Abstract

In this paper, a 60-GHz photonic millimeter-wave link system for short- to medium-range broadband wireless data transmission is investigated. The system employs advanced mm-wave photonic components and radio-over-fiber (RoF) techniques for the generation of a DSB-SC optical mm-wave carrier and its subsequent on-off-keying modulation and transmission. For short-range applications, we have constructed a compact wireless RoF transmitter consisting of a high-frequency photodiode and a mm-wave antenna only. This system achieved error-free (BER = 10<sup>-9</sup>, 2<sup>31</sup> - 1 PRBS, NRZ) in-door transmission of 12.5-Gb/s signals over wireless distances up to 3.1 m with a receiver sensitivity as low as -45.4 dBm. For fixed wireless access (FWA) requiring a bit error rate of $10<sup>-4</sup>, the maximum transmission distance for 12.5 Gb/s is increased up to 5.8 m. For medium-range broadband wireless transmission an electrical radio-frequency (RF) amplifier was employed in the RoF transmitter. Here we achieved 7.5-Gb/s error-free transmission in out-door line-of-sight experiments over wireless distances of up to 36 m. Based upon the experimental results, we expect that the maximum wireless distance the system could accommodate for 12.5 Gb/s is in the kilometer range when using high-gain antennas and an RF transmitter amplifier with a sufficient bandwidth.

© 2008 IEEE

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  1. A. Hirata, "120-GHz-band millimeter-wave photonic wireless link for 10-Gb/s data transmission," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, (2006).
  2. Georgia Institute of Technology"Multi-gigabit wireless research could soon make wired computers and peripherals obsolete," ScienceDaily (2007) www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/07/070719100232.htm.
  3. A. Stöhr, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, D. Jäger, "Full-duplex 60 GHz fibre optic transmission," Electron. Lett. 35, 1653-1655 (1999).
  4. T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, A. Stöhr, Y. Ogawa, "Fiber-optic millimeter-wave downlink system using 60 GHz-band external modulation," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 799-806 (1999).
  5. A. Stöhr, K. Kitayama, D. Jäger, "Full-duplex fiber-optic RF subcarrier transmission using a dual-function modulator/photodetector," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1338-1341 (1999).
  6. T. Taniguchi, N. Sakurai, K. Kumozaki, T. Imai, "Loop-back optical heterodyne technique for 1.0-Gb/s data transmission over 60-GHz radio-on-fiber uplink," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1484-1494 (2007).
  7. K. Ohata, K. Maruhashi, M. Ito, S. Kishimoto, K. Ikuina, T. Hashiguchi, K. Ikeda, N. Takahashi, "1.25 Gbps wireless Gigabit Ethernet link at 60 GHz-band," IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig. (2003) pp. 373-376.
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  12. H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, J. D. Park, M.-J. Chu, K. Kim, "Transmission of multiple HD-TV signals over a wired/wireless line millimeter-wave link with 60 GHz," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3413-3418 (2007).
  13. M. Luise, F. Giannetti, R. Reggiannini, "Mobile and personal communications in the 60 GHz band: A survey," Wireless Pers. Commun. 10, 207-243 (1999).
  14. Rec. ITU-R P.676-6"Attenuation by atmospheric gases," ITU-R Recommendations (2005).
  15. Rec. ITU-R P.838-3"Specific attenuation model for rain for use in prediction methods," ITU-R Recommendations (2005).
  16. A. Stöhr, K. Kitayama, T. Kuri, "Fiber-length extension in an optical 60 GHz transmission system using an EA-modulator with negative chirp," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 739-741 (1999).
  17. J. Ma, C. Yu, Z. Zhou, J. Yu, "Optical mm-wave generation by using external modulator based on optical carrier suppression," Opt. Commun. 268, 51-57 (2006).
  18. L. Song, M.-L. Yu, M. S. Shaffer, "10 and 40-Gb/s forward error correction devices for optical communications," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 37, 1565-1573 (2002).
  19. V. Kvicera, M. Grabner, "Rain attenuation at 58 GHz: Prediction versus long-term trial results," EURASIP J. Wireless Commun. Netw. 2007, 46 (2007).
  20. U. R. Pfeiffer, "A chip-scale packaging technology for 60-GHz wireless chipsets," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 3387-3397 (2006).
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2007 (4)

Georgia Institute of Technology"Multi-gigabit wireless research could soon make wired computers and peripherals obsolete," ScienceDaily (2007) www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/07/070719100232.htm.

T. Taniguchi, N. Sakurai, K. Kumozaki, T. Imai, "Loop-back optical heterodyne technique for 1.0-Gb/s data transmission over 60-GHz radio-on-fiber uplink," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1484-1494 (2007).

H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, J. D. Park, M.-J. Chu, K. Kim, "Transmission of multiple HD-TV signals over a wired/wireless line millimeter-wave link with 60 GHz," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3413-3418 (2007).

V. Kvicera, M. Grabner, "Rain attenuation at 58 GHz: Prediction versus long-term trial results," EURASIP J. Wireless Commun. Netw. 2007, 46 (2007).

2006 (3)

U. R. Pfeiffer, "A chip-scale packaging technology for 60-GHz wireless chipsets," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 3387-3397 (2006).

J. Ma, C. Yu, Z. Zhou, J. Yu, "Optical mm-wave generation by using external modulator based on optical carrier suppression," Opt. Commun. 268, 51-57 (2006).

A. Hirata, "120-GHz-band millimeter-wave photonic wireless link for 10-Gb/s data transmission," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, (2006).

2002 (1)

L. Song, M.-L. Yu, M. S. Shaffer, "10 and 40-Gb/s forward error correction devices for optical communications," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 37, 1565-1573 (2002).

1999 (5)

M. Luise, F. Giannetti, R. Reggiannini, "Mobile and personal communications in the 60 GHz band: A survey," Wireless Pers. Commun. 10, 207-243 (1999).

A. Stöhr, K. Kitayama, T. Kuri, "Fiber-length extension in an optical 60 GHz transmission system using an EA-modulator with negative chirp," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 739-741 (1999).

A. Stöhr, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, D. Jäger, "Full-duplex 60 GHz fibre optic transmission," Electron. Lett. 35, 1653-1655 (1999).

T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, A. Stöhr, Y. Ogawa, "Fiber-optic millimeter-wave downlink system using 60 GHz-band external modulation," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 799-806 (1999).

A. Stöhr, K. Kitayama, D. Jäger, "Full-duplex fiber-optic RF subcarrier transmission using a dual-function modulator/photodetector," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1338-1341 (1999).

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Stöhr, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, D. Jäger, "Full-duplex 60 GHz fibre optic transmission," Electron. Lett. 35, 1653-1655 (1999).

EURASIP J. Wireless Commun. Netw. (1)

V. Kvicera, M. Grabner, "Rain attenuation at 58 GHz: Prediction versus long-term trial results," EURASIP J. Wireless Commun. Netw. 2007, 46 (2007).

IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

T. Taniguchi, N. Sakurai, K. Kumozaki, T. Imai, "Loop-back optical heterodyne technique for 1.0-Gb/s data transmission over 60-GHz radio-on-fiber uplink," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 1484-1494 (2007).

H. S. Chung, S. H. Chang, J. D. Park, M.-J. Chu, K. Kim, "Transmission of multiple HD-TV signals over a wired/wireless line millimeter-wave link with 60 GHz," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3413-3418 (2007).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Stöhr, K. Kitayama, T. Kuri, "Fiber-length extension in an optical 60 GHz transmission system using an EA-modulator with negative chirp," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 739-741 (1999).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (2)

A. Stöhr, K. Kitayama, D. Jäger, "Full-duplex fiber-optic RF subcarrier transmission using a dual-function modulator/photodetector," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1338-1341 (1999).

A. Hirata, "120-GHz-band millimeter-wave photonic wireless link for 10-Gb/s data transmission," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, (2006).

IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, A. Stöhr, Y. Ogawa, "Fiber-optic millimeter-wave downlink system using 60 GHz-band external modulation," IEEE J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 799-806 (1999).

IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits (1)

L. Song, M.-L. Yu, M. S. Shaffer, "10 and 40-Gb/s forward error correction devices for optical communications," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 37, 1565-1573 (2002).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

U. R. Pfeiffer, "A chip-scale packaging technology for 60-GHz wireless chipsets," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 3387-3397 (2006).

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Ma, C. Yu, Z. Zhou, J. Yu, "Optical mm-wave generation by using external modulator based on optical carrier suppression," Opt. Commun. 268, 51-57 (2006).

ScienceDaily (1)

Georgia Institute of Technology"Multi-gigabit wireless research could soon make wired computers and peripherals obsolete," ScienceDaily (2007) www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/07/070719100232.htm.

Wireless Pers. Commun. (1)

M. Luise, F. Giannetti, R. Reggiannini, "Mobile and personal communications in the 60 GHz band: A survey," Wireless Pers. Commun. 10, 207-243 (1999).

Other (8)

Rec. ITU-R P.676-6"Attenuation by atmospheric gases," ITU-R Recommendations (2005).

Rec. ITU-R P.838-3"Specific attenuation model for rain for use in prediction methods," ITU-R Recommendations (2005).

K. Ohata, K. Maruhashi, M. Ito, S. Kishimoto, K. Ikuina, T. Hashiguchi, K. Ikeda, N. Takahashi, "1.25 Gbps wireless Gigabit Ethernet link at 60 GHz-band," IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. Dig. (2003) pp. 373-376.

B. Charbonnier, H. L. Bras, P. Urvoas, Q. N'Guyen, M. Huchard, A. Pizzinat, "Upcoming perspectives and future challenges for rof," IEEE Int. Topical Meeting Microw. Photon. (MWP) (2007) pp. 21-23.

IEEE 802.15 WPAN Millimeter Wave Alternative PHY Task Group 3c (TG3c) http://www.ieee802.org/15/pub/TG3c.html.

IEEE P802.3ae 10 Gb/s Ethernet Task Force http://www.ieee802.org/3/ae/index.html.

A. Stöhr, C. Miesner, D. Jäger, "All-optical radio-independent millimeter-wave radio-on-fiber system with lean antenna base stations," Proc. Int. Topical Meeting Microw. Photon. (MWP) (2002) pp. 213-216.

NEC Corp.NEC Develops Compact Millimeter-Wave Transceiver for Uncompressed HDTV Signal Transmission (2005) http://www.nec.co.jp/press/en/0504/0101.html.

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