Abstract

The burst-mode 3R receiver using monolithic ICs for 10-Gbit/s-class optical access networks is reported. In a point-to-multipoint access system like a passive optical network (PON), the receiver at the optical line terminal (OLT) must be able to handle burst-mode optical packets with significantly different powers and phases. An OLT receiver with high sensitivity with instantaneous response to burst inputs is desired for widening the accommodation area and for high efficiency in PON uplinks. Currently, the diffusion of high-speed Internet connection services represented by fiber to the home services at 1.25 Gbit/s is remarkable and the standardization of the next-generation system operating at 10 Gbit/s has started in IEEE. We first discuss the issues in the implementation of 10-Gbit/s-class PON systems, focusing on securing the accommodation area and the quality of the service comparable with those of the deployed system. Against that background, we propose target specifications for sensitivity, a dynamic range and response speed of the 10-Gbit/s-class burst-mode receiver so as to secure the power budget and the upstream efficiency comparable with those of the already-installed systems. Our burst-mode 3R receiver was designed to meet the above requirements and developed using monolithic ICs of transimpedance amplifier, limiting amplifier, and clock and data recovery circuit fabricated by using SiGe BiCMOS technologies along with a p-i-n photodiode. High sensitivity of -18.0 dBm, a wide dynamic range of over 16.5 dB, and quick response time of 75 ns were confirmed for burst inputs with extremely different powers.

© 2008 IEEE

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  1. N. Miki, K. Okada, "Access flexibility with passive double star systems," Proc. IEEE 5th Conf. Opt./Hybrid Access Netw. (1993) pp. 2.0.4.
  2. Y. Maeda, K. Okada, D. Faulkner, "FSAN OAN-WG and future issues for broadband optical access networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 126-132 (2001).
  3. T. Yoshida, H. Kimura, S. Asawaka, A. Ohki, K. Kumozaki, "A compact 16-channel integrated optical subscriber module for economical optical access systems," IEICE Trans. Commun. E87-B, (2004).
  4. F. J. Effenberger, H. Ichibangase, H. Yamashita, "Advances in broadband passive optical networking technologies," IEEE Commun. Mag. 118-124 (2001).
  5. A. Ohtaka, K. Yamaki, N. Miki, Y. Fujimoto, "STM shared access system for high-speed IP communication," Proc. NOC 2000 (2000) pp. 110-117.
  6. ITU-T Recommendation G.983.
  7. IEEE Standard 802.3ah .
  8. ITU-T Recommendation G.984.2.
  9. M. Abrams, P. C. Becker, Y. Fujimoto, V. O'Byrne, D. Piehler, "FTTP deployments in the United States and Japan -equipment choices and service provider imperatives," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 236-246 (2005).
  10. http://www.ieee802.org/3/av/.
  11. K. Tanaka, N. Edagawa, "Experimental study on 10Gbit/s E-PON system using XENPAK-based burst-mode transceivers," Proc. ECOC 2005 .
  12. N. Susuki, J. Nakagawa, "A 10G-PON physical medium layer link with new 10.3-Gbit/s LAN-PHY based optical interfaces for future PON networks," Proc. ECOC 2006 .
  13. H. Kimura, Y. Sakai, "A construction technology of flexible optical access network system," Proc. IEICE Commun. Soc. Conf. (2006).
  14. M. Nakamura, N. Ishihara, Y. Akazawa, "A 156-Mb/s COMS optical receiver for burst-mode transmission," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 33, 1179-1187 (1998).
  15. P. R. Gray, R. G. Mayer, Analysis and Design of Analogue Integrated Circuits (Wiley, 1993).
  16. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "IPACT: A dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON)," IEEE Commun. Mag. 74-80 (2002).
  17. T. Tatsuta, N. Oota, N. Miki, K. Kumozaki, "Design philosophy and performance of a GE-PON system for mass deployment," J. Opt. Netw. 6, 689-700 (2007).
  18. P. Ossieur, X. Qiu, J. Vandewege, "Analysis of optimum avalanche gain of burst-mode receivers for PON applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 884-886 (2005).
  19. M. Nakamura, Y. Imai, Y. Umeda, J. Endo, Y. Akatsu, "1.25-Gb/s burst-mode receiver ICs with quick response for PON systems," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 2680-2688 (2005).
  20. Y. Ota, R. G. Swartz, V. D. Archer 111, S. K. Korotky, M. Banu, A. E. Dunlop, "High-speed, burst-mode, packet-capable optical receiver and instantaneous clock recovery for optical bus operation," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 325-331 (1994).
  21. H. Tagami, S. Kozaki, K. Nakura, S. Kohama, M. Nogami, K. Motoshima, "A burst-mode bit-synchronization IC with large tolerance for pulse-width distortion for gigabit Ethernet PON," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 41, 2555-2565 (2006).
  22. S. Kimura, M. Nogawa, K. Nishimura, T. Yoshida, K. Kumozaki, S. Nishihara, Y. Ohtomo, "A 10-Gbit/s CMOS-burst-mode clock and data recovery IC for aWDM/TDM-PON access network," Proc. LEOS 2004 (2004) pp. 310-311.
  23. S. Kimura, A. Okada, J. Endo, Y. Suzuki, M. Matsuoka, "A 10-Gbit/s burst-mode 3R receiver unit with a new equalizing amplifier for high-speed optical packet communications," Proc. ECOC 2003 .
  24. F. Effenberger, K. Suzuki, "Dual-rate burst upstream," Presentation Materials, IEEEP802.3av 10GEPON Task Force, IEEE802 Plenary Meeting (2007).

2007 (1)

T. Tatsuta, N. Oota, N. Miki, K. Kumozaki, "Design philosophy and performance of a GE-PON system for mass deployment," J. Opt. Netw. 6, 689-700 (2007).

2006 (1)

H. Tagami, S. Kozaki, K. Nakura, S. Kohama, M. Nogami, K. Motoshima, "A burst-mode bit-synchronization IC with large tolerance for pulse-width distortion for gigabit Ethernet PON," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 41, 2555-2565 (2006).

2005 (3)

P. Ossieur, X. Qiu, J. Vandewege, "Analysis of optimum avalanche gain of burst-mode receivers for PON applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 884-886 (2005).

M. Nakamura, Y. Imai, Y. Umeda, J. Endo, Y. Akatsu, "1.25-Gb/s burst-mode receiver ICs with quick response for PON systems," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 2680-2688 (2005).

M. Abrams, P. C. Becker, Y. Fujimoto, V. O'Byrne, D. Piehler, "FTTP deployments in the United States and Japan -equipment choices and service provider imperatives," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 236-246 (2005).

2004 (1)

T. Yoshida, H. Kimura, S. Asawaka, A. Ohki, K. Kumozaki, "A compact 16-channel integrated optical subscriber module for economical optical access systems," IEICE Trans. Commun. E87-B, (2004).

2002 (1)

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "IPACT: A dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON)," IEEE Commun. Mag. 74-80 (2002).

2001 (2)

Y. Maeda, K. Okada, D. Faulkner, "FSAN OAN-WG and future issues for broadband optical access networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 126-132 (2001).

F. J. Effenberger, H. Ichibangase, H. Yamashita, "Advances in broadband passive optical networking technologies," IEEE Commun. Mag. 118-124 (2001).

1998 (1)

M. Nakamura, N. Ishihara, Y. Akazawa, "A 156-Mb/s COMS optical receiver for burst-mode transmission," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 33, 1179-1187 (1998).

1994 (1)

Y. Ota, R. G. Swartz, V. D. Archer 111, S. K. Korotky, M. Banu, A. E. Dunlop, "High-speed, burst-mode, packet-capable optical receiver and instantaneous clock recovery for optical bus operation," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 325-331 (1994).

IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits (1)

M. Nakamura, Y. Imai, Y. Umeda, J. Endo, Y. Akatsu, "1.25-Gb/s burst-mode receiver ICs with quick response for PON systems," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 40, 2680-2688 (2005).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (3)

F. J. Effenberger, H. Ichibangase, H. Yamashita, "Advances in broadband passive optical networking technologies," IEEE Commun. Mag. 118-124 (2001).

Y. Maeda, K. Okada, D. Faulkner, "FSAN OAN-WG and future issues for broadband optical access networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 126-132 (2001).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "IPACT: A dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON)," IEEE Commun. Mag. 74-80 (2002).

IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits (2)

M. Nakamura, N. Ishihara, Y. Akazawa, "A 156-Mb/s COMS optical receiver for burst-mode transmission," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 33, 1179-1187 (1998).

H. Tagami, S. Kozaki, K. Nakura, S. Kohama, M. Nogami, K. Motoshima, "A burst-mode bit-synchronization IC with large tolerance for pulse-width distortion for gigabit Ethernet PON," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 41, 2555-2565 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

P. Ossieur, X. Qiu, J. Vandewege, "Analysis of optimum avalanche gain of burst-mode receivers for PON applications," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 884-886 (2005).

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

T. Yoshida, H. Kimura, S. Asawaka, A. Ohki, K. Kumozaki, "A compact 16-channel integrated optical subscriber module for economical optical access systems," IEICE Trans. Commun. E87-B, (2004).

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

T. Tatsuta, N. Oota, N. Miki, K. Kumozaki, "Design philosophy and performance of a GE-PON system for mass deployment," J. Opt. Netw. 6, 689-700 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

M. Abrams, P. C. Becker, Y. Fujimoto, V. O'Byrne, D. Piehler, "FTTP deployments in the United States and Japan -equipment choices and service provider imperatives," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 236-246 (2005).

Y. Ota, R. G. Swartz, V. D. Archer 111, S. K. Korotky, M. Banu, A. E. Dunlop, "High-speed, burst-mode, packet-capable optical receiver and instantaneous clock recovery for optical bus operation," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 325-331 (1994).

Other (13)

S. Kimura, M. Nogawa, K. Nishimura, T. Yoshida, K. Kumozaki, S. Nishihara, Y. Ohtomo, "A 10-Gbit/s CMOS-burst-mode clock and data recovery IC for aWDM/TDM-PON access network," Proc. LEOS 2004 (2004) pp. 310-311.

S. Kimura, A. Okada, J. Endo, Y. Suzuki, M. Matsuoka, "A 10-Gbit/s burst-mode 3R receiver unit with a new equalizing amplifier for high-speed optical packet communications," Proc. ECOC 2003 .

F. Effenberger, K. Suzuki, "Dual-rate burst upstream," Presentation Materials, IEEEP802.3av 10GEPON Task Force, IEEE802 Plenary Meeting (2007).

http://www.ieee802.org/3/av/.

K. Tanaka, N. Edagawa, "Experimental study on 10Gbit/s E-PON system using XENPAK-based burst-mode transceivers," Proc. ECOC 2005 .

N. Susuki, J. Nakagawa, "A 10G-PON physical medium layer link with new 10.3-Gbit/s LAN-PHY based optical interfaces for future PON networks," Proc. ECOC 2006 .

H. Kimura, Y. Sakai, "A construction technology of flexible optical access network system," Proc. IEICE Commun. Soc. Conf. (2006).

A. Ohtaka, K. Yamaki, N. Miki, Y. Fujimoto, "STM shared access system for high-speed IP communication," Proc. NOC 2000 (2000) pp. 110-117.

ITU-T Recommendation G.983.

IEEE Standard 802.3ah .

ITU-T Recommendation G.984.2.

N. Miki, K. Okada, "Access flexibility with passive double star systems," Proc. IEEE 5th Conf. Opt./Hybrid Access Netw. (1993) pp. 2.0.4.

P. R. Gray, R. G. Mayer, Analysis and Design of Analogue Integrated Circuits (Wiley, 1993).

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