Abstract

This paper presents rapid, precise, and stable control of optical frequency for sampled-grating distributed Bragg reflector (SG-DBR) laser diode (LD) using a Z-cut quartz etalon supported at the middle point. The optical frequency of SG-DBR LD was controlled by the mode-hop-free three-electrode control method. As a result, stable mode operation and wide continuous tuning range without mode hopping have been realized. A 0.2-ms optical frequency tuning speed with a 4.35-THz tuning range and a 130-MHz control error of the optical frequency was demonstrated. A 1.1-MHz Allan deviation was reached at an integration time of 12× 10<sup>3</sup> s.

© 2007 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. K. V. Shrikhande, I. M. White, D. Wonglumsom, S. M. Gemelos, M. S. Rogge, Y. Fukashiro, M. Avenarius, L. G. Kazovsky, "HORNET: A packet-over-WDM multiple access metropolitan area ring network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2004-2016 (2000).
  2. T. Tomioka, H. Ibe, M. Suzuki, J. Takehara, K. Dobashi, H. Inanuma, "Comparison of techniques to mitigate wavelength contention in a photonic network with frequent optical path setups," IEICE Trans. Commun. E89-B, 1214-1230 (2006).
  3. H. Ibe, T. Tomioka, K. Ide, S. Ohshima, "Multi layer traffic engineering GMPLS network architecture using rapid wavelength tunable optical transceiver," Proc. World Telecommun. Congr. (2006) pp. 3.
  4. S. Ohshima, M. S. Nakamura, S. Baba, T. Tomioka, M. Miyachi, Y. Shimomura, "Frequency control techniques in coherent multichannel LANs," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 1838-1846 (1995).
  5. V. Jayaraman, Z.-M. Chuang, L. A. Coldren, "Theory, design, and performance of extended tuning range semiconductor lasers with sampled gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1824-1834 (1993).
  6. Y. Tohmori, Y. Yoshikuni, T. Tamamura, H. Ishii, Y. Kondo, M. Yamamoto, "Broad-range wavelength tuning in DBR lasers with super structure grating (SSG)," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 126-129 (1993).
  7. M. C. Larson, Y. A. Akulova, C. Coldren, T. Liljeberg, G. A. Fish, S. Nakagawa, A. Dahl, P. Kozodoy, D. Bingo, M. Bai, N. Ramdas, S. Penniman, T. Wipiejewski, L. A. Coldren, "High performance widely-tunable SG-DBR lasers," Proc. SPIE Photon. West (2003) pp. 66-80.
  8. H. Ishii, F. Kano, Y. Yoshikuni, H. Yasaka, "Mode stabilization method for superstructure-grating DBR lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 433-442 (1998).
  9. G. Sarlet, G. Morthier, R. Baets, "Wavelength and mode stabilization of widely tunable SG-DBR and SSG-DBR lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1351-1353 (1999).
  10. O. Ishida, Y. Tada, H. Ishii, "Tuning-current splitting network for three-section DBR lasers," Electron. Lett. 30, 241-242 (1994).
  11. S. Murata, I. Mito, K. Kobayashi, "Over 720 GHz (5.8 nm) frequency tuning by a 1.5 μm DBR laser with phase and Bragg wavelength control regions," Electron. Lett. 23, 403-405 (1987).
  12. S. Ohshima, M. Ogusu, K. Ide, "Wavelength lock system using a quartz etalon supported at the middle point," IEICE Trans. Commun. E88-B, 1523-1530 (2005).
  13. D. W. Allan, "Statistics of atomic frequency standard," Proc. IEEE 54, 221-231 (1966).
  14. H. Ishii, H. Tanobe, F. Kano, Y. Tohmori, Y. Kondo, Y. Yoshikuni, "Quasicontinuous wavelength tuning in super-structure-grating (SSG) DBR lasers," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 32, 433-441 (1996).
  15. N. Fujiwara, T. Kakitsuka, M. Ishikawa, F. Kano, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, Y. Yoshikuni, Y. Tohmori, "Inherently mode-hop-free distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) laser array," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 9, 1132-1137 (2003).

2006 (1)

T. Tomioka, H. Ibe, M. Suzuki, J. Takehara, K. Dobashi, H. Inanuma, "Comparison of techniques to mitigate wavelength contention in a photonic network with frequent optical path setups," IEICE Trans. Commun. E89-B, 1214-1230 (2006).

2005 (1)

S. Ohshima, M. Ogusu, K. Ide, "Wavelength lock system using a quartz etalon supported at the middle point," IEICE Trans. Commun. E88-B, 1523-1530 (2005).

2003 (1)

N. Fujiwara, T. Kakitsuka, M. Ishikawa, F. Kano, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, Y. Yoshikuni, Y. Tohmori, "Inherently mode-hop-free distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) laser array," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 9, 1132-1137 (2003).

2000 (1)

K. V. Shrikhande, I. M. White, D. Wonglumsom, S. M. Gemelos, M. S. Rogge, Y. Fukashiro, M. Avenarius, L. G. Kazovsky, "HORNET: A packet-over-WDM multiple access metropolitan area ring network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2004-2016 (2000).

1999 (1)

G. Sarlet, G. Morthier, R. Baets, "Wavelength and mode stabilization of widely tunable SG-DBR and SSG-DBR lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1351-1353 (1999).

1998 (1)

H. Ishii, F. Kano, Y. Yoshikuni, H. Yasaka, "Mode stabilization method for superstructure-grating DBR lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 433-442 (1998).

1996 (1)

H. Ishii, H. Tanobe, F. Kano, Y. Tohmori, Y. Kondo, Y. Yoshikuni, "Quasicontinuous wavelength tuning in super-structure-grating (SSG) DBR lasers," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 32, 433-441 (1996).

1995 (1)

S. Ohshima, M. S. Nakamura, S. Baba, T. Tomioka, M. Miyachi, Y. Shimomura, "Frequency control techniques in coherent multichannel LANs," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 1838-1846 (1995).

1994 (1)

O. Ishida, Y. Tada, H. Ishii, "Tuning-current splitting network for three-section DBR lasers," Electron. Lett. 30, 241-242 (1994).

1993 (2)

V. Jayaraman, Z.-M. Chuang, L. A. Coldren, "Theory, design, and performance of extended tuning range semiconductor lasers with sampled gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1824-1834 (1993).

Y. Tohmori, Y. Yoshikuni, T. Tamamura, H. Ishii, Y. Kondo, M. Yamamoto, "Broad-range wavelength tuning in DBR lasers with super structure grating (SSG)," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 126-129 (1993).

1987 (1)

S. Murata, I. Mito, K. Kobayashi, "Over 720 GHz (5.8 nm) frequency tuning by a 1.5 μm DBR laser with phase and Bragg wavelength control regions," Electron. Lett. 23, 403-405 (1987).

1966 (1)

D. W. Allan, "Statistics of atomic frequency standard," Proc. IEEE 54, 221-231 (1966).

Electron. Lett. (2)

O. Ishida, Y. Tada, H. Ishii, "Tuning-current splitting network for three-section DBR lasers," Electron. Lett. 30, 241-242 (1994).

S. Murata, I. Mito, K. Kobayashi, "Over 720 GHz (5.8 nm) frequency tuning by a 1.5 μm DBR laser with phase and Bragg wavelength control regions," Electron. Lett. 23, 403-405 (1987).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. Jayaraman, Z.-M. Chuang, L. A. Coldren, "Theory, design, and performance of extended tuning range semiconductor lasers with sampled gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1824-1834 (1993).

IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. (1)

H. Ishii, H. Tanobe, F. Kano, Y. Tohmori, Y. Kondo, Y. Yoshikuni, "Quasicontinuous wavelength tuning in super-structure-grating (SSG) DBR lasers," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 32, 433-441 (1996).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

K. V. Shrikhande, I. M. White, D. Wonglumsom, S. M. Gemelos, M. S. Rogge, Y. Fukashiro, M. Avenarius, L. G. Kazovsky, "HORNET: A packet-over-WDM multiple access metropolitan area ring network," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 2004-2016 (2000).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

N. Fujiwara, T. Kakitsuka, M. Ishikawa, F. Kano, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, Y. Yoshikuni, Y. Tohmori, "Inherently mode-hop-free distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) laser array," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 9, 1132-1137 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

G. Sarlet, G. Morthier, R. Baets, "Wavelength and mode stabilization of widely tunable SG-DBR and SSG-DBR lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1351-1353 (1999).

Y. Tohmori, Y. Yoshikuni, T. Tamamura, H. Ishii, Y. Kondo, M. Yamamoto, "Broad-range wavelength tuning in DBR lasers with super structure grating (SSG)," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 126-129 (1993).

IEICE Trans. Commun. (2)

T. Tomioka, H. Ibe, M. Suzuki, J. Takehara, K. Dobashi, H. Inanuma, "Comparison of techniques to mitigate wavelength contention in a photonic network with frequent optical path setups," IEICE Trans. Commun. E89-B, 1214-1230 (2006).

S. Ohshima, M. Ogusu, K. Ide, "Wavelength lock system using a quartz etalon supported at the middle point," IEICE Trans. Commun. E88-B, 1523-1530 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

S. Ohshima, M. S. Nakamura, S. Baba, T. Tomioka, M. Miyachi, Y. Shimomura, "Frequency control techniques in coherent multichannel LANs," J. Lightw. Technol. 13, 1838-1846 (1995).

H. Ishii, F. Kano, Y. Yoshikuni, H. Yasaka, "Mode stabilization method for superstructure-grating DBR lasers," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 433-442 (1998).

Proc. IEEE (1)

D. W. Allan, "Statistics of atomic frequency standard," Proc. IEEE 54, 221-231 (1966).

Other (2)

H. Ibe, T. Tomioka, K. Ide, S. Ohshima, "Multi layer traffic engineering GMPLS network architecture using rapid wavelength tunable optical transceiver," Proc. World Telecommun. Congr. (2006) pp. 3.

M. C. Larson, Y. A. Akulova, C. Coldren, T. Liljeberg, G. A. Fish, S. Nakagawa, A. Dahl, P. Kozodoy, D. Bingo, M. Bai, N. Ramdas, S. Penniman, T. Wipiejewski, L. A. Coldren, "High performance widely-tunable SG-DBR lasers," Proc. SPIE Photon. West (2003) pp. 66-80.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.