Abstract

Based on photonic vector modulation (PVM) techniques, several novel schemes are proposed to generate 4-ary amplitude shift keying (4-ASK), 16-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM), and 16-ary amplitude shift keying (16-ASK) signals at microwave/millimeter-wave (mm-wave) band. First, a 4-ASK signal generation architecture based on dual-drive Mach–Zehnder modulators (MZMs) with unequal amplitudes is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. Then by combining two 4-ASK signal generation schemes in parallel, PVM architectures for 16-QAM and 16-ASK signal generation are proposed employing three MZMs, a tunable optical delay line (ODL), and an optical attenuator. The detailed theoretical analysis, experiment, and simulation certification of these structures are carried out. Compared with the conventional methods, the electronic driven circuits in the proposed schemes are simplified by employing PVM techniques.

© 2008 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Kurniawan, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Performance analysis of optimized millimeter-wave fiber radio links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 921-928 (2006).
  2. X. Zhang, B. Liu, J. Yao, K. Wu, R. Kashyap, "A novel millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber system with dense wavelength-division multiplexing bus architecture," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 929-937 (2006).
  3. P. Candelas, J. Fuster, J. Marti, J. Roig, "Optically generated electrical-modulation formats in digital-microwave link application," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 496-499 (2003).
  4. R. Sambaraju, M. A. Piqueras, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, J. Marti, "Generation of multi-gigabit-per-second MQAM/MPSK-modulated millimeter-wave carriers employing photonic vector modulator technology," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3350-3357 (2007).
  5. M. A. Piqueras, B. Vidal, J. L. Corral, V. Polo, A. Martinez, J. Marti, "Direct photonic generation of electrical vector modulations at microwave/millimeter-wave frequencies," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1947-1949 (2005).
  6. C. Weng, Y. Lin, W. Way, "Radio-on-fiber 16-QAM, 100 km transimission ar 5 Gb/s using DSB-SC transmitter and remote heterodyne detection," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 643-653 (2008).
  7. M. Seimetz, "Multi-format transmitters for coherent optical M-PSK and M-QAM transmission," ICTON 2005 Th.B1.5.
  8. V. Urick, J. Qiu, F. Bucholtz, "Wide-band QAM-over-fiber using phase modulation and interferometric demodulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2374-2376 (2004).
  9. J. Ma, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, L. Chen, "Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3244-3256 (2007).
  10. J. Kim, Y. Kang, Y. Chung, K. Choi, "Development and RF characteristics of analog 60-GHz electroabsorption modulator module for RF/optic conversion," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 780-787 (2006).
  11. M. Seimetz, "Multi-format transmitters for coherent optical M-PSK and M-QAM transmission," ICTON 2005 Th.B1.5.
  12. Y. Chang, A. Lee, R. Komiya, "A low-complexity unequal error protection of H.264/AVC video using adaptive hierarchical QAM," IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. 52, 1153-1158 (2006).
  13. M. Isaka, M. P. C. Fossorier, R. H. Morelos-Zaragoza, S. Lin, H. Imai, "Multilevel coded modulation for unequal error protection and multistage decoding-part II: Asymmetric constellations," IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 744-786 (2000).
  14. E. Fujiwara, T. Ritthongpitak, M. Kitakami, "Optimal two-level unequal error control codes for computer systems," IEEE Trans. Comput. 47, 1313-1325 (1998).

2008 (1)

C. Weng, Y. Lin, W. Way, "Radio-on-fiber 16-QAM, 100 km transimission ar 5 Gb/s using DSB-SC transmitter and remote heterodyne detection," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 643-653 (2008).

2007 (2)

R. Sambaraju, M. A. Piqueras, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, J. Marti, "Generation of multi-gigabit-per-second MQAM/MPSK-modulated millimeter-wave carriers employing photonic vector modulator technology," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3350-3357 (2007).

J. Ma, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, L. Chen, "Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3244-3256 (2007).

2006 (4)

J. Kim, Y. Kang, Y. Chung, K. Choi, "Development and RF characteristics of analog 60-GHz electroabsorption modulator module for RF/optic conversion," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 780-787 (2006).

Y. Chang, A. Lee, R. Komiya, "A low-complexity unequal error protection of H.264/AVC video using adaptive hierarchical QAM," IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. 52, 1153-1158 (2006).

T. Kurniawan, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Performance analysis of optimized millimeter-wave fiber radio links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 921-928 (2006).

X. Zhang, B. Liu, J. Yao, K. Wu, R. Kashyap, "A novel millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber system with dense wavelength-division multiplexing bus architecture," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 929-937 (2006).

2005 (1)

M. A. Piqueras, B. Vidal, J. L. Corral, V. Polo, A. Martinez, J. Marti, "Direct photonic generation of electrical vector modulations at microwave/millimeter-wave frequencies," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1947-1949 (2005).

2004 (1)

V. Urick, J. Qiu, F. Bucholtz, "Wide-band QAM-over-fiber using phase modulation and interferometric demodulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2374-2376 (2004).

2003 (1)

P. Candelas, J. Fuster, J. Marti, J. Roig, "Optically generated electrical-modulation formats in digital-microwave link application," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 496-499 (2003).

2000 (1)

M. Isaka, M. P. C. Fossorier, R. H. Morelos-Zaragoza, S. Lin, H. Imai, "Multilevel coded modulation for unequal error protection and multistage decoding-part II: Asymmetric constellations," IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 744-786 (2000).

1998 (1)

E. Fujiwara, T. Ritthongpitak, M. Kitakami, "Optimal two-level unequal error control codes for computer systems," IEEE Trans. Comput. 47, 1313-1325 (1998).

IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

J. Ma, C. Yu, X. Xin, J. Zeng, L. Chen, "Fiber dispersion influence on transmission of the optical millimeter-waves," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3244-3256 (2007).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

M. A. Piqueras, B. Vidal, J. L. Corral, V. Polo, A. Martinez, J. Marti, "Direct photonic generation of electrical vector modulations at microwave/millimeter-wave frequencies," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1947-1949 (2005).

V. Urick, J. Qiu, F. Bucholtz, "Wide-band QAM-over-fiber using phase modulation and interferometric demodulation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2374-2376 (2004).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

M. Isaka, M. P. C. Fossorier, R. H. Morelos-Zaragoza, S. Lin, H. Imai, "Multilevel coded modulation for unequal error protection and multistage decoding-part II: Asymmetric constellations," IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 744-786 (2000).

IEEE Trans. Comput. (1)

E. Fujiwara, T. Ritthongpitak, M. Kitakami, "Optimal two-level unequal error control codes for computer systems," IEEE Trans. Comput. 47, 1313-1325 (1998).

IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. (1)

Y. Chang, A. Lee, R. Komiya, "A low-complexity unequal error protection of H.264/AVC video using adaptive hierarchical QAM," IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. 52, 1153-1158 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (3)

J. Kim, Y. Kang, Y. Chung, K. Choi, "Development and RF characteristics of analog 60-GHz electroabsorption modulator module for RF/optic conversion," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 780-787 (2006).

T. Kurniawan, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Performance analysis of optimized millimeter-wave fiber radio links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 921-928 (2006).

X. Zhang, B. Liu, J. Yao, K. Wu, R. Kashyap, "A novel millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber system with dense wavelength-division multiplexing bus architecture," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 929-937 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

P. Candelas, J. Fuster, J. Marti, J. Roig, "Optically generated electrical-modulation formats in digital-microwave link application," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 496-499 (2003).

R. Sambaraju, M. A. Piqueras, V. Polo, J. L. Corral, J. Marti, "Generation of multi-gigabit-per-second MQAM/MPSK-modulated millimeter-wave carriers employing photonic vector modulator technology," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3350-3357 (2007).

C. Weng, Y. Lin, W. Way, "Radio-on-fiber 16-QAM, 100 km transimission ar 5 Gb/s using DSB-SC transmitter and remote heterodyne detection," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 643-653 (2008).

Other (2)

M. Seimetz, "Multi-format transmitters for coherent optical M-PSK and M-QAM transmission," ICTON 2005 Th.B1.5.

M. Seimetz, "Multi-format transmitters for coherent optical M-PSK and M-QAM transmission," ICTON 2005 Th.B1.5.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.