Abstract

A novel scheme is proposed and experimentally demonstrated for the generation of microwaves, based on the optical frequency multiplication principle employing a polarization interferometer. Generation of 120-Mb/s 64-quadrature-amplitude-modulation microwave signals at 40 and 24 GHz and its transmission over 25 km of single-mode fiber and 4.4 km of multimode fiber, respectively, are successfully demonstrated. The scheme is robust against laser phase noise, presents tolerance against dispersion impairments in transmission, and shows high-performance stability.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. D. Wake, "Trends and prospects for radio over fibre picocells," Proc. Int. Top. Meeting MWP (2002) pp. 21-24.
  2. P. Hartmann, X. Qian, R. Penty, I. White, "Broadband multimode fibre (MMF) based IEEE 802.11a/b/g WLAN distribution system," Proc. Int. Top. Meeting MWP (2004) pp. 173-176.
  3. C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, M. Attygalle, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "On the merging of millimeter-wave fiber-radio backbone with 25-GHz WDM ring networks ," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2203-2210 (2003).
  4. Y. K. Seo, J. H. Seo, W. Y. Choi, "Photonic frequency-upconversion efficiencies in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 751-753 (2003).
  5. J. Herrera, F. Ramos, J. Marti, "Compensation for dispersion-induced carrier suppression effect in microwave/millimetre-wave optical links using optical phase conjugation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 42, 238-239 (2006).
  6. R. Braun, G. Grosskopf, D. Rohde, F. Schmidt, "Low-phasenoise millimeter-wave generation at 64 GHz and data transmission using optical sideband injection locking," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 728-730 (1998).
  7. N. G. Walker, D. Wake, I. C. Smith, "Efficient millimetre-wave signal generation through FM–IM conversion in dispersive optical fibre links," Electron. Lett. 28, 2027-2028 (1992).
  8. A. M. J. Koonen, A. Ngoma, Broadband Optical Access Networks and Fiber-to-the-Home: System Technologies and Development Strategies (Wiley, 2006).
  9. M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, E. J. M. Verdurmen, J. P. Turkiewicz, "Dispersion tolerant radio-over-fibre transmission of 16 and 64 QAM radio signals at 40 GHz ," Electron. Lett. 42, 872-874 (2006).
  10. M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, "Overcoming modal bandwidth limitation in radio-over-multimode fiber links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2428-2430 (2006).

2006 (3)

J. Herrera, F. Ramos, J. Marti, "Compensation for dispersion-induced carrier suppression effect in microwave/millimetre-wave optical links using optical phase conjugation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 42, 238-239 (2006).

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, E. J. M. Verdurmen, J. P. Turkiewicz, "Dispersion tolerant radio-over-fibre transmission of 16 and 64 QAM radio signals at 40 GHz ," Electron. Lett. 42, 872-874 (2006).

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, "Overcoming modal bandwidth limitation in radio-over-multimode fiber links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2428-2430 (2006).

2003 (2)

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, M. Attygalle, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "On the merging of millimeter-wave fiber-radio backbone with 25-GHz WDM ring networks ," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2203-2210 (2003).

Y. K. Seo, J. H. Seo, W. Y. Choi, "Photonic frequency-upconversion efficiencies in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 751-753 (2003).

1998 (1)

R. Braun, G. Grosskopf, D. Rohde, F. Schmidt, "Low-phasenoise millimeter-wave generation at 64 GHz and data transmission using optical sideband injection locking," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 728-730 (1998).

1992 (1)

N. G. Walker, D. Wake, I. C. Smith, "Efficient millimetre-wave signal generation through FM–IM conversion in dispersive optical fibre links," Electron. Lett. 28, 2027-2028 (1992).

Electron. Lett. (3)

J. Herrera, F. Ramos, J. Marti, "Compensation for dispersion-induced carrier suppression effect in microwave/millimetre-wave optical links using optical phase conjugation in semiconductor optical amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 42, 238-239 (2006).

N. G. Walker, D. Wake, I. C. Smith, "Efficient millimetre-wave signal generation through FM–IM conversion in dispersive optical fibre links," Electron. Lett. 28, 2027-2028 (1992).

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, E. J. M. Verdurmen, J. P. Turkiewicz, "Dispersion tolerant radio-over-fibre transmission of 16 and 64 QAM radio signals at 40 GHz ," Electron. Lett. 42, 872-874 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

M. G. Larrode, A. M. J. Koonen, J. J. V. Olmos, "Overcoming modal bandwidth limitation in radio-over-multimode fiber links," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2428-2430 (2006).

R. Braun, G. Grosskopf, D. Rohde, F. Schmidt, "Low-phasenoise millimeter-wave generation at 64 GHz and data transmission using optical sideband injection locking," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 728-730 (1998).

Y. K. Seo, J. H. Seo, W. Y. Choi, "Photonic frequency-upconversion efficiencies in semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 751-753 (2003).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, M. Attygalle, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "On the merging of millimeter-wave fiber-radio backbone with 25-GHz WDM ring networks ," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2203-2210 (2003).

Other (3)

D. Wake, "Trends and prospects for radio over fibre picocells," Proc. Int. Top. Meeting MWP (2002) pp. 21-24.

P. Hartmann, X. Qian, R. Penty, I. White, "Broadband multimode fibre (MMF) based IEEE 802.11a/b/g WLAN distribution system," Proc. Int. Top. Meeting MWP (2004) pp. 173-176.

A. M. J. Koonen, A. Ngoma, Broadband Optical Access Networks and Fiber-to-the-Home: System Technologies and Development Strategies (Wiley, 2006).

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