Abstract

In this paper, a theoretical model of a new planar integrated surface plasmon-polariton (SPP)-excitation-based refractive-index sensor is presented and comprehensively investigated. The main principle of operation of this device is based on energy transfer by means of a corrugated metal grating between a p-polarized guided mode propagating in a waveguide layer and the SPP propagating in the opposite direction in a metal layer. The corrugated grating is engraved in the metal layer in contact with the sensed medium. This device is free from any moving parts and can be simply integrated into any planar-waveguide system. Our sensor simulations are based on the transfer-matrix method with the mode-matching technique and have been performed at commercialized telecom wavelengths.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. K. Park, B. J. Lee, C. Fu, Z. M. Zhang, "Study of the surface and bulk polaritons with a negative index metamaterial," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 22, 1016-1023 (2005).
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  4. H. Kano, W. Knoll, "A scanning microscope employing localized surface-plasmon–polaritons as a sensing probe ," Opt. Commun. 182, 11-15 (2000).
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  6. S. Patskovsky, A. V. Kabashin, M. Meunier, J. H. T. Luong, "Silicon-based surface plasmon resonance sensing with two surface plasmon polariton modes ," Appl. Opt. 42, 6905-6909 (2003).
  7. S. Patskovsky, A. V. Kabashin, M. Meunier, J. H. T. Luong, "Properties and sensing characteristics of surface-plasmon resonance in infrared light ," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, Opt. Image Sci. 20, 1644-1650 (2003).
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  11. J. Homola, S. S. Yee, G. Gauglitz, "A surface plasmon resonance based integrated optical sensor," Sens. Actuators B, Chem. 39, 286-290 (1997).
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2007 (1)

G. Nemova, R. Kashyap, "Theoretical model of a planar integrated refractive index sensor based on surface plasmon-polariton excitation," Opt. Commun. 275, 76-82 (2007).

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

D. Kim, "Effect of the azimuthal orientation on the performance of grating-coupled surface-plasmon resonance biosensors," Appl. Opt. 44, 3218-3223 (2005).

K. Park, B. J. Lee, C. Fu, Z. M. Zhang, "Study of the surface and bulk polaritons with a negative index metamaterial," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 22, 1016-1023 (2005).

2003 (2)

S. Patskovsky, A. V. Kabashin, M. Meunier, J. H. T. Luong, "Silicon-based surface plasmon resonance sensing with two surface plasmon polariton modes ," Appl. Opt. 42, 6905-6909 (2003).

S. Patskovsky, A. V. Kabashin, M. Meunier, J. H. T. Luong, "Properties and sensing characteristics of surface-plasmon resonance in infrared light ," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, Opt. Image Sci. 20, 1644-1650 (2003).

2000 (1)

H. Kano, W. Knoll, "A scanning microscope employing localized surface-plasmon–polaritons as a sensing probe ," Opt. Commun. 182, 11-15 (2000).

1999 (2)

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, G. Gauglitz, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors: Review," Sens. Actuators B, Chem. 54, 3-15 (1999).

J. Ctyroky, F. Abdelmalek, W. Ecke, K. Usbeck, "Modeling of the surface plasmon resonance waveguide sensor with Bragg grating," Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 927-941 (1999).

1997 (2)

N. Matuschek, F. X. Kartner, U. Keller, "Exact coupled-mode theories for multilayer interference coatings with arbitrary strong index modulations," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 295-302 (1997).

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, G. Gauglitz, "A surface plasmon resonance based integrated optical sensor," Sens. Actuators B, Chem. 39, 286-290 (1997).

1996 (1)

C. Ronot-Trioli, A. Trouillet, C. Veillas, H. Gagnaire, "Monochromatic excitation of surface plasmon resonance in an optical fiber refractive-index sensor ," Sens. Actuators A, Phys. 54, 589-593 (1996).

1994 (1)

T. Makino, "Threshold condition of DFB semiconductor lasers by the local-normal-mode transfer-matrix method: Correspondence to the coupled-wave method," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 2092-2099 (1994).

1992 (1)

J. Hong, W. Huang, T. Makino, "On the transfer matrix method for distributed-feedback waveguide devices," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 1860-1868 (1992).

1988 (1)

H. Kano, W. Knoll, "Locally excited surface-plasmon–polaritons for thickness measurement of LBK films ," Opt. Commun. 153, 235-239 (1988).

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. Matuschek, F. X. Kartner, U. Keller, "Exact coupled-mode theories for multilayer interference coatings with arbitrary strong index modulations," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 295-302 (1997).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

J. Hong, W. Huang, T. Makino, "On the transfer matrix method for distributed-feedback waveguide devices," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 1860-1868 (1992).

T. Makino, "Threshold condition of DFB semiconductor lasers by the local-normal-mode transfer-matrix method: Correspondence to the coupled-wave method," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 2092-2099 (1994).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, Opt. Image Sci. (1)

S. Patskovsky, A. V. Kabashin, M. Meunier, J. H. T. Luong, "Properties and sensing characteristics of surface-plasmon resonance in infrared light ," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. A, Opt. Image Sci. 20, 1644-1650 (2003).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. (1)

K. Park, B. J. Lee, C. Fu, Z. M. Zhang, "Study of the surface and bulk polaritons with a negative index metamaterial," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 22, 1016-1023 (2005).

Opt. Commun. (3)

H. Kano, W. Knoll, "Locally excited surface-plasmon–polaritons for thickness measurement of LBK films ," Opt. Commun. 153, 235-239 (1988).

H. Kano, W. Knoll, "A scanning microscope employing localized surface-plasmon–polaritons as a sensing probe ," Opt. Commun. 182, 11-15 (2000).

G. Nemova, R. Kashyap, "Theoretical model of a planar integrated refractive index sensor based on surface plasmon-polariton excitation," Opt. Commun. 275, 76-82 (2007).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Ctyroky, F. Abdelmalek, W. Ecke, K. Usbeck, "Modeling of the surface plasmon resonance waveguide sensor with Bragg grating," Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 927-941 (1999).

Sens. Actuators (1)

C. Nylander, B. Liedborg, T. Lind, "Gas detection by means of surface plasmon resonance," Sens. Actuators 3, 79-88 (1982/1983).

Sens. Actuators A, Phys. (1)

C. Ronot-Trioli, A. Trouillet, C. Veillas, H. Gagnaire, "Monochromatic excitation of surface plasmon resonance in an optical fiber refractive-index sensor ," Sens. Actuators A, Phys. 54, 589-593 (1996).

Sens. Actuators B, Chem. (2)

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, G. Gauglitz, "A surface plasmon resonance based integrated optical sensor," Sens. Actuators B, Chem. 39, 286-290 (1997).

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, G. Gauglitz, "Surface plasmon resonance sensors: Review," Sens. Actuators B, Chem. 54, 3-15 (1999).

Other (5)

M. Skorobogatiy, A. Kabashin, Plasmon Excitation by the Gaussuan-Like Core Mode of a Photonic Crystal Waveguide or a Fiber CancunMexico (2006) ThE62, OFS-18.

Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides (Academic, 1991).

Surfase Polaritons (North–Holland, 1982).

Electromagnetic Surface Modes (Wiley, 1982).

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