Abstract

The spectral behavior of antiresonant reflecting optical waveguides with hollow core has been investigated. In particular, rectangular-core and arch-shaped-core waveguides have been studied, by means of the finite-element method, providing the dispersion and confinement loss curves in the wavelength range between 600 and 1000 nm. A detailed analysis of the curves has shown that the high losses that were observed at the anticrossing points are associated with the transition from guided to surface modes, which is computed here for the first time, to the authors' knowledge, in this kind of waveguides. Results are provided for both transverse electric and transverse magnetic polarizations.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. Koch, L. Pfeiffer, "Antiresonant reflection optical waveguides in SiO2/Si multilayer structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13-15 (1986).
  2. Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. L. Thomas, "A dielectric omnidirectional reflector," Science 282, 1679-1682 (1998).
  3. A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, A. S. Bjarklev, Photonic Crystal Fibres (Kluwer, 2003).
  4. D. Yin, H. Schmidt, J. P. Barber, A. R. Hawkins, "Integrated ARROW waveguides with hollow cores," Opt. Express 12, 2710-2715 (2004).
  5. H. Schmidt, D. Yin, J. P. Barber, A. R. Hawkins, "Hollow-core waveguides and 2-D waveguides arrays for integrated optics of gases and liquids ," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 519-527 (2005).
  6. D. Yin, H. Schmidt, J. P. Barber, E. J. Lunt, A. R. Hawkins, "Optical characterization of arc-shaped ARROW waveguides with liquid cores," Opt. Express 13, 10 564-10 570 (2005).
  7. J. P. Barber, E. J. Lunt, Z. A. George, D. Yin, H. Schmidt, A. R. Hawkins, "Integrated hollow waveguides with arch-shaped cores," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 28-30 (2006).
  8. P. Measor, D. Yin, H. Schmidt, L. Seballos, J. Zhang, J. P. Barber, A. R. Hawkins, "Integrated liquid-core ARROW waveguides for surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) Long BeachCA (2006) Paper JThC89.
  9. R. Bernini, E. De Nuccio, F. Mottola, A. Minardo, P. M. Sarro, L. Zeni, "Design, fabrication and characterization of integrated antiresonant hollow core waveguides for photonic integrated circuits," Proc. IEEE/LEOS WFOPC (2005) pp. 254-259.
  10. D. Yin, H. Schmidt, J. P. Barber, A. R. Hawkins, "Single molecule sensitivity and electrically controlled fluorescence detection in integrated planar ARROW waveguides," Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) Long BeachCA (2006) Paper CTuB1.
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  13. A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, "Holey fiber analysis through the finite element method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1530-1532 (2002).
  14. S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, A. Cucinotta, M. Zoboli, "Complex FEM modal solver of optical waveguides with PML boundary conditions," Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 359-371 (2001).

2006 (1)

J. P. Barber, E. J. Lunt, Z. A. George, D. Yin, H. Schmidt, A. R. Hawkins, "Integrated hollow waveguides with arch-shaped cores," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 28-30 (2006).

2005 (2)

H. Schmidt, D. Yin, J. P. Barber, A. R. Hawkins, "Hollow-core waveguides and 2-D waveguides arrays for integrated optics of gases and liquids ," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 519-527 (2005).

D. Yin, H. Schmidt, J. P. Barber, E. J. Lunt, A. R. Hawkins, "Optical characterization of arc-shaped ARROW waveguides with liquid cores," Opt. Express 13, 10 564-10 570 (2005).

2004 (2)

2002 (1)

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, "Holey fiber analysis through the finite element method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1530-1532 (2002).

2001 (1)

S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, A. Cucinotta, M. Zoboli, "Complex FEM modal solver of optical waveguides with PML boundary conditions," Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 359-371 (2001).

1998 (1)

Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. L. Thomas, "A dielectric omnidirectional reflector," Science 282, 1679-1682 (1998).

1986 (1)

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. Koch, L. Pfeiffer, "Antiresonant reflection optical waveguides in SiO2/Si multilayer structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13-15 (1986).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. Koch, L. Pfeiffer, "Antiresonant reflection optical waveguides in SiO2/Si multilayer structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 49, 13-15 (1986).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Schmidt, D. Yin, J. P. Barber, A. R. Hawkins, "Hollow-core waveguides and 2-D waveguides arrays for integrated optics of gases and liquids ," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 11, 519-527 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. P. Barber, E. J. Lunt, Z. A. George, D. Yin, H. Schmidt, A. R. Hawkins, "Integrated hollow waveguides with arch-shaped cores," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 28-30 (2006).

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, "Holey fiber analysis through the finite element method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1530-1532 (2002).

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, A. Cucinotta, M. Zoboli, "Complex FEM modal solver of optical waveguides with PML boundary conditions," Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 359-371 (2001).

Science (1)

Y. Fink, J. N. Winn, S. Fan, C. Chen, J. Michel, J. D. Joannopoulos, E. L. Thomas, "A dielectric omnidirectional reflector," Science 282, 1679-1682 (1998).

Other (5)

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, A. S. Bjarklev, Photonic Crystal Fibres (Kluwer, 2003).

P. Measor, D. Yin, H. Schmidt, L. Seballos, J. Zhang, J. P. Barber, A. R. Hawkins, "Integrated liquid-core ARROW waveguides for surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) Long BeachCA (2006) Paper JThC89.

R. Bernini, E. De Nuccio, F. Mottola, A. Minardo, P. M. Sarro, L. Zeni, "Design, fabrication and characterization of integrated antiresonant hollow core waveguides for photonic integrated circuits," Proc. IEEE/LEOS WFOPC (2005) pp. 254-259.

D. Yin, H. Schmidt, J. P. Barber, A. R. Hawkins, "Single molecule sensitivity and electrically controlled fluorescence detection in integrated planar ARROW waveguides," Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) Long BeachCA (2006) Paper CTuB1.

F. Poli, M. Foroni, D. Giovanelli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, J. B. Jensen, J. Lægsgaard, A. Bjarklev, G. Vienne, C. Jakobsen, J. Broeng, "Silica bridge impact on hollow-core Bragg fiber transmission properties," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2007) Paper OML8.

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