Abstract

We present experimental demonstrations using direct-detection and optical-orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (DD-OOFDM) for the compensation of chromatic dispersion in long-haul optical fiber links. Three transmitter designs of varying electrical and optical complexity are used for optical single sideband (OSSB) transmission and the theory behind each design is discussed. The data rates achieved for the three systems are 10, 12, and 20 Gbit/s for fiber distances between 320 and 400 km. A discussion of system overheads is provided together with simulations of the required optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR).

© 2008 IEEE

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  1. H. Bulow, "Electronic dispersion compensation," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2007).
  2. B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, J. Armstrong, "Experimental demonstrations of 20 Gbit/s direct-detection optical OFDM and 12 Gbit/s with a colorless transmitter," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2007).
  3. A. J. Lowery, L. B. Y. Du, J. Armstrong, "Performance of optical OFDM in ultralong-haul WDM lightwave systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 131-8 (2007).
  4. S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, N. Takeda, H. Tanaka, "20-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4,160-km SSMF enabled by RF-pilot tone phase noise compensation," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2007).
  5. B. Djordjevic, "PMD compensation in fiber-optic communication systems with direct detection using LDPC-coded OFDM," Opt. Express 15, 3692-3701 (2007).
  6. S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, M. Schuster, J. Zeng, F. Huiskens, H. P. A. van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, N. Hanik, "24-Gb/s transmission over 730 m of multimode fiber by direct modulation of 850-nm VCSEL using discrete multi-tone modulation," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2007).
  7. R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, "Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 714-16 (2005).
  8. J. McNicol, M. O'Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, L. Strawczynski, "Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion [optical fibre communication applications]," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2005).
  9. T. H. Williams, System for transmission of digital data using orthogonal frequency division multiplexing U.S. Patent 5 371 548 (1994).
  10. H. Hayashino, Y. Harada, T. Tomohiro, Y. Uno, H. Oue, Method of transmitting orthogonal frequency division multiplex signal, and transmitter and receiver employed therefore U.S. Patent 5 682 376 (1997).
  11. P. M. P. Spruyt, P. P. F. Reusens, Transmitter with phase rotor, modulator/demodulator, communication system and method performed thereby U.S. Patent 6 088 386 (2000).
  12. R. Feced, R. Rickard, E. Richard, Reference phase and amplitude estimation for coherent optical receiver U.S. Patent Applicat. 20050180760 (2005).
  13. H. Kee, R. Epworth, A. Robinson, R. Rickard, Spectral shaping for optical OFDM transmission U.S. Patent Applicat. 20050271387 (2005).
  14. J. Armstrong, "Analysis of new and existing methods of reducing intercarrier interference due to carrier frequency offset in OFDM," IEEE Trans. Commun. 47, 365-9 (1999).
  15. Y. Xingwen, W. Shieh, T. Yan, "Phase estimation for coherent optical OFDM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 919-21 (2007).
  16. J. Armstrong, A. J. Lowery, "Power efficient optical OFDM," Electron. Lett. 42, 370-372 (2006).
  17. J. Armstrong, B. J. C. Schmidt, D. Kalra, H. A. Suraweera, A. J. Lowery, "Performance of asymmetrically clipped optical OFDM in AWGN for an intensity modulated direct detection system," IEEE Globecom 2006 (2006).
  18. X. Li, R. Mardling, J. Armstrong, "Channel capacity of IM/DD optical communication system and of ACO-OFDM," ICC 2007 GlasgowScotland (2007).
  19. A. J. Lowery, J. Armstrong, "10 Gbit/s multimode fiber link using power-efficient orthogonal-frequency-division multiplexing," Opt. Express 13, 10003-10009 (2005).
  20. M. R. D. Rodrigues, J. J. O'Reilly, "Assessment of the performance of radio over fiber based wireless networks employing OFDM signaling," Proc. London Commun. Symp. 1999 (1999) pp. 47-50.
  21. P. Horvath, I. Frigyes, "Effects of the nonlinearity of a Mach-Zehnder modulator on OFDM radio-over-fiber transmission," IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 921-923 (2005).
  22. A. J. Lowery, J. Armstrong, "Orthogonal-frequency-division multiplexing for dispersion compensation of long-haul optical systems," Opt. Express 14, 2079-2084 (2006).
  23. A. J. Lowery, L. Du, J. Armstrong, "Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2007).
  24. D. Fraser, "Interpolation by the FFT revisited-an experimental investigation," IEEE Trans. Acoust., Speech Signal Process. 37, 665-75 (1989).

2007 (3)

A. J. Lowery, L. B. Y. Du, J. Armstrong, "Performance of optical OFDM in ultralong-haul WDM lightwave systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 131-8 (2007).

B. Djordjevic, "PMD compensation in fiber-optic communication systems with direct detection using LDPC-coded OFDM," Opt. Express 15, 3692-3701 (2007).

Y. Xingwen, W. Shieh, T. Yan, "Phase estimation for coherent optical OFDM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 919-21 (2007).

2006 (2)

J. Armstrong, A. J. Lowery, "Power efficient optical OFDM," Electron. Lett. 42, 370-372 (2006).

A. J. Lowery, J. Armstrong, "Orthogonal-frequency-division multiplexing for dispersion compensation of long-haul optical systems," Opt. Express 14, 2079-2084 (2006).

2005 (3)

A. J. Lowery, J. Armstrong, "10 Gbit/s multimode fiber link using power-efficient orthogonal-frequency-division multiplexing," Opt. Express 13, 10003-10009 (2005).

P. Horvath, I. Frigyes, "Effects of the nonlinearity of a Mach-Zehnder modulator on OFDM radio-over-fiber transmission," IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 921-923 (2005).

R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, "Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 714-16 (2005).

1999 (1)

J. Armstrong, "Analysis of new and existing methods of reducing intercarrier interference due to carrier frequency offset in OFDM," IEEE Trans. Commun. 47, 365-9 (1999).

1989 (1)

D. Fraser, "Interpolation by the FFT revisited-an experimental investigation," IEEE Trans. Acoust., Speech Signal Process. 37, 665-75 (1989).

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. Armstrong, A. J. Lowery, "Power efficient optical OFDM," Electron. Lett. 42, 370-372 (2006).

IEEE Commun. Lett. (1)

P. Horvath, I. Frigyes, "Effects of the nonlinearity of a Mach-Zehnder modulator on OFDM radio-over-fiber transmission," IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 921-923 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Y. Xingwen, W. Shieh, T. Yan, "Phase estimation for coherent optical OFDM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 919-21 (2007).

R. I. Killey, P. M. Watts, V. Mikhailov, M. Glick, P. Bayvel, "Electronic dispersion compensation by signal predistortion using digital processing and a dual-drive Mach-Zehnder modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 714-16 (2005).

IEEE Trans. Acoust., Speech Signal Process. (1)

D. Fraser, "Interpolation by the FFT revisited-an experimental investigation," IEEE Trans. Acoust., Speech Signal Process. 37, 665-75 (1989).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

J. Armstrong, "Analysis of new and existing methods of reducing intercarrier interference due to carrier frequency offset in OFDM," IEEE Trans. Commun. 47, 365-9 (1999).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

A. J. Lowery, L. B. Y. Du, J. Armstrong, "Performance of optical OFDM in ultralong-haul WDM lightwave systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 25, 131-8 (2007).

Opt. Express (2)

B. Djordjevic, "PMD compensation in fiber-optic communication systems with direct detection using LDPC-coded OFDM," Opt. Express 15, 3692-3701 (2007).

A. J. Lowery, J. Armstrong, "Orthogonal-frequency-division multiplexing for dispersion compensation of long-haul optical systems," Opt. Express 14, 2079-2084 (2006).

Opt. Express (1)

Other (14)

M. R. D. Rodrigues, J. J. O'Reilly, "Assessment of the performance of radio over fiber based wireless networks employing OFDM signaling," Proc. London Commun. Symp. 1999 (1999) pp. 47-50.

J. Armstrong, B. J. C. Schmidt, D. Kalra, H. A. Suraweera, A. J. Lowery, "Performance of asymmetrically clipped optical OFDM in AWGN for an intensity modulated direct detection system," IEEE Globecom 2006 (2006).

X. Li, R. Mardling, J. Armstrong, "Channel capacity of IM/DD optical communication system and of ACO-OFDM," ICC 2007 GlasgowScotland (2007).

S. C. J. Lee, F. Breyer, S. Randel, M. Schuster, J. Zeng, F. Huiskens, H. P. A. van den Boom, A. M. J. Koonen, N. Hanik, "24-Gb/s transmission over 730 m of multimode fiber by direct modulation of 850-nm VCSEL using discrete multi-tone modulation," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2007).

S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, N. Takeda, H. Tanaka, "20-Gb/s OFDM transmission over 4,160-km SSMF enabled by RF-pilot tone phase noise compensation," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2007).

H. Bulow, "Electronic dispersion compensation," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2007).

B. J. C. Schmidt, A. J. Lowery, J. Armstrong, "Experimental demonstrations of 20 Gbit/s direct-detection optical OFDM and 12 Gbit/s with a colorless transmitter," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2007).

J. McNicol, M. O'Sullivan, K. Roberts, A. Comeau, D. McGhan, L. Strawczynski, "Electrical domain compensation of optical dispersion [optical fibre communication applications]," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2005).

T. H. Williams, System for transmission of digital data using orthogonal frequency division multiplexing U.S. Patent 5 371 548 (1994).

H. Hayashino, Y. Harada, T. Tomohiro, Y. Uno, H. Oue, Method of transmitting orthogonal frequency division multiplex signal, and transmitter and receiver employed therefore U.S. Patent 5 682 376 (1997).

P. M. P. Spruyt, P. P. F. Reusens, Transmitter with phase rotor, modulator/demodulator, communication system and method performed thereby U.S. Patent 6 088 386 (2000).

R. Feced, R. Rickard, E. Richard, Reference phase and amplitude estimation for coherent optical receiver U.S. Patent Applicat. 20050180760 (2005).

H. Kee, R. Epworth, A. Robinson, R. Rickard, Spectral shaping for optical OFDM transmission U.S. Patent Applicat. 20050271387 (2005).

A. J. Lowery, L. Du, J. Armstrong, "Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems," Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2007).

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