Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the reduction of intermodulation distortion (IMD) in fiber–radio systems incorporating a dispersion-tolerant optical single sideband with carrier modulation. We present a systematic analysis and quantification of the third-order IMD generated due to optical components in the nonlinear optical front-end. Our proposed technique to improve the optical front-end linearity is by the removal of the optical components that contribute most to the third-order IMD in the RF domain. We experimentally demonstrated the proposed technique with two- and three-tone tests and showed more than 9-dB improvement in the overall carrier-to-IMD ratio. The proposed technique was also investigated via simulation analysis for a larger number of radio channels and showed an IMD suppression of >10 dB. In addition, the proposed technique is not only able to improve the carrier-to-interference of the radio signals but also to enable simultaneous baseband transmission, thereby facilitating the merging of millimeter-wave fiber–radio systems with other wired-access infrastructure. We present a detailed investigation and characterization of this technique.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, Millimeter Waves in Communication Systems, Innovative Technology Series Information Systems and Networks (Hermes Sci., 2002) pp. 43-67.
  2. H. Ogawa, D. Polifiko, S. Banba, "Millimeter-wave fiber optic system for personal radio-communication," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 40, 2285-2293 (1992).
  3. W. I. Way, "Optical fiber-based microcellular systems: An overview," IEICE Trans. Commun. E76-B, 1091-1102 (1993).
  4. H. Schmuck, "Comparison of optical millimetre-wave system concepts with regard to chromatic dispersion ," Electron. Lett. 31, 1848-1849 (1995).
  5. U. Gliese, S. Norskov, T. N. Nielsen, "Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44, 1716-1724 (1996).
  6. G. H. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, "Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome dispersion penalties in fibre–radio systems ," Electron. Lett. 33, 74-75 (1997).
  7. E. Vergnol, F. Devaux, D. Tanguy, E. Penard, "Integrated lightwave millimetric single side-band source: Design and issues," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1276-1284 (1998).
  8. J. Park, W. V. Sorin, K. Y. Lau, "Elimination of fiber chromatic dispersion penalty on 1550 nm millimeter-wave optical transmission ," Electron. Lett. 33, 512-513 (1997).
  9. S. A. Havstad, A. B. Sahin, O. H. Adamczyk, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, "Distance-independent microwave and millimeter-wave power fading compensation using a phase diversity configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1052-1054 (2000).
  10. E. Vourch, D. Le Berre, D. Herve, "A WDM fiber–radio experiment incorporating a wavelength self-tunable single sideband filter ," Proc. MTTS (2002) pp. 1703-1706.
  11. T. Kurniawan, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Performance analysis of optimized millimeter-wave fiber radio links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 921-928 (2006).
  12. W. H. Chen, W. I. Way, "Multichannel single-sideband SCM/DWDM transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1679-1693 (2004).
  13. T. Ismail, C. P. Liu, J. E. Mitchell, A. J. Seed, "Feed-forward linearised uncooled DFB laser in a multi-channel broadband wireless over fibre transmission at 5.8 GHz," Proc. MWP (2005) pp. 115-118.
  14. S. H. Lee, J. M. Kang, Y. Y. Won, H. C. Kwon, S. K. Han, "Linearization of RoF optical source by using light-injected gain modulation," Proc. MWP (2005) pp. 265-268.
  15. L. Roselli, V. Borgioni, F. Zepparelli, F. Ambrosi, M. Comez, P. Faccin, A. Cassini, "Analog laser predistortion for multiservice radio-over-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1211-1223 (2003).
  16. A. R. Shah, B. Jalali, "Adaptive equalisation for broadband predistortion linearisation of optical transmitters ," Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng.—Optoelectron. 152, 16-32 (2005).
  17. A. Djupsjobacka, "A linearization concept for integrated-optic modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 869-872 (1992).
  18. H. Skeie, R. Johnson, "Linearization of electro-optic modulators by a cascade coupling of phase modulating electrodes ," Proc. SPIE—Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 1583, 153-164 (1991).
  19. S. Korotky, R. DeRidder, "Dual parallel modulation schemes for low-distortion analog optical transmission," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1377-1381 (1990).

2006 (1)

T. Kurniawan, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Performance analysis of optimized millimeter-wave fiber radio links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 921-928 (2006).

2005 (1)

A. R. Shah, B. Jalali, "Adaptive equalisation for broadband predistortion linearisation of optical transmitters ," Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng.—Optoelectron. 152, 16-32 (2005).

2004 (1)

W. H. Chen, W. I. Way, "Multichannel single-sideband SCM/DWDM transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1679-1693 (2004).

2003 (1)

L. Roselli, V. Borgioni, F. Zepparelli, F. Ambrosi, M. Comez, P. Faccin, A. Cassini, "Analog laser predistortion for multiservice radio-over-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1211-1223 (2003).

2000 (1)

S. A. Havstad, A. B. Sahin, O. H. Adamczyk, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, "Distance-independent microwave and millimeter-wave power fading compensation using a phase diversity configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1052-1054 (2000).

1998 (1)

E. Vergnol, F. Devaux, D. Tanguy, E. Penard, "Integrated lightwave millimetric single side-band source: Design and issues," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1276-1284 (1998).

1997 (2)

J. Park, W. V. Sorin, K. Y. Lau, "Elimination of fiber chromatic dispersion penalty on 1550 nm millimeter-wave optical transmission ," Electron. Lett. 33, 512-513 (1997).

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, "Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome dispersion penalties in fibre–radio systems ," Electron. Lett. 33, 74-75 (1997).

1996 (1)

U. Gliese, S. Norskov, T. N. Nielsen, "Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44, 1716-1724 (1996).

1995 (1)

H. Schmuck, "Comparison of optical millimetre-wave system concepts with regard to chromatic dispersion ," Electron. Lett. 31, 1848-1849 (1995).

1993 (1)

W. I. Way, "Optical fiber-based microcellular systems: An overview," IEICE Trans. Commun. E76-B, 1091-1102 (1993).

1992 (2)

H. Ogawa, D. Polifiko, S. Banba, "Millimeter-wave fiber optic system for personal radio-communication," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 40, 2285-2293 (1992).

A. Djupsjobacka, "A linearization concept for integrated-optic modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 869-872 (1992).

1991 (1)

H. Skeie, R. Johnson, "Linearization of electro-optic modulators by a cascade coupling of phase modulating electrodes ," Proc. SPIE—Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 1583, 153-164 (1991).

1990 (1)

S. Korotky, R. DeRidder, "Dual parallel modulation schemes for low-distortion analog optical transmission," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1377-1381 (1990).

Electron. Lett. (3)

H. Schmuck, "Comparison of optical millimetre-wave system concepts with regard to chromatic dispersion ," Electron. Lett. 31, 1848-1849 (1995).

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, "Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome dispersion penalties in fibre–radio systems ," Electron. Lett. 33, 74-75 (1997).

J. Park, W. V. Sorin, K. Y. Lau, "Elimination of fiber chromatic dispersion penalty on 1550 nm millimeter-wave optical transmission ," Electron. Lett. 33, 512-513 (1997).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

S. Korotky, R. DeRidder, "Dual parallel modulation schemes for low-distortion analog optical transmission," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 8, 1377-1381 (1990).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

S. A. Havstad, A. B. Sahin, O. H. Adamczyk, Y. Xie, A. E. Willner, "Distance-independent microwave and millimeter-wave power fading compensation using a phase diversity configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1052-1054 (2000).

A. Djupsjobacka, "A linearization concept for integrated-optic modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 869-872 (1992).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (3)

T. Kurniawan, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Performance analysis of optimized millimeter-wave fiber radio links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 921-928 (2006).

U. Gliese, S. Norskov, T. N. Nielsen, "Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44, 1716-1724 (1996).

H. Ogawa, D. Polifiko, S. Banba, "Millimeter-wave fiber optic system for personal radio-communication," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 40, 2285-2293 (1992).

IEICE Trans. Commun. (1)

W. I. Way, "Optical fiber-based microcellular systems: An overview," IEICE Trans. Commun. E76-B, 1091-1102 (1993).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

E. Vergnol, F. Devaux, D. Tanguy, E. Penard, "Integrated lightwave millimetric single side-band source: Design and issues," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1276-1284 (1998).

W. H. Chen, W. I. Way, "Multichannel single-sideband SCM/DWDM transmission systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 1679-1693 (2004).

L. Roselli, V. Borgioni, F. Zepparelli, F. Ambrosi, M. Comez, P. Faccin, A. Cassini, "Analog laser predistortion for multiservice radio-over-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1211-1223 (2003).

Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng.—Optoelectron. (1)

A. R. Shah, B. Jalali, "Adaptive equalisation for broadband predistortion linearisation of optical transmitters ," Proc. Inst. Electr. Eng.—Optoelectron. 152, 16-32 (2005).

Proc. SPIE—Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. (1)

H. Skeie, R. Johnson, "Linearization of electro-optic modulators by a cascade coupling of phase modulating electrodes ," Proc. SPIE—Int. Soc. Opt. Eng. 1583, 153-164 (1991).

Other (4)

T. Ismail, C. P. Liu, J. E. Mitchell, A. J. Seed, "Feed-forward linearised uncooled DFB laser in a multi-channel broadband wireless over fibre transmission at 5.8 GHz," Proc. MWP (2005) pp. 115-118.

S. H. Lee, J. M. Kang, Y. Y. Won, H. C. Kwon, S. K. Han, "Linearization of RoF optical source by using light-injected gain modulation," Proc. MWP (2005) pp. 265-268.

E. Vourch, D. Le Berre, D. Herve, "A WDM fiber–radio experiment incorporating a wavelength self-tunable single sideband filter ," Proc. MTTS (2002) pp. 1703-1706.

A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, R. B. Waterhouse, Millimeter Waves in Communication Systems, Innovative Technology Series Information Systems and Networks (Hermes Sci., 2002) pp. 43-67.

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