Abstract

A quantitative postweld shift (PWS) correction employing a notch-saddle-compensation technique (NSCT) in a laser-welded butterfly-type laser module package is presented. A predetermined notch geometry is proposed to guide the welding compensation in the specific direction and magnitude precisely. The results show that 82% to 99% of the relative coupling efficiency before welding for the laser modules is achieved by using the NSCT. The fiber shifts due to the PWS can be realigned back closer to their original optimum position after applying the NSCT, and hence, the coupling loss due to the PWS can be regained. In comparison to the published studies on PWS compensation by the mechanical adjustment using the qualitative estimation and plastic deformation, the advantages of using this novel NSCT are the quantitative and nondestructive compensations in butterfly-type laser module packages. Therefore, high-yield butterfly-type laser modules used in lightwave transmission systems are developed and fabricated.

© 2007 IEEE

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2006 (1)

Y. C. Hsu, J. H. Kuang, Y. C. Tsai, W. H. Cheng, "Investigation and comparison of post-weld-shift compensation technique in TO-Can and butterfly types laser-welded laser module packages," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 961-969 (2006).

2005 (6)

Y. Lin, C. Eichele, F. G. Shi, "Effect of welding sequence on welding-induced-alignment-distortion in packaging of butterfly laser diode modules: Simulation and experiment," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 615-623 (2005).

Y. C. Hsu, Y. C. Tsai, Y. L. Ho, M. T. Sheen, J. H. Kuang, W. H. Cheng, "A novel fiber alignment shift measurement and correction technique in laser-welded laser module packaging," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 486-494 (2005).

Y. C. Hsu, Y. C. Tsai, J. H. Kuang, W. H. Cheng, "Postweld-shift-induced fiber alignment shifts in laser-welded laser module packages: Experiments and simulations," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 4287-4295 (2005).

R. Zhang, J. Guo, F. G. Shi, "Fast fiber-laser alignment: Beam spot-size method," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1083-1087 (2005).

T. Shinagawa, M. Nishita, T. Sato, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Nomura, A. Kasukawa, "Detailed investigation on reliability of wavelength-monitor-integrated fixed and tunable DFB laser diode modules," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1126-1136 (2005).

Y. T. Tseng, H. C. Sung, "A novel inspection of fiber post-weld-shift in butterfly laser module packaging," IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 28, 713-719 (2005).

2004 (3)

Y. C. Hsu, W. K. Huang, M. T. Sheen, W. H. Cheng, "Fiber alignment shifts in butterfly packaging by laser welding technique: Measurement and finite-element-method analysis," J. Electron. Mater. 33, 40-47 (2004).

W. H. Cheng, M. T. Sheen, C. M. Chang, Y. T. Tseng, "An optimum approach for reduction of fiber alignment of fiber-solder-ferrule joints in laser module packaging," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 589-594 (2004).

M. K. Davis, A. Echavarria, "Polarization-induced feedback effects in fiber bragg grating-stabilized diode lasers ," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2816-2822 (2004).

2003 (1)

R. Zhangnd, F. G. Shi, "Manufacturing of laser diode modules: Integration and automation of laser diode-fiber alignment and RIN characterization," IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 26, 128-132 (2003).

2002 (1)

R. Galeotti, M. Shaw, M. Musio, M. Tienforti, G. Coppo, "Use of glass solder in fixing an optical fiber in a laser package," Proc. SPIE 4652, 142-153 (2002).

2001 (1)

J. H. Kuang, M. T. Sheen, S. C. Wang, G. L. Wang, W. H. Cheng, "Post-weld-shift in dual-in-line laser package," IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 24, 81-85 (2001).

2000 (1)

S. G. Kang, M. K. Song, S. S. Park, S. H. Lee, N. H. Hwang, H. T. Lee, K. R. Oh, G. C. Joo, D. Lee, "Fabrication of semiconductor optical switch module using laser welding technique," IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 23, 672-680 (2000).

1994 (1)

E. Suhir, "Thermally induced stresses in an optical glass fiber soldered into a ferrule," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1766-1770 (1994).

1990 (1)

R. Chanchani, P. M. Hall, "Temperature dependence of thermal expansion of ceramics and metals for electronic packages ," IEEE Trans. Compon., Hybrids, Manuf. Technol. 13, 743-750 (1990).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. C. Hsu, J. H. Kuang, Y. C. Tsai, W. H. Cheng, "Investigation and comparison of post-weld-shift compensation technique in TO-Can and butterfly types laser-welded laser module packages," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 12, 961-969 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. (4)

R. Zhangnd, F. G. Shi, "Manufacturing of laser diode modules: Integration and automation of laser diode-fiber alignment and RIN characterization," IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 26, 128-132 (2003).

S. G. Kang, M. K. Song, S. S. Park, S. H. Lee, N. H. Hwang, H. T. Lee, K. R. Oh, G. C. Joo, D. Lee, "Fabrication of semiconductor optical switch module using laser welding technique," IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 23, 672-680 (2000).

J. H. Kuang, M. T. Sheen, S. C. Wang, G. L. Wang, W. H. Cheng, "Post-weld-shift in dual-in-line laser package," IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 24, 81-85 (2001).

Y. T. Tseng, H. C. Sung, "A novel inspection of fiber post-weld-shift in butterfly laser module packaging," IEEE Trans. Adv. Packag. 28, 713-719 (2005).

IEEE Trans. Compon., Hybrids, Manuf. Technol. (1)

R. Chanchani, P. M. Hall, "Temperature dependence of thermal expansion of ceramics and metals for electronic packages ," IEEE Trans. Compon., Hybrids, Manuf. Technol. 13, 743-750 (1990).

J. Electron. Mater. (1)

Y. C. Hsu, W. K. Huang, M. T. Sheen, W. H. Cheng, "Fiber alignment shifts in butterfly packaging by laser welding technique: Measurement and finite-element-method analysis," J. Electron. Mater. 33, 40-47 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol. (8)

Y. Lin, C. Eichele, F. G. Shi, "Effect of welding sequence on welding-induced-alignment-distortion in packaging of butterfly laser diode modules: Simulation and experiment," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 615-623 (2005).

Y. C. Hsu, Y. C. Tsai, Y. L. Ho, M. T. Sheen, J. H. Kuang, W. H. Cheng, "A novel fiber alignment shift measurement and correction technique in laser-welded laser module packaging," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 486-494 (2005).

Y. C. Hsu, Y. C. Tsai, J. H. Kuang, W. H. Cheng, "Postweld-shift-induced fiber alignment shifts in laser-welded laser module packages: Experiments and simulations," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 4287-4295 (2005).

E. Suhir, "Thermally induced stresses in an optical glass fiber soldered into a ferrule," J. Lightw. Technol. 12, 1766-1770 (1994).

W. H. Cheng, M. T. Sheen, C. M. Chang, Y. T. Tseng, "An optimum approach for reduction of fiber alignment of fiber-solder-ferrule joints in laser module packaging," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 589-594 (2004).

R. Zhang, J. Guo, F. G. Shi, "Fast fiber-laser alignment: Beam spot-size method," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1083-1087 (2005).

T. Shinagawa, M. Nishita, T. Sato, H. Nasu, T. Mukaihara, T. Nomura, A. Kasukawa, "Detailed investigation on reliability of wavelength-monitor-integrated fixed and tunable DFB laser diode modules," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1126-1136 (2005).

M. K. Davis, A. Echavarria, "Polarization-induced feedback effects in fiber bragg grating-stabilized diode lasers ," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2816-2822 (2004).

Proc. SPIE (1)

R. Galeotti, M. Shaw, M. Musio, M. Tienforti, G. Coppo, "Use of glass solder in fixing an optical fiber in a laser package," Proc. SPIE 4652, 142-153 (2002).

Other (7)

P. Mueller, B. Valk, "Automated fiber attachment for 980 nm pump modules," Proc. 50th ECTC (2000) pp. 5-9.

S. Jang, "Automation manufacturing systems technology for opto-electronic device packaging," Proc. 50th ECTC (2000) pp. 10-14.

C. H. Yiu, Y. M. Cheung, "Investigation into transient characteristics of post-weld-shift for optoelectronic pigtail package ," Proc. 55th ECTC (2005) pp. 259-265.

K. S. Mobarhan, S. Jang, R. Heyler, Laser Diode Packaging Technology: 980 nm EDFA Pump Lasers for Telecommunication Applications pp. 1-9CANewport Corp (Newport Corp, 2000)CA Application Note, No.7.

R. Jain, R. Kasturi, Machine Vision (McGraw-Hill, 1995).

User Guide, Course Software Vision 1.0: LabVIEW Machine Vision and Image Processing Course Manual (1998).

Metals Handbook 8th ASM (1973) pp. 266-267 Materials Park, OH.

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