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J. Kissing, T. Gravemann, E. Voges, "Analytical probability density function for the Q factor
due to PMD and noise," IEEE Photon. Techol.
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C. Xie, L. Möller, H. Haunstein, S. Hunsche, "Comparison
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formats," IEEE Photon. Techol. Lett. 15, 1168-1170 (2003).

H. Sunnerud, C. Xie, M. Karlsson, R. Samuelsson, P. Andrekson, "A
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F. Buchali, H. Bülow, "Adaptive PMD compensation by electrical and optical techniques," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1116-1126 (2004).

R. Hui, C. Allen, K. Demarest, "PMD-insensitive SCM optical
receiver using polarization diversity," IEEE
Phot. Technol. Lett. 14, (2002).

W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Tang, "Transmission experiment of
multi-gigabit coherent optical OFDM systems over 1000 km SSMF fiber," IEEE Electron. Lett. 43, 183-185 (2007).

C. Poole, R. Tkach, A. Chraplyvy, D. Fishman, "Fading in lightwave systems
due to polarization-mode dispersion," IEEE Photon.
Technol. Lett. 3, 68-70 (1991).

M. Secondini, E. Forestieri, "All-order PMD outage probability evaluation by Markov chain
Monte Carlo simulations," IEEE Photon. Technol.
Lett. 17, 1417-1419 (2005).

P. J. Winzer, H. Kogelnik, K. Ramanan, "Precise outage specifications for 1st-order PMD," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 449-451 (2004).

I. B. Djordjevic, B. Vasic, "100 Gb/s transmission using orthogonal frequency-division
multiplexing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1576-1578 (2006).

G. Biondini, W. L. Kath, C. R. Menyuk, "Importance sampling for polarization-mode dispersion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, (2002).

W. Shieh, "PMD-supported coherent optical OFDM systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 134-136 (2006).

J. Kissing, T. Gravemann, E. Voges, "Analytical probability density function for the Q factor
due to PMD and noise," IEEE Photon. Techol.
Lett. 15, 611-613 (2003).

A. Djupsjöbacka, "Calculation of signal outage due to polarization mode dispersion," IEEE Photon. Techol. Lett. 13, 660-662 (2001).

C. Xie, L. Möller, H. Haunstein, S. Hunsche, "Comparison
of system tolerance to polarization-mode dispersion between different modulation
formats," IEEE Photon. Techol. Lett. 15, 1168-1170 (2003).

H. Bülow, "System outage probability due to first- and second-order
PMD," IEEE Photon. Techol. Lett. 10, 696-698 (1998).

E. Forestieri, G. Prati, "Exact analytical evaluation of second-order PMD impact on
the outage probability for a compensated system," J.
Lightw. Technol. 22, 988-996 (2004).

M. Jäger, T. Rankl, J. Spiegel, H. Bülow, F. Buchali, "Performance
of turbo equalizers for optical PMD channels," J.
Lightw. Technol. 24, 1226-1236 (2006).

O. E. Agazzi, "Maximum-likelihood sequence estimation
in dispersive optical channels," J. Lightw.
Technol. 23, 749-763 (2005).

H. Sunnerud, C. Xie, M. Karlsson, R. Samuelsson, P. Andrekson, "A
comparison between different PMD compensation techniques," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 368-378 (2002).

A. J. Lowery, L. B. Du, J. Armstrong, "Performance
of optical OFDM in ultralong-haul WDM lightwave systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 131-138 (2007).

G. J. Foschini, C. D. Poole, "Statistical theory of polarization dispersion in single
mode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 1439-1456 (1991).

I. B. Djordjevic, "PMD compensation in fiber-optic communication systems with
direct detection using LDPC-coded OFDM," OSA
Opt. Exp. 15, (2007).

A. J. Lowery, J. Armstrong, "Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for dispersion
compensation of long-haul optical systems," OSA
Opt. Exp. 14, 2079-2084 (2006).

W. Shieh, X. Yi, Y. Ma, Y. Tang, "Theoretical and experimental study on PMD-supported
transmission using polarization diversity in coherent optical OFDM systems.," OSA Opt. Exp. 15, 9936-9947 (2007).

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, H. Tanaka, "16$\,\times\,$52.5-Gb/s, 50-GHz spaced, POLMUX-CO-OFDM transmission over 4 160-km
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