, H. Toda, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed millimeter-waveband radio-on-fiber system using a supercontinum light source," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 404-410 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

L. Chen, S. C. Wen, Y. Li, J. He, H. Wen, Y. Shao, Z. Dong, Y. P. , "Optical front-ends to generate optical millimeter-wave signal in radio-over-fiber systems with different architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3381-3387 (2007).

T. Kuri, H. Toda, K. Kitayama, "Dense wavelength-division multiplexing millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber signal transmission with photonic downconversion," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1510-1517 (2003).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. Ellinas, G. K. Chang, "Key enabling technologies for optical-wireless networks: Optical millimeter-wave generation, wavelength reuse, and architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3452-3478 (2007).

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, L. Chen, "Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves generated using LN-MZM intensity modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3244-3256 (2007).

Other (2)

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, G. Ellinas, "Demonstration of a novel WDM-PON access network compatible with ROF system to provide 2.5 Gb/s per channel symmetric data services," Optical Fiber communication Conf. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2007) Paper OThM5.

P. Shen, N. J. Gomes, P. A. Davies, W. P. Shillue, P. G. Huggard, B. N. Ellison, "High-purity millimeter-wave photonic local oscillator generation and delivery," Proc. Int. Microwave Photonics Topical Meeting (2003) pp. 189-192.

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