Abstract

In this paper, we review our recent developments in the design and fabrication techniques for high-channel-count fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs). We have presented a theory for the phase-only sampled FBG and demonstrated that a sampled FBG of <i>N</i> channels would require √N/η times higher maximum reflective index modulation than that of the single-channel FBG. We experimentally demonstrate a 45- and 81-channel linearly chirped FBG for nearly whole C-band dispersion compensation, which is fabricated with a novel diffraction precompensated phase mask. The grating specifications obtained agree well with the theoretical design. We have presented a novel method for multichannel FBG design, which enables us to design any kind of multichannel FBGs, where the spectrum response of each channel could be either identical or nonidentical. Particularly, the nine-channel nonlinearly chirped FBG, which is used as a simultaneous dispersion and dispersion slope compensator, has been demonstrated.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. B. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, F. Oullette, "Long periodic superstructure Bragg gratings in optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 30, 1620-1622 (1994).
  2. F. Oullette, P. A. Krug, T. Stephens, G. Dhosi, B. Eggleton, "Broadband and WDM dispersion compensation using chirped sampled fibre Bragg gratings ," Electron. Lett. 31, 899-901 (1995).
  3. Y. Painchaud, A. Mailoux, H. Chotard, E. Pelletier, M. Guy, "Multi-channel fiber Bragg gratings for dispersion and slope compensation," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. AnaheimCA (2002) Paper THAA5.
  4. J.-X. Cai, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, J. Feinberg, "Simultaneous tunable dispersion compensation of many WDM channels using a sampled nonlinear chirped fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1455-1457 (1999).
  5. K.-M. Feng, J.-X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, A. E. Willner, J. Feinberg, "Dynamic dispersion compensation in a 10-Gb/s optical system using novel voltage tuned nonlinearly-chirped fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373-375 (1999).
  6. Z. Pan, Y. W. Song, C. Yu, Y. Wang, Q. Yu, J. Poplek, H. Li, Y. Li, A. E. Willner, "Tunable chromatic dispersion compensation in 40-Gb/s systems using nonlinearly chirped fiber Brag gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 2239-2245 (2002).
  7. W. Song, S. M. R. Motaghian Nezam, D. Starodubov, J. E. Rothenberg, X. Pan, H. Li, R. Wilcox, J. Poplek, R. Caldwell, V. Grubsky, A. E. Willner, "Tunable interchannel broad-band dispersion-slope compensation for 10-Gb/s WDM systems using a nonchannelized third-order chirped FBG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 144-146 (2003).
  8. M. Ibsen, R. Feced, "Fiber Bragg gratings for pure dispersion-slope compensation," Opt. Lett. 28, 980-982 (2003).
  9. K.-M. Feng, S. Lee, R. Khosravani, S. S. Havstad, J. E. Rothenberg, "45 ITU-100 channels dispersion compensation using cascaded full C-band sampled FBGs for transmission over 640-km SMF," European Conf. Optical Commun. RiminiItaly (2003) Paper Mo3.2.5.
  10. M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, R. I. Laming, "Sinc-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for identical multiple wavelength operation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842-844 (1998).
  11. W. H. Loh, F. Q. Zhou, J. J. Pan, "Sampled fiber grating based-dispersion slope compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1280-1282 (1999).
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  13. J. E. Rothenberg, H. Li, Y. Li, J. Popelek, Y. Wang, R. B. Wilcox, J. Zweiback, "Dammann fiber Bragg gratings and phase-only sampling for high channel counts," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1309-1311 (2002).
  14. H. Li, Y. Sheng, Y. Li, J. E. Rothenberg, "Phased-only sampled fiber Bragg gratings for high channel counts chromatic dispersion compensation ," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2074-2083 (2003).
  15. H. Lee, G. Agrawal, "Bandwidth equalization of purely phase-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for broadband dispersion and dispersion slope compensation," Opt. Express 12, 5595-5602 (2004).
  16. Q. Wu, C. Yu, K. Wang, X. Wang, Z. Yu, H. Chan, P. Chu, "New sampling-based design of simultaneous compensation of both dispersion and dispersion slope for multichannel fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 381-383 (2005).
  17. H. Li, Y. Nakamura, K. Ogusu, Y. Sheng, J. E. Rothenberg, "Influence of cladding-mode coupling losses on the spectrum of a linearly chirped multi-channel fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Express 13, 1281-1290 (2005).
  18. J. E. Rothenberg, H. Li, Y. Sheng, J. Popelek, J. Zweiback, "Phase-only sampled 45 channel fiber Bragg grating written with a diffraction-compensated phase mask," Opt. Lett. 31, 1199-1201 (2006).
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  21. X. Shu, B. A. L. Gwandu, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, I. Bennion, "Sampled fiber Bragg grating for simultaneous refractive-index and temperature measurement ," Opt. Lett. 26, 774-776 (2001).
  22. A. Bellemare, M. Karasek, M. Rochette, S. LaRochelle, M. Tetu, "Room temperature multifrequency Erbium-doped fiber lasers anchored on the ITU frequency grid ," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 825-830 (2000).
  23. J. Magne, P. Giaccari, S. LaRochelle, J. Azana, L. R. Chen, "All-fiber comb filter with tunable free spectral range," Opt. Lett. 30, 2062-2064 (2005).
  24. P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, M. N. Zervas, D. J. Richardson, "Generation of a 40-GHz pulse stream by pulse multiplication with a sampled fiber Bragg grating ," Opt. Lett. 25, 521-523 (2000).
  25. S. Longhi, M. Marano, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, M. Belmonte, B. Agogliati, L. Arcangeli, V. Pruneri, M. N. Zervas, M. Ibsen, "40-GHz pulse-train generation at 1.5 µm with a chirped fiber grating as a frequency multiplier," Opt. Lett. 25, 1481-1483 (2001).
  26. J. Azana, R. Slavik, P. Kockaert, L. R. Chen, S. LaRochelle, "Generation of customized ultrahigh repetition rate pulse sequences using superimposed fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1490-1498 (2003).
  27. J. Magne, J. Bolger, M. Rochette, S. LaRochelle, L. R. Chen, B. J. Eggleton, J. Azana, "Generation of a 4 x 100 GHz pulse-train form a single-wavelength 10-GHz mode-locked laser using superimposed fiber Bragg grating and nonlinear conversion ," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2091-2098 (2006).
  28. C. Wang, J. Azana, L. R. Chen, "Efficient technique for increasing the channel density in multiwavelength sampled fiber Bragg grating filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1867-1869 (2004).
  29. C. Wang, J. Azana, L. R. Chen, "Spectral Talbot-like phenomena in one-dimensional photonic bandgap structures," Opt. Lett. 29, 1590-1592 (2004).
  30. Y. Dai, X. Chen, X. Xu, C. Fan, S. Xie, "High channel-count comb filter based on chirped sampled fiber Bragg grating and phase shifts ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1040-1042 (2004).
  31. L. R. Chen, J. Azaña, "Spectral Talbot phenomena in sampled arbitrarily chirped Bragg gratings," Opt. Commun. 250, 302-308 (2005).
  32. H. Li, Y. Sheng, "Direct design of multi-channel fiber Bragg grating with discrete layer-peeling algorithm ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1252-1254 (2003).
  33. K. Y. Kolossovski, R. A. Sammut, A. V. Buryak, D. Y. Stepanov, "Three-step design optimization for multi-channel fibre Bragg gratings," Opt. Express 11, 1029-1038 (2003).
  34. H. Li, T. Kumagai, K. Ogusu, Y. Sheng, "Advanced design of a multichannel fiber Bragg grating based on a layer-peeling method ," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 21, 1929-1938 (2004).
  35. A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystal (Wiley, 1984).
  36. G. J. Swanson, Binary optics technology: Theoretical limits on the diffractive efficiency of multilevel diffractive optical elements MITCambridgeMA Tech. Rep. 914 (1991).
  37. H. Ishii, Y. Tohmori, Y. Yoshikuni, T. Tamamrua, Y. Kondo, "Multiple-phase-shift super structure grating DBR lasers for broad wavelength tuning ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 613-615 (1993).
  38. R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Grating (Academic, 1999).
  39. L. Poladian, B. Ashton, W. Padden, "Interactive design and fabrication of complex FBGs," Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. AtlantaGA (2003) Paper WL1.
  40. Y. Sheng, J. E. Rothenberg, H. Li, Y. Wang, J. Zweiback, "Split of phase-shifts in phase mask for fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1316-1318 (2004).
  41. Y. Sheng, L. Sun, "Near-field diffraction of irregular phase gratings with multiple phase-shifts," Opt. Express 13, 6111-6116 (2005).
  42. R. Feced, M. N. Zervas, M. A. Muriel, "An efficient inverse scattering algorithm for the design of nonuniform fiber Bragg gratings ," IEEE J. Quantum. Eletron. 35, 1105-1115 (1999).
  43. J. Skaar, L. Wang, T. Erdogen, "On the synthesis of fiber Bragg grating by layer peeling," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 37, 165-173 (2001).
  44. M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. Zervas, S. Barcelos, "Moving fibre/phase mask-scanning beam technique for enhanced flexibility in producing fibre gratings with a uniform phase mask," Electron. Lett. 31, 1488-1489 (1995).
  45. Y. Painchaud, M. Poulin, M. Morin, "Grating superposition encoded into a phase mask for efficient fabrication of dispersion slope compensators," Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (ECOC) CannesFrance (2006) Paper Th 4.2.7.

2006 (4)

2005 (5)

Q. Wu, C. Yu, K. Wang, X. Wang, Z. Yu, H. Chan, P. Chu, "New sampling-based design of simultaneous compensation of both dispersion and dispersion slope for multichannel fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 381-383 (2005).

H. Li, Y. Nakamura, K. Ogusu, Y. Sheng, J. E. Rothenberg, "Influence of cladding-mode coupling losses on the spectrum of a linearly chirped multi-channel fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Express 13, 1281-1290 (2005).

J. Magne, P. Giaccari, S. LaRochelle, J. Azana, L. R. Chen, "All-fiber comb filter with tunable free spectral range," Opt. Lett. 30, 2062-2064 (2005).

L. R. Chen, J. Azaña, "Spectral Talbot phenomena in sampled arbitrarily chirped Bragg gratings," Opt. Commun. 250, 302-308 (2005).

Y. Sheng, L. Sun, "Near-field diffraction of irregular phase gratings with multiple phase-shifts," Opt. Express 13, 6111-6116 (2005).

2004 (6)

H. Li, T. Kumagai, K. Ogusu, Y. Sheng, "Advanced design of a multichannel fiber Bragg grating based on a layer-peeling method ," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 21, 1929-1938 (2004).

C. Wang, J. Azana, L. R. Chen, "Efficient technique for increasing the channel density in multiwavelength sampled fiber Bragg grating filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1867-1869 (2004).

C. Wang, J. Azana, L. R. Chen, "Spectral Talbot-like phenomena in one-dimensional photonic bandgap structures," Opt. Lett. 29, 1590-1592 (2004).

Y. Dai, X. Chen, X. Xu, C. Fan, S. Xie, "High channel-count comb filter based on chirped sampled fiber Bragg grating and phase shifts ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1040-1042 (2004).

H. Lee, G. Agrawal, "Bandwidth equalization of purely phase-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for broadband dispersion and dispersion slope compensation," Opt. Express 12, 5595-5602 (2004).

Y. Sheng, J. E. Rothenberg, H. Li, Y. Wang, J. Zweiback, "Split of phase-shifts in phase mask for fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1316-1318 (2004).

2003 (7)

H. Li, Y. Sheng, Y. Li, J. E. Rothenberg, "Phased-only sampled fiber Bragg gratings for high channel counts chromatic dispersion compensation ," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2074-2083 (2003).

A. V. Buryak, K. Y. Kolossovski, K. Y. Stepanov, D. Yu, "Optimization of refractive index sampling for multichannel fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 91-98 (2003).

W. Song, S. M. R. Motaghian Nezam, D. Starodubov, J. E. Rothenberg, X. Pan, H. Li, R. Wilcox, J. Poplek, R. Caldwell, V. Grubsky, A. E. Willner, "Tunable interchannel broad-band dispersion-slope compensation for 10-Gb/s WDM systems using a nonchannelized third-order chirped FBG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 144-146 (2003).

M. Ibsen, R. Feced, "Fiber Bragg gratings for pure dispersion-slope compensation," Opt. Lett. 28, 980-982 (2003).

H. Li, Y. Sheng, "Direct design of multi-channel fiber Bragg grating with discrete layer-peeling algorithm ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1252-1254 (2003).

K. Y. Kolossovski, R. A. Sammut, A. V. Buryak, D. Y. Stepanov, "Three-step design optimization for multi-channel fibre Bragg gratings," Opt. Express 11, 1029-1038 (2003).

J. Azana, R. Slavik, P. Kockaert, L. R. Chen, S. LaRochelle, "Generation of customized ultrahigh repetition rate pulse sequences using superimposed fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1490-1498 (2003).

2002 (2)

Z. Pan, Y. W. Song, C. Yu, Y. Wang, Q. Yu, J. Poplek, H. Li, Y. Li, A. E. Willner, "Tunable chromatic dispersion compensation in 40-Gb/s systems using nonlinearly chirped fiber Brag gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 2239-2245 (2002).

J. E. Rothenberg, H. Li, Y. Li, J. Popelek, Y. Wang, R. B. Wilcox, J. Zweiback, "Dammann fiber Bragg gratings and phase-only sampling for high channel counts," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1309-1311 (2002).

2001 (3)

2000 (2)

P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, M. N. Zervas, D. J. Richardson, "Generation of a 40-GHz pulse stream by pulse multiplication with a sampled fiber Bragg grating ," Opt. Lett. 25, 521-523 (2000).

A. Bellemare, M. Karasek, M. Rochette, S. LaRochelle, M. Tetu, "Room temperature multifrequency Erbium-doped fiber lasers anchored on the ITU frequency grid ," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 825-830 (2000).

1999 (4)

W. H. Loh, F. Q. Zhou, J. J. Pan, "Sampled fiber grating based-dispersion slope compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1280-1282 (1999).

J.-X. Cai, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, J. Feinberg, "Simultaneous tunable dispersion compensation of many WDM channels using a sampled nonlinear chirped fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1455-1457 (1999).

K.-M. Feng, J.-X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, A. E. Willner, J. Feinberg, "Dynamic dispersion compensation in a 10-Gb/s optical system using novel voltage tuned nonlinearly-chirped fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373-375 (1999).

R. Feced, M. N. Zervas, M. A. Muriel, "An efficient inverse scattering algorithm for the design of nonuniform fiber Bragg gratings ," IEEE J. Quantum. Eletron. 35, 1105-1115 (1999).

1998 (1)

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, R. I. Laming, "Sinc-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for identical multiple wavelength operation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842-844 (1998).

1995 (2)

F. Oullette, P. A. Krug, T. Stephens, G. Dhosi, B. Eggleton, "Broadband and WDM dispersion compensation using chirped sampled fibre Bragg gratings ," Electron. Lett. 31, 899-901 (1995).

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. Zervas, S. Barcelos, "Moving fibre/phase mask-scanning beam technique for enhanced flexibility in producing fibre gratings with a uniform phase mask," Electron. Lett. 31, 1488-1489 (1995).

1994 (1)

B. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, F. Oullette, "Long periodic superstructure Bragg gratings in optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 30, 1620-1622 (1994).

1993 (1)

H. Ishii, Y. Tohmori, Y. Yoshikuni, T. Tamamrua, Y. Kondo, "Multiple-phase-shift super structure grating DBR lasers for broad wavelength tuning ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 613-615 (1993).

Electron. Lett. (3)

B. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, F. Oullette, "Long periodic superstructure Bragg gratings in optical fibres," Electron. Lett. 30, 1620-1622 (1994).

F. Oullette, P. A. Krug, T. Stephens, G. Dhosi, B. Eggleton, "Broadband and WDM dispersion compensation using chirped sampled fibre Bragg gratings ," Electron. Lett. 31, 899-901 (1995).

M. J. Cole, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, M. Zervas, S. Barcelos, "Moving fibre/phase mask-scanning beam technique for enhanced flexibility in producing fibre gratings with a uniform phase mask," Electron. Lett. 31, 1488-1489 (1995).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. V. Buryak, K. Y. Kolossovski, K. Y. Stepanov, D. Yu, "Optimization of refractive index sampling for multichannel fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 91-98 (2003).

IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. (1)

J. Skaar, L. Wang, T. Erdogen, "On the synthesis of fiber Bragg grating by layer peeling," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 37, 165-173 (2001).

IEEE J. Quantum. Eletron. (1)

R. Feced, M. N. Zervas, M. A. Muriel, "An efficient inverse scattering algorithm for the design of nonuniform fiber Bragg gratings ," IEEE J. Quantum. Eletron. 35, 1105-1115 (1999).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (12)

Y. Sheng, J. E. Rothenberg, H. Li, Y. Wang, J. Zweiback, "Split of phase-shifts in phase mask for fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1316-1318 (2004).

J. E. Rothenberg, H. Li, Y. Li, J. Popelek, Y. Wang, R. B. Wilcox, J. Zweiback, "Dammann fiber Bragg gratings and phase-only sampling for high channel counts," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1309-1311 (2002).

Q. Wu, C. Yu, K. Wang, X. Wang, Z. Yu, H. Chan, P. Chu, "New sampling-based design of simultaneous compensation of both dispersion and dispersion slope for multichannel fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 381-383 (2005).

J.-X. Cai, K.-M. Feng, A. E. Willner, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, J. Feinberg, "Simultaneous tunable dispersion compensation of many WDM channels using a sampled nonlinear chirped fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1455-1457 (1999).

K.-M. Feng, J.-X. Cai, V. Grubsky, D. S. Starodubov, M. I. Hayee, S. Lee, X. Jiang, A. E. Willner, J. Feinberg, "Dynamic dispersion compensation in a 10-Gb/s optical system using novel voltage tuned nonlinearly-chirped fiber Bragg grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 373-375 (1999).

W. Song, S. M. R. Motaghian Nezam, D. Starodubov, J. E. Rothenberg, X. Pan, H. Li, R. Wilcox, J. Poplek, R. Caldwell, V. Grubsky, A. E. Willner, "Tunable interchannel broad-band dispersion-slope compensation for 10-Gb/s WDM systems using a nonchannelized third-order chirped FBG," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 144-146 (2003).

M. Ibsen, M. K. Durkin, M. J. Cole, R. I. Laming, "Sinc-sampled fiber Bragg gratings for identical multiple wavelength operation," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 842-844 (1998).

W. H. Loh, F. Q. Zhou, J. J. Pan, "Sampled fiber grating based-dispersion slope compensator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1280-1282 (1999).

C. Wang, J. Azana, L. R. Chen, "Efficient technique for increasing the channel density in multiwavelength sampled fiber Bragg grating filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1867-1869 (2004).

Y. Dai, X. Chen, X. Xu, C. Fan, S. Xie, "High channel-count comb filter based on chirped sampled fiber Bragg grating and phase shifts ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1040-1042 (2004).

H. Li, Y. Sheng, "Direct design of multi-channel fiber Bragg grating with discrete layer-peeling algorithm ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1252-1254 (2003).

H. Ishii, Y. Tohmori, Y. Yoshikuni, T. Tamamrua, Y. Kondo, "Multiple-phase-shift super structure grating DBR lasers for broad wavelength tuning ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 613-615 (1993).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

J. Azana, R. Slavik, P. Kockaert, L. R. Chen, S. LaRochelle, "Generation of customized ultrahigh repetition rate pulse sequences using superimposed fiber Bragg gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1490-1498 (2003).

J. Magne, J. Bolger, M. Rochette, S. LaRochelle, L. R. Chen, B. J. Eggleton, J. Azana, "Generation of a 4 x 100 GHz pulse-train form a single-wavelength 10-GHz mode-locked laser using superimposed fiber Bragg grating and nonlinear conversion ," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2091-2098 (2006).

A. Bellemare, M. Karasek, M. Rochette, S. LaRochelle, M. Tetu, "Room temperature multifrequency Erbium-doped fiber lasers anchored on the ITU frequency grid ," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 825-830 (2000).

Z. Pan, Y. W. Song, C. Yu, Y. Wang, Q. Yu, J. Poplek, H. Li, Y. Li, A. E. Willner, "Tunable chromatic dispersion compensation in 40-Gb/s systems using nonlinearly chirped fiber Brag gratings," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 2239-2245 (2002).

H. Li, Y. Sheng, Y. Li, J. E. Rothenberg, "Phased-only sampled fiber Bragg gratings for high channel counts chromatic dispersion compensation ," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2074-2083 (2003).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. (1)

H. Li, T. Kumagai, K. Ogusu, Y. Sheng, "Advanced design of a multichannel fiber Bragg grating based on a layer-peeling method ," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 21, 1929-1938 (2004).

Opt. Commun. (1)

L. R. Chen, J. Azaña, "Spectral Talbot phenomena in sampled arbitrarily chirped Bragg gratings," Opt. Commun. 250, 302-308 (2005).

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (8)

Other (7)

A. Yariv, P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Crystal (Wiley, 1984).

G. J. Swanson, Binary optics technology: Theoretical limits on the diffractive efficiency of multilevel diffractive optical elements MITCambridgeMA Tech. Rep. 914 (1991).

R. Kashyap, Fiber Bragg Grating (Academic, 1999).

L. Poladian, B. Ashton, W. Padden, "Interactive design and fabrication of complex FBGs," Tech. Dig. Optical Fiber Communication Conf. AtlantaGA (2003) Paper WL1.

K.-M. Feng, S. Lee, R. Khosravani, S. S. Havstad, J. E. Rothenberg, "45 ITU-100 channels dispersion compensation using cascaded full C-band sampled FBGs for transmission over 640-km SMF," European Conf. Optical Commun. RiminiItaly (2003) Paper Mo3.2.5.

Y. Painchaud, A. Mailoux, H. Chotard, E. Pelletier, M. Guy, "Multi-channel fiber Bragg gratings for dispersion and slope compensation," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. AnaheimCA (2002) Paper THAA5.

Y. Painchaud, M. Poulin, M. Morin, "Grating superposition encoded into a phase mask for efficient fabrication of dispersion slope compensators," Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (ECOC) CannesFrance (2006) Paper Th 4.2.7.

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