Abstract

A fully packaged traveling wave photodetector (TWPD) with monolithically integrated optical power splitter for high-speed high-power applications in excess of 100 GHz is demonstrated. The detector module provides a responsivity of 0.24A/W with a polarization dependence of only 0.2 dB at 1.55$\mu$m wavelength and is suitable for the detection of RZ data rates in excess of 80 Gbit/s with unsaturated peak voltages of ${>}0.5$ V. Chip-based measurements show a broadband impedance match, a 3 dB bandwidth of 80 GHz and a maximum electrical output power of ${-}2.5$ dBm at 150 GHz.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. P. L. Liu, K. J. Williams, M. Y. Frankel, R. D. Esman, "Saturation characteristics of fast photodetectors," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1297 (1999).
  2. S. Demiguel, X. Li, N. Li, H. Chen, J. C. Campbell, J. Wei, A. Anselm, "Analysis of partially depleted absorber waveguide photodiodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2505 (2005).
  3. C. L. Goldsmith, G. A. Magel, R. J. Baca, "Principles and performance of traveling-wave photodetector arrays," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1342 (1997).
  4. K. S. Giboney, M. J. W. Rodwell, J. E. Bowers, "Traveling-wave photodetector theory," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1310-1319 (1997).
  5. M. S. Islam, S. Murthy, T. Itoh, M. C. Wu, D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, "Velocity-matched distributed photodetectors and balanced photodetectors with p-i-n photodiodes," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 1924 (2001).
  6. S. Murthy, M. C. Wu, D. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, "Parallel feed traveling wave distributed pin photodetectors with integrated MMI couplers," Electron. Lett. 38, 78 (2002).
  7. A. Umbach, D. Trommer, R. Steingrüber, S. Seeger, W. Ebert, G. Unterbörsch, "Ultrafast, high-power 1.55 µm side-illuminated photodetector with integrated spot size converter," Proc. Tech. Dig. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC 2000) pp. 117.
  8. A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, D. Schmidt, "Miniaturized waveguide-integrated p-i-n photodetector with 120-GHz bandwidth and high responsivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2152-2154 (2005).
  9. A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, D. Schmidt, "High-speed miniaturized photodiode and parallel-fed traveling-wave photodetectors based on InP," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 15-21 (2007).
  10. S. S. Bedair, I. Wolff, "Fast, accurate and simple approximate analytic formulas for calculating the parameters of supported coplanar waveguides for (M)MIC's," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 40, 41-48 (1992).
  11. L. Y. Lin, M. C. Wu, T. Itoh, T. A. Vang, R. E. Muller, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, "High-power high-speed photodetectors—Design, analysis, and experimental demonstration," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1320-1331 (1997).
  12. M. J. W. Rodwell, S. T. Allen, R. Y. Yu, M. G. Case, U. Bhattacharya, M. Reddy, E. Carman, M. Kamegawa, Y. Konishi, J. Pusl, R. Pullela, "Active and nonlinear wave propagation devices in ultrafast electronics and optoelectronics," Proc. IEEE 82, 1037-1059 (1994).
  13. T. S. Clement, P. D. Hale, D. F. Williams, C. M. Wang, A. Dienstfrey, D. A. Keenan, "Calibration of sampling oscilloscopes with high-speed photodiodes," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 3173-3181 (2006).
  14. A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, T. Eckhardt, R. Kunkel, D. Schmidt, C. Schubert, "Highly efficient pin photodetector module for 80 Gbit/s and beyond," Proc. Tech. Dig. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC 2005) .

2007 (1)

A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, D. Schmidt, "High-speed miniaturized photodiode and parallel-fed traveling-wave photodetectors based on InP," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 15-21 (2007).

2006 (1)

T. S. Clement, P. D. Hale, D. F. Williams, C. M. Wang, A. Dienstfrey, D. A. Keenan, "Calibration of sampling oscilloscopes with high-speed photodiodes," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 3173-3181 (2006).

2005 (2)

A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, D. Schmidt, "Miniaturized waveguide-integrated p-i-n photodetector with 120-GHz bandwidth and high responsivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2152-2154 (2005).

S. Demiguel, X. Li, N. Li, H. Chen, J. C. Campbell, J. Wei, A. Anselm, "Analysis of partially depleted absorber waveguide photodiodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2505 (2005).

2002 (1)

S. Murthy, M. C. Wu, D. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, "Parallel feed traveling wave distributed pin photodetectors with integrated MMI couplers," Electron. Lett. 38, 78 (2002).

2001 (1)

M. S. Islam, S. Murthy, T. Itoh, M. C. Wu, D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, "Velocity-matched distributed photodetectors and balanced photodetectors with p-i-n photodiodes," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 1924 (2001).

1999 (1)

P. L. Liu, K. J. Williams, M. Y. Frankel, R. D. Esman, "Saturation characteristics of fast photodetectors," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1297 (1999).

1997 (3)

C. L. Goldsmith, G. A. Magel, R. J. Baca, "Principles and performance of traveling-wave photodetector arrays," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1342 (1997).

K. S. Giboney, M. J. W. Rodwell, J. E. Bowers, "Traveling-wave photodetector theory," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1310-1319 (1997).

L. Y. Lin, M. C. Wu, T. Itoh, T. A. Vang, R. E. Muller, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, "High-power high-speed photodetectors—Design, analysis, and experimental demonstration," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1320-1331 (1997).

1994 (1)

M. J. W. Rodwell, S. T. Allen, R. Y. Yu, M. G. Case, U. Bhattacharya, M. Reddy, E. Carman, M. Kamegawa, Y. Konishi, J. Pusl, R. Pullela, "Active and nonlinear wave propagation devices in ultrafast electronics and optoelectronics," Proc. IEEE 82, 1037-1059 (1994).

1992 (1)

S. S. Bedair, I. Wolff, "Fast, accurate and simple approximate analytic formulas for calculating the parameters of supported coplanar waveguides for (M)MIC's," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 40, 41-48 (1992).

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. Murthy, M. C. Wu, D. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, "Parallel feed traveling wave distributed pin photodetectors with integrated MMI couplers," Electron. Lett. 38, 78 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, D. Schmidt, "Miniaturized waveguide-integrated p-i-n photodetector with 120-GHz bandwidth and high responsivity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2152-2154 (2005).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

K. S. Giboney, M. J. W. Rodwell, J. E. Bowers, "Traveling-wave photodetector theory," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1310-1319 (1997).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, R. Kunkel, D. Schmidt, "High-speed miniaturized photodiode and parallel-fed traveling-wave photodetectors based on InP," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 13, 15-21 (2007).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (6)

S. S. Bedair, I. Wolff, "Fast, accurate and simple approximate analytic formulas for calculating the parameters of supported coplanar waveguides for (M)MIC's," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 40, 41-48 (1992).

L. Y. Lin, M. C. Wu, T. Itoh, T. A. Vang, R. E. Muller, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, "High-power high-speed photodetectors—Design, analysis, and experimental demonstration," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1320-1331 (1997).

M. S. Islam, S. Murthy, T. Itoh, M. C. Wu, D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, "Velocity-matched distributed photodetectors and balanced photodetectors with p-i-n photodiodes," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 1924 (2001).

P. L. Liu, K. J. Williams, M. Y. Frankel, R. D. Esman, "Saturation characteristics of fast photodetectors," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47, 1297 (1999).

T. S. Clement, P. D. Hale, D. F. Williams, C. M. Wang, A. Dienstfrey, D. A. Keenan, "Calibration of sampling oscilloscopes with high-speed photodiodes," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 3173-3181 (2006).

C. L. Goldsmith, G. A. Magel, R. J. Baca, "Principles and performance of traveling-wave photodetector arrays," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1342 (1997).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

S. Demiguel, X. Li, N. Li, H. Chen, J. C. Campbell, J. Wei, A. Anselm, "Analysis of partially depleted absorber waveguide photodiodes," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2505 (2005).

Proc. IEEE (1)

M. J. W. Rodwell, S. T. Allen, R. Y. Yu, M. G. Case, U. Bhattacharya, M. Reddy, E. Carman, M. Kamegawa, Y. Konishi, J. Pusl, R. Pullela, "Active and nonlinear wave propagation devices in ultrafast electronics and optoelectronics," Proc. IEEE 82, 1037-1059 (1994).

Other (2)

A. Beling, H.-G. Bach, G. G. Mekonnen, T. Eckhardt, R. Kunkel, D. Schmidt, C. Schubert, "Highly efficient pin photodetector module for 80 Gbit/s and beyond," Proc. Tech. Dig. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC 2005) .

A. Umbach, D. Trommer, R. Steingrüber, S. Seeger, W. Ebert, G. Unterbörsch, "Ultrafast, high-power 1.55 µm side-illuminated photodetector with integrated spot size converter," Proc. Tech. Dig. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC 2000) pp. 117.

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