Abstract

Microwave to mm-wave radio carriers are commonly employed for creating high-capacity picocell wireless networks. Advanced radio-over-fiber (RoF) techniques can efficiently generate and transport such carriers, and deliver them to simplified antenna stations. As in in-building networks multimode fiber is predominantly used, adequate radio-over-multimode fiber (RoMMF) techniques are required to overcome the modal dispersion in multimode fiber links. The optical frequency multiplying technique is introduced; it is relatively simple to implement, yet it is shown to be robust against the modal dispersion, and it is able to generate very pure microwave carriers while requiring only moderate speed electronics. Thus, it can convey high data rates in comprehensive modulation formats on multiple-GHz carriers in MMF networks. It offers simultaneous operation at multiple radio standards, and capabilities for dynamic adaptation of the radio link parameters such as carrier frequency, transmit power, and other antenna site functions by means of an embedded control channel. Moreover, in combination with optical routing it enables dynamically adjustable network configurations for flexible wireless service delivery.

© 2008 IEEE

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  21. A. Ng'oma, A. M. J. Koonen, I. Tafur-Monroy, H. P. A. v. d. Boom, G. D. Khoe, "Using optical frequency multiplication to deliver a 17 GHz 64 QAM modulated signal to a simplified radio access unit fed by multimode fiber," Proc. OFC 2005 (2005).
  22. A. Ng'oma, I. Tafur-Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, P. F. M. Smulders, G.-D. Khoe, "High-frequency carrier delivery to graded-index polymer optical fibre fed next generation wireless LAN radio access points," Proc. ECOC 2003 Rimini (2003) paper We3.4.2.
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  24. T. Koonen, "Fiber to the home/fiber to the premises: What, where, and when?," Proc. IEEE 94, 911-934 (2006).
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2008 (2)

N. Gomes, A. Nkansah, D. Wake, "Radio over MMF techniques, Part I: RF to microwave frequency systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2388-2395 (2008).

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, "All-fiber full-duplex multimode wavelength-division-multiplexing network for radio-over-multimode-fiber distribution of broadband wireless services," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 56, 248-255 (2008).

2006 (6)

A. Das, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, I. J. Garcia, J. C. Batchelor, D. Wake, "Design of low-cost multimode fiber-fed indoor wireless networks," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 3426-3432 (2006).

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, "Overcoming modal bandwidth limitation in radio-over-multimode fiber links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2428-2430 (2006).

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, A. NgOma, "Bidirectional radio-over-fiber link employing optical frequency multiplication," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 241-243 (2006).

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, "Fiber-based broadband wireless access employing optical frequency multiplication," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 875-881 (2006).

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, E. J. M. Verdurmen, J. P. Turkiewicz, "Dispersion tolerant radio-over-fibre transmission of 16 and 64 QAM radio signals at 40 GHz," Inst. Elect. Eng. Electron. Lett. 42, 872-874 (2006).

T. Koonen, "Fiber to the home/fiber to the premises: What, where, and when?," Proc. IEEE 94, 911-934 (2006).

2004 (1)

C. Carlsson, A. Larsson, A. Alping, "RF transmission over multimode fibers using VCSELs—Comparing standard and high-bandwidth multimode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1694-1700 (2004).

2001 (1)

D. Wake, S. Dupont, C. Lethien, J. P. Vilcot, D. Decoster, "Radio frequency transmission of 32-QAM signals over multimode fiber for distributed antenna system applications," Inst. Elect. Eng. Electron. Lett. 37, 1087-1089 (2001).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, "Fiber-based broadband wireless access employing optical frequency multiplication," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 875-881 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, A. NgOma, "Bidirectional radio-over-fiber link employing optical frequency multiplication," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 241-243 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, "Overcoming modal bandwidth limitation in radio-over-multimode fiber links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2428-2430 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, "All-fiber full-duplex multimode wavelength-division-multiplexing network for radio-over-multimode-fiber distribution of broadband wireless services," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 56, 248-255 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

A. Das, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, I. J. Garcia, J. C. Batchelor, D. Wake, "Design of low-cost multimode fiber-fed indoor wireless networks," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 3426-3432 (2006).

Inst. Elect. Eng. Electron. Lett. (1)

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, E. J. M. Verdurmen, J. P. Turkiewicz, "Dispersion tolerant radio-over-fibre transmission of 16 and 64 QAM radio signals at 40 GHz," Inst. Elect. Eng. Electron. Lett. 42, 872-874 (2006).

Inst. Elect. Eng. Electron. Lett. (1)

D. Wake, S. Dupont, C. Lethien, J. P. Vilcot, D. Decoster, "Radio frequency transmission of 32-QAM signals over multimode fiber for distributed antenna system applications," Inst. Elect. Eng. Electron. Lett. 37, 1087-1089 (2001).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

C. Carlsson, A. Larsson, A. Alping, "RF transmission over multimode fibers using VCSELs—Comparing standard and high-bandwidth multimode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1694-1700 (2004).

N. Gomes, A. Nkansah, D. Wake, "Radio over MMF techniques, Part I: RF to microwave frequency systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2388-2395 (2008).

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, "Theoretical and experimental demonstration of OFM robustness against modal dispersion impairments in radio over multimode fiber links," J. Lightw. Technol. .

Proc. IEEE (1)

T. Koonen, "Fiber to the home/fiber to the premises: What, where, and when?," Proc. IEEE 94, 911-934 (2006).

Other (16)

A. M. J. Koonen, M. G. Larrode, J. Yang, A. Ng'oma, G.-J. Rijckenberg, P. Urban, H. Yang, H. P. A. van den Boom, H. De Waardt, "Recent research results on flexible optical access and in-building networks," Proc. NOC 2007 (2007) pp. 153-160.

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, E. J. M. Verdurmen, "OFM performance in a basic MMF dropping node for radio-over-MMF ring/bus distribution antenna system," Proc. Asian-Pacific Microw. Photon. Conf. (APMWP) 2007 Jeju IslandSouth Korea (2007) session J3.

A. Ng'oma, A. M. J. Koonen, I. Tafur-Monroy, H. P. A. v. d. Boom, G. D. Khoe, "Using optical frequency multiplication to deliver a 17 GHz 64 QAM modulated signal to a simplified radio access unit fed by multimode fiber," Proc. OFC 2005 (2005).

A. Ng'oma, I. Tafur-Monroy, A. M. J. Koonen, H. P. A. van den Boom, P. F. M. Smulders, G.-D. Khoe, "High-frequency carrier delivery to graded-index polymer optical fibre fed next generation wireless LAN radio access points," Proc. ECOC 2003 Rimini (2003) paper We3.4.2.

A. Ng'oma, J. Zeng, H. P. A. van den Boom, Y. Watanabe, A. M. J. Koonen, "Bi-directional polymer optical fiber-based system for distributing 100 Mbps WiMAX signals exceeding 17 GHz," Proc. Asian-Pacific Microw Photon Conf. (APMWP) 2007 (2007).

A. M. J. Koonen, M. G. Larrode, A. Ng'oma, K. Wang, H. Yang, Y. Zheng, E. Tangdiongga, "Perspectives of radio over fiber technologies," Proc. OFC 2008 San DiegoCA (2008) paper OThP3.

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, "Physical layer design for RoF-based wireless access networks," Proc. ECOC 2006 CannesFrance (2006) paper We3.P.167.

P. Hartmann, X. Qian, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "1–20 GHz directly modulated radio over MMF link," Proc. Int. Topical Meet. Microw. Photon. (MWP'05) (2005).

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, G. J. Rijckenberg, B. L. Dang, I. G. M. M. Niemegeers, "Transparent transport of wireless communication signals in radio-over-fibre systems," Proc. 10th Europ. Conf. Netw. Opt. Commun., NOC2005 (2005).

R. A. Griffin, P. M. Lane, J. J. O'Reilly, "Radio-over-fiber distribution using an optical millimeter-wave/DWDM overlay," Proc. OFC'99 San DiegoCA (1999) paper WD6.

A. M. J. Koonen, A. Ngoma, Broadband Optical Access Networks and Fiber-to-the-Home: System Technologies and Development Strategies (Wiley, 2006).

T. Ismail, C.-P. Liu, J. Mitchell, A. Seeds, X. Qian, A. Wonfor, R. Penty, I. White, "Bidirectional transmission of broadband wireless signals using a millimeter-wave over fibre CWDM ring architecture," Proc. NEFERTITI Symp. BrusselsBelgium (2005).

A. M. J. Koonen, A. Ng'oma, H. P. A. van den Boom, I. Tafur-Monroy, P. F. M. Smulders, G.-D. Khoe, "Carrying microwave signals in a GIPOF-based wireless LAN," Proc. POF 2001 (2001) pp. 217-223.

T. Koonen, A. Ng'oma, P. Smulders, H. van den Boom, I. T. Monroy, P. van Bennekom, G.-D. Khoe, "In-house networks using polymer optical fibre for broadband wireless applications," Proc. ISSLS 2002 (XIVth Int. Symp. Services and Local Access) (2002) pp. 285-294.

A. M. J. Koonen, A. Ng'oma, G.-J. Rijckenberg, M. G. Larrode, P. J. Urban, H. de Waardt, J. Yang, H. Yang, H. P. A. van den Boom, "How deep should fibre go into the access network?," Proc. ECOC 2007 (2007).

A. Flatman, "In-premises optical fiber installed base analysis to 2007," IEEE 802.3 10 GBE over FDDI Grade Fiber Study Group OrlandoFL (2004) presented at the.

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