Abstract

We present a numerical analysis of mean relative intensity noise (RIN) transfer in a fiber Raman amplifier (FRA) using multiple-wavelength pumps. For the first time, the RIN transfer is investigated to include pump-to-pump and signal-to-signal RIN transfers, together with the “traditional” pump, to signal transfer in a multiple-wavelength pumped FRA. We show that for a multiple-wavelength pumped FRA, pump-to-pump and signal-to-signal RIN transfers induce an increase of RIN transfer magnitude. For a multiple-wavelength counterpumped FRA, in additional to the major pump to signal RIN transfer, pump-to-pump RIN transfer is considerable, and signal-to-signal RIN transfer is very small. For a multiple-wavelength copumped FRA, both pump-to-pump and signal-to-signal RIN transfers increase RIN transfer magnitude significantly. In addition, for both a co- and counterpumped FRAs, particularly for the copumped FRA, the longer wavelength signals experience more RIN transfer than the shorter wavelength signals. Furthermore, the bandwidth of RIN transfer is significantly increased in a multiple-wavelength copumped FRA with multiple input signals compared to a single-wavelength copumped FRA with an input signal.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. J. Bromage, "Raman amplification for fiber communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 79-93 (2004).
  2. C. Fludger, V. Handerek, R. Mears, "Pump to signal RIN transfer in Raman fiber amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1140-1148 (2001).
  3. M. Mermelstein, C. Headley, J. Bouteiller, "RIN transfer analysis in pump depletion regime for Raman fiber amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 38, 403-405 (2002).
  4. C. Martinelli, L. Lorcy, A. Durecu-Legrand, D. Mongardien, S. Borne, D. Bayart, "RIN transfer in co-pumped Raman amplifiers using polarization-combined diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1836-1838 (2005).
  5. M. Mermelstein, K. Brar, C. Headley, "RIN transfer measurement and modeling in dual-order Raman fiber amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1518-1523 (2003).
  6. M. Yan, J. Chen, W. Jiang, J. Li, J. Chen, X. Li, "Pump depletion induced noise and crosstalk in distributed optical fiber Raman amplifiers ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 651-653 (2001).
  7. K. Ho, "Statistical properties of stimulated Raman crosstalk in WDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 915-921 (2000).
  8. X. Zhang, B. Jørgensen, F. Ebskamp, R. Pedersen, "Input power limits and maximum capacity in long-haul WDM lightwave systems due to stimulated Raman scattering," Opt. Commun. 107, 358-360 (1994).
  9. X. Zhou, M. Birk, "Performance limitation due to statistical Raman crosstalk in a WDM system with multiple-wavelength bidirectionally pumped Raman amplification," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2194-2202 (2003).
  10. I. Mandelbaum, M. Bolshtyansky, "Raman amplifier model in single-mode optical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1704-1706 (2003).
  11. T. Zhang, X. Zhang, G. Zhang, "Distributed fiber Raman amplifiers with incoherent pumping," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1175-1177 (2005).
  12. B. Han, X. Zhang, G. Zhang, Z. Lu, G. Yang, "Composite broad band fiber Raman amplifiers using incoherent pumping," Opt. Express 13, 6023-6032 (2005).

2005 (3)

C. Martinelli, L. Lorcy, A. Durecu-Legrand, D. Mongardien, S. Borne, D. Bayart, "RIN transfer in co-pumped Raman amplifiers using polarization-combined diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1836-1838 (2005).

T. Zhang, X. Zhang, G. Zhang, "Distributed fiber Raman amplifiers with incoherent pumping," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1175-1177 (2005).

B. Han, X. Zhang, G. Zhang, Z. Lu, G. Yang, "Composite broad band fiber Raman amplifiers using incoherent pumping," Opt. Express 13, 6023-6032 (2005).

2004 (1)

J. Bromage, "Raman amplification for fiber communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 79-93 (2004).

2003 (3)

X. Zhou, M. Birk, "Performance limitation due to statistical Raman crosstalk in a WDM system with multiple-wavelength bidirectionally pumped Raman amplification," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2194-2202 (2003).

I. Mandelbaum, M. Bolshtyansky, "Raman amplifier model in single-mode optical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1704-1706 (2003).

M. Mermelstein, K. Brar, C. Headley, "RIN transfer measurement and modeling in dual-order Raman fiber amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1518-1523 (2003).

2002 (1)

M. Mermelstein, C. Headley, J. Bouteiller, "RIN transfer analysis in pump depletion regime for Raman fiber amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 38, 403-405 (2002).

2001 (2)

M. Yan, J. Chen, W. Jiang, J. Li, J. Chen, X. Li, "Pump depletion induced noise and crosstalk in distributed optical fiber Raman amplifiers ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 651-653 (2001).

C. Fludger, V. Handerek, R. Mears, "Pump to signal RIN transfer in Raman fiber amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1140-1148 (2001).

2000 (1)

K. Ho, "Statistical properties of stimulated Raman crosstalk in WDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 915-921 (2000).

1994 (1)

X. Zhang, B. Jørgensen, F. Ebskamp, R. Pedersen, "Input power limits and maximum capacity in long-haul WDM lightwave systems due to stimulated Raman scattering," Opt. Commun. 107, 358-360 (1994).

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Mermelstein, C. Headley, J. Bouteiller, "RIN transfer analysis in pump depletion regime for Raman fiber amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 38, 403-405 (2002).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

C. Martinelli, L. Lorcy, A. Durecu-Legrand, D. Mongardien, S. Borne, D. Bayart, "RIN transfer in co-pumped Raman amplifiers using polarization-combined diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1836-1838 (2005).

M. Yan, J. Chen, W. Jiang, J. Li, J. Chen, X. Li, "Pump depletion induced noise and crosstalk in distributed optical fiber Raman amplifiers ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 651-653 (2001).

I. Mandelbaum, M. Bolshtyansky, "Raman amplifier model in single-mode optical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1704-1706 (2003).

T. Zhang, X. Zhang, G. Zhang, "Distributed fiber Raman amplifiers with incoherent pumping," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1175-1177 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (5)

K. Ho, "Statistical properties of stimulated Raman crosstalk in WDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 915-921 (2000).

M. Mermelstein, K. Brar, C. Headley, "RIN transfer measurement and modeling in dual-order Raman fiber amplifier," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1518-1523 (2003).

J. Bromage, "Raman amplification for fiber communication systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 79-93 (2004).

C. Fludger, V. Handerek, R. Mears, "Pump to signal RIN transfer in Raman fiber amplifiers," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 1140-1148 (2001).

X. Zhou, M. Birk, "Performance limitation due to statistical Raman crosstalk in a WDM system with multiple-wavelength bidirectionally pumped Raman amplification," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2194-2202 (2003).

Opt. Commun. (1)

X. Zhang, B. Jørgensen, F. Ebskamp, R. Pedersen, "Input power limits and maximum capacity in long-haul WDM lightwave systems due to stimulated Raman scattering," Opt. Commun. 107, 358-360 (1994).

Opt. Express (1)

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