Abstract

The multidimensional configuration of a full encoder/decoder in an arrayed-waveguide-grating configuration has been carefully analyzed, evaluating the code-recognition probability as a function of the signal-to-noise ratio. We demonstrate that a single device with 64 ports can generate and recognize 2<sup>32</sup> different codes, with an error probability lower than 10<sup>-12</sup>.

© 2007 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3471.txt http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3472.txt, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3473.txt.
  2. N. M. Bhide, K. M. Sivalingam, T. Fabr-Asztalos, "Routing mechanisms employing adaptive weight functions for shortest path routing in multi-wavelength optical WDM networks," J. Photon. Netw. Commun. 3, 227-236 (2001).
  3. B. Wen, K. Sivalingam, "Routing, wavelength-routed optical WDM networks," Proc. IEEE Infocom (2002) pp. 1442-1450.
  4. K.-I. Kitayama, N. Wada, "Photonic IP routing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1689-1691 (1999).
  5. K.-I. Kitayama, N. Wada, H. Sotobayashi, "Architectural considerations for photonic IP router based upon optical code correlation ," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1834-1844 (2000).
  6. K.-I. Kitayama, M. Murata, "Versatile optical code-based MPLS for circuit, burst and packet switchings," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2753-2764 (2003).
  7. J. A. Salehi, "Emerging optical code-division multiple access communication systems," IEEE Netw. 3, 31-39 (1989).
  8. M. Azizoglu, J. A. Salehi, Y. Li, "Optical CDMA via temporal codes," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1162-1170 (1992).
  9. I. Andonovic, L. Tancevski, "Incoherent optical code division multiple access systems," Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Spread Spectrum Tech. Appl. (1996) pp. 424-430.
  10. P. Prucnal, M. Santoro, S. Sehgal, "Ultrafast all-optical synchronous multiple access fiber networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. SAC-4, 1484-1493 (1986).
  11. N. Wada, K.-I. Kitayama, "A 10 Gb/s optical code division multiplexing using 8-chip optical bipolar code and coherent detection," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1758-1765 (1999).
  12. H. Fathallah, L. A. Rush, S. LaRochelle, "Passive optical fast frequency-hop CDMA communication system," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 397-405 (1999).
  13. A. Grunet-Jepsen, A. E. Johnson, E. S. Maniloff, T. W. Mossberg, M. J. Munroe, J. N. Sweetser, "Demonstration of all-fiber sparse lightwave CDMA based on temporal phase encoding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1283-1285 (1999).
  14. P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "Phase encoding and decoding of short pulses at 10 Gb/s using superstructured fiber Bragg gratings ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 154-156 (2001).
  15. P. Petropoulos, N. Wada, P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, W. Chujo, K.-I. Kitayama, D. J. Richardson, "Demonstration of a 64-chip OCDMA system using superstructured fiber gratings and time-gating detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1239-1241 (2001).
  16. K. Matsushima, X. Wang, S. Kutsuzawa, A. Nishiki, S. Oshiba, N. Wada, K.-I. Kitayama, "Experimental demonstration of performance improvement of 127-chip SSFBG en/decoder using apodization technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2192-2194 (2004).
  17. F. R. K. Chung, J. A. Salehi, V. K. Wei, "Optical orthogonal codes design, analysis, and applications," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 35, 595-604 (1989).
  18. J. A. Salehi, "Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks—Part I: Fundamental principles," IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 824-833 (1989).
  19. J. A. Salehi, C. A. Brackett, "Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks—Part II: Systems performance analysis," IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 834-842 (1989).
  20. M. E. Marhic, "Coherent optical CDMA networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 854-864 (1993).
  21. T. Dennis, J. F. Young, "Optical implementation of bipolar codes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 287-291 (1999).
  22. J. A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, "Coherent ultrashort light pulse code-division multiple access communication systems ," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 478-489 (1990).
  23. D. J. Hajela, J. A. Salehi, "Limits to the encoding and bounds on the performance of coherent ultrashort light pulse code-division multiple-access system," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 325-336 (1992).
  24. G. J. Foschini, G. Vannucci, "Using spread-spectrum in a high-capacity fiber-optic local network," J. Lightw. Technol. 6, 370-379 (1988).
  25. A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, J. A. Salehi, "Encoding and decoding of femtosecond pulses," Opt. Lett. 13, 300-302 (1988).
  26. G. Vannucci, S. Yang, "Experimental spreading and despreading of the optical spectrum," IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 777-780 (1989).
  27. C. M. DeCusatis, P. K. Das, "Spread-spectrum techniques in optical communication using transform domain processing ," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1608-1616 (1990).
  28. H. Fathallah, L. A. Rush, S. LaRochelle, "Optical frequency-hop multiple access communications system," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. (1998) pp. 1269-1273.
  29. S. Yegnanarayanan, A. S. Bhushan, B. Jalali, "Fast wavelength-hopping time-spreading encoding/decoding for optical CDMA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 573-575 (2000).
  30. G. Cincotti, "Full optical encoders/decoders for photonic IP routers," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 337-342 (2003).
  31. G. Cincotti, N. Wada, K.-I. Kitayama, "Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers. Part I: Modelling and design," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 103-112 (2006).
  32. G. Cincotti, M. S. Moreolo, G. Manzacca, X. Wang, N. Wada, K.-I. Kitayama, "Multi-dimensional optical code processing in MPLS photonic routers," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2006) Paper OTUG2.

2006 (1)

G. Cincotti, N. Wada, K.-I. Kitayama, "Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers. Part I: Modelling and design," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 103-112 (2006).

2004 (1)

K. Matsushima, X. Wang, S. Kutsuzawa, A. Nishiki, S. Oshiba, N. Wada, K.-I. Kitayama, "Experimental demonstration of performance improvement of 127-chip SSFBG en/decoder using apodization technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2192-2194 (2004).

2003 (2)

K.-I. Kitayama, M. Murata, "Versatile optical code-based MPLS for circuit, burst and packet switchings," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2753-2764 (2003).

G. Cincotti, "Full optical encoders/decoders for photonic IP routers," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 337-342 (2003).

2001 (3)

N. M. Bhide, K. M. Sivalingam, T. Fabr-Asztalos, "Routing mechanisms employing adaptive weight functions for shortest path routing in multi-wavelength optical WDM networks," J. Photon. Netw. Commun. 3, 227-236 (2001).

P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "Phase encoding and decoding of short pulses at 10 Gb/s using superstructured fiber Bragg gratings ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 154-156 (2001).

P. Petropoulos, N. Wada, P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, W. Chujo, K.-I. Kitayama, D. J. Richardson, "Demonstration of a 64-chip OCDMA system using superstructured fiber gratings and time-gating detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1239-1241 (2001).

2000 (2)

K.-I. Kitayama, N. Wada, H. Sotobayashi, "Architectural considerations for photonic IP router based upon optical code correlation ," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1834-1844 (2000).

S. Yegnanarayanan, A. S. Bhushan, B. Jalali, "Fast wavelength-hopping time-spreading encoding/decoding for optical CDMA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 573-575 (2000).

1999 (5)

T. Dennis, J. F. Young, "Optical implementation of bipolar codes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 287-291 (1999).

K.-I. Kitayama, N. Wada, "Photonic IP routing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1689-1691 (1999).

N. Wada, K.-I. Kitayama, "A 10 Gb/s optical code division multiplexing using 8-chip optical bipolar code and coherent detection," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1758-1765 (1999).

H. Fathallah, L. A. Rush, S. LaRochelle, "Passive optical fast frequency-hop CDMA communication system," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 397-405 (1999).

A. Grunet-Jepsen, A. E. Johnson, E. S. Maniloff, T. W. Mossberg, M. J. Munroe, J. N. Sweetser, "Demonstration of all-fiber sparse lightwave CDMA based on temporal phase encoding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1283-1285 (1999).

1993 (1)

M. E. Marhic, "Coherent optical CDMA networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 854-864 (1993).

1992 (2)

M. Azizoglu, J. A. Salehi, Y. Li, "Optical CDMA via temporal codes," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1162-1170 (1992).

D. J. Hajela, J. A. Salehi, "Limits to the encoding and bounds on the performance of coherent ultrashort light pulse code-division multiple-access system," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 325-336 (1992).

1990 (2)

J. A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, "Coherent ultrashort light pulse code-division multiple access communication systems ," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 478-489 (1990).

C. M. DeCusatis, P. K. Das, "Spread-spectrum techniques in optical communication using transform domain processing ," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1608-1616 (1990).

1989 (5)

G. Vannucci, S. Yang, "Experimental spreading and despreading of the optical spectrum," IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 777-780 (1989).

J. A. Salehi, "Emerging optical code-division multiple access communication systems," IEEE Netw. 3, 31-39 (1989).

F. R. K. Chung, J. A. Salehi, V. K. Wei, "Optical orthogonal codes design, analysis, and applications," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 35, 595-604 (1989).

J. A. Salehi, "Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks—Part I: Fundamental principles," IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 824-833 (1989).

J. A. Salehi, C. A. Brackett, "Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks—Part II: Systems performance analysis," IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 834-842 (1989).

1988 (2)

G. J. Foschini, G. Vannucci, "Using spread-spectrum in a high-capacity fiber-optic local network," J. Lightw. Technol. 6, 370-379 (1988).

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, J. A. Salehi, "Encoding and decoding of femtosecond pulses," Opt. Lett. 13, 300-302 (1988).

1986 (1)

P. Prucnal, M. Santoro, S. Sehgal, "Ultrafast all-optical synchronous multiple access fiber networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. SAC-4, 1484-1493 (1986).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Dennis, J. F. Young, "Optical implementation of bipolar codes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 287-291 (1999).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (2)

P. Prucnal, M. Santoro, S. Sehgal, "Ultrafast all-optical synchronous multiple access fiber networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. SAC-4, 1484-1493 (1986).

C. M. DeCusatis, P. K. Das, "Spread-spectrum techniques in optical communication using transform domain processing ," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1608-1616 (1990).

IEEE Netw. (1)

J. A. Salehi, "Emerging optical code-division multiple access communication systems," IEEE Netw. 3, 31-39 (1989).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

K.-I. Kitayama, N. Wada, "Photonic IP routing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1689-1691 (1999).

A. Grunet-Jepsen, A. E. Johnson, E. S. Maniloff, T. W. Mossberg, M. J. Munroe, J. N. Sweetser, "Demonstration of all-fiber sparse lightwave CDMA based on temporal phase encoding," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1283-1285 (1999).

P. C. Teh, P. Petropoulos, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "Phase encoding and decoding of short pulses at 10 Gb/s using superstructured fiber Bragg gratings ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 154-156 (2001).

P. Petropoulos, N. Wada, P. C. Teh, M. Ibsen, W. Chujo, K.-I. Kitayama, D. J. Richardson, "Demonstration of a 64-chip OCDMA system using superstructured fiber gratings and time-gating detection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1239-1241 (2001).

K. Matsushima, X. Wang, S. Kutsuzawa, A. Nishiki, S. Oshiba, N. Wada, K.-I. Kitayama, "Experimental demonstration of performance improvement of 127-chip SSFBG en/decoder using apodization technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2192-2194 (2004).

S. Yegnanarayanan, A. S. Bhushan, B. Jalali, "Fast wavelength-hopping time-spreading encoding/decoding for optical CDMA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 573-575 (2000).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (5)

D. J. Hajela, J. A. Salehi, "Limits to the encoding and bounds on the performance of coherent ultrashort light pulse code-division multiple-access system," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 325-336 (1992).

G. Vannucci, S. Yang, "Experimental spreading and despreading of the optical spectrum," IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 777-780 (1989).

J. A. Salehi, "Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks—Part I: Fundamental principles," IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 824-833 (1989).

J. A. Salehi, C. A. Brackett, "Code division multiple-access techniques in optical fiber networks—Part II: Systems performance analysis," IEEE Trans. Commun. 37, 834-842 (1989).

M. Azizoglu, J. A. Salehi, Y. Li, "Optical CDMA via temporal codes," IEEE Trans. Commun. 40, 1162-1170 (1992).

IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory (1)

F. R. K. Chung, J. A. Salehi, V. K. Wei, "Optical orthogonal codes design, analysis, and applications," IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory 35, 595-604 (1989).

J. Lightw. Technol. (9)

M. E. Marhic, "Coherent optical CDMA networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 11, 854-864 (1993).

J. A. Salehi, A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, "Coherent ultrashort light pulse code-division multiple access communication systems ," J. Lightw. Technol. 8, 478-489 (1990).

N. Wada, K.-I. Kitayama, "A 10 Gb/s optical code division multiplexing using 8-chip optical bipolar code and coherent detection," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 1758-1765 (1999).

H. Fathallah, L. A. Rush, S. LaRochelle, "Passive optical fast frequency-hop CDMA communication system," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 397-405 (1999).

K.-I. Kitayama, N. Wada, H. Sotobayashi, "Architectural considerations for photonic IP router based upon optical code correlation ," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1834-1844 (2000).

K.-I. Kitayama, M. Murata, "Versatile optical code-based MPLS for circuit, burst and packet switchings," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2753-2764 (2003).

G. J. Foschini, G. Vannucci, "Using spread-spectrum in a high-capacity fiber-optic local network," J. Lightw. Technol. 6, 370-379 (1988).

G. Cincotti, "Full optical encoders/decoders for photonic IP routers," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 337-342 (2003).

G. Cincotti, N. Wada, K.-I. Kitayama, "Characterization of a full encoder/decoder in the AWG configuration for code-based photonic routers. Part I: Modelling and design," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 103-112 (2006).

J. Photon. Netw. Commun. (1)

N. M. Bhide, K. M. Sivalingam, T. Fabr-Asztalos, "Routing mechanisms employing adaptive weight functions for shortest path routing in multi-wavelength optical WDM networks," J. Photon. Netw. Commun. 3, 227-236 (2001).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (5)

http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3471.txt http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3472.txt, http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3473.txt.

G. Cincotti, M. S. Moreolo, G. Manzacca, X. Wang, N. Wada, K.-I. Kitayama, "Multi-dimensional optical code processing in MPLS photonic routers," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) AnaheimCA (2006) Paper OTUG2.

H. Fathallah, L. A. Rush, S. LaRochelle, "Optical frequency-hop multiple access communications system," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. (1998) pp. 1269-1273.

B. Wen, K. Sivalingam, "Routing, wavelength-routed optical WDM networks," Proc. IEEE Infocom (2002) pp. 1442-1450.

I. Andonovic, L. Tancevski, "Incoherent optical code division multiple access systems," Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Spread Spectrum Tech. Appl. (1996) pp. 424-430.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.