Abstract

We have performed a numerical and experimental analysis of the thermal behavior of electrically injected microdisk lasers that are defined in an InGaAsP-based thin film bonded on top of a silicon wafer. Both the turn-on as well as the pulsed-regime temperature evolution in the lasing region was simulated using the finite-element method. The simulation results are in good agreement with experimental data, which was extracted from the broadening of the time-averaged emission spectra. Lasing at room temperature was only possible in pulsed regime due to the high thermal resistance (10 K/mW). Some strategies to decrease the thermal resistance of the microdisk lasers are proposed and discussed.

© 2007 IEEE

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2006 (2)

H. T. Hattori, C. Seassal, E. Touraille, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, L. El Melhaoui, J. M. Fedeli, "Heterogeneous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides for optical interconnects," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223-225 (2006).

P. Rojo-Romeo, J. Van Campenhout, P. Regreny, A. Kazmierczak, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, M. Fedeli, L. Di Cioccio, "Heterogeneous integration of electrically driven microdisk based laser sources for optical interconnects and photonic ICs," Opt Express 14, 3864-3871 (2006).

2005 (3)

H. Park, A. W. Fang, S. Kodama, J. E. Bowers, "Hybrid silicon evanescent laser fabricated with a silicon waveguide and III–V offset quantum well," Opt Express 13, 9460-9464 (2005).

H. S. Rong, A. S. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, M. Paniccia, "An all-silicon Raman laser," Nature 433, 292-294 (2005).

W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, P. Dumon, V. Wiaux, S. Beckx, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, J. Van Campenhout, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, "Nanophotonic waveguides in silicon-on-insulator fabricated with CMOS technology," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 401-412 (2005).

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, P. D. Dapkus, "Microdisk lasers vertically coupled to output waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1330-1332 (2003).

M. G. Burzo, P. L. Komarov, P. E. Raad, "Thermal transport properties of gold-covered thin-film silicon dioxide," IEEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Technol. 26, 80-88 (2003).

2002 (1)

R. Ushigome, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, T. Baba, Y. K. Kubun, "GaInAsP microdisk injection laser with benzocyclobutene polymer cladding and its athermal effect ," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6364-6369 (2002).

2001 (1)

C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, B. Aspar, "InP microdisk lasers on silicon wafer: CW room temperature operation at 1.6 μm," Electron. Lett. 37, 222-223 (2001).

2000 (1)

M. Fujita, R. Ushigome, T. Baba, "Continuous wave lasing in GaInAsP microdisk injection laser with threshold current of 40 μA," Electron. Lett. 36, 790-791 (2000).

1999 (2)

S. M. K. Thiyagarajan, D. A. Cohen, A. F. J. Levi, S. Ryu, R. Li, P. D. Dapkus, "Continuous room-temperature operation of microdisk laser diodes," Electron. Lett. 35, 1252-1254 (1999).

G. Chen, P. Hui, "Thermal conductivities of evaporated gold films on silicon and glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2942-2944 (1999).

1998 (1)

S. M. K. Thiyagarajan, A. F. J. Levi, C. K. Lin, I. Kim, P. D. Dapkus, S. J. Pearton, "Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped InGaAs/InGaAsP microdisk lasers ," Electron. Lett. 34, 2333-2334 (1998).

1997 (1)

T. Baba, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, M. Kihara, R. Watanabe, "Lasing characteristics of GaInAsP-InP strained quantum-well microdisk injection lasers with diameter of 2–10 μm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 878-880 (1997).

1995 (1)

S. M. Lee, D. G. Cahill, T. H. Allen, "Thermal-conductivity of sputtered oxide-films," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter 52, 253-257 (1995).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. Chen, P. Hui, "Thermal conductivities of evaporated gold films on silicon and glass," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2942-2944 (1999).

Electron. Lett. (4)

S. M. K. Thiyagarajan, A. F. J. Levi, C. K. Lin, I. Kim, P. D. Dapkus, S. J. Pearton, "Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped InGaAs/InGaAsP microdisk lasers ," Electron. Lett. 34, 2333-2334 (1998).

C. Seassal, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, B. Aspar, "InP microdisk lasers on silicon wafer: CW room temperature operation at 1.6 μm," Electron. Lett. 37, 222-223 (2001).

M. Fujita, R. Ushigome, T. Baba, "Continuous wave lasing in GaInAsP microdisk injection laser with threshold current of 40 μA," Electron. Lett. 36, 790-791 (2000).

S. M. K. Thiyagarajan, D. A. Cohen, A. F. J. Levi, S. Ryu, R. Li, P. D. Dapkus, "Continuous room-temperature operation of microdisk laser diodes," Electron. Lett. 35, 1252-1254 (1999).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

T. Baba, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, M. Kihara, R. Watanabe, "Lasing characteristics of GaInAsP-InP strained quantum-well microdisk injection lasers with diameter of 2–10 μm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 878-880 (1997).

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, P. D. Dapkus, "Microdisk lasers vertically coupled to output waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1330-1332 (2003).

H. T. Hattori, C. Seassal, E. Touraille, P. Rojo-Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, L. El Melhaoui, J. M. Fedeli, "Heterogeneous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides for optical interconnects," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223-225 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Technol. (1)

M. G. Burzo, P. L. Komarov, P. E. Raad, "Thermal transport properties of gold-covered thin-film silicon dioxide," IEEE Trans. Compon. Packag. Technol. 26, 80-88 (2003).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, P. Dumon, V. Wiaux, S. Beckx, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, J. Van Campenhout, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, "Nanophotonic waveguides in silicon-on-insulator fabricated with CMOS technology," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 401-412 (2005).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. Ushigome, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, T. Baba, Y. K. Kubun, "GaInAsP microdisk injection laser with benzocyclobutene polymer cladding and its athermal effect ," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 6364-6369 (2002).

Nature (1)

H. S. Rong, A. S. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, M. Paniccia, "An all-silicon Raman laser," Nature 433, 292-294 (2005).

Opt Express (2)

H. Park, A. W. Fang, S. Kodama, J. E. Bowers, "Hybrid silicon evanescent laser fabricated with a silicon waveguide and III–V offset quantum well," Opt Express 13, 9460-9464 (2005).

P. Rojo-Romeo, J. Van Campenhout, P. Regreny, A. Kazmierczak, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, M. Fedeli, L. Di Cioccio, "Heterogeneous integration of electrically driven microdisk based laser sources for optical interconnects and photonic ICs," Opt Express 14, 3864-3871 (2006).

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter (1)

S. M. Lee, D. G. Cahill, T. H. Allen, "Thermal-conductivity of sputtered oxide-films," Phys. Rev. B, Condens. Matter 52, 253-257 (1995).

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