Abstract

In this paper, we present a coherent receiver based on an optical phase-locked loop (PLL) for linear phase demodulation. The receiver concept is demonstrated at low frequency. For high-frequency operation, monolithic and hybrid integrated versions of the receiver have been developed and experimentally verified in an analog link. The receiver has a bandwidth of 1.45 GHz. At 300MHz, a spurious free dynamic range (SFDR) of 125 dB - Hz<sup>2/3</sup> is measured.

© 2008 IEEE

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  1. J. E. Bowers, A. C. Chipaloski, S. Boodaghians, J. W. Carlin, "Long distance fiber-optic transmission of C-band microwave signals to and from a satellite antenna," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-5, 1733-1741 (1987).
  2. D. Wake, M. Webster, G. Wimpenny, K. Beacham, L. Crawford, "Radio over fiber for mobile communications," Proc. Microw. Photon. (MWP'04) (2004) pp. 157-160.
  3. A. Larsson, C. Carlsson, J. Gustavsson, A. Haglund, P. Modh, "Broadband direct modulation of VCSELs and applications in fiber optic RF links," Proc. IEEE Int. Topical Meet. Microw. Photon. (2004) paper WA-1.
  4. P. Hartmann, "Demonstration of highly linear uncooled DFB lasers for next generation RF over fibre applications," Proc. 28th European Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) (2002) pp. 1-2.
  5. F. Bucholtz, V. J. Urick, M. S. Rogge, K. J. Williams, "Performance of analog photonic links employing phase modulation," Proc. OSA Topical Meet. Coherent Opt. Technol. Applicat. (COTA) (2006) Paper CFA6.
  6. Y. Li, "Receiver for a coherent fiber-optic link with high dynamic range and low noise figure," Proc. Int. Top. Meet. Microw. Photon. (MWP'05) (2005).
  7. M. Ohtsu, Highly Coherent Semiconductor Lasers (Artech House, 1992).
  8. H. F. Chou, A. Ramaswamy, D. Zibar, L. A. Johansson, J. E. Bowers, M. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, "SFDR improvement of a coherent receiver using feedback," Proc. OSA Top. Meet. Coherent Opt. Techn. Applicat. (COTA) WhistlerBC (2006) Paper CFA3.
  9. H. F. Chou, L. A. Johansson, D. Zibar, A. Ramaswamy, M. Rodwell, J. E. Bowers, "All-optical coherent receiver with feedback and sampling," Proc. Int. Top. Meet. Microw. Photon. (MWP'06) (2006).
  10. G. E. Betts, W. Krzewick, S. Wu, P. K. L. Yu, "Experimental demonstration of linear phase detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 993-995 (2007).
  11. H. F. Chou, A. Ramaswamy, D. Zibar, L. A. Johansson, J. E. Bowers, M. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, "High-linearity coherent receiver with feedback," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 940-942 (2007).
  12. M. N. Sysak, J. W. Raring, J. S. Barton, M. Dummer, A. Tauke-Pedretti, H. N. Poulsen, D. J. Blumenthal, L. A. Coldren, "Single-chip, widely-tunable 10 Gbit/s photocurrent-driven wavelength converter incorporating a monolithically integrated laser transmitter and optical receiver," Electron. Lett. 42, 657-658 (2007).
  13. J. Klamkin, "Monolithically integrated balanced uni-traveling-carrier photodiode with tunable MMI coupler for microwave photonic circuits," Proc. Conf. Optoelectron. Microelectron. Mater. Dev. (COMMAD) (2007).
  14. J. Klamkin, "High output saturation and high-linearity uni-traveling-carrier waveguide photodiodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 149-151 (2007).
  15. L. A. Johansson, H. F. Chou, A. Ramaswamy, J. Klamkin, L. A. Coldren, M. J. Rodwell, J. E. Bowers, "Coherent optical receiver for linear optical phase demodulation," Proc. IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. (2007).
  16. A. Ramaswamy, L. A. Johansson, J. Klamkin, C. Sheldon, H.-F. Chou, M. J. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, J. E. Bowers, "Coherent receiver based on a broadband optical phase-lock loop," Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC) Postdeadline Technical Digest. Opt Soc. (2007) Paper PDP3.
  17. P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O'Donnell, K. G. Ray, R. C. Williamson, "Optically sampled analog-to-digital converters," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 1840-1852 (2001).
  18. P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, G. W. Titi, J. C. Twichell, "Optical down sampling of wideband microwave signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3116-3124 (2003).
  19. D. Zibar, L. A. Johansson, H. F. Chou, A. Ramaswamy, M. Rodwell, J. E. Bowers, "Novel optical phase demodulator based on a sampling phase-locked loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 686-688 (2007).
  20. D. Zibar, L. A. Johansson, H. F. Chou, A. Ramaswamy, M. Rodwell, J. E. Bowers, "Investigation of a novel optical phase demodulator based on a sampling phase-locked loop," Proc. Int. Top. Meet. Microw. Photon. (MWP'06) (2006).
  21. L. A. Johansson, D. Zibar, A. Ramaswamy, L. Coldren, M. Rodwell, J. E. Bowers, "Analysis of sampled optical phase-lock loops," Proc. MWP'07 .

2007 (5)

G. E. Betts, W. Krzewick, S. Wu, P. K. L. Yu, "Experimental demonstration of linear phase detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 993-995 (2007).

H. F. Chou, A. Ramaswamy, D. Zibar, L. A. Johansson, J. E. Bowers, M. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, "High-linearity coherent receiver with feedback," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 940-942 (2007).

M. N. Sysak, J. W. Raring, J. S. Barton, M. Dummer, A. Tauke-Pedretti, H. N. Poulsen, D. J. Blumenthal, L. A. Coldren, "Single-chip, widely-tunable 10 Gbit/s photocurrent-driven wavelength converter incorporating a monolithically integrated laser transmitter and optical receiver," Electron. Lett. 42, 657-658 (2007).

J. Klamkin, "High output saturation and high-linearity uni-traveling-carrier waveguide photodiodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 149-151 (2007).

D. Zibar, L. A. Johansson, H. F. Chou, A. Ramaswamy, M. Rodwell, J. E. Bowers, "Novel optical phase demodulator based on a sampling phase-locked loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 686-688 (2007).

2003 (1)

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, G. W. Titi, J. C. Twichell, "Optical down sampling of wideband microwave signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3116-3124 (2003).

2001 (1)

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O'Donnell, K. G. Ray, R. C. Williamson, "Optically sampled analog-to-digital converters," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 1840-1852 (2001).

1987 (1)

J. E. Bowers, A. C. Chipaloski, S. Boodaghians, J. W. Carlin, "Long distance fiber-optic transmission of C-band microwave signals to and from a satellite antenna," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-5, 1733-1741 (1987).

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. N. Sysak, J. W. Raring, J. S. Barton, M. Dummer, A. Tauke-Pedretti, H. N. Poulsen, D. J. Blumenthal, L. A. Coldren, "Single-chip, widely-tunable 10 Gbit/s photocurrent-driven wavelength converter incorporating a monolithically integrated laser transmitter and optical receiver," Electron. Lett. 42, 657-658 (2007).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

G. E. Betts, W. Krzewick, S. Wu, P. K. L. Yu, "Experimental demonstration of linear phase detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 993-995 (2007).

J. Klamkin, "High output saturation and high-linearity uni-traveling-carrier waveguide photodiodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 149-151 (2007).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

H. F. Chou, A. Ramaswamy, D. Zibar, L. A. Johansson, J. E. Bowers, M. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, "High-linearity coherent receiver with feedback," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 940-942 (2007).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

D. Zibar, L. A. Johansson, H. F. Chou, A. Ramaswamy, M. Rodwell, J. E. Bowers, "Novel optical phase demodulator based on a sampling phase-locked loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 686-688 (2007).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. C. Twichell, G. E. Betts, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, J. L. Wasserman, F. J. O'Donnell, K. G. Ray, R. C. Williamson, "Optically sampled analog-to-digital converters," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 1840-1852 (2001).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

J. E. Bowers, A. C. Chipaloski, S. Boodaghians, J. W. Carlin, "Long distance fiber-optic transmission of C-band microwave signals to and from a satellite antenna," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-5, 1733-1741 (1987).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

P. W. Juodawlkis, J. J. Hargreaves, R. D. Younger, G. W. Titi, J. C. Twichell, "Optical down sampling of wideband microwave signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3116-3124 (2003).

Other (13)

L. A. Johansson, H. F. Chou, A. Ramaswamy, J. Klamkin, L. A. Coldren, M. J. Rodwell, J. E. Bowers, "Coherent optical receiver for linear optical phase demodulation," Proc. IEEE MTT-S Int. Microw. Symp. (2007).

A. Ramaswamy, L. A. Johansson, J. Klamkin, C. Sheldon, H.-F. Chou, M. J. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, J. E. Bowers, "Coherent receiver based on a broadband optical phase-lock loop," Optical Fiber Communications Conference (OFC) Postdeadline Technical Digest. Opt Soc. (2007) Paper PDP3.

J. Klamkin, "Monolithically integrated balanced uni-traveling-carrier photodiode with tunable MMI coupler for microwave photonic circuits," Proc. Conf. Optoelectron. Microelectron. Mater. Dev. (COMMAD) (2007).

D. Wake, M. Webster, G. Wimpenny, K. Beacham, L. Crawford, "Radio over fiber for mobile communications," Proc. Microw. Photon. (MWP'04) (2004) pp. 157-160.

A. Larsson, C. Carlsson, J. Gustavsson, A. Haglund, P. Modh, "Broadband direct modulation of VCSELs and applications in fiber optic RF links," Proc. IEEE Int. Topical Meet. Microw. Photon. (2004) paper WA-1.

P. Hartmann, "Demonstration of highly linear uncooled DFB lasers for next generation RF over fibre applications," Proc. 28th European Conf. Opt. Commun. (ECOC) (2002) pp. 1-2.

F. Bucholtz, V. J. Urick, M. S. Rogge, K. J. Williams, "Performance of analog photonic links employing phase modulation," Proc. OSA Topical Meet. Coherent Opt. Technol. Applicat. (COTA) (2006) Paper CFA6.

Y. Li, "Receiver for a coherent fiber-optic link with high dynamic range and low noise figure," Proc. Int. Top. Meet. Microw. Photon. (MWP'05) (2005).

M. Ohtsu, Highly Coherent Semiconductor Lasers (Artech House, 1992).

H. F. Chou, A. Ramaswamy, D. Zibar, L. A. Johansson, J. E. Bowers, M. Rodwell, L. A. Coldren, "SFDR improvement of a coherent receiver using feedback," Proc. OSA Top. Meet. Coherent Opt. Techn. Applicat. (COTA) WhistlerBC (2006) Paper CFA3.

H. F. Chou, L. A. Johansson, D. Zibar, A. Ramaswamy, M. Rodwell, J. E. Bowers, "All-optical coherent receiver with feedback and sampling," Proc. Int. Top. Meet. Microw. Photon. (MWP'06) (2006).

D. Zibar, L. A. Johansson, H. F. Chou, A. Ramaswamy, M. Rodwell, J. E. Bowers, "Investigation of a novel optical phase demodulator based on a sampling phase-locked loop," Proc. Int. Top. Meet. Microw. Photon. (MWP'06) (2006).

L. A. Johansson, D. Zibar, A. Ramaswamy, L. Coldren, M. Rodwell, J. E. Bowers, "Analysis of sampled optical phase-lock loops," Proc. MWP'07 .

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