Abstract

An optical-heterodyne-detection method for a 60-GHz radio-on-fiber uplink is proposed and verified in this paper. The main point of this proposal is that all the functions needed for the optical heterodyne detection, i.e., the local/carrier light sources, the automatic frequency control of these light sources, and a polarization-diversity-detection circuit, are consolidated in one transmitting-side module to realize a simple system configuration. This proposal realizes an adequate optical uplink budget with low-cost optical receivers that consist of just one IF-band photodetector and one envelope detector. A 1.0-Gb/s transmission experiment over 10 km of single-mode fiber, which represents access-network transmission, is demonstrated using a 61.0-GHz amplitude-shift-keying signal as a 60 GHz-band uplink signal. A BER of less than 10<sup>-9</sup> was obtained at an uplink SSB signal power of -40 dBm regardless of the polarization state of the optical uplink signal, and no significant dispersion-induced degradation was noted.

© 2007 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Wake, C. R. Lima, P. A. Davies, "Optical generation of millimeter-wave signals for fiber-radio systems using a dual-mode DFB semiconductor laser," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 2270-2276 (1995).
  2. T. Ohno, K. Sato, S. Fukushima, Y. Doi, Y. Matsuoka, "Application of DBR mode-locked lasers in millimeter-wave fiber-radio system," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 44-49 (2000).
  3. Y. Doi, S. Fukushima, T. Ohno, Y. Matsuoka, H. Takeuchi, "Phase shift keying using optical delay modulation for millimeter-wave fiber-optic radio links ," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 301-307 (2000).
  4. C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, G. Yoffe, "Millimeter-wave broad-band fiber-wireless system incorporating baseband data transmission over fiber and remote LO delivery," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1355-1363 (2000).
  5. Y.-K. Seo, C.-S. Choi, W.-Y. Choi, "All-optical signal up-conversion for radio-on-fiber applications using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1448-1450 (2002).
  6. M. Ogusu, K. Inagaki, Y. Mizuguchi, T. Ohira, "Multiplexing of millimeter-wave signals for fiber-radio links by direct modulation of a two-mode locked Fabry–Pérot laser," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 52, 498-507 (2004).
  7. T. Taniguchi, N. Sakurai, "An optical/electrical two-step heterodyne technique for wideband 60 GHz radio-on-fiber access ," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) Los AngelesCA (2004) Paper FE1.
  8. T. Kuri, T. Nakasyotani, H. Toda, K. Kitayama, "Characterizations of supercontinuum light source for WDM millimeter-wave-band radio-on-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1274-1276 (2005).
  9. R. Hofstetter, H. Schmuck, R. Heidemann, "Dispersion effects in optical millimeter-wave systems using self-heterodyne method for transport and generation," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 2263-2269 (1995).
  10. U. Gliese, S. Nørskov, T. N. Nielsen, "Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44, 1716-1724 (1996).
  11. T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Novel photonic downconversion technique with optical frequency shifter for millimeter-wave-band radio-on-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1163-1165 (2002).
  12. T. Kuri, H. Toda, K. Kitayama, "Dense wavelength-division multiplexing millimeter-wave-band radio-on-fiber signal transmission with photonic downconversion," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1510-1517 (2003).
  13. G. Zhou, X. Zhang, J. Yao, K. Wu, R. Kashyap, "A novel photonic frequency down-shifting technique for millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1728-1730 (2005).
  14. J.-H. Seo, C.-S. Choi, W.-Y. Choi, Y.-S. Kang, Y.-D. Chung, J. Kim, "Remote optoelectronic frequency down-conversion using 60-GHz optical heterodyne signals and an electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1073-1075 (2005).
  15. T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, Coherent Optical Fiber Communications (Kluwer, 1988).
  16. T. Taniguchi, N. Sakurai, "Loop-back optical heterodyne detection technique for 60 GHz radio-on-fibre uplink," Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (ECOC) StockholmSweden (2004) Paper Tu3.5.3.
  17. Y. Ishii, K. Tsukamoto, S. Komaki, N. Morinaga, "Coherent fiber-optic microcellular radio communication system using a novel RF-to-optic conversion scheme," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 2241-2248 (1995).
  18. T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Optical heterodyne detection of millimeter-wave-band radio-on-fiber signals with a remote dual-mode local light source," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 2025-2029 (2001).
  19. T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Optical heterodyne detection technique for densely multiplexed millimeter-wave-band radio-on-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3167-3179 (2003).

2005

T. Kuri, T. Nakasyotani, H. Toda, K. Kitayama, "Characterizations of supercontinuum light source for WDM millimeter-wave-band radio-on-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1274-1276 (2005).

G. Zhou, X. Zhang, J. Yao, K. Wu, R. Kashyap, "A novel photonic frequency down-shifting technique for millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1728-1730 (2005).

J.-H. Seo, C.-S. Choi, W.-Y. Choi, Y.-S. Kang, Y.-D. Chung, J. Kim, "Remote optoelectronic frequency down-conversion using 60-GHz optical heterodyne signals and an electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1073-1075 (2005).

2004

M. Ogusu, K. Inagaki, Y. Mizuguchi, T. Ohira, "Multiplexing of millimeter-wave signals for fiber-radio links by direct modulation of a two-mode locked Fabry–Pérot laser," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 52, 498-507 (2004).

2003

T. Kuri, H. Toda, K. Kitayama, "Dense wavelength-division multiplexing millimeter-wave-band radio-on-fiber signal transmission with photonic downconversion," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1510-1517 (2003).

T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Optical heterodyne detection technique for densely multiplexed millimeter-wave-band radio-on-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3167-3179 (2003).

2002

T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Novel photonic downconversion technique with optical frequency shifter for millimeter-wave-band radio-on-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1163-1165 (2002).

Y.-K. Seo, C.-S. Choi, W.-Y. Choi, "All-optical signal up-conversion for radio-on-fiber applications using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1448-1450 (2002).

2001

T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Optical heterodyne detection of millimeter-wave-band radio-on-fiber signals with a remote dual-mode local light source," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 2025-2029 (2001).

2000

T. Ohno, K. Sato, S. Fukushima, Y. Doi, Y. Matsuoka, "Application of DBR mode-locked lasers in millimeter-wave fiber-radio system," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 44-49 (2000).

Y. Doi, S. Fukushima, T. Ohno, Y. Matsuoka, H. Takeuchi, "Phase shift keying using optical delay modulation for millimeter-wave fiber-optic radio links ," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 301-307 (2000).

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, G. Yoffe, "Millimeter-wave broad-band fiber-wireless system incorporating baseband data transmission over fiber and remote LO delivery," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1355-1363 (2000).

1996

U. Gliese, S. Nørskov, T. N. Nielsen, "Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44, 1716-1724 (1996).

1995

R. Hofstetter, H. Schmuck, R. Heidemann, "Dispersion effects in optical millimeter-wave systems using self-heterodyne method for transport and generation," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 2263-2269 (1995).

D. Wake, C. R. Lima, P. A. Davies, "Optical generation of millimeter-wave signals for fiber-radio systems using a dual-mode DFB semiconductor laser," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 2270-2276 (1995).

Y. Ishii, K. Tsukamoto, S. Komaki, N. Morinaga, "Coherent fiber-optic microcellular radio communication system using a novel RF-to-optic conversion scheme," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 2241-2248 (1995).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Y.-K. Seo, C.-S. Choi, W.-Y. Choi, "All-optical signal up-conversion for radio-on-fiber applications using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1448-1450 (2002).

T. Kuri, T. Nakasyotani, H. Toda, K. Kitayama, "Characterizations of supercontinuum light source for WDM millimeter-wave-band radio-on-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1274-1276 (2005).

G. Zhou, X. Zhang, J. Yao, K. Wu, R. Kashyap, "A novel photonic frequency down-shifting technique for millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1728-1730 (2005).

J.-H. Seo, C.-S. Choi, W.-Y. Choi, Y.-S. Kang, Y.-D. Chung, J. Kim, "Remote optoelectronic frequency down-conversion using 60-GHz optical heterodyne signals and an electroabsorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1073-1075 (2005).

T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Novel photonic downconversion technique with optical frequency shifter for millimeter-wave-band radio-on-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1163-1165 (2002).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.

Y. Ishii, K. Tsukamoto, S. Komaki, N. Morinaga, "Coherent fiber-optic microcellular radio communication system using a novel RF-to-optic conversion scheme," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 2241-2248 (1995).

T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Optical heterodyne detection of millimeter-wave-band radio-on-fiber signals with a remote dual-mode local light source," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 2025-2029 (2001).

R. Hofstetter, H. Schmuck, R. Heidemann, "Dispersion effects in optical millimeter-wave systems using self-heterodyne method for transport and generation," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 2263-2269 (1995).

U. Gliese, S. Nørskov, T. N. Nielsen, "Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44, 1716-1724 (1996).

M. Ogusu, K. Inagaki, Y. Mizuguchi, T. Ohira, "Multiplexing of millimeter-wave signals for fiber-radio links by direct modulation of a two-mode locked Fabry–Pérot laser," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 52, 498-507 (2004).

D. Wake, C. R. Lima, P. A. Davies, "Optical generation of millimeter-wave signals for fiber-radio systems using a dual-mode DFB semiconductor laser," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 43, 2270-2276 (1995).

J. Lightw. Technol.

T. Ohno, K. Sato, S. Fukushima, Y. Doi, Y. Matsuoka, "Application of DBR mode-locked lasers in millimeter-wave fiber-radio system," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 44-49 (2000).

Y. Doi, S. Fukushima, T. Ohno, Y. Matsuoka, H. Takeuchi, "Phase shift keying using optical delay modulation for millimeter-wave fiber-optic radio links ," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 301-307 (2000).

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, G. Yoffe, "Millimeter-wave broad-band fiber-wireless system incorporating baseband data transmission over fiber and remote LO delivery," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 1355-1363 (2000).

T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Optical heterodyne detection technique for densely multiplexed millimeter-wave-band radio-on-fiber systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3167-3179 (2003).

T. Kuri, H. Toda, K. Kitayama, "Dense wavelength-division multiplexing millimeter-wave-band radio-on-fiber signal transmission with photonic downconversion," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1510-1517 (2003).

Other

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, Coherent Optical Fiber Communications (Kluwer, 1988).

T. Taniguchi, N. Sakurai, "Loop-back optical heterodyne detection technique for 60 GHz radio-on-fibre uplink," Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (ECOC) StockholmSweden (2004) Paper Tu3.5.3.

T. Taniguchi, N. Sakurai, "An optical/electrical two-step heterodyne technique for wideband 60 GHz radio-on-fiber access ," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) Los AngelesCA (2004) Paper FE1.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.