Abstract

In this paper, we study the performance of 10.7-Gb/s nonreturn-to-zero (NRZ) and return-to-zero (RZ) on–off keying signals in the joint presence of first-order polarization mode dispersion (PMD) and chromatic dispersion (CD) based on optical signal-to-noise ratio penalty measurements. Our investigations show that the tolerance of RZ to first-order PMD is severely reduced by the presence of typical values of residual CD. Three different receiver strategies are studied: 1) unequalized threshold detection; 2) combined feed-forward and decision-feedback equalization; and 3) maximum-likelihood sequence estimation (MLSE). In all three cases, the presence of CD eliminates the advantage of RZ over NRZ in terms of PMD tolerance. For NRZ, we find that the MLSE improves the tolerance to first-order PMD by 60%–70%, even in the presence of residual CD.

© 2007 IEEE

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  27. P. J. Winzer, H. Kogelnik, C.-H. Kim, H. Kim, R. M. Jopson, L. E. Nelson, K. Ramanan, "Receiver impact on first-order PMD outage," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1482-1484 (2003).
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2006 (2)

T. Foggi, E. Forestieri, G. Colavolpe, G. Prati, "Maximum-likelihood sequence detection with closed-form metrics in OOK optical systems impaired by GVD and PMD," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3073-3087 (2006).

Q. Yu, A. Shanbhag, "Electronic data processing for error and dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4514-4525 (2006).

2005 (1)

T. Nielsen, S. Chandrasekhar, "OFC 2004: Workshop on optical and electronic mitigation of impairments," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 131-142 (2005).

2004 (4)

F. Buchali, H. Bulow, "Adaptive PMD compensation by electrical and optical techniques," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1116-1126 (2004).

J. Wang, J. M. Kahn, "Performance of electrical equalizers in optically amplified OOK and DPSK systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1397-1399 (2004).

H. Haunstein, W. Sauer-Greff, A. Dittrich, K. Sticht, R. Urbansky, "Principles of electronic equalization of polarization mode dispersion," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1169-1182 (2004).

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, H. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, K. Motoshima, "Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).

2003 (2)

P. J. Winzer, H. Kogelnik, C.-H. Kim, H. Kim, R. M. Jopson, L. E. Nelson, K. Ramanan, "Receiver impact on first-order PMD outage," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1482-1484 (2003).

N. Kaneda, X. Liu, Z. Zheng, X. Wei, M. Tayahi, M. Movassaghi, D. Levy, "Improved polarization-mode-dispersion tolerance in duobinary transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1005-1007 (2003).

2000 (1)

J. P. Gordon, H. Kogelnik, "PMD fundamentals: Polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers," Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 97, 4541-4550 (2000).

1994 (1)

J. S. Lee, C. S. Shim, "Bit error rate analysis of optically preamplified receivers using an eigenfunction expansion method in optical frequency domain," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1224-1229 (1994).

1992 (1)

J. H. Winters, S. Kasturia, "Adaptive nonlinear cancellation for high-speed fiber-optic systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 971-977 (1992).

1972 (1)

G. Forney, Jr."Maximum-likelihood sequence estimation of digital sequences in the presence of intersymbol interference," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory IT-18, 363-378 (1972).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, H. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, K. Motoshima, "Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

P. J. Winzer, H. Kogelnik, C.-H. Kim, H. Kim, R. M. Jopson, L. E. Nelson, K. Ramanan, "Receiver impact on first-order PMD outage," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1482-1484 (2003).

N. Kaneda, X. Liu, Z. Zheng, X. Wei, M. Tayahi, M. Movassaghi, D. Levy, "Improved polarization-mode-dispersion tolerance in duobinary transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1005-1007 (2003).

J. Wang, J. M. Kahn, "Performance of electrical equalizers in optically amplified OOK and DPSK systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1397-1399 (2004).

IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory (1)

G. Forney, Jr."Maximum-likelihood sequence estimation of digital sequences in the presence of intersymbol interference," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory IT-18, 363-378 (1972).

J. Lightw. Technol. (7)

T. Nielsen, S. Chandrasekhar, "OFC 2004: Workshop on optical and electronic mitigation of impairments," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 131-142 (2005).

J. H. Winters, S. Kasturia, "Adaptive nonlinear cancellation for high-speed fiber-optic systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 10, 971-977 (1992).

F. Buchali, H. Bulow, "Adaptive PMD compensation by electrical and optical techniques," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1116-1126 (2004).

Q. Yu, A. Shanbhag, "Electronic data processing for error and dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4514-4525 (2006).

T. Foggi, E. Forestieri, G. Colavolpe, G. Prati, "Maximum-likelihood sequence detection with closed-form metrics in OOK optical systems impaired by GVD and PMD," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3073-3087 (2006).

H. Haunstein, W. Sauer-Greff, A. Dittrich, K. Sticht, R. Urbansky, "Principles of electronic equalization of polarization mode dispersion," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1169-1182 (2004).

J. S. Lee, C. S. Shim, "Bit error rate analysis of optically preamplified receivers using an eigenfunction expansion method in optical frequency domain," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1224-1229 (1994).

Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (1)

J. P. Gordon, H. Kogelnik, "PMD fundamentals: Polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers," Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 97, 4541-4550 (2000).

Other (15)

C. D. Poole, J. Nagel, Optical Fiber Telecommunications IIIA (Academic, 1997).

H. Kogelnik, L. E. Nelson, R. M. Jopson, Optical Fiber Telecommunications IVB (Academic, 2002).

P. J. Winzer, R. J. Essiambre, S. Chandrasekhar, "Dispersion-tolerant optical communication systems," Proc. ECOC (2004).

J. P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, C. Glingener, A. Faerbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschky, T. Kupfer, C. Schulien, "Measurement of the dispersion tolerance of optical duobinary with an MLSE-receiver at 10.7 Gb/s ," Proc. OFC (2005) pp. 3.

F. Buchali, T. Thielecke, H. Bulow, "Viterbi equalizer for mitigation of distortions from chromatic dispersion and PMD at 10 Gb/s ," Proc. OFC (2004).

F. An, M. Marhic, L. Kazovsky, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, R. Huang, "Comparison of linear fiber impairments tolerance among 40 Gb/s modulation formats," Proc. OFC (2003) pp. 657-658.

M. Secondini, E. Forestieri, G. Prati, F. Cavaliere, A. Palagi, G. Bruno, "Comparative analysis of 40 Gb/s optical amplitude/phase modulation formats in the presence of channel and receiver impairments," Proc. 31st ECOC (2005) pp. 669-670.

J. M. Gene, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, H. Kogelnik, "Joint PMD and chromatic dispersion compensation using an MLSE," Proc. ECOC (2006) pp. 713-714.

H. Jiang, R. Saunders, "Advances in SiGe ICs for 40 Gb/s signal equalization," Proc. OFC (2006).

S. Wada, R. Ohhira, T. Ito, J. Yamazaki, Y. Amamiya, H. Takeshita, A. Noda, K. Fukuchi, "Compensation for PMD-induced time-variant waveform distortions in 43-Gb/s NRZ transmission by ultra-wideband electrical equalizer module," Proc. OFC (2006).

B. Franz, D. Rösener, R. Dischler, F. Buchali, B. Junginger, T. F. Meister, K. Aufinger, "43 Gb/s SiGe based electronic equalizer for PMD and chromatic dispersion mitigation ," Proc. ECOC (2005) pp. 333-334.

J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, 2000).

A. Faerbert, "Application of digital equalization in optical transmission systems," Proc. OFC (2006).

A. Färbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschky, T. Kupfer, C. Schulien, J.-P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, C. Glingener, "Performance of a 10.7 Gb/s receiver with digital equaliser using maximum likelihood sequence estimation," Proc. ECOC (2004) pp. 10-11.

F. Buchali, "Electronic dispersion compensation for enhanced optical transmission," Proc. OFC (2006).

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