Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate generation of optical carrier suppressed-optical differential phase-shift keying (OCS-oDPSK) modulation format in radio-over-fiber (RoF) systems using one single-drive Mach–Zehnder modulator (MZM). This scheme realizes up-conversion of baseband data for downlink wireless service delivery, generation of remote local oscillator (LO) signal for down-conversion of uplink radio frequency (RF) signal, and remodulation of down-converted uplink data, thus lowering the cost of base stations (BSs) in full-duplex RoF systems. The proposed scheme is expected to be simple and compact due to the use of a single MZM. Furthermore, the OCS-oDPSK generation principle is extended to obtain an OCS-optical differential quadrature phase-shift keying (OCS-oDQPSK) signal by employing a dual-parallel MZM (DPMZM), which is useful to deliver multiple wireless services on the same RF carrier.

© 2008 IEEE

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  1. D. Wake, M. Webster, G. Wimpenny, K. Beacham, L. Crawford, "Radio over fiber for mobile communications," Proc. IEEE Int. Topical Meeting Microw. Photon. (MWP 2004) (2004) pp. 157-160.
  2. Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, "A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726-1728 (2006).
  3. A. Kaszubowska, L. Hu, L. P. Barry, "Remote down conversion with wavelength reuse for the radio/fiber uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 562-564 (2006).
  4. G. H. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, "Overcome chromatic-dispersion effects in fiber-wireless systems incorporating external modulators," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 21410-1415 (1997).
  5. U. Glies, S. Norskov, T. N. Nielsen, "Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44, 11716-1724 (1996).
  6. M. Attygalle, C. Lim, G. J. Pendock, A. Nirmalathas, G. Edvell, "Transmission improvement in fiber wireless links using fiber bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 190-192 (2005).
  7. J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G.-K. Chang, T. Wang, "Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).
  8. C. Lin, W. Peng, P. Peng, "Simultaneous generation of baseband and radio signals using only one single-electrode Mach-Zehnder modulator with enhanced linearity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2481-2483 (2006).
  9. G.-K. Chang, J. Yu, Z. Jia, J. Yu, "Novel optical-wireless access network architecture for simultaneously providing broadband wireless and wired services," OFC Los AngelesCA (2006) paper OFM1.
  10. L. Chen, H. Wen, S. Wen, "A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2056-2058 (2006).
  11. L. Chen, Y. Shao, X. Lei, H. Wen, S. Wen, "A novel radio-over fiber system with wavelength reuse for upstream data connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 387-389 (2007).
  12. J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G.-K. Chang, "A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 140-142 (2007).
  13. A. Wiberg, P. P. Millán, M. V. Andrés, P. A. Andrekson, P. O. Hedekvist, "Fiber-optic 40 GHz mm-wave link with 2.5 Gb/s data transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1938-1940 (2005).
  14. L. Chen, S. Wen, Y. Li, J. He, H. Wen, Y. Shao, Z. Dong, Y. Pi, "Optical front-ends to generate optical millimeter-wave signal in radio-over-fiber systems with different architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3381-3397 (2005).
  15. Q. Chang, H. Fu, Y. Su, "Simultaneous generation and transmission multi-band signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio over fiber system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 181-183 (2008).
  16. Z. Jia, J. Yu, D. Boivin, M. Haris, G.-K. Chang, "Bidirectional RoF links using optically up-converted DPSK for downstream and remodulated OOK for upstream," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 653-655 (2007).
  17. C. Lim, A. Nimarthalas, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, G. Yoffe, "Millimeter-wave broad-band fiber-wireless system incorporating baseband data transmission over fiber and remote LO delivery," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1355-1363 (2000).
  18. G. H. Smith, D. Novak, "Broadband millimeter-wave fiber-radio network incorporating remote up/downconversion," Proc. IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig. (1998) pp. 1509-1512.
  19. A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, C. Lim, R. B. Waterhouse, "Wavelength reuse in the WDM optical interface of a millimeter-wave fiber-wireless antenna base station," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 2006-2009 (2001).
  20. H.-H. Lu, A. S. Patra, W.-J. Ho, P.-C. Lai, M.-H. Shiu, "A full-duplex radio-over-fiber transport system based on FP laser diode with OBPF and optical circulator with fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1652-1654 (2007).
  21. K. Higuma, S. Oikawa, Y. Hashimoto, H. Nagata, M. Izutsu, "X-cut lithium niobate optical single-sideband modulator," Electron. Lett. 37, 515-516 (2001).
  22. X. Qian, T. Lin, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Novel SOA-based switch for multiple radio-over-fiber service applications," OFC Los AngelesCA (2006) paper JTHB 24.
  23. M. Fujise, H. Harada, "An experimental study on multi-service radio on fiber transmission system for ITS road-vehicle communications," Proc. MWP '99 Melbourne pp. 261-264.
  24. L. Matabishi, "Theoretical implementation of antenna polarization to improve the reduction of co-channel interference in mobile cellular systems," Proc. IEEE Int. Microw., Antenna, Propag. EMC Technologies for Wireless Commun. (MAPE'05) (2005) pp. 431-433.
  25. D. P. Stapor, "Optimal receive antenna polarization in the presence of interference and noise," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 43, 473-477 (1995).
  26. Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, J. Yao, "Millimeter-wave frequency tripling based on four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460-2462 (2006).
  27. H. Kim, P. J. Winzer, "Robustness to laser frequency offset in direct-detection DPSK and DQPSK systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1887-1891 (2003).

2008 (1)

Q. Chang, H. Fu, Y. Su, "Simultaneous generation and transmission multi-band signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio over fiber system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 181-183 (2008).

2007 (4)

Z. Jia, J. Yu, D. Boivin, M. Haris, G.-K. Chang, "Bidirectional RoF links using optically up-converted DPSK for downstream and remodulated OOK for upstream," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 653-655 (2007).

H.-H. Lu, A. S. Patra, W.-J. Ho, P.-C. Lai, M.-H. Shiu, "A full-duplex radio-over-fiber transport system based on FP laser diode with OBPF and optical circulator with fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1652-1654 (2007).

L. Chen, Y. Shao, X. Lei, H. Wen, S. Wen, "A novel radio-over fiber system with wavelength reuse for upstream data connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 387-389 (2007).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G.-K. Chang, "A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 140-142 (2007).

2006 (6)

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, "A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726-1728 (2006).

A. Kaszubowska, L. Hu, L. P. Barry, "Remote down conversion with wavelength reuse for the radio/fiber uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 562-564 (2006).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G.-K. Chang, T. Wang, "Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).

C. Lin, W. Peng, P. Peng, "Simultaneous generation of baseband and radio signals using only one single-electrode Mach-Zehnder modulator with enhanced linearity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2481-2483 (2006).

L. Chen, H. Wen, S. Wen, "A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2056-2058 (2006).

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, J. Yao, "Millimeter-wave frequency tripling based on four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460-2462 (2006).

2005 (3)

M. Attygalle, C. Lim, G. J. Pendock, A. Nirmalathas, G. Edvell, "Transmission improvement in fiber wireless links using fiber bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 190-192 (2005).

A. Wiberg, P. P. Millán, M. V. Andrés, P. A. Andrekson, P. O. Hedekvist, "Fiber-optic 40 GHz mm-wave link with 2.5 Gb/s data transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1938-1940 (2005).

L. Chen, S. Wen, Y. Li, J. He, H. Wen, Y. Shao, Z. Dong, Y. Pi, "Optical front-ends to generate optical millimeter-wave signal in radio-over-fiber systems with different architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3381-3397 (2005).

2003 (1)

H. Kim, P. J. Winzer, "Robustness to laser frequency offset in direct-detection DPSK and DQPSK systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1887-1891 (2003).

2001 (2)

A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, C. Lim, R. B. Waterhouse, "Wavelength reuse in the WDM optical interface of a millimeter-wave fiber-wireless antenna base station," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 2006-2009 (2001).

K. Higuma, S. Oikawa, Y. Hashimoto, H. Nagata, M. Izutsu, "X-cut lithium niobate optical single-sideband modulator," Electron. Lett. 37, 515-516 (2001).

2000 (1)

C. Lim, A. Nimarthalas, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, G. Yoffe, "Millimeter-wave broad-band fiber-wireless system incorporating baseband data transmission over fiber and remote LO delivery," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1355-1363 (2000).

1997 (1)

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, "Overcome chromatic-dispersion effects in fiber-wireless systems incorporating external modulators," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 21410-1415 (1997).

1996 (1)

U. Glies, S. Norskov, T. N. Nielsen, "Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44, 11716-1724 (1996).

1995 (1)

D. P. Stapor, "Optimal receive antenna polarization in the presence of interference and noise," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 43, 473-477 (1995).

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Higuma, S. Oikawa, Y. Hashimoto, H. Nagata, M. Izutsu, "X-cut lithium niobate optical single-sideband modulator," Electron. Lett. 37, 515-516 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Wiberg, P. P. Millán, M. V. Andrés, P. A. Andrekson, P. O. Hedekvist, "Fiber-optic 40 GHz mm-wave link with 2.5 Gb/s data transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1938-1940 (2005).

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. (1)

D. P. Stapor, "Optimal receive antenna polarization in the presence of interference and noise," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 43, 473-477 (1995).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, "Overcome chromatic-dispersion effects in fiber-wireless systems incorporating external modulators," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 21410-1415 (1997).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G.-K. Chang, T. Wang, "Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (11)

C. Lin, W. Peng, P. Peng, "Simultaneous generation of baseband and radio signals using only one single-electrode Mach-Zehnder modulator with enhanced linearity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2481-2483 (2006).

M. Attygalle, C. Lim, G. J. Pendock, A. Nirmalathas, G. Edvell, "Transmission improvement in fiber wireless links using fiber bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 190-192 (2005).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, "A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726-1728 (2006).

A. Kaszubowska, L. Hu, L. P. Barry, "Remote down conversion with wavelength reuse for the radio/fiber uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 562-564 (2006).

L. Chen, H. Wen, S. Wen, "A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2056-2058 (2006).

L. Chen, Y. Shao, X. Lei, H. Wen, S. Wen, "A novel radio-over fiber system with wavelength reuse for upstream data connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 387-389 (2007).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G.-K. Chang, "A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 140-142 (2007).

Q. Chang, H. Fu, Y. Su, "Simultaneous generation and transmission multi-band signals and upstream data in a bidirectional radio over fiber system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 181-183 (2008).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, D. Boivin, M. Haris, G.-K. Chang, "Bidirectional RoF links using optically up-converted DPSK for downstream and remodulated OOK for upstream," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 653-655 (2007).

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, J. Yao, "Millimeter-wave frequency tripling based on four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460-2462 (2006).

H.-H. Lu, A. S. Patra, W.-J. Ho, P.-C. Lai, M.-H. Shiu, "A full-duplex radio-over-fiber transport system based on FP laser diode with OBPF and optical circulator with fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1652-1654 (2007).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (2)

A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, C. Lim, R. B. Waterhouse, "Wavelength reuse in the WDM optical interface of a millimeter-wave fiber-wireless antenna base station," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 2006-2009 (2001).

U. Glies, S. Norskov, T. N. Nielsen, "Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44, 11716-1724 (1996).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

H. Kim, P. J. Winzer, "Robustness to laser frequency offset in direct-detection DPSK and DQPSK systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1887-1891 (2003).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

C. Lim, A. Nimarthalas, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, G. Yoffe, "Millimeter-wave broad-band fiber-wireless system incorporating baseband data transmission over fiber and remote LO delivery," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1355-1363 (2000).

L. Chen, S. Wen, Y. Li, J. He, H. Wen, Y. Shao, Z. Dong, Y. Pi, "Optical front-ends to generate optical millimeter-wave signal in radio-over-fiber systems with different architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3381-3397 (2005).

Other (6)

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, "Broadband millimeter-wave fiber-radio network incorporating remote up/downconversion," Proc. IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig. (1998) pp. 1509-1512.

D. Wake, M. Webster, G. Wimpenny, K. Beacham, L. Crawford, "Radio over fiber for mobile communications," Proc. IEEE Int. Topical Meeting Microw. Photon. (MWP 2004) (2004) pp. 157-160.

G.-K. Chang, J. Yu, Z. Jia, J. Yu, "Novel optical-wireless access network architecture for simultaneously providing broadband wireless and wired services," OFC Los AngelesCA (2006) paper OFM1.

X. Qian, T. Lin, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Novel SOA-based switch for multiple radio-over-fiber service applications," OFC Los AngelesCA (2006) paper JTHB 24.

M. Fujise, H. Harada, "An experimental study on multi-service radio on fiber transmission system for ITS road-vehicle communications," Proc. MWP '99 Melbourne pp. 261-264.

L. Matabishi, "Theoretical implementation of antenna polarization to improve the reduction of co-channel interference in mobile cellular systems," Proc. IEEE Int. Microw., Antenna, Propag. EMC Technologies for Wireless Commun. (MAPE'05) (2005) pp. 431-433.

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