Abstract

Recent work on radio-over-multimode-fiber (MMF) transmission, for the support of wireless LANs and current cellular systems operating at below 6 GHz, has shown that excellent performance (e.g., spur-free dynamic range well in excess of 100 dB.Hz<sup>2/3</sup>) can be achieved. However, it is shown here that for multisystem operation, spurious emissions may be more of a restriction than meeting good signal quality requirements (such as low error vector magnitude). Initial results are reported for error vector magnitude and adjacent channel leakage for UMTS transmission over a radio-over-MMF link with a multisystem remote antenna unit with conformance to standards being demonstrated.

© 2008 IEEE

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  1. M. Sauer, A. Kobyakov, J. George, "Radio over fiber for picocellular network architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3301-3320 (2007).
  2. A. Das, M. Mjeku, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, "Effects on IEEE 802.11 MAC throughput in wireless LAN over fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3321-3328 (2007).
  3. M. J. Crisp, S. Li, A. Watts, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Uplink and downlink coverage improvements of 802.11g signals using a distributed antenna network," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3388-3395 (2007).
  4. A. Das, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, I. J. Garcia, J. C. Batchelor, D. Wake, "Design of low-cost multimode fiber-fed indoor wireless networks," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 3426-3432 (2006).
  5. C. Lethien, C. Loyez, J.-P. Vilcot, "Potentials of radio over multimode fiber systems for the in-buildings coverage of mobile and wireless LAN applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2793-2795 (2005).
  6. C. Carlsson, A. Larsson, A. Alping, "RF transmission over multimode fibers using VCSELs—Comparing standard and high-bandwidth multimode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1694-1700 (2004).
  7. R. E. Schuh, A. Alping, E. Sundberg, "Penalty-free GSM-1800 and WCDMA radio-over-fiber transmission using multimode fibre and 850 nm VCSEL," Electron. Lett. 39, 512-514 (2003).
  8. D. Wake, S. Dupont, C. Lethien, J.-P. Vilcot, "Radio frequency transmission of 32-QAM signals over multimode fiber for distributed antenna system applications," Electron. Lett. 37, 1087-1089 (2001).
  9. H. Yanikomeroglu, E. S. Sousa, "Power control and number of antenna elements in CDMA distributed antenna systems," IEEE ICC'98, Int. Conf. Commun. (1998) pp. 1040-1045.
  10. D. Wake, "Trends and prospects for radio over fibre picocells," Proc. MWP, IEEE Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photon. (2004) pp. 21-24.
  11. A. Alping, "Radio-over-fiber for the radio access network," Proc. 6th Int. Symp. Contemp. Photon. Technol (CPT03) (2003) pp. 109-112.
  12. A. J. Cooper, "Fibre/radio for the provision of cordless/mobile telephony services in the access network," Electron. Lett. 26, 2054-2056 (1990).
  13. A. Flatman, "In-premises optical fiber installed base analysis to 2007," IEEE 802.3 10GBE Over FDDI-Grade Fiber Study Group OrlandoFL (2004) http://www/ieee802.org/3/10GMMFSG/public/mar04/flatman_1_0304.pdf.
  14. A. M. J. Koonen, M. Garcia Larrode, "Radio over MMF techniques—Part II: Microwave to mm-wave systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2396-2408 (2008).
  15. A. Risteski, E. Borisch, J. Ewen, J. Tierno, P. Pepeljugoski, "DMD measurements and equalization simulations for 62.5- and 50-µm legacy multimode fibers at 1300 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1960-1962 (2004).
  16. L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, M. C. Nowell, "An experimental and theoretical study of the offset launch technique for the enhancement of the bandwidth of multimode fiber links," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 324-331 (1998).
  17. C. Carlsson, H. Martinsson, A. Larsson, A. Alping, "High-performance microwave link using a multimode VCSEL and a high-bandwidth multimode fiber," Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photon. (2002) pp. 81-842.
  18. Measurement of Bandwidth on Multimode Fiber TIA/EIA Std. 455-204.
  19. Differential Mode Delay Measurement of Multimode Fiber in the Time Domain TIA/EIA Std. 455-220.
  20. R. Ellis, The importance of minEMBc laser bandwidth measured multimode fiber for high performance premises networks, (2007) Corning White Paper WP1150.
  21. E. J. Tyler, M. Webster, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Penalty free subcarrier modulated multimode fiber links for datacomm applications beyond the bandwidth limit," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 14, 110-112 (2002).
  22. L. Raddatz, D. Hardacre, I. H. White, R. V. Penty, D. G. Cunningham, M. R. T. Tan, S.-Y. Wang, "High bandwidth data transmission in multimode fibre links using subcarrier multiplexing with VCSELs," Electron. Lett. 34, (1998).
  23. A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, "Characterization of radio over multimode fiber links using coherence bandwidth," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2694-2696 (2005).
  24. C. Cox, E. Ackerman, R. Helkey, G. E. Betts, "Techniques and performance of intensity-modulation direct-detection analog optical links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1375-1383 (1997).
  25. V. Polo, A. Ramirez, J. Mitchell, T. Ismail, B. Kalantari-Sabet, A. K. Jastrzebski, B. Cabon, Y. Le Guennec, J.-P. Vilcot, Verification of Radio Over Fibre Experimental Demonstration Compliance With Wireless Standard Requirements ISIS IST-FP6 26592, Deliverable D1.10 (2007) http://www.ist-isis.org/data/classes/livrable/10/ISIS D1.10_V1.1.pdf.
  26. P. K. Tang, L. C. Ong, A. Alphones, B. Luo, M. Fujise, "PER and EVM measurements of a radio-over-fiber network for cellular and WLAN system applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2370-2376 (2004).
  27. D. Wake, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, C. Lethien, C. Sion, J.-P. Vilcot, "Optically-powered remote units for radio-over-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2484-2491 (2008).
  28. P. Hartmann, M. Webster, A. Wonfor, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, D. Wake, A. J. Seeds, "Low-cost multimode fibre-based wireless LAN distribution system using uncooled, directly modulated DFB laser diodes," 29th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2003).
  29. H. H. Lu, P.-C. Lai, W.-S. Tai, "Radio-on-multimode fiber systems based on VCSELs and external light injection technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1215-1217 (2004).
  30. T. Ismail, C.-P. Liu, J. E. Mitchell, A. J. Seeds, "High dynamic-range wireless-over-fiber link using feedforward linearization," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3274-3282 (2007).
  31. K.-A. Persson, C. Carlsson, A. Alping, A. Haglund, J. S. Gustavsson, P. Modh, A. Larsson, "WCDMA radio-over-fibre transmission experiment using singlemode VCSEL and multimode fibre," Electron. Lett. 42, 372-374 (2006).
  32. V. Sittakul, M. J. Cryan, "A fully bidirectional 2.4-GHz wireless-over-fiber system using photonic active integrated antennas (PhAIAs)," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3358-3365 (2007).
  33. M. Mjeku, N. J. Gomes, "Analysis of the RTS/CTS exchange in WLAN over fiber networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2531-2539 (2008).
  34. M. Mjeku, N. J. Gomes, "Use of different acknowledgment policies for burst transmission in fiber-fed wireless LANs," IEEE Comm. Lett. 11, 601-603 (2007).
  35. A. Nkansah, A. Das, C. Lethien, J.-P. Vilcot, N. J. Gomes, I. J. Garcia, J. C. Batchelor, D. Wake, "Simultaneous dual band transmission over multimode fiber-fed indoor wireless network," IEEE Microw. Wireless Comp. Lett. 16, 627-629 (2006).
  36. M. L. Yee, H. L. Chung, P. K. Tang, L. C. Ong, M. T. Zhou, Z. Shao, M. Fujise, "850 nm radio-over-fiber EVM measurements for IEEE 802.11g WLAN and cellular signal distribution," Proc. 36th Eur. Microwave Conf. (2006) pp. 882-885.
  37. P. Hartmann, A. Bothwell, R. Cronin, K. Leeson, A. Loveridge, D. C. Parkinson, J. W. Ure, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, A. J. Seeds, "Wideband fibre-agnostic DAS using pluggable analogue optical modules," IEEE Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photon. GrenobleFrance (2006) Paper: P5.
  38. Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); Base Station (BS) Radio Transmission and Reception (FDD) 3GPP TS 25.104, ver. 8.1.0, rel. 8.

2008 (3)

A. M. J. Koonen, M. Garcia Larrode, "Radio over MMF techniques—Part II: Microwave to mm-wave systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2396-2408 (2008).

D. Wake, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, C. Lethien, C. Sion, J.-P. Vilcot, "Optically-powered remote units for radio-over-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2484-2491 (2008).

M. Mjeku, N. J. Gomes, "Analysis of the RTS/CTS exchange in WLAN over fiber networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2531-2539 (2008).

2007 (6)

M. Mjeku, N. J. Gomes, "Use of different acknowledgment policies for burst transmission in fiber-fed wireless LANs," IEEE Comm. Lett. 11, 601-603 (2007).

T. Ismail, C.-P. Liu, J. E. Mitchell, A. J. Seeds, "High dynamic-range wireless-over-fiber link using feedforward linearization," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3274-3282 (2007).

V. Sittakul, M. J. Cryan, "A fully bidirectional 2.4-GHz wireless-over-fiber system using photonic active integrated antennas (PhAIAs)," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3358-3365 (2007).

M. Sauer, A. Kobyakov, J. George, "Radio over fiber for picocellular network architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3301-3320 (2007).

A. Das, M. Mjeku, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, "Effects on IEEE 802.11 MAC throughput in wireless LAN over fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3321-3328 (2007).

M. J. Crisp, S. Li, A. Watts, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Uplink and downlink coverage improvements of 802.11g signals using a distributed antenna network," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3388-3395 (2007).

2006 (3)

A. Das, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, I. J. Garcia, J. C. Batchelor, D. Wake, "Design of low-cost multimode fiber-fed indoor wireless networks," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 3426-3432 (2006).

K.-A. Persson, C. Carlsson, A. Alping, A. Haglund, J. S. Gustavsson, P. Modh, A. Larsson, "WCDMA radio-over-fibre transmission experiment using singlemode VCSEL and multimode fibre," Electron. Lett. 42, 372-374 (2006).

A. Nkansah, A. Das, C. Lethien, J.-P. Vilcot, N. J. Gomes, I. J. Garcia, J. C. Batchelor, D. Wake, "Simultaneous dual band transmission over multimode fiber-fed indoor wireless network," IEEE Microw. Wireless Comp. Lett. 16, 627-629 (2006).

2005 (2)

C. Lethien, C. Loyez, J.-P. Vilcot, "Potentials of radio over multimode fiber systems for the in-buildings coverage of mobile and wireless LAN applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2793-2795 (2005).

A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, "Characterization of radio over multimode fiber links using coherence bandwidth," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2694-2696 (2005).

2004 (4)

H. H. Lu, P.-C. Lai, W.-S. Tai, "Radio-on-multimode fiber systems based on VCSELs and external light injection technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1215-1217 (2004).

A. Risteski, E. Borisch, J. Ewen, J. Tierno, P. Pepeljugoski, "DMD measurements and equalization simulations for 62.5- and 50-µm legacy multimode fibers at 1300 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1960-1962 (2004).

C. Carlsson, A. Larsson, A. Alping, "RF transmission over multimode fibers using VCSELs—Comparing standard and high-bandwidth multimode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1694-1700 (2004).

P. K. Tang, L. C. Ong, A. Alphones, B. Luo, M. Fujise, "PER and EVM measurements of a radio-over-fiber network for cellular and WLAN system applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2370-2376 (2004).

2003 (1)

R. E. Schuh, A. Alping, E. Sundberg, "Penalty-free GSM-1800 and WCDMA radio-over-fiber transmission using multimode fibre and 850 nm VCSEL," Electron. Lett. 39, 512-514 (2003).

2002 (1)

E. J. Tyler, M. Webster, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Penalty free subcarrier modulated multimode fiber links for datacomm applications beyond the bandwidth limit," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 14, 110-112 (2002).

2001 (1)

D. Wake, S. Dupont, C. Lethien, J.-P. Vilcot, "Radio frequency transmission of 32-QAM signals over multimode fiber for distributed antenna system applications," Electron. Lett. 37, 1087-1089 (2001).

1998 (2)

L. Raddatz, D. Hardacre, I. H. White, R. V. Penty, D. G. Cunningham, M. R. T. Tan, S.-Y. Wang, "High bandwidth data transmission in multimode fibre links using subcarrier multiplexing with VCSELs," Electron. Lett. 34, (1998).

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, M. C. Nowell, "An experimental and theoretical study of the offset launch technique for the enhancement of the bandwidth of multimode fiber links," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 324-331 (1998).

1997 (1)

C. Cox, E. Ackerman, R. Helkey, G. E. Betts, "Techniques and performance of intensity-modulation direct-detection analog optical links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1375-1383 (1997).

1990 (1)

A. J. Cooper, "Fibre/radio for the provision of cordless/mobile telephony services in the access network," Electron. Lett. 26, 2054-2056 (1990).

Electron. Lett. (3)

D. Wake, S. Dupont, C. Lethien, J.-P. Vilcot, "Radio frequency transmission of 32-QAM signals over multimode fiber for distributed antenna system applications," Electron. Lett. 37, 1087-1089 (2001).

A. J. Cooper, "Fibre/radio for the provision of cordless/mobile telephony services in the access network," Electron. Lett. 26, 2054-2056 (1990).

L. Raddatz, D. Hardacre, I. H. White, R. V. Penty, D. G. Cunningham, M. R. T. Tan, S.-Y. Wang, "High bandwidth data transmission in multimode fibre links using subcarrier multiplexing with VCSELs," Electron. Lett. 34, (1998).

Electron. Lett. (2)

K.-A. Persson, C. Carlsson, A. Alping, A. Haglund, J. S. Gustavsson, P. Modh, A. Larsson, "WCDMA radio-over-fibre transmission experiment using singlemode VCSEL and multimode fibre," Electron. Lett. 42, 372-374 (2006).

R. E. Schuh, A. Alping, E. Sundberg, "Penalty-free GSM-1800 and WCDMA radio-over-fiber transmission using multimode fibre and 850 nm VCSEL," Electron. Lett. 39, 512-514 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, "Characterization of radio over multimode fiber links using coherence bandwidth," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2694-2696 (2005).

IEEE Comm. Lett. (1)

M. Mjeku, N. J. Gomes, "Use of different acknowledgment policies for burst transmission in fiber-fed wireless LANs," IEEE Comm. Lett. 11, 601-603 (2007).

IEEE Microw. Wireless Comp. Lett. (1)

A. Nkansah, A. Das, C. Lethien, J.-P. Vilcot, N. J. Gomes, I. J. Garcia, J. C. Batchelor, D. Wake, "Simultaneous dual band transmission over multimode fiber-fed indoor wireless network," IEEE Microw. Wireless Comp. Lett. 16, 627-629 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett (1)

E. J. Tyler, M. Webster, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Penalty free subcarrier modulated multimode fiber links for datacomm applications beyond the bandwidth limit," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 14, 110-112 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

H. H. Lu, P.-C. Lai, W.-S. Tai, "Radio-on-multimode fiber systems based on VCSELs and external light injection technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1215-1217 (2004).

A. Risteski, E. Borisch, J. Ewen, J. Tierno, P. Pepeljugoski, "DMD measurements and equalization simulations for 62.5- and 50-µm legacy multimode fibers at 1300 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1960-1962 (2004).

C. Lethien, C. Loyez, J.-P. Vilcot, "Potentials of radio over multimode fiber systems for the in-buildings coverage of mobile and wireless LAN applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2793-2795 (2005).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

C. Cox, E. Ackerman, R. Helkey, G. E. Betts, "Techniques and performance of intensity-modulation direct-detection analog optical links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1375-1383 (1997).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

A. Das, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, I. J. Garcia, J. C. Batchelor, D. Wake, "Design of low-cost multimode fiber-fed indoor wireless networks," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 3426-3432 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

D. Wake, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, C. Lethien, C. Sion, J.-P. Vilcot, "Optically-powered remote units for radio-over-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2484-2491 (2008).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

T. Ismail, C.-P. Liu, J. E. Mitchell, A. J. Seeds, "High dynamic-range wireless-over-fiber link using feedforward linearization," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3274-3282 (2007).

P. K. Tang, L. C. Ong, A. Alphones, B. Luo, M. Fujise, "PER and EVM measurements of a radio-over-fiber network for cellular and WLAN system applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2370-2376 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol. (8)

V. Sittakul, M. J. Cryan, "A fully bidirectional 2.4-GHz wireless-over-fiber system using photonic active integrated antennas (PhAIAs)," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3358-3365 (2007).

M. Mjeku, N. J. Gomes, "Analysis of the RTS/CTS exchange in WLAN over fiber networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2531-2539 (2008).

A. M. J. Koonen, M. Garcia Larrode, "Radio over MMF techniques—Part II: Microwave to mm-wave systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2396-2408 (2008).

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, M. C. Nowell, "An experimental and theoretical study of the offset launch technique for the enhancement of the bandwidth of multimode fiber links," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 324-331 (1998).

C. Carlsson, A. Larsson, A. Alping, "RF transmission over multimode fibers using VCSELs—Comparing standard and high-bandwidth multimode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1694-1700 (2004).

M. Sauer, A. Kobyakov, J. George, "Radio over fiber for picocellular network architectures," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3301-3320 (2007).

A. Das, M. Mjeku, A. Nkansah, N. J. Gomes, "Effects on IEEE 802.11 MAC throughput in wireless LAN over fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3321-3328 (2007).

M. J. Crisp, S. Li, A. Watts, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Uplink and downlink coverage improvements of 802.11g signals using a distributed antenna network," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 3388-3395 (2007).

Other (13)

H. Yanikomeroglu, E. S. Sousa, "Power control and number of antenna elements in CDMA distributed antenna systems," IEEE ICC'98, Int. Conf. Commun. (1998) pp. 1040-1045.

D. Wake, "Trends and prospects for radio over fibre picocells," Proc. MWP, IEEE Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photon. (2004) pp. 21-24.

A. Alping, "Radio-over-fiber for the radio access network," Proc. 6th Int. Symp. Contemp. Photon. Technol (CPT03) (2003) pp. 109-112.

C. Carlsson, H. Martinsson, A. Larsson, A. Alping, "High-performance microwave link using a multimode VCSEL and a high-bandwidth multimode fiber," Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photon. (2002) pp. 81-842.

Measurement of Bandwidth on Multimode Fiber TIA/EIA Std. 455-204.

Differential Mode Delay Measurement of Multimode Fiber in the Time Domain TIA/EIA Std. 455-220.

R. Ellis, The importance of minEMBc laser bandwidth measured multimode fiber for high performance premises networks, (2007) Corning White Paper WP1150.

A. Flatman, "In-premises optical fiber installed base analysis to 2007," IEEE 802.3 10GBE Over FDDI-Grade Fiber Study Group OrlandoFL (2004) http://www/ieee802.org/3/10GMMFSG/public/mar04/flatman_1_0304.pdf.

P. Hartmann, M. Webster, A. Wonfor, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, D. Wake, A. J. Seeds, "Low-cost multimode fibre-based wireless LAN distribution system using uncooled, directly modulated DFB laser diodes," 29th Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (2003).

V. Polo, A. Ramirez, J. Mitchell, T. Ismail, B. Kalantari-Sabet, A. K. Jastrzebski, B. Cabon, Y. Le Guennec, J.-P. Vilcot, Verification of Radio Over Fibre Experimental Demonstration Compliance With Wireless Standard Requirements ISIS IST-FP6 26592, Deliverable D1.10 (2007) http://www.ist-isis.org/data/classes/livrable/10/ISIS D1.10_V1.1.pdf.

M. L. Yee, H. L. Chung, P. K. Tang, L. C. Ong, M. T. Zhou, Z. Shao, M. Fujise, "850 nm radio-over-fiber EVM measurements for IEEE 802.11g WLAN and cellular signal distribution," Proc. 36th Eur. Microwave Conf. (2006) pp. 882-885.

P. Hartmann, A. Bothwell, R. Cronin, K. Leeson, A. Loveridge, D. C. Parkinson, J. W. Ure, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, A. J. Seeds, "Wideband fibre-agnostic DAS using pluggable analogue optical modules," IEEE Int. Topical Meeting Microwave Photon. GrenobleFrance (2006) Paper: P5.

Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS); Base Station (BS) Radio Transmission and Reception (FDD) 3GPP TS 25.104, ver. 8.1.0, rel. 8.

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