Abstract

The present paper proposes a novel design for achieving single-polarization single-mode (SPSM) operation in photonic crystal fiber (PCF), using a rectangular-lattice PCF with two lines of three central air holes enlarged. The proposed PCF that is composed entirely of silica material is modeled by a full-vector finite element method with anisotropic perfectly matched layers. The position of the region of single polarization can be tuned freely by adjusting the size of the central enlarged air holes. Using this structure, an SPSM PCF with confinement loss less than 0.1 dB/km within the wavelength range from 1.20 to 1.66 µm and effective mode area about 5.9 µm<sup>2</sup> at 1.55 µm has been successfully designed. The proposed fiber is a nonlinear SPSM, which may be useful for nonlinear optical applications or applications with a wide SPSM operating bandwidth requirement.

© 2007 IEEE

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2006

J. Ju, W. Jin, M. S. Demokan, "Design of single-polarization single-mode photonic crystal fiber at 1.30 and 1.55 µm," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 825-830 (2006).

S. G. Li, G. L. Xing, G. Y. Zhou, L. T. Hong, "Numerical simulation of square-lattice photonic crystal fiber with high birefringence and low confinement loss," Acta Phys. Sin. 55, 238-243 (2006).

2005

2004

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, S. Yamaguchi, "Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182-184 (2004).

2003

K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Single-polarization single-mode photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1384-1386 (2003).

S. Furukawa, T. Fujimoto, T. Hinata, "Propagation characteristics of a single-polarization optical fiber with an elliptic core and triple-clad," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1307-1312 (2003).

2002

J. C. Knight, P. S. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers: New way to guide light," Science 296, 276-277 (2002).

W. Reeves, J. Knight, P. Russell, P. Roberts, "Demonstration of ultra-flattened dispersion in photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 10, 609-613 (2002).

2001

2000

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, "Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 1325-1327 (2000).

M. Koshiba, Y. Tsuji, "Curvilinear hybrid edge/nodal elements with triangular shape for guided-wave problems ," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 737-743 (2000).

1999

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, P. S. J. Russell, "Experimental measurement of group velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibre," Electron. Lett. 35, 63-64 (1999).

1997

1996

1991

M. J. Messerly, J. R. Onstott, R. C. Mikkelson, "A broad-band single polarization optical fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 817-820 (1991).

1989

K. S. Chiang, "Stress-induced birefringence fibers designed for single-polarization single-mode operation ," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 436-441 (1989).

K. Tajima, M. Ohashi, Y. Sasaki, "A new single-polarization optical fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1499-1503 (1989).

1984

1983

J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. Macchesney, R. E. Howard, "A single-polarization fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-1, 370-373 (1983).

1981

T. Okoshi, "Single-polarization single-mode optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-17, 879-884 (1981).

1980

T. Okoshi, K. Oyamada, "Single-polarization single-mode optical fiber with refractive-index pits on both sides of core ," Electron. Lett. 16, 712-713 (1980).

Acta Phys. Sin.

S. G. Li, G. L. Xing, G. Y. Zhou, L. T. Hong, "Numerical simulation of square-lattice photonic crystal fiber with high birefringence and low confinement loss," Acta Phys. Sin. 55, 238-243 (2006).

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

M. J. Gander, R. McBride, J. D. C. Jones, D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, P. S. J. Russell, "Experimental measurement of group velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibre," Electron. Lett. 35, 63-64 (1999).

T. Okoshi, K. Oyamada, "Single-polarization single-mode optical fiber with refractive-index pits on both sides of core ," Electron. Lett. 16, 712-713 (1980).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron

T. Okoshi, "Single-polarization single-mode optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-17, 879-884 (1981).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, "Single-polarization single-mode photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1384-1386 (2003).

H. Kubota, S. Kawanishi, S. Koyanagi, M. Tanaka, S. Yamaguchi, "Absolutely single polarization photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 182-184 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol.

M.-J. Li, X. Chen, D. A. Nolan, G. E. Berkey, J. Wang, W. A. Wood, L. A. Zenteno, "High bandwidth single polarization fiber with elliptical central air hole," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 3454-3460 (2005).

J. Ju, W. Jin, M. S. Demokan, "Design of single-polarization single-mode photonic crystal fiber at 1.30 and 1.55 µm," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 825-830 (2006).

M. Koshiba, Y. Tsuji, "Curvilinear hybrid edge/nodal elements with triangular shape for guided-wave problems ," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 737-743 (2000).

J. R. Simpson, R. H. Stolen, F. M. Sears, W. Pleibel, J. B. Macchesney, R. E. Howard, "A single-polarization fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. LT-1, 370-373 (1983).

K. S. Chiang, "Stress-induced birefringence fibers designed for single-polarization single-mode operation ," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 436-441 (1989).

K. Tajima, M. Ohashi, Y. Sasaki, "A new single-polarization optical fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 7, 1499-1503 (1989).

M. J. Messerly, J. R. Onstott, R. C. Mikkelson, "A broad-band single polarization optical fiber," J. Lightw. Technol. 9, 817-820 (1991).

S. Furukawa, T. Fujimoto, T. Hinata, "Propagation characteristics of a single-polarization optical fiber with an elliptic core and triple-clad," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1307-1312 (2003).

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Science

J. C. Knight, P. S. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers: New way to guide light," Science 296, 276-277 (2002).

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 1995) pp. 7.

SMF-28eFiber Production Information Sheet, Corning, NY, Corning Inc. (Corning Inc, 2003)Corning, NY.

A. Petersson, J. Broeng, K. P. Hansen, M. D. Nielsen, H. R. Simonsen, C. Jakobsen, J. R. Folkenberg, T. Schreiber, F. Roser, O. Schmidt, J. Limpert, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, A. Tuinnermann, "Polarization properties of photonic crystal fibers," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. AnaheimCA (2006) OWA6.

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