Abstract

A novel elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber (PCF) with double defect is theoretically investigated, and its high birefringence [including both the phase-index birefringence (PIB) and the group-index birefringence (GIB)] is demonstrated, which can reach an order of 10<sup>-2</sup>. Such a PCF can especially have a very high PIB, with a negligible GIB in a small band of normalized frequencies. The PIB of this PCF is much higher than that of the circular-hole PCF with double defect, under comparable parameters. Compared with the elliptical-hole PCF with single defect, the present PCF possesses the advantages of both a higher PIB and a larger modal area for modest ellipticities; thus, it is more suitable in linear applications, as well as in fabrication. Moreover, a novel single-polarization single-mode (SPSM) PCF with a broad wavelength band is proposed and demonstrated. In addition, a new approach in designing broadband SPSM PCFs is suggested.

© 2007 IEEE

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2007 (1)

D. Chen, L. Shen, "Ultrahigh birefringent photonic crystal fiber with ultralow confinement loss," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 185-187 (2007).

2006 (1)

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, T. Sun, Y. Li, L. Jin, J. Liu, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, X. Dong, "Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with two big circular air holes adjacent to the core," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2638-2640 (2006).

2005 (6)

W. Belardi, G. Bouwmans, L. Provino, M. Douay, "Form-induced birefringence in elliptical hollow photonics crystal fiber with large mode area ," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1558-1564 (2005).

X. Z. Sang, P. L. Chu, C. X. Yu, "Applications of nonlinear effects in highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber to optical communications," Opt. Quantum Electron. 37, 965-994 (2005).

M. Antkowiak, R. Kotynski, T. Nasilowski, P. Lesiak, J. Wojcik, W. Urbanczyk, F. Berghmans, H. Thienpont, "Phase and group modal birefringence of triple-defect photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 763-766 (2005).

J. G. Rarity, J. D. Fulconis, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fiber source of correlated photon pairs," Opt. Express 13, 534-544 (2005).

M. Sapulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urbanczyk, J. Wojcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, H. Thienpont, "Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect ," Appl. Opt. 44, 2652-2658 (2005).

S. O. Konorov, A. M. Zheltikov, M. Scalora, "Photonic-crystal fiber as a multifunctional optical sensor and sample collector," Opt. Express 13, 3454-3459 (2005).

2004 (6)

N. A. Issa, M. A. V. Eijkelenborg, M. Fellew, F. Cox, G. Henry, M. C. J. Large, "Fabrication and study of microstructured optical fibers with elliptical holes," Opt. Lett. 29, 1336-1338 (2004).

J. B. Jensen, L. H. Pedersen, P. E. Hoiby, L. B. Nielsen, T. P. Hansen, J. Riishede, D. Noordegreaaf, K. Nielsen, A. Carlsen, A. Bjarklev, "Photonic crystal fiber based evanescent-wave sensor for detection of biomolecules in aqueous solutions," Opt. Lett. 29, 1974-1976 (2004).

D. H. Kim, J. U. Kang, "Sagnac loop interferometer based on polarization maintaining photonic crystal fiber with reduced temperature sensitivity," Opt. Express 12, 4490-4495 (2004).

P. R. Chaudhuri, V. Paulose, C. Zhao, C. Lu, "Near-elliptic core polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber: Modeling birefringence characteristics and realization," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1301-1303 (2004).

A. Ortigosa-Blance, A. Diez, M. Delgado-Pinar, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andres, "Ultrahigh birefringent nonlinear microstructured fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1667-1669 (2004).

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, S. Yamaguchi, "Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182-184 (2004).

2003 (1)

K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Single-polarization single-mode photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1340-1384 (2003).

2002 (1)

K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Full-vectorial imaginary-distance beam propagation method based on finite element scheme: Application to photonic crystal fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 927-933 (2002).

2001 (5)

M. J. Steel, R. M. Osgood, "Polarization and dispersive properties of elliptical-hole photonics crystal fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 495-503 (2001).

M. J. Steel, R. M. Osgood, "Elliptical-hole photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 26, 229-231 (2001).

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. J. Russell, "White-light supercontinuum generation with 60-ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber ," Opt. Lett. 26, 1356-1358 (2001).

J. Ju, W. Jin, M. S. Demokan, "Design of single-polarization single mode photonics crystal fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 825-830 (2001).

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).

1993 (1)

R. D. Meade, A. M. Rappe, K. D. Brommer, J. D. Joannopoulos, O. L. Alerhand, "Accurate theoretical analysis of photonic band-gap matetrials," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter 48, 8434-8437 (1993).

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

W. Belardi, G. Bouwmans, L. Provino, M. Douay, "Form-induced birefringence in elliptical hollow photonics crystal fiber with large mode area ," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1558-1564 (2005).

K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Full-vectorial imaginary-distance beam propagation method based on finite element scheme: Application to photonic crystal fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 927-933 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (7)

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E. B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).

Y. Yue, G. Kai, Z. Wang, Y. Lu, C. Zhang, T. Sun, Y. Li, L. Jin, J. Liu, Y. Liu, S. Yuan, X. Dong, "Highly birefringent elliptical-hole photonic crystal fiber with two big circular air holes adjacent to the core," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2638-2640 (2006).

D. Chen, L. Shen, "Ultrahigh birefringent photonic crystal fiber with ultralow confinement loss," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 185-187 (2007).

K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Single-polarization single-mode photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1340-1384 (2003).

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, S. Yamaguchi, "Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182-184 (2004).

P. R. Chaudhuri, V. Paulose, C. Zhao, C. Lu, "Near-elliptic core polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber: Modeling birefringence characteristics and realization," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1301-1303 (2004).

A. Ortigosa-Blance, A. Diez, M. Delgado-Pinar, J. L. Cruz, M. V. Andres, "Ultrahigh birefringent nonlinear microstructured fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1667-1669 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

J. Ju, W. Jin, M. S. Demokan, "Design of single-polarization single mode photonics crystal fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 825-830 (2001).

M. J. Steel, R. M. Osgood, "Polarization and dispersive properties of elliptical-hole photonics crystal fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 495-503 (2001).

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

M. Antkowiak, R. Kotynski, T. Nasilowski, P. Lesiak, J. Wojcik, W. Urbanczyk, F. Berghmans, H. Thienpont, "Phase and group modal birefringence of triple-defect photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 763-766 (2005).

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

X. Z. Sang, P. L. Chu, C. X. Yu, "Applications of nonlinear effects in highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber to optical communications," Opt. Quantum Electron. 37, 965-994 (2005).

Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter (1)

R. D. Meade, A. M. Rappe, K. D. Brommer, J. D. Joannopoulos, O. L. Alerhand, "Accurate theoretical analysis of photonic band-gap matetrials," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter 48, 8434-8437 (1993).

Other (1)

P. G. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2001).

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