Abstract

A wavelength selective lateral outcoupler based on multimode photonic-crystal waveguides (WGs) is presented. Its fundamental advantages are a small footprint, an inherently flexible and versatile design, and a natural WG integration. Devices can serve demultiplexing or monitoring purposes. We numerically discuss design and optimization issues and corresponding details of experimental investigations.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. M. K. Smit, "PHASAR-based integrated WDM devices," Proc. 3rd Int. Conf. ODF (Oct. 30–Nov. 1, 2002) pp. 51-52.
  2. N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, H. Ishii, Y. Yoshikuni, Y. Tohmori, "Monolithically integrated 64-channel WDM channel selector with novel configuration," Electron. Lett. 38, 331-332 (2002).
  3. C. H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).
  4. Y. Barbarin, X. J. M. Leijtens, E. A. J. M. Bente, C. M. Louzao, J. R. Kooiman, M. K. Smit, "Extremely small AWG demultiplexer fabricated on InP by using a double-etch process," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2478-2480 (2004).
  5. B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, "Photonic devices based on in-plane hetero photonic crystals," Science 300, 1537 (2003).
  6. Y. Akahane, T. Asano, H. Takano, B.-S. Song, Y. Takana, S. Noda, "Two-dimensional photonic-crystal-slab channel-drop filter with flat-top response," Opt. Express 13, 2512-2530 (2005).
  7. E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G.-H. Duan, L. Legouézigou, O. Legouézigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, K. Janiak, "Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101 107 (2005).
  8. L. Martinelli, H. Benisty, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, F. Pommereau, O. Legouézigou, G. H. Duan, "Fine impact of lithographic grid irregularity assessed on photonic crystal device selectivity ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 282-284 (2007).
  9. S. Olivier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, C. J. Smith, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, "Coupled-mode theory and propagation losses in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 11, 1490-1496 (2003).
  10. S. Olivier, M. Rattier, H. Benisty, C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, T. F. Krauss, U. Oesterle, R. Houdré, C. Weisbuch, "Mini stopbands of a one-dimensional system: The channel waveguide in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter 63, 113 311-1-113 311-6 (2001).
  11. S. G. Johnson, P. Bienstman, M. A. Skorobogatyi, M. Ibanescu, E. Lidorikis, J. D. Joannopoulos, "Adiabatic theorem and continuous coupled-mode theory for efficient taper transitions in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E, Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Top. 66, 066 608 (2002).
  12. T. Kamalakis, T. Sphicopoulos, "Numerical study of the implications of size nonuniformities in the performance of photonic crystal couplers using coupled mode theory," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 863-871 (2005).
  13. M. L. Povinelli, S. G. Johnson, E. Lidorikis, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljacic, "Effect of a photonic band gap on scattering from waveguide disorder," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3639-3641 (2004).
  14. K. Sakoda, "Transmittance and Bragg reflectivity of two-dimensional photonic lattices," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter 52, 8992-9002 (1995).
  15. H. Benisty, "Modal analysis of optical guides with two-dimensional photonic band-gap boundaries," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 7483-7492 (1996).
  16. S. Olivier, H. Benisty, C. J. M. Smith, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, "Transmission properties of two-dimensional photonic crystal channel waveguides," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 171-181 (2002).
  17. M. Kamp, H. Scherer, C. Ulzhöfer, B. Völker, A. Forchel, K. Janiak, H. Heidrich, R. Brénot, G. H. Duan, "Tunable photonic crystal laser with integrated wavelength monitor," European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC) CannesFrance (2006) Paper Tu3.4.2.
  18. R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosburger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, R. Houdré, "Optical study of two-dimensional photonic crystals by internal light source technique ," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786-799 (2002).
  19. D. Ochoa, Planar light-emitting diodes with high light extraction efficiency Ph.D. dissertation Département de Physique, Ecole Polytechnique FédéraleLausanneSwitzerland (2001) no. 2332.

2007 (1)

L. Martinelli, H. Benisty, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, F. Pommereau, O. Legouézigou, G. H. Duan, "Fine impact of lithographic grid irregularity assessed on photonic crystal device selectivity ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 282-284 (2007).

2006 (1)

C. H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).

2005 (3)

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, H. Takano, B.-S. Song, Y. Takana, S. Noda, "Two-dimensional photonic-crystal-slab channel-drop filter with flat-top response," Opt. Express 13, 2512-2530 (2005).

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G.-H. Duan, L. Legouézigou, O. Legouézigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, K. Janiak, "Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101 107 (2005).

T. Kamalakis, T. Sphicopoulos, "Numerical study of the implications of size nonuniformities in the performance of photonic crystal couplers using coupled mode theory," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 863-871 (2005).

2004 (2)

M. L. Povinelli, S. G. Johnson, E. Lidorikis, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljacic, "Effect of a photonic band gap on scattering from waveguide disorder," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3639-3641 (2004).

Y. Barbarin, X. J. M. Leijtens, E. A. J. M. Bente, C. M. Louzao, J. R. Kooiman, M. K. Smit, "Extremely small AWG demultiplexer fabricated on InP by using a double-etch process," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2478-2480 (2004).

2003 (2)

2002 (4)

N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, H. Ishii, Y. Yoshikuni, Y. Tohmori, "Monolithically integrated 64-channel WDM channel selector with novel configuration," Electron. Lett. 38, 331-332 (2002).

S. G. Johnson, P. Bienstman, M. A. Skorobogatyi, M. Ibanescu, E. Lidorikis, J. D. Joannopoulos, "Adiabatic theorem and continuous coupled-mode theory for efficient taper transitions in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E, Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Top. 66, 066 608 (2002).

S. Olivier, H. Benisty, C. J. M. Smith, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, "Transmission properties of two-dimensional photonic crystal channel waveguides," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 171-181 (2002).

R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosburger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, R. Houdré, "Optical study of two-dimensional photonic crystals by internal light source technique ," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786-799 (2002).

2001 (1)

S. Olivier, M. Rattier, H. Benisty, C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, T. F. Krauss, U. Oesterle, R. Houdré, C. Weisbuch, "Mini stopbands of a one-dimensional system: The channel waveguide in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter 63, 113 311-1-113 311-6 (2001).

1996 (1)

H. Benisty, "Modal analysis of optical guides with two-dimensional photonic band-gap boundaries," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 7483-7492 (1996).

1995 (1)

K. Sakoda, "Transmittance and Bragg reflectivity of two-dimensional photonic lattices," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter 52, 8992-9002 (1995).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

E. Viasnoff-Schwoob, C. Weisbuch, H. Benisty, C. Cuisin, E. Derouin, O. Drisse, G.-H. Duan, L. Legouézigou, O. Legouézigou, F. Pommereau, S. Golka, H. Heidrich, H. J. Hensel, K. Janiak, "Compact wavelength monitoring by lateral outcoupling in wedged photonic crystal multimode waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 101 107 (2005).

M. L. Povinelli, S. G. Johnson, E. Lidorikis, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Soljacic, "Effect of a photonic band gap on scattering from waveguide disorder," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 3639-3641 (2004).

Electron. Lett. (1)

N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, H. Ishii, Y. Yoshikuni, Y. Tohmori, "Monolithically integrated 64-channel WDM channel selector with novel configuration," Electron. Lett. 38, 331-332 (2002).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

R. Ferrini, D. Leuenberger, M. Mulot, M. Qiu, J. Moosburger, M. Kamp, A. Forchel, S. Anand, R. Houdré, "Optical study of two-dimensional photonic crystals by internal light source technique ," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 786-799 (2002).

T. Kamalakis, T. Sphicopoulos, "Numerical study of the implications of size nonuniformities in the performance of photonic crystal couplers using coupled mode theory," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 863-871 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Y. Barbarin, X. J. M. Leijtens, E. A. J. M. Bente, C. M. Louzao, J. R. Kooiman, M. K. Smit, "Extremely small AWG demultiplexer fabricated on InP by using a double-etch process," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2478-2480 (2004).

L. Martinelli, H. Benisty, O. Drisse, E. Derouin, F. Pommereau, O. Legouézigou, G. H. Duan, "Fine impact of lithographic grid irregularity assessed on photonic crystal device selectivity ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 282-284 (2007).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Benisty, "Modal analysis of optical guides with two-dimensional photonic band-gap boundaries," J. Appl. Phys. 79, 7483-7492 (1996).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

C. H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Olivier, H. Benisty, C. J. M. Smith, M. Rattier, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, "Transmission properties of two-dimensional photonic crystal channel waveguides," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 171-181 (2002).

Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter (2)

K. Sakoda, "Transmittance and Bragg reflectivity of two-dimensional photonic lattices," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter 52, 8992-9002 (1995).

S. Olivier, M. Rattier, H. Benisty, C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, T. F. Krauss, U. Oesterle, R. Houdré, C. Weisbuch, "Mini stopbands of a one-dimensional system: The channel waveguide in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter 63, 113 311-1-113 311-6 (2001).

Phys. Rev. E, Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Top. (1)

S. G. Johnson, P. Bienstman, M. A. Skorobogatyi, M. Ibanescu, E. Lidorikis, J. D. Joannopoulos, "Adiabatic theorem and continuous coupled-mode theory for efficient taper transitions in photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E, Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Top. 66, 066 608 (2002).

Science (1)

B.-S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, "Photonic devices based on in-plane hetero photonic crystals," Science 300, 1537 (2003).

Other (3)

M. K. Smit, "PHASAR-based integrated WDM devices," Proc. 3rd Int. Conf. ODF (Oct. 30–Nov. 1, 2002) pp. 51-52.

M. Kamp, H. Scherer, C. Ulzhöfer, B. Völker, A. Forchel, K. Janiak, H. Heidrich, R. Brénot, G. H. Duan, "Tunable photonic crystal laser with integrated wavelength monitor," European Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC) CannesFrance (2006) Paper Tu3.4.2.

D. Ochoa, Planar light-emitting diodes with high light extraction efficiency Ph.D. dissertation Département de Physique, Ecole Polytechnique FédéraleLausanneSwitzerland (2001) no. 2332.

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