Abstract

We demonstrate a novel all-optical noninverted OC-192 return-to-zero (RZ) decision-gate by using a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) which is gain-controlled to achieve an extremely high cross-gain-modulation depth and a narrow gain window. A dark-optical-comb generated by reshaping the optical clock RZ data in a Mach–Zehnder intensity modulator is employed as an injecting source to temporally deplete most of the gain in the SOA. Such a dark-optical-comb injected SOA decision-gate exhibits improved 3R regeneration performances such as a timing tolerance of 33.5 ps, a Q-factor of 8.1, an input dynamical tolerance of 14 dB, and an extinction ratio (ER) of 14 dB. The deviation between the wavelengths of backward injected dark-optical-comb and input RZ data for optimizing the ER of the decision-gate is determined as Δλ = 19 nm. Under a threshold operating dark-optical-comb power of 7 dBm, such a decision-gate can recover the -18.5-dBm degraded RZ data with a bit-error-rate of less than 10<sup>-9</sup> at 10 Gb/s. A negative power penalty of -4.2 dB is demonstrated for the RZ data after 50-km propagation and decision gating.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. F. Ratovelomanana, N. Vodjdani, A. Enard, G. Glastre, D. Rondi, R. Blondeau, A. Dupas, L. Billes, J. C. Simon, "Regeneration improvement in all-optical wavelength converter, based on a Mach–Zehnder interferometer, by means of phase-shifter section," Electron. Lett. 33, 1629-1630 (1997).
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  6. K. S. Jepsen, A. Buxens, A. T. Clausen, H. N. Poulsen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "20 Gb/s optical 3R regeneration using polarisation-independent monolithically integrated Michelson interferometer," Electron. Lett. 34, 472-474 (1998).
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2006 (1)

2005 (3)

G.-R. Lin, I.-H. Chiu, "Femtosecond compression and wavelength tuning of backward-optical-injection harmonic-mode-locked SOA fiber laser at 10 GHz," Opt. Express 13, 8772-8780 (2005).

Y. Wang, J. Yu, L. Zhu, Y. Zhang, Y. Enze, "Experimental study on 40 Gb/s all-optical optical decision based on cross-gain modulation in SOA ," Proc. SPIE 6021, 60 210B-1-60 210B-8 (2005).

L. Zhu, J. Yu, A. Zhang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, Y. Enze, "40 Gb/s all-optical 3R regeneration based on F-P filter and SOA," Proc. SPIE 6021, 60 210I-1-60 210I-8 (2005).

2004 (2)

G.-R. Lin, Y.-S. Liao, G.-Q. Xia, "Dynamics of optical backward injection induced gain-depletion modulation and mode-locking in semiconductor optical amplifier fiber laser," Opt. Express 12, 2018-2026 (2004).

C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, B. Sartorius, "Semiconductor-based all-optical 3R regenerator demonstrated at 40 Gb/s," Electron. Lett. 40, 192-194 (2004).

2002 (1)

S. Sangbae, A. Byung-gu, C. Mungweon, C. Seongdae, K. Daejeong, P. Youngil, "Optics layer protection of Gigabit-Ethernet system by monitoring optical signal quality ," Electron. Lett. 38, 1118-1119 (2002).

2000 (1)

A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, "All-optical OTDM-to-WDM signal-format translation and OTDM add-drop functionality using bidirectional four wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier," Electron. Lett. 36, 156-158 (2000).

1999 (2)

A. E. Kelly, I. D. Phillips, R. J. Manning, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, D. G. Moodie, R. Kashyap, "80 Gb/s all-optical regenerative wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier based interferometer," Electron. Lett. 35, 1477-1478 (1999).

S. Zischer, M. Dulk, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, D. Nesset, A. D. Ellis, "Optical 3R regenerator for 40 Gb/s networks," Electron. Lett. 35, 2047-2049 (1999).

1998 (1)

K. S. Jepsen, A. Buxens, A. T. Clausen, H. N. Poulsen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "20 Gb/s optical 3R regeneration using polarisation-independent monolithically integrated Michelson interferometer," Electron. Lett. 34, 472-474 (1998).

1997 (1)

F. Ratovelomanana, N. Vodjdani, A. Enard, G. Glastre, D. Rondi, R. Blondeau, A. Dupas, L. Billes, J. C. Simon, "Regeneration improvement in all-optical wavelength converter, based on a Mach–Zehnder interferometer, by means of phase-shifter section," Electron. Lett. 33, 1629-1630 (1997).

1996 (2)

W. Pender, T. Widdowson, A. D. Ellis, "Error free operation of a 40 Gb/s all-optical regenerator," Electron. Lett. 32, 567-569 (1996).

W. Pieper, K. Weich, R. Ludwig, E. Patzak, H. G. Weber, "All-optical polarisation and wavelength independent 3R signal regenerator," Electron. Lett. 32, 1316-1318 (1996).

1993 (2)

M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, H. G. Weber, "Decision-gate for all-optical data retiming using a semiconductor laser amplifier in a loop mirror configuration," Electron. Lett. 29, 107-109 (1993).

J. M. Wiesenfeld, B. Glance, J. S. Perino, A. H. Gnauck, "Wavelength conversion at 10 Gb/s using a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1300-1303 (1993).

1992 (1)

N. S. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 304-306 (1992).

1989 (1)

G. P. Agrawal, N. A. Olsson, "Self phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers ," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297-2306 (1989).

1985 (1)

I. D. Henning, M. J. Adams, J. V. Collins, "Performance predictions from a new optical amplifier model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 609-613 (1985).

Electron. Lett. (10)

F. Ratovelomanana, N. Vodjdani, A. Enard, G. Glastre, D. Rondi, R. Blondeau, A. Dupas, L. Billes, J. C. Simon, "Regeneration improvement in all-optical wavelength converter, based on a Mach–Zehnder interferometer, by means of phase-shifter section," Electron. Lett. 33, 1629-1630 (1997).

W. Pender, T. Widdowson, A. D. Ellis, "Error free operation of a 40 Gb/s all-optical regenerator," Electron. Lett. 32, 567-569 (1996).

W. Pieper, K. Weich, R. Ludwig, E. Patzak, H. G. Weber, "All-optical polarisation and wavelength independent 3R signal regenerator," Electron. Lett. 32, 1316-1318 (1996).

A. E. Kelly, I. D. Phillips, R. J. Manning, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, D. G. Moodie, R. Kashyap, "80 Gb/s all-optical regenerative wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier based interferometer," Electron. Lett. 35, 1477-1478 (1999).

C. Bornholdt, J. Slovak, B. Sartorius, "Semiconductor-based all-optical 3R regenerator demonstrated at 40 Gb/s," Electron. Lett. 40, 192-194 (2004).

K. S. Jepsen, A. Buxens, A. T. Clausen, H. N. Poulsen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "20 Gb/s optical 3R regeneration using polarisation-independent monolithically integrated Michelson interferometer," Electron. Lett. 34, 472-474 (1998).

S. Zischer, M. Dulk, E. Gamper, W. Vogt, E. Gini, H. Melchior, W. Hunziker, D. Nesset, A. D. Ellis, "Optical 3R regenerator for 40 Gb/s networks," Electron. Lett. 35, 2047-2049 (1999).

M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, H. G. Weber, "Decision-gate for all-optical data retiming using a semiconductor laser amplifier in a loop mirror configuration," Electron. Lett. 29, 107-109 (1993).

A. Buxens, H. N. Poulsen, A. T. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, "All-optical OTDM-to-WDM signal-format translation and OTDM add-drop functionality using bidirectional four wave mixing in semiconductor optical amplifier," Electron. Lett. 36, 156-158 (2000).

S. Sangbae, A. Byung-gu, C. Mungweon, C. Seongdae, K. Daejeong, P. Youngil, "Optics layer protection of Gigabit-Ethernet system by monitoring optical signal quality ," Electron. Lett. 38, 1118-1119 (2002).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

I. D. Henning, M. J. Adams, J. V. Collins, "Performance predictions from a new optical amplifier model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 609-613 (1985).

G. P. Agrawal, N. A. Olsson, "Self phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers ," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297-2306 (1989).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

N. S. Bergano, F. W. Kerfoot, C. R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 304-306 (1992).

J. M. Wiesenfeld, B. Glance, J. S. Perino, A. H. Gnauck, "Wavelength conversion at 10 Gb/s using a semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 1300-1303 (1993).

Opt. Express (2)

G.-R. Lin, I.-H. Chiu, "Femtosecond compression and wavelength tuning of backward-optical-injection harmonic-mode-locked SOA fiber laser at 10 GHz," Opt. Express 13, 8772-8780 (2005).

G.-R. Lin, Y.-S. Liao, G.-Q. Xia, "Dynamics of optical backward injection induced gain-depletion modulation and mode-locking in semiconductor optical amplifier fiber laser," Opt. Express 12, 2018-2026 (2004).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (2)

Y. Wang, J. Yu, L. Zhu, Y. Zhang, Y. Enze, "Experimental study on 40 Gb/s all-optical optical decision based on cross-gain modulation in SOA ," Proc. SPIE 6021, 60 210B-1-60 210B-8 (2005).

L. Zhu, J. Yu, A. Zhang, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, Y. Enze, "40 Gb/s all-optical 3R regeneration based on F-P filter and SOA," Proc. SPIE 6021, 60 210I-1-60 210I-8 (2005).

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