Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a novel flexible optical network unit (ONU) internetworking architecture over a wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON). By employing our designated wavelength assignment and remodulating the downstream differential phase-shift keying signal as the ONU internetworking carrier, one ONU can broadcast its own message to all other ONUs, with negligible signal interference. Moreover, the inter-ONU communication can further be partitioned into arbitrary virtual private groups of ONUs by employing designated RF tones for identification and control. It was experimentally demonstrated that the performance degradation due to the introduction of RF tones is negligible compared with the full broadcast case. Our proposed scheme can provide high flexibility and practical implementation for WDM-PONs.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, C. L. Lin, "WDM PON for next-generation optical broadband access networks," Opto-Electronics Commun. Conf. (OECC) KaohsiungTaiwan, R. O. C. (2006) Paper 5E2-1 (Invited).
  2. G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "IPACT: A dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON)," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).
  3. C. J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, "A protected optical star-shaped ring network using an N$\times$N arrayed waveguide grating and incoherent light sources," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 878-880 (2001).
  4. C. J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, "Passive virtual optical networking technique using a cyclic N $\times$ N arrayed waveguide grating for multiple multihop ring networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 948-950 (2004).
  5. C. J. Chae, S. T. Lee, G. Y. Kim, H. Park, "APON system suitable for internetworking optical network units using a fiber Bragg grating on the feeder fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1686-1688 (1999).
  6. N. Nadarajah, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, E. Wong, "A novel local area network emulation technique on passive optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1121-1123 (2005).
  7. N. Nadarajah, E. Wong, A. Nirmalathas, "Implementation of multiple secure virtual private networks over passive optical networks using electronic CDMA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 484-486 (2006).
  8. A. V. Tran, C. J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, "Bandwidth-efficient PON system for broad-band access and local customer internetworking ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 670-672 (2006).
  9. Y. K. Su, P. G. Hu, W. S. Hu, J. J. Zhang, L. F. Leng, H. He, X. Q. Tian, Y. H. Jin, "A packet-switched waveband-selective PON enabling optical internetworking among ONUs ," Tech. Dig. ECOC (2005) pp. 691-692.
  10. N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, G. E. Bodeep, "A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1365-1367 (1994).
  11. Q. G. Zhao, X. F. Sun, Y. C. Ku, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, "A novel internetworking scheme for WDM passive optical network based on remodulation technique ," IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Commun. Conf./Nat. Fiber Optic Engineer Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) AnaheimCA (2006) Paper JThB67.
  12. W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, F. Tong, "An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1476-1478 (2003).
  13. L. Y. Chan, C. K. Chan, D. T. K. Tong, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, "Upstream traffic transmitter using injection-locked Fabry–Pérot laser diode as modulator for WDM access networks," Electron. Lett. 38, 43-45 (2002).
  14. W. R. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
  15. S. M. Gemelos, I. M. White, D. Wonglumsom, K. Shrikhande, T. Ono, L. G. Kazovsky, "WDM metropolitan area network based on CSMA/CA packet switching," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1512-1514 (1999).
  16. F. Dulger, E. Sanchez-Sinencio, J. Silva-Martinez, "A 1.3-V 5-mW fully integrated tunable bandpass filter at 2.1 GHz in 0.35-$\mu \hbox{m}$ CMOS," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 38, 918-928 (2003).
  17. F. Svelto, S. Deantoni, R. Castello, "A 1.3 GHz low-phase noise fully tunable CMOS LC VCO," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 35, 356-361 (2000).
  18. A. Yeniay, R. Gao, K. Takayama, R. Gao, A. F. Garito, "Ultra-low-loss polymer waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 154-159 (2004).

2006 (2)

N. Nadarajah, E. Wong, A. Nirmalathas, "Implementation of multiple secure virtual private networks over passive optical networks using electronic CDMA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 484-486 (2006).

A. V. Tran, C. J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, "Bandwidth-efficient PON system for broad-band access and local customer internetworking ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 670-672 (2006).

2005 (2)

W. R. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).

N. Nadarajah, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, E. Wong, "A novel local area network emulation technique on passive optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1121-1123 (2005).

2004 (2)

A. Yeniay, R. Gao, K. Takayama, R. Gao, A. F. Garito, "Ultra-low-loss polymer waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 154-159 (2004).

C. J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, "Passive virtual optical networking technique using a cyclic N $\times$ N arrayed waveguide grating for multiple multihop ring networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 948-950 (2004).

2003 (2)

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, F. Tong, "An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1476-1478 (2003).

F. Dulger, E. Sanchez-Sinencio, J. Silva-Martinez, "A 1.3-V 5-mW fully integrated tunable bandpass filter at 2.1 GHz in 0.35-$\mu \hbox{m}$ CMOS," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 38, 918-928 (2003).

2002 (2)

L. Y. Chan, C. K. Chan, D. T. K. Tong, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, "Upstream traffic transmitter using injection-locked Fabry–Pérot laser diode as modulator for WDM access networks," Electron. Lett. 38, 43-45 (2002).

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "IPACT: A dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON)," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).

2001 (1)

C. J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, "A protected optical star-shaped ring network using an N$\times$N arrayed waveguide grating and incoherent light sources," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 878-880 (2001).

2000 (1)

F. Svelto, S. Deantoni, R. Castello, "A 1.3 GHz low-phase noise fully tunable CMOS LC VCO," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 35, 356-361 (2000).

1999 (2)

S. M. Gemelos, I. M. White, D. Wonglumsom, K. Shrikhande, T. Ono, L. G. Kazovsky, "WDM metropolitan area network based on CSMA/CA packet switching," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1512-1514 (1999).

C. J. Chae, S. T. Lee, G. Y. Kim, H. Park, "APON system suitable for internetworking optical network units using a fiber Bragg grating on the feeder fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1686-1688 (1999).

1994 (1)

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, G. E. Bodeep, "A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1365-1367 (1994).

Electron. Lett. (1)

L. Y. Chan, C. K. Chan, D. T. K. Tong, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, "Upstream traffic transmitter using injection-locked Fabry–Pérot laser diode as modulator for WDM access networks," Electron. Lett. 38, 43-45 (2002).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

G. Kramer, B. Mukherjee, G. Pesavento, "IPACT: A dynamic protocol for an Ethernet PON (EPON)," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 74-80 (2002).

IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits (2)

F. Dulger, E. Sanchez-Sinencio, J. Silva-Martinez, "A 1.3-V 5-mW fully integrated tunable bandpass filter at 2.1 GHz in 0.35-$\mu \hbox{m}$ CMOS," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 38, 918-928 (2003).

F. Svelto, S. Deantoni, R. Castello, "A 1.3 GHz low-phase noise fully tunable CMOS LC VCO," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 35, 356-361 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (10)

W. R. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).

S. M. Gemelos, I. M. White, D. Wonglumsom, K. Shrikhande, T. Ono, L. G. Kazovsky, "WDM metropolitan area network based on CSMA/CA packet switching," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1512-1514 (1999).

N. J. Frigo, P. P. Iannone, P. D. Magill, T. E. Darcie, M. M. Downs, B. N. Desai, U. Koren, T. L. Koch, C. Dragone, H. M. Presby, G. E. Bodeep, "A wavelength-division multiplexed passive optical network with cost-shared components ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1365-1367 (1994).

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, F. Tong, "An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1476-1478 (2003).

C. J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, "A protected optical star-shaped ring network using an N$\times$N arrayed waveguide grating and incoherent light sources," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 878-880 (2001).

C. J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, "Passive virtual optical networking technique using a cyclic N $\times$ N arrayed waveguide grating for multiple multihop ring networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 948-950 (2004).

C. J. Chae, S. T. Lee, G. Y. Kim, H. Park, "APON system suitable for internetworking optical network units using a fiber Bragg grating on the feeder fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1686-1688 (1999).

N. Nadarajah, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, E. Wong, "A novel local area network emulation technique on passive optical networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1121-1123 (2005).

N. Nadarajah, E. Wong, A. Nirmalathas, "Implementation of multiple secure virtual private networks over passive optical networks using electronic CDMA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 484-486 (2006).

A. V. Tran, C. J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, "Bandwidth-efficient PON system for broad-band access and local customer internetworking ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 670-672 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

A. Yeniay, R. Gao, K. Takayama, R. Gao, A. F. Garito, "Ultra-low-loss polymer waveguides," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 154-159 (2004).

Other (3)

C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, C. L. Lin, "WDM PON for next-generation optical broadband access networks," Opto-Electronics Commun. Conf. (OECC) KaohsiungTaiwan, R. O. C. (2006) Paper 5E2-1 (Invited).

Q. G. Zhao, X. F. Sun, Y. C. Ku, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, "A novel internetworking scheme for WDM passive optical network based on remodulation technique ," IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Commun. Conf./Nat. Fiber Optic Engineer Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) AnaheimCA (2006) Paper JThB67.

Y. K. Su, P. G. Hu, W. S. Hu, J. J. Zhang, L. F. Leng, H. He, X. Q. Tian, Y. H. Jin, "A packet-switched waveband-selective PON enabling optical internetworking among ONUs ," Tech. Dig. ECOC (2005) pp. 691-692.

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