Abstract

The operation of a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA)-ring laser-based subsystem, with the capability to provide adjustable gain-clamped operation, will be described, and preliminary characterization results will be presented. The device uses two SOAs in a ring-cavity topology: one to amplify the signal and the other to control the gain. This type of subsystem finds applications in packet-based dynamic systems where it may be used for power equalization and linear amplification.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. P. Risbood, C. Nuzman, N. Nithi, S. Patel, "ROADM enabled optimization in WDM rings," Optical Fiber Commun. AnaheimCA (2005) Paper OWG1.
  2. R. P. Davey, D. B. Payne, "The future of optical transmission in access and metro networks—An operator's view ," Proc. ECOC (2005) pp. 53-56.
  3. J. R. Stern, "Optical wideband subscriber loops and local area networks in the UK," Proc. ICC (1984) pp. 884-887.
  4. R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, Y. Zuiderveld, "DWDM reach extension of a GPON to 135 km," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 29-31 (2006).
  5. N. Suzkuki, J. Nakagawa, "First demonstration of full burst optical amplified GE-PON uplink with extended system budget of up to 128 ONU splits and 58 km reach," Proc. ECOC (2005) pp. 141-142.
  6. P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Reflective SOAs for spectrally sliced WDM-PONs," Proc. OFC (2002) pp. 352-353.
  7. J. F. Massicott, S. D. Willson, R. Wyatt, J. R. Armitage, R. Kashyap, D. Williams, R. A. Lobbett, "1480 nm pumped erbium doped fibre amplifier with all optical automatic gain control ," Electron. Lett. 30, 962-964 (1994).
  8. J. Massicott, C. Lebre, R. Wyatt, R. Kashyap, D. Williams, A. Yu, "Low noise, all-optical gain controlled Er3+ doped fibre amplifier using asymmetric control laser cavity design," Electron. Lett. 32, 816-817 (1996).
  9. J. Bryce, G. Yoffe, Y. Zhao, R. Minasian, "Tunable, gain-clamped EDFA incorporating chirped fibre Bragg grating," Electron. Lett. 34, 1680-1681 (1998).
  10. T. C. Teyo, N. S. M. Shah, M. K. Leong, P. Poopalan, H. Ahmad, "Comparison between regenerative-feedback and cofeedback gain-clamped EDFA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1255-1257 (2002).
  11. M. Cai, X. Liu, J. Cui, P. Tang, J. Peng, "Study on noise characteristic of gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1093-1095 (1997).
  12. S. Arahira, Y. Ogawa, "160-Gb/s all-optical encoding experiments by four-wave mixing in a gain-clamped SOA with assist-light injection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 653-655 (2004).
  13. H. Kim, J. Lee, I. Yun, S. Kim, H. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, C. Shim, "A gain clamped SOA with distributed bragg reflectors fabricated under both ends of active waveguide with different lengths," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 999-1001 (2004).
  14. J. C. Simon, P. Doussiere, P. Lamouler, I. Valiente, F. Riou, "Travelling wave semiconductor optical amplifier with reduced nonlinear distortions," Electron. Lett. 30, 49-50 (1994).
  15. D. Wolfson, S. L. Danielsen, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "Detailed theoretical investigation of the input power dynamic range for gain-clamped semiconductor optical amplifier gates at 10 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1241-1243 (1998).
  16. D. A. Francis, S. P. DiJaili, J. D. Walker, "A single chip linear optical amplifier," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2001) pp. PD13-1-PD13-3.
  17. C.-Y. Jin, Y.-Z. Huang, L.-J. Yu, S.-L. Deng, "Detailed model and investigation of gain saturation and carrier spatial hole burning for a semiconductor optical amplifier with gain clamping by a vertical laser field," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 513-518 (2004).
  18. A. E. Kelly, C. Michie, I. Armstrong, I. Andonovic, C. Tombling, J. McGeough, B. C. Thomsen, "High performance semiconductor optical amplifier modules at 1300 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2674-2676 (2006).
  19. E. Desurvure, "Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers, principles and applications," Wiley Series in Telecommunications and Signal Processing New YorkWileyNew York.
  20. D. D. Marcenac, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. A. O. Davies, ?>, "Bandwidth enhancement of wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifier cascade ," Electron. Lett. 31, 1442-1443 (1995).
  21. G. Onishchukov, V. Lokhnygin, A. Shipulin, P. Riedel, "10 Gb/s transmission over 1500 km with semiconductor optical amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 34, 1597-1598 (1998).
  22. R. Ramaswamay, K. Sivarajan, Optical Networks (Morgan Kaufmann, 1994).

2006 (2)

R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, Y. Zuiderveld, "DWDM reach extension of a GPON to 135 km," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 29-31 (2006).

A. E. Kelly, C. Michie, I. Armstrong, I. Andonovic, C. Tombling, J. McGeough, B. C. Thomsen, "High performance semiconductor optical amplifier modules at 1300 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2674-2676 (2006).

2004 (3)

C.-Y. Jin, Y.-Z. Huang, L.-J. Yu, S.-L. Deng, "Detailed model and investigation of gain saturation and carrier spatial hole burning for a semiconductor optical amplifier with gain clamping by a vertical laser field," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 513-518 (2004).

S. Arahira, Y. Ogawa, "160-Gb/s all-optical encoding experiments by four-wave mixing in a gain-clamped SOA with assist-light injection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 653-655 (2004).

H. Kim, J. Lee, I. Yun, S. Kim, H. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, C. Shim, "A gain clamped SOA with distributed bragg reflectors fabricated under both ends of active waveguide with different lengths," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 999-1001 (2004).

2002 (1)

T. C. Teyo, N. S. M. Shah, M. K. Leong, P. Poopalan, H. Ahmad, "Comparison between regenerative-feedback and cofeedback gain-clamped EDFA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1255-1257 (2002).

1998 (3)

J. Bryce, G. Yoffe, Y. Zhao, R. Minasian, "Tunable, gain-clamped EDFA incorporating chirped fibre Bragg grating," Electron. Lett. 34, 1680-1681 (1998).

D. Wolfson, S. L. Danielsen, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "Detailed theoretical investigation of the input power dynamic range for gain-clamped semiconductor optical amplifier gates at 10 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1241-1243 (1998).

G. Onishchukov, V. Lokhnygin, A. Shipulin, P. Riedel, "10 Gb/s transmission over 1500 km with semiconductor optical amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 34, 1597-1598 (1998).

1997 (1)

M. Cai, X. Liu, J. Cui, P. Tang, J. Peng, "Study on noise characteristic of gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1093-1095 (1997).

1996 (1)

J. Massicott, C. Lebre, R. Wyatt, R. Kashyap, D. Williams, A. Yu, "Low noise, all-optical gain controlled Er3+ doped fibre amplifier using asymmetric control laser cavity design," Electron. Lett. 32, 816-817 (1996).

1995 (1)

D. D. Marcenac, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. A. O. Davies, ?>, "Bandwidth enhancement of wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifier cascade ," Electron. Lett. 31, 1442-1443 (1995).

1994 (2)

J. F. Massicott, S. D. Willson, R. Wyatt, J. R. Armitage, R. Kashyap, D. Williams, R. A. Lobbett, "1480 nm pumped erbium doped fibre amplifier with all optical automatic gain control ," Electron. Lett. 30, 962-964 (1994).

J. C. Simon, P. Doussiere, P. Lamouler, I. Valiente, F. Riou, "Travelling wave semiconductor optical amplifier with reduced nonlinear distortions," Electron. Lett. 30, 49-50 (1994).

Electron. Lett. (6)

J. F. Massicott, S. D. Willson, R. Wyatt, J. R. Armitage, R. Kashyap, D. Williams, R. A. Lobbett, "1480 nm pumped erbium doped fibre amplifier with all optical automatic gain control ," Electron. Lett. 30, 962-964 (1994).

J. Massicott, C. Lebre, R. Wyatt, R. Kashyap, D. Williams, A. Yu, "Low noise, all-optical gain controlled Er3+ doped fibre amplifier using asymmetric control laser cavity design," Electron. Lett. 32, 816-817 (1996).

J. Bryce, G. Yoffe, Y. Zhao, R. Minasian, "Tunable, gain-clamped EDFA incorporating chirped fibre Bragg grating," Electron. Lett. 34, 1680-1681 (1998).

J. C. Simon, P. Doussiere, P. Lamouler, I. Valiente, F. Riou, "Travelling wave semiconductor optical amplifier with reduced nonlinear distortions," Electron. Lett. 30, 49-50 (1994).

D. D. Marcenac, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. A. O. Davies, ?>, "Bandwidth enhancement of wavelength conversion by semiconductor optical amplifier cascade ," Electron. Lett. 31, 1442-1443 (1995).

G. Onishchukov, V. Lokhnygin, A. Shipulin, P. Riedel, "10 Gb/s transmission over 1500 km with semiconductor optical amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 34, 1597-1598 (1998).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

C.-Y. Jin, Y.-Z. Huang, L.-J. Yu, S.-L. Deng, "Detailed model and investigation of gain saturation and carrier spatial hole burning for a semiconductor optical amplifier with gain clamping by a vertical laser field," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 513-518 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

A. E. Kelly, C. Michie, I. Armstrong, I. Andonovic, C. Tombling, J. McGeough, B. C. Thomsen, "High performance semiconductor optical amplifier modules at 1300 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2674-2676 (2006).

D. Wolfson, S. L. Danielsen, C. Joergensen, B. Mikkelsen, K. E. Stubkjaer, "Detailed theoretical investigation of the input power dynamic range for gain-clamped semiconductor optical amplifier gates at 10 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1241-1243 (1998).

T. C. Teyo, N. S. M. Shah, M. K. Leong, P. Poopalan, H. Ahmad, "Comparison between regenerative-feedback and cofeedback gain-clamped EDFA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1255-1257 (2002).

M. Cai, X. Liu, J. Cui, P. Tang, J. Peng, "Study on noise characteristic of gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1093-1095 (1997).

S. Arahira, Y. Ogawa, "160-Gb/s all-optical encoding experiments by four-wave mixing in a gain-clamped SOA with assist-light injection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 653-655 (2004).

H. Kim, J. Lee, I. Yun, S. Kim, H. Shin, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, C. Shim, "A gain clamped SOA with distributed bragg reflectors fabricated under both ends of active waveguide with different lengths," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 999-1001 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

R. P. Davey, P. Healey, I. Hope, P. Watkinson, D. B. Payne, O. Marmur, J. Ruhmann, Y. Zuiderveld, "DWDM reach extension of a GPON to 135 km," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 29-31 (2006).

Other (8)

N. Suzkuki, J. Nakagawa, "First demonstration of full burst optical amplified GE-PON uplink with extended system budget of up to 128 ONU splits and 58 km reach," Proc. ECOC (2005) pp. 141-142.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Reflective SOAs for spectrally sliced WDM-PONs," Proc. OFC (2002) pp. 352-353.

P. Risbood, C. Nuzman, N. Nithi, S. Patel, "ROADM enabled optimization in WDM rings," Optical Fiber Commun. AnaheimCA (2005) Paper OWG1.

R. P. Davey, D. B. Payne, "The future of optical transmission in access and metro networks—An operator's view ," Proc. ECOC (2005) pp. 53-56.

J. R. Stern, "Optical wideband subscriber loops and local area networks in the UK," Proc. ICC (1984) pp. 884-887.

D. A. Francis, S. P. DiJaili, J. D. Walker, "A single chip linear optical amplifier," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf. (2001) pp. PD13-1-PD13-3.

E. Desurvure, "Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers, principles and applications," Wiley Series in Telecommunications and Signal Processing New YorkWileyNew York.

R. Ramaswamay, K. Sivarajan, Optical Networks (Morgan Kaufmann, 1994).

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