Abstract

We propose a method for monitoring branched sections in passive optical networks (PONs), where identification fibers are used to distinguish each branched section. We clarify the required characteristics for the separation of the Brillouin frequency shifts of each identification fiber. We design and fabricate identification fibers with well-controlled νB values for PON monitoring based on the required characteristics. The realized Brillouin frequency shift difference is less than 40 MHz from the target, and we achieve a 1-GHz Brillouin frequency shift separation and a 0.06-dB splice loss for standard single-mode fiber. We also demonstrate fault location in a PON using identification fibers connected to a 4-branched splitter. The bending loss in the branched section is successfully located by using the designed identification fibers and a Brillouin optical time domain reflectometer.

© 2007 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsMain Data on Information and Communications in Japan http://www.soumu.go.jp/joho_tsusin/eng/Statistics/060606_1.html.
  2. Y. Maeda, "Overview of optical broadband in Japan," Proc. ECOC (2004) pp. 4.
  3. Y. Enomoto, K. Mine, A. Miyashita, H. Machino, H. Izumita, K. Hogari, M. Nakamura, "Novel compact optical splitter for outside plant in access network," Proc. OECC (2002) pp. 380-381.
  4. H. Izumita, "Recent development in fiber optic monitoring system for access networks," Optical Fiber Sensors (OFS-16) NaraJapan (2003) Paper We1-1.
  5. F. Caviglia, V. Biase, A. Gnazzo, "Optical maintenance in PONs," Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 349-362 (1999).
  6. I. Sankawa, S. Furukawa, Y. Koyamada, H. Izumita, "Fault location technique for in-service branched optical fiber networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 766-769 (1990).
  7. N. Honda, D. Iida, H. Izumita, F. Ito, "New function of optical fiber line testing system employing termination cable with individual Brillouin frequency shift and 1650 nm band in-service monitoring technique," Proc. OECC (2005) pp. 364-365.
  8. K. Shimizu, T. Horiguchi, Y. Koyamada, "Measurement of distributed strain and temperature in a branched optical fiber network by using Brillouin OTDR," Proc. OFS (1994) pp. 142-145.
  9. T. R. Parker, M. Farhadiroushan, V. A. Handerek, A. J. Rogers, "Temperature and strain dependence of the power level and frequency of spontaneous Brillouin scattering in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 22, 787-789 (1997).
  10. T. Okoshi, K. Oyamada, "High-accuracy numerical data of dispersion and group delay characteristics of α-power graded-core fibers," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. MTT-28, 1113-1118 (1980).
  11. D. Cotter, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering in monomode optical fiber," J. Opt. Commun. 4, 10-19 (1983).
  12. C. K. Jen, A. S. Jazi, G. W. Farnell, "Leaky modes in weakly guiding fiber acoustic waveguides," IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelectr., Freq. Control UFFC-33, 634 (1986).
  13. Y. Koyamada, S. Nakamura, H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, "Simulating and designing Brillouin gain spectrum in single-mode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 631 (2004).
  14. C. K. Jen, J. E. B. Oliveira, N. Goto, K. Abe, "Role of guided acoustic wave properties in single-mode optical fibre design," Electron. Lett. 24, 1419-1420 (1988).
  15. D. Marcuse, "Loss analysis of single-mode fiber splice," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 56, 703-718 (1977).
  16. K. Tsujikawa, M. Ohashi, K. Shiraki, M. Tateda, "Scattering property of F and GeO2 codoped silica glasses," Electron. Lett. 30, 351-352 (1994).

2004 (1)

Y. Koyamada, S. Nakamura, H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, "Simulating and designing Brillouin gain spectrum in single-mode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 631 (2004).

1999 (1)

F. Caviglia, V. Biase, A. Gnazzo, "Optical maintenance in PONs," Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 349-362 (1999).

1997 (1)

1994 (1)

K. Tsujikawa, M. Ohashi, K. Shiraki, M. Tateda, "Scattering property of F and GeO2 codoped silica glasses," Electron. Lett. 30, 351-352 (1994).

1990 (1)

I. Sankawa, S. Furukawa, Y. Koyamada, H. Izumita, "Fault location technique for in-service branched optical fiber networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 766-769 (1990).

1988 (1)

C. K. Jen, J. E. B. Oliveira, N. Goto, K. Abe, "Role of guided acoustic wave properties in single-mode optical fibre design," Electron. Lett. 24, 1419-1420 (1988).

1986 (1)

C. K. Jen, A. S. Jazi, G. W. Farnell, "Leaky modes in weakly guiding fiber acoustic waveguides," IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelectr., Freq. Control UFFC-33, 634 (1986).

1983 (1)

D. Cotter, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering in monomode optical fiber," J. Opt. Commun. 4, 10-19 (1983).

1980 (1)

T. Okoshi, K. Oyamada, "High-accuracy numerical data of dispersion and group delay characteristics of α-power graded-core fibers," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. MTT-28, 1113-1118 (1980).

1977 (1)

D. Marcuse, "Loss analysis of single-mode fiber splice," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 56, 703-718 (1977).

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

D. Marcuse, "Loss analysis of single-mode fiber splice," Bell Syst. Tech. J. 56, 703-718 (1977).

Electron. Lett. (2)

K. Tsujikawa, M. Ohashi, K. Shiraki, M. Tateda, "Scattering property of F and GeO2 codoped silica glasses," Electron. Lett. 30, 351-352 (1994).

C. K. Jen, J. E. B. Oliveira, N. Goto, K. Abe, "Role of guided acoustic wave properties in single-mode optical fibre design," Electron. Lett. 24, 1419-1420 (1988).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

I. Sankawa, S. Furukawa, Y. Koyamada, H. Izumita, "Fault location technique for in-service branched optical fiber networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 766-769 (1990).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

T. Okoshi, K. Oyamada, "High-accuracy numerical data of dispersion and group delay characteristics of α-power graded-core fibers," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. MTT-28, 1113-1118 (1980).

IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelectr., Freq. Control (1)

C. K. Jen, A. S. Jazi, G. W. Farnell, "Leaky modes in weakly guiding fiber acoustic waveguides," IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelectr., Freq. Control UFFC-33, 634 (1986).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

Y. Koyamada, S. Nakamura, H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, "Simulating and designing Brillouin gain spectrum in single-mode fibers," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 631 (2004).

J. Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Cotter, "Stimulated Brillouin scattering in monomode optical fiber," J. Opt. Commun. 4, 10-19 (1983).

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

F. Caviglia, V. Biase, A. Gnazzo, "Optical maintenance in PONs," Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 349-362 (1999).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (6)

N. Honda, D. Iida, H. Izumita, F. Ito, "New function of optical fiber line testing system employing termination cable with individual Brillouin frequency shift and 1650 nm band in-service monitoring technique," Proc. OECC (2005) pp. 364-365.

K. Shimizu, T. Horiguchi, Y. Koyamada, "Measurement of distributed strain and temperature in a branched optical fiber network by using Brillouin OTDR," Proc. OFS (1994) pp. 142-145.

Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsMain Data on Information and Communications in Japan http://www.soumu.go.jp/joho_tsusin/eng/Statistics/060606_1.html.

Y. Maeda, "Overview of optical broadband in Japan," Proc. ECOC (2004) pp. 4.

Y. Enomoto, K. Mine, A. Miyashita, H. Machino, H. Izumita, K. Hogari, M. Nakamura, "Novel compact optical splitter for outside plant in access network," Proc. OECC (2002) pp. 380-381.

H. Izumita, "Recent development in fiber optic monitoring system for access networks," Optical Fiber Sensors (OFS-16) NaraJapan (2003) Paper We1-1.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.