Abstract

Technology already exists that would allow future optical networks to support automatic lightpath configuration in response to dynamic traffic demands. Given appropriate commercial drivers, it is possible to foresee carrier network operators migrating away from semipermanent provisioning to enable on-demand short-duration communications. However, with traditional lightpath reservation protocols, a portion of the lightpath is idly held during the signaling propagation phase, which can significantly reduce the lightpath bandwidth efficiency in large wavelength-division multiplexed backbones. This paper proposes a prebooking mechanism to improve the lightpath efficiency over traditional reactive two-way reservation protocols, consequently liberating network resources to support higher traffic loads. The prebooking mechanism predicts the time when the traffic will appear at the optical cross connects, and intelligently schedules the lightpath components such that resources are only consumed as necessary. We describe the proposed signaling procedure for both centralized and distributed control planes and analyze its performance. This paper also investigates the aggregated flow length characteristics with the self-similar incident traffic and examines the effects of traffic prediction on the blocking probability as well as the ability to support latency sensitive traffic in a wide-area environment.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. R. Ramamurthy, Z. Bogdanowicz, S. Samieian, D. Saha, B. Rajagopalan, S. Sengupta, S. Chaudhuri, K. Bala, "Capacity performance of dynamic provisioning in optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 40-48 (2001).
  2. S. Sengupta, R. Ramamurthy, "From network design to dynamic provisioning and restoration in optical cross-connect mesh networks: An architectural and algorithmic overview," IEEE Netw. 15, 46-54 (2001).
  3. C. Assi, A. Shami, M. A. Ali, R. Kurtz, D. Guo, "Optical networking and real-time provisioning: An integrated vision for the next-generation Internet," IEEE Netw. 15, 36-45 (2001).
  4. D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, "Wavelength-selective 1/spl times/K switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: Theory, design, and implementation," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1620-1630 (2005).
  5. M. Duser, P. Bayvel, "Analysis of a dynamically wavelength-routed optical burst switched network architecture ," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 574-585 (2002).
  6. A. Sahara, K. Shimano, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, "Optical burst data switching utilising GMPLS signaling," Electron. Lett. 39, 1267-1269 (2003).
  7. I. de Miguel, E. Kozlovski, P. Bayvel, "Provision of end-to-end delay guarantees in wavelength-routed optical burst-switched networks ," Proc. IFIP 6th Working Conf. ONDM (2002) pp. 85-100.
  8. Y. Xiong, M. Vandenhoute, H. C. Cankaya, "Control architecture in optical burst-switched WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1838-1851 (2000).
  9. J. Liu, N. Ansari, T. J. Ott, "FRR for latency reduction and QoS provisioning in OBS networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1210-1219 (2003).
  10. M. Düser, A. Zapata, P. Bayvel, "Investigation of the scalability of dynamic wavelength-routed optical networks [Invited] ," J. Opt. Netw. 3, 667-686 (2004).
  11. H. Kong, C. Phillips, "Pre-booking for reduced reservation overhead in long haul wavelength-division multiplexed (WDM) networks," Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng.—Commun. 153, 779-786 (2006).
  12. Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching (GMPLS) Architecture (IETF Network Working Group, 2004).
  13. W. E. Leland, M. S. Taqqu, W. Willinger, D. V. Wilson, "On the self-similar nature of Ethernet traffic (extended version)," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 2, 1-15 (1994).
  14. H. Chen, H. Cai, Y. Li, "The multifractal property of bursty traffic and its parameter estimation based on wavelets ," Proc. IEEE Region 10 Annu. Conf. TENCON (1997) pp. 791-794.
  15. A. C. Gilbert, W. Willinger, A. Feldmann, "Scaling analysis of conservative cascades, with applications to network traffic," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 45, 971-991 (1999).
  16. M. Izal, J. Aracil, "On the influence of self-similarity on optical burst switching traffic," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM (2002) pp. 2308-2312.
  17. J. Yu, A. A. Petropulu, H. Sethu, "Rate-limited EAFRP—A new improved model for high-speed network traffic," IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 53, 1505-522 (2005).
  18. Z.-L. Zhang, V. J. Ribeiro, S. Moon, C. Diot, "Small-time scaling behaviors of Internet backbone traffic: An empirical study," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM (2003) pp. 1826-1836.
  19. K. Lu, G. Xiao, I. Chlamtac, "Analysis of blocking probability for distributed lightpath establishment in WDM optical networks ," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 13, 187-197 (2005).

2006 (1)

H. Kong, C. Phillips, "Pre-booking for reduced reservation overhead in long haul wavelength-division multiplexed (WDM) networks," Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng.—Commun. 153, 779-786 (2006).

2005 (3)

J. Yu, A. A. Petropulu, H. Sethu, "Rate-limited EAFRP—A new improved model for high-speed network traffic," IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 53, 1505-522 (2005).

K. Lu, G. Xiao, I. Chlamtac, "Analysis of blocking probability for distributed lightpath establishment in WDM optical networks ," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 13, 187-197 (2005).

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, "Wavelength-selective 1/spl times/K switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: Theory, design, and implementation," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1620-1630 (2005).

2004 (1)

M. Düser, A. Zapata, P. Bayvel, "Investigation of the scalability of dynamic wavelength-routed optical networks [Invited] ," J. Opt. Netw. 3, 667-686 (2004).

2003 (2)

J. Liu, N. Ansari, T. J. Ott, "FRR for latency reduction and QoS provisioning in OBS networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1210-1219 (2003).

A. Sahara, K. Shimano, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, "Optical burst data switching utilising GMPLS signaling," Electron. Lett. 39, 1267-1269 (2003).

2002 (1)

M. Duser, P. Bayvel, "Analysis of a dynamically wavelength-routed optical burst switched network architecture ," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 574-585 (2002).

2001 (3)

R. Ramamurthy, Z. Bogdanowicz, S. Samieian, D. Saha, B. Rajagopalan, S. Sengupta, S. Chaudhuri, K. Bala, "Capacity performance of dynamic provisioning in optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 40-48 (2001).

S. Sengupta, R. Ramamurthy, "From network design to dynamic provisioning and restoration in optical cross-connect mesh networks: An architectural and algorithmic overview," IEEE Netw. 15, 46-54 (2001).

C. Assi, A. Shami, M. A. Ali, R. Kurtz, D. Guo, "Optical networking and real-time provisioning: An integrated vision for the next-generation Internet," IEEE Netw. 15, 36-45 (2001).

2000 (1)

Y. Xiong, M. Vandenhoute, H. C. Cankaya, "Control architecture in optical burst-switched WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1838-1851 (2000).

1999 (1)

A. C. Gilbert, W. Willinger, A. Feldmann, "Scaling analysis of conservative cascades, with applications to network traffic," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 45, 971-991 (1999).

1994 (1)

W. E. Leland, M. S. Taqqu, W. Willinger, D. V. Wilson, "On the self-similar nature of Ethernet traffic (extended version)," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 2, 1-15 (1994).

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. Sahara, K. Shimano, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, "Optical burst data switching utilising GMPLS signaling," Electron. Lett. 39, 1267-1269 (2003).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (2)

Y. Xiong, M. Vandenhoute, H. C. Cankaya, "Control architecture in optical burst-switched WDM networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1838-1851 (2000).

J. Liu, N. Ansari, T. J. Ott, "FRR for latency reduction and QoS provisioning in OBS networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1210-1219 (2003).

IEEE Netw. (2)

S. Sengupta, R. Ramamurthy, "From network design to dynamic provisioning and restoration in optical cross-connect mesh networks: An architectural and algorithmic overview," IEEE Netw. 15, 46-54 (2001).

C. Assi, A. Shami, M. A. Ali, R. Kurtz, D. Guo, "Optical networking and real-time provisioning: An integrated vision for the next-generation Internet," IEEE Netw. 15, 36-45 (2001).

IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory (1)

A. C. Gilbert, W. Willinger, A. Feldmann, "Scaling analysis of conservative cascades, with applications to network traffic," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 45, 971-991 (1999).

IEEE Trans. Signal Process. (1)

J. Yu, A. A. Petropulu, H. Sethu, "Rate-limited EAFRP—A new improved model for high-speed network traffic," IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 53, 1505-522 (2005).

IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. (2)

W. E. Leland, M. S. Taqqu, W. Willinger, D. V. Wilson, "On the self-similar nature of Ethernet traffic (extended version)," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 2, 1-15 (1994).

K. Lu, G. Xiao, I. Chlamtac, "Analysis of blocking probability for distributed lightpath establishment in WDM optical networks ," IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw. 13, 187-197 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

R. Ramamurthy, Z. Bogdanowicz, S. Samieian, D. Saha, B. Rajagopalan, S. Sengupta, S. Chaudhuri, K. Bala, "Capacity performance of dynamic provisioning in optical networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 40-48 (2001).

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, "Wavelength-selective 1/spl times/K switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: Theory, design, and implementation," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1620-1630 (2005).

M. Duser, P. Bayvel, "Analysis of a dynamically wavelength-routed optical burst switched network architecture ," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 574-585 (2002).

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

M. Düser, A. Zapata, P. Bayvel, "Investigation of the scalability of dynamic wavelength-routed optical networks [Invited] ," J. Opt. Netw. 3, 667-686 (2004).

Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng.—Commun. (1)

H. Kong, C. Phillips, "Pre-booking for reduced reservation overhead in long haul wavelength-division multiplexed (WDM) networks," Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng.—Commun. 153, 779-786 (2006).

Other (5)

Generalized Multi-Protocol Label Switching (GMPLS) Architecture (IETF Network Working Group, 2004).

H. Chen, H. Cai, Y. Li, "The multifractal property of bursty traffic and its parameter estimation based on wavelets ," Proc. IEEE Region 10 Annu. Conf. TENCON (1997) pp. 791-794.

I. de Miguel, E. Kozlovski, P. Bayvel, "Provision of end-to-end delay guarantees in wavelength-routed optical burst-switched networks ," Proc. IFIP 6th Working Conf. ONDM (2002) pp. 85-100.

Z.-L. Zhang, V. J. Ribeiro, S. Moon, C. Diot, "Small-time scaling behaviors of Internet backbone traffic: An empirical study," Proc. IEEE INFOCOM (2003) pp. 1826-1836.

M. Izal, J. Aracil, "On the influence of self-similarity on optical burst switching traffic," Proc. IEEE GLOBECOM (2002) pp. 2308-2312.

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