Abstract

We demonstrate an all-optical wavelength-division-multiplexing ring network immune to transients based on individual optically gain clamped waveguide amplifiers. The ring network is compared to a similar point-to-point configuration to quantify the effect of recirculating amplifier noise. In the results, we notice that the optical stabilization is strong enough to overcome the effect of accumulated amplifier noise over the entire transmission bandwidth, and no lasing or chaotic behavior occurs. In addition, due to the independent amplifier stabilization, the network has shown to be robust even in the case of failure and restoration. We prove that the obtained results are scalable with the amplifier number. All results are also applicable to fiber-based amplifiers.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, R. W. Tkach, "Fast gain control in an erbium-doped fiber amplifier," Optical Amplifier Their Applications Conf. MontereyCA (1996) Paper PD-P4.
  2. N. Madamopoulos, D. C. Friedman, I. Tomkos, A. Boskovic, "Study of the performance of a transparent and reconfigurable metropolitan area network ," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 937-945 (2002).
  3. M. Zirngibl, "Gain control in erbium-doped fibre amplifiers by an all-optical feedback loop," Electron. Lett. 27, 560-561 (1991).
  4. S. J. B. Yoo, W. Xin, L. D. Garrett, J. C. Young, B. Meagher, M. Rauch, J. Baran, G. Ellinas, H. Leblanc, G.-K. Chang, "Observation of prolonged power transients in a reconfigurable all optical network," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (1998) pp. 377-378.
  5. W. Xin, G. K. Chang, B. Meagher, S. J. B. Yoo, J. Jackel, J. Young, H. Dai, "The benefits of closed cycle lasing in transparent WDM network," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (1999) pp. 50-51.
  6. K. Ennser, "Control of optical amplifiers transient dynamic in metro system networks," Proc. IEEE 6th Int. Conf. Transparent Opt. Netw. (2004) pp. 233-238.
  7. S. J. B. Yoo, "Observation of prolonged power transients in a reconfigurable multiwavelength network and their suppression by gain-clamping of optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1659-1661 (1998).
  8. P. Kim, S. Bae, S. J. Ahn, N. Park, "Analysis on the channel power oscillation in the closed WDM ring network with the channel power equalizer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1409-1411 (2000).
  9. K. Ennser, "Electronic control and instabilities in all-optical gain-clamped ring networks," Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics/Quantum Electron. Long BeachCA (2006) Paper CMNN5.
  10. K. Ennser, G. Della Valle, D. Mariani, S. Taccheo, J. Shmulovich, "Erbium-doped waveguide amplifier insensitive to channel transient for reconfigurable high-capacity WDM metro networks," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. AnaheimCA (2005) Paper OTuN3.
  11. K. Ennser, S. Taccheo, T. Rogowski, J. Shmulovich, "Efficient Erbium-doped waveguide amplifier insensitive to power fluctuations," Opt. Express 14, 10 307-10 312 (2006).
  12. G. Luo, J. L. Zyskind, J. A. Nagel, M. A. Ali, "Experimental and theoretical analysis of relaxation-oscillation and spectral hole burning effects in all-optical gain-clamped EDFA's for WDM networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 527-533 (1998).
  13. W. J. Miniscalco, "Erbium-doped glasses for fibers amplifiers at 1550 nm," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 234-250 (1991).
  14. K. Ennser, S. Taccheo, "Investigation of transient response in cascaded gain-clamped erbium-doped optical fibre amplifiers ," Electron. Lett. 39, 1716-1717 (2003).

2006 (1)

K. Ennser, S. Taccheo, T. Rogowski, J. Shmulovich, "Efficient Erbium-doped waveguide amplifier insensitive to power fluctuations," Opt. Express 14, 10 307-10 312 (2006).

2003 (1)

K. Ennser, S. Taccheo, "Investigation of transient response in cascaded gain-clamped erbium-doped optical fibre amplifiers ," Electron. Lett. 39, 1716-1717 (2003).

2002 (1)

N. Madamopoulos, D. C. Friedman, I. Tomkos, A. Boskovic, "Study of the performance of a transparent and reconfigurable metropolitan area network ," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 937-945 (2002).

2000 (1)

P. Kim, S. Bae, S. J. Ahn, N. Park, "Analysis on the channel power oscillation in the closed WDM ring network with the channel power equalizer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1409-1411 (2000).

1998 (2)

S. J. B. Yoo, "Observation of prolonged power transients in a reconfigurable multiwavelength network and their suppression by gain-clamping of optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1659-1661 (1998).

G. Luo, J. L. Zyskind, J. A. Nagel, M. A. Ali, "Experimental and theoretical analysis of relaxation-oscillation and spectral hole burning effects in all-optical gain-clamped EDFA's for WDM networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 527-533 (1998).

1991 (2)

W. J. Miniscalco, "Erbium-doped glasses for fibers amplifiers at 1550 nm," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 234-250 (1991).

M. Zirngibl, "Gain control in erbium-doped fibre amplifiers by an all-optical feedback loop," Electron. Lett. 27, 560-561 (1991).

Electron. Lett. (2)

M. Zirngibl, "Gain control in erbium-doped fibre amplifiers by an all-optical feedback loop," Electron. Lett. 27, 560-561 (1991).

K. Ennser, S. Taccheo, "Investigation of transient response in cascaded gain-clamped erbium-doped optical fibre amplifiers ," Electron. Lett. 39, 1716-1717 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

S. J. B. Yoo, "Observation of prolonged power transients in a reconfigurable multiwavelength network and their suppression by gain-clamping of optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1659-1661 (1998).

P. Kim, S. Bae, S. J. Ahn, N. Park, "Analysis on the channel power oscillation in the closed WDM ring network with the channel power equalizer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1409-1411 (2000).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

N. Madamopoulos, D. C. Friedman, I. Tomkos, A. Boskovic, "Study of the performance of a transparent and reconfigurable metropolitan area network ," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 937-945 (2002).

G. Luo, J. L. Zyskind, J. A. Nagel, M. A. Ali, "Experimental and theoretical analysis of relaxation-oscillation and spectral hole burning effects in all-optical gain-clamped EDFA's for WDM networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 527-533 (1998).

W. J. Miniscalco, "Erbium-doped glasses for fibers amplifiers at 1550 nm," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 234-250 (1991).

Opt. Express (1)

K. Ennser, S. Taccheo, T. Rogowski, J. Shmulovich, "Efficient Erbium-doped waveguide amplifier insensitive to power fluctuations," Opt. Express 14, 10 307-10 312 (2006).

Other (6)

A. K. Srivastava, Y. Sun, J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, C. Wolf, R. W. Tkach, "Fast gain control in an erbium-doped fiber amplifier," Optical Amplifier Their Applications Conf. MontereyCA (1996) Paper PD-P4.

K. Ennser, "Electronic control and instabilities in all-optical gain-clamped ring networks," Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics/Quantum Electron. Long BeachCA (2006) Paper CMNN5.

K. Ennser, G. Della Valle, D. Mariani, S. Taccheo, J. Shmulovich, "Erbium-doped waveguide amplifier insensitive to channel transient for reconfigurable high-capacity WDM metro networks," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. AnaheimCA (2005) Paper OTuN3.

S. J. B. Yoo, W. Xin, L. D. Garrett, J. C. Young, B. Meagher, M. Rauch, J. Baran, G. Ellinas, H. Leblanc, G.-K. Chang, "Observation of prolonged power transients in a reconfigurable all optical network," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (1998) pp. 377-378.

W. Xin, G. K. Chang, B. Meagher, S. J. B. Yoo, J. Jackel, J. Young, H. Dai, "The benefits of closed cycle lasing in transparent WDM network," Proc. Eur. Conf. Opt. Commun. (1999) pp. 50-51.

K. Ennser, "Control of optical amplifiers transient dynamic in metro system networks," Proc. IEEE 6th Int. Conf. Transparent Opt. Netw. (2004) pp. 233-238.

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