Abstract

We developed a carrier-based photonic cross-connect (PXC) system based on an optical switch, which provides wavelength-division-multiplexing transmission, generalized multiprotocol label switching, and optical-transport-network management. This system uses an overlay model in which the administrative authority between the client-network-element (NE) layer and the carrier's PXC layer is completely separated. The PXC system provides user-network interface signaling between the client NEs and the PXCs, which enables automatic optical path setting between the two client NEs through a PXC network. We considered new protection schemes for the PXC system and successfully carried out an experiment in a testbed network using one of the discussed schemes. The new concept of policy control in the control-plane management is introduced, and the feasibility of our PXC system is demonstrated. This system is promising as a prototype for a next-generation optical transport system. Furthermore, the PXC system will enable the creation of a new type of optical transport layer service, accommodate increased Internet traffic demand, and reduce network operation loads and costs for Internet service providers and carriers in the near future.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. ITU-T Recommendation G.707Network Node Interface for the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) .
  2. Telcordia Technologies Generic Requirements, GR-253-CORE. .
  3. ITU-T Recommendation G.709Interfaces for the Optical Transport Network (OTN) .
  4. J. D. Jones, L. Ong, M. A. Lazer, "Creating an intelligent optical network world interoperability demonstration," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, S4-S11 (2004).
  5. I. Nishioka, S. Kano, K. Kusama, N. Chaki, D. Muto, E. Horichi, E. Oki, "Interoperability demonstration of GMPLS-based path restoration," Proc. ECOC (2004) pp. 52-55.
  6. E. Oki, K. Shiomoto, D. Shimazaki, N. Yamanaka, W. Imajuku, Y. Takigawa, "Dynamic multilayer routing schemes in GMPLS-based IP+optical networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, 108-114 (2005).
  7. S. Okamoto, T. Otani, Y. Sone, W. Imajuku, K. Ogaki, M. Miyazawa, I. Nishioka, K. Miyazaki, A. Nagata, S. Seno, D. Ishii, N. Arai, H. Otsuki, "Field trial of signaling interworking of multi-carrier ASON/GMPLS network domains," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2006) pp. 1-3.
  8. A. Watanabe, S. Okamoto, K. Sato, "Optical path cross-connect system architecture suitable for large scale expansion," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 2162-2172 (1996).
  9. N. Nagatsu, "Photonic network design issues and applications to the IP backbone," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 2010-2018 (2002).
  10. A. Watanabe, K. Noguchi, K. Shimano, T. Kawai, E. Yoshida, A. Sahara, T. Takahashi, T. Goh, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, K. Sato, "Photonic MPLS router to create bandwidth-abundant IP networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2851-2862 (2003).
  11. K. Sato, N. Yamanaka, Y. Takigwa, M. Koga, S. Okamoto, K. Shiomoto, E. Oki, W. Imajuku, "GMPLS-based photonic multilayer router (Hikari Router) Architecture: An overview of traffic engineering and signaling technology," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 96-101 (2002).
  12. S. Okamoto, E. Oki, K. Shimano, A. Sahara, N. Yamanaka, "Demonstration of the highly reliable HIKARI router network based on a newly developed disjoint path selection scheme," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 52-59 (2002).
  13. S. Aisawa, A. Watanabe, T. Goh, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, H. Takahashi, "Advances in optical path crossconnect systems using planar-lightwave circuit-switching technology ," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 54-57 (2003).
  14. A. Watanabe, S. Okamoto, K. Sato, "Optical path cross-connect node architecture with high modularity for photonic transport networks ," IEICE Trans. Commun. E77-B, 1220-1229 (1994).
  15. M. Koga, Y. Hamazumi, A. Watanabe, S. Okamoto, H. Obara, K. Sato, M. Okuno, S. Suzuki, "Design and performance of an optical path cross-connect system based on wavelength path concept ," Proc. SPIE Reprint APOC (2001) pp. 49-56.
  16. ITU-T Recommendation G.841Types and Characteristics of SDH Network Protection Architectures .
  17. ITU-T Recommendation G.873.1Optical Transport Network (OTN): Linear Protection .

2005

E. Oki, K. Shiomoto, D. Shimazaki, N. Yamanaka, W. Imajuku, Y. Takigawa, "Dynamic multilayer routing schemes in GMPLS-based IP+optical networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, 108-114 (2005).

2004

J. D. Jones, L. Ong, M. A. Lazer, "Creating an intelligent optical network world interoperability demonstration," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, S4-S11 (2004).

2003

A. Watanabe, K. Noguchi, K. Shimano, T. Kawai, E. Yoshida, A. Sahara, T. Takahashi, T. Goh, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, K. Sato, "Photonic MPLS router to create bandwidth-abundant IP networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2851-2862 (2003).

S. Aisawa, A. Watanabe, T. Goh, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, H. Takahashi, "Advances in optical path crossconnect systems using planar-lightwave circuit-switching technology ," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 54-57 (2003).

2002

K. Sato, N. Yamanaka, Y. Takigwa, M. Koga, S. Okamoto, K. Shiomoto, E. Oki, W. Imajuku, "GMPLS-based photonic multilayer router (Hikari Router) Architecture: An overview of traffic engineering and signaling technology," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 96-101 (2002).

S. Okamoto, E. Oki, K. Shimano, A. Sahara, N. Yamanaka, "Demonstration of the highly reliable HIKARI router network based on a newly developed disjoint path selection scheme," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 52-59 (2002).

N. Nagatsu, "Photonic network design issues and applications to the IP backbone," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 2010-2018 (2002).

1996

A. Watanabe, S. Okamoto, K. Sato, "Optical path cross-connect system architecture suitable for large scale expansion," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 2162-2172 (1996).

1994

A. Watanabe, S. Okamoto, K. Sato, "Optical path cross-connect node architecture with high modularity for photonic transport networks ," IEICE Trans. Commun. E77-B, 1220-1229 (1994).

IEEE Commun. Mag.

J. D. Jones, L. Ong, M. A. Lazer, "Creating an intelligent optical network world interoperability demonstration," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, S4-S11 (2004).

E. Oki, K. Shiomoto, D. Shimazaki, N. Yamanaka, W. Imajuku, Y. Takigawa, "Dynamic multilayer routing schemes in GMPLS-based IP+optical networks," IEEE Commun. Mag. 43, 108-114 (2005).

K. Sato, N. Yamanaka, Y. Takigwa, M. Koga, S. Okamoto, K. Shiomoto, E. Oki, W. Imajuku, "GMPLS-based photonic multilayer router (Hikari Router) Architecture: An overview of traffic engineering and signaling technology," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 96-101 (2002).

S. Okamoto, E. Oki, K. Shimano, A. Sahara, N. Yamanaka, "Demonstration of the highly reliable HIKARI router network based on a newly developed disjoint path selection scheme," IEEE Commun. Mag. 40, 52-59 (2002).

S. Aisawa, A. Watanabe, T. Goh, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, H. Takahashi, "Advances in optical path crossconnect systems using planar-lightwave circuit-switching technology ," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 54-57 (2003).

IEICE Trans. Commun.

A. Watanabe, S. Okamoto, K. Sato, "Optical path cross-connect node architecture with high modularity for photonic transport networks ," IEICE Trans. Commun. E77-B, 1220-1229 (1994).

J. Lightw. Technol.

A. Watanabe, S. Okamoto, K. Sato, "Optical path cross-connect system architecture suitable for large scale expansion," J. Lightw. Technol. 14, 2162-2172 (1996).

N. Nagatsu, "Photonic network design issues and applications to the IP backbone," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 2010-2018 (2002).

A. Watanabe, K. Noguchi, K. Shimano, T. Kawai, E. Yoshida, A. Sahara, T. Takahashi, T. Goh, Y. Takigawa, M. Koga, K. Sato, "Photonic MPLS router to create bandwidth-abundant IP networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 2851-2862 (2003).

Other

S. Okamoto, T. Otani, Y. Sone, W. Imajuku, K. Ogaki, M. Miyazawa, I. Nishioka, K. Miyazaki, A. Nagata, S. Seno, D. Ishii, N. Arai, H. Otsuki, "Field trial of signaling interworking of multi-carrier ASON/GMPLS network domains," Proc. Opt. Fiber Commun. Conf., Nat. Fiber Opt. Eng. Conf. (2006) pp. 1-3.

I. Nishioka, S. Kano, K. Kusama, N. Chaki, D. Muto, E. Horichi, E. Oki, "Interoperability demonstration of GMPLS-based path restoration," Proc. ECOC (2004) pp. 52-55.

ITU-T Recommendation G.707Network Node Interface for the Synchronous Digital Hierarchy (SDH) .

Telcordia Technologies Generic Requirements, GR-253-CORE. .

ITU-T Recommendation G.709Interfaces for the Optical Transport Network (OTN) .

M. Koga, Y. Hamazumi, A. Watanabe, S. Okamoto, H. Obara, K. Sato, M. Okuno, S. Suzuki, "Design and performance of an optical path cross-connect system based on wavelength path concept ," Proc. SPIE Reprint APOC (2001) pp. 49-56.

ITU-T Recommendation G.841Types and Characteristics of SDH Network Protection Architectures .

ITU-T Recommendation G.873.1Optical Transport Network (OTN): Linear Protection .

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