Abstract

The novel core network architecture presented in this paper realizes distributed all-optical switching of payload by partitioning the network into a number of geographically limited domains, where two-way reservations are effective. Thus, inside each domain, loss is eliminated, while traffic from many nodes can be aggregated into single bursts, improving efficiency. Clustered nodes contribute contiguous optical slots, which are marshaled into composite optical frames destined for other clusters, under the guidance of a reservation-based control protocol. The lossless aggregation of traffic from several core nodes allows the use of cost-effective bufferless all-optical transport among the domains with electrical buffers employed at the periphery of the system. The end result is a triple improvement in loss probabilities, efficiency, and cost. This is achieved by exploiting three features of the architecture: the distributed switching functionality (as in early LANs when centralized switching was expensive), localized reservations (avoiding the intolerable delays of end-to-end reservations), and a reduced number of source-destination pairs (by means of node clustering into reservation domains).

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. A. Singal, R. Jain, "Terabit switching: A survey of techniques and current products," Comput. Commun. 25, 547-556 (2002).
  2. G. Hill, "A wavelength routing approach to optical communication networks," Br. Telecom Technol. J. 6, 24-31 (1988).
  3. C. Qiao, M. Yoo, "Optical burst switching (OBS)—A new paradigm for an optical internet," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).
  4. J. S. Turner, "Terabit burst switching," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 3-16 (1996).
  5. J. Teng, G. N. Rouskas, "Wavelength selection in OBS networks using traffic engineering and priority-based concepts ," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1658-1669 (2005).
  6. M. Düser, P. Bayvel, "Analysis of a dynamically wavelength-routed optical burst switched network architecture ," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 574-586 (2002).
  7. J. Y. Wei, R. I. McFarland, "Just-in-time signaling for WDM optical burst switching networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 2019-2037 (2000).
  8. K. Dolzer, C. Gauger, J. Späth, S. Bodamer, "Evaluation of reservation mechanisms in optical burst switching," AEU, Int. J. Electron. Commun. 55, 1-8 (2001).
  9. J. D. Angelopoulos, K. Kanonakis, H. C. Leligou, C. Linardakis, I. Pountourakis, A. Stavdas, "Slotted optical switching with pipelined two-way reservations," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3616-3624 (2006).
  10. C. Linardakis, H. C. Leligou, A. Stavdas, J. D. Angelopoulos, "Using explicit reservations to arbitrate access to a metropolitan system of slotted interconnected rings combining TDMA & WDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1576-1585 (2005).
  11. J. D. Angelopoulos, H.-C. Leligou, T. Argyriou, S. Zontos, E. Ringoot, T. Van Caenegem, "Efficient transport of packets with QoS in an FSAN-aligned GPON," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, 92-98 (2004).
  12. L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Solé-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, G. Eilenberger, "The European IST project DAVID: A viable approach towards optical packet switching," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).
  13. S. Gowda, R. K. Shenai, K. M. Sivalingam, H. C. Cankaya, "Performance evaluation of TCP over Optical Burst-Switched (OBS) WDM networks," Proc. ICC (2003) pp. 1433-1437.
  14. Q. Zhang, V. M. Vokkarane, Y. Wang, J. P. Jue, "Evaluation of burst retransmission in optical burst-switched networks," Proc. IEEE/CreateNet BroadNets, Opt. Netw. Symp. (2005) pp. 297-303.
  15. M. Yoo, C. Qiao, S. Dixit, "A comparative study of contention resolution policies in optical burst switched WDM networks ," Proc. SPIE Conf. Terabit Opt. Netw.: Architecture, Control and Management Issues (2000) pp. 124-135.
  16. A. Stavdas, H. C. Leligou, K. Kanonakis, C. Linardakis, J. D. Angelopoulos, "A novel scheme for performing statistical multiplexing in the optical layer," OSA J. Opti. Netw. 4, 237-247 (2005).

2006 (1)

J. D. Angelopoulos, K. Kanonakis, H. C. Leligou, C. Linardakis, I. Pountourakis, A. Stavdas, "Slotted optical switching with pipelined two-way reservations," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3616-3624 (2006).

2005 (3)

C. Linardakis, H. C. Leligou, A. Stavdas, J. D. Angelopoulos, "Using explicit reservations to arbitrate access to a metropolitan system of slotted interconnected rings combining TDMA & WDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1576-1585 (2005).

J. Teng, G. N. Rouskas, "Wavelength selection in OBS networks using traffic engineering and priority-based concepts ," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1658-1669 (2005).

A. Stavdas, H. C. Leligou, K. Kanonakis, C. Linardakis, J. D. Angelopoulos, "A novel scheme for performing statistical multiplexing in the optical layer," OSA J. Opti. Netw. 4, 237-247 (2005).

2004 (1)

J. D. Angelopoulos, H.-C. Leligou, T. Argyriou, S. Zontos, E. Ringoot, T. Van Caenegem, "Efficient transport of packets with QoS in an FSAN-aligned GPON," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, 92-98 (2004).

2003 (1)

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Solé-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, G. Eilenberger, "The European IST project DAVID: A viable approach towards optical packet switching," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).

2002 (2)

A. Singal, R. Jain, "Terabit switching: A survey of techniques and current products," Comput. Commun. 25, 547-556 (2002).

M. Düser, P. Bayvel, "Analysis of a dynamically wavelength-routed optical burst switched network architecture ," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 574-586 (2002).

2001 (1)

K. Dolzer, C. Gauger, J. Späth, S. Bodamer, "Evaluation of reservation mechanisms in optical burst switching," AEU, Int. J. Electron. Commun. 55, 1-8 (2001).

2000 (1)

J. Y. Wei, R. I. McFarland, "Just-in-time signaling for WDM optical burst switching networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 2019-2037 (2000).

1999 (1)

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, "Optical burst switching (OBS)—A new paradigm for an optical internet," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).

1996 (1)

J. S. Turner, "Terabit burst switching," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 3-16 (1996).

1988 (1)

G. Hill, "A wavelength routing approach to optical communication networks," Br. Telecom Technol. J. 6, 24-31 (1988).

AEU, Int. J. Electron. Commun. (1)

K. Dolzer, C. Gauger, J. Späth, S. Bodamer, "Evaluation of reservation mechanisms in optical burst switching," AEU, Int. J. Electron. Commun. 55, 1-8 (2001).

Br. Telecom Technol. J. (1)

G. Hill, "A wavelength routing approach to optical communication networks," Br. Telecom Technol. J. 6, 24-31 (1988).

Comput. Commun. (1)

A. Singal, R. Jain, "Terabit switching: A survey of techniques and current products," Comput. Commun. 25, 547-556 (2002).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

J. D. Angelopoulos, H.-C. Leligou, T. Argyriou, S. Zontos, E. Ringoot, T. Van Caenegem, "Efficient transport of packets with QoS in an FSAN-aligned GPON," IEEE Commun. Mag. 42, 92-98 (2004).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (2)

L. Dittmann, C. Develder, D. Chiaroni, F. Neri, F. Callegati, W. Koerber, A. Stavdas, M. Renaud, A. Rafel, J. Solé-Pareta, W. Cerroni, N. Leligou, L. Dembeck, B. Mortensen, M. Pickavet, N. Le Sauze, M. Mahony, B. Berde, G. Eilenberger, "The European IST project DAVID: A viable approach towards optical packet switching," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 21, 1026-1040 (2003).

J. Teng, G. N. Rouskas, "Wavelength selection in OBS networks using traffic engineering and priority-based concepts ," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1658-1669 (2005).

J. High Speed Netw. (2)

C. Qiao, M. Yoo, "Optical burst switching (OBS)—A new paradigm for an optical internet," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 69-84 (1999).

J. S. Turner, "Terabit burst switching," J. High Speed Netw. 8, 3-16 (1996).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

M. Düser, P. Bayvel, "Analysis of a dynamically wavelength-routed optical burst switched network architecture ," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 574-586 (2002).

J. Y. Wei, R. I. McFarland, "Just-in-time signaling for WDM optical burst switching networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 2019-2037 (2000).

J. D. Angelopoulos, K. Kanonakis, H. C. Leligou, C. Linardakis, I. Pountourakis, A. Stavdas, "Slotted optical switching with pipelined two-way reservations," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 3616-3624 (2006).

C. Linardakis, H. C. Leligou, A. Stavdas, J. D. Angelopoulos, "Using explicit reservations to arbitrate access to a metropolitan system of slotted interconnected rings combining TDMA & WDMA," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1576-1585 (2005).

OSA J. Opti. Netw. (1)

A. Stavdas, H. C. Leligou, K. Kanonakis, C. Linardakis, J. D. Angelopoulos, "A novel scheme for performing statistical multiplexing in the optical layer," OSA J. Opti. Netw. 4, 237-247 (2005).

Other (3)

S. Gowda, R. K. Shenai, K. M. Sivalingam, H. C. Cankaya, "Performance evaluation of TCP over Optical Burst-Switched (OBS) WDM networks," Proc. ICC (2003) pp. 1433-1437.

Q. Zhang, V. M. Vokkarane, Y. Wang, J. P. Jue, "Evaluation of burst retransmission in optical burst-switched networks," Proc. IEEE/CreateNet BroadNets, Opt. Netw. Symp. (2005) pp. 297-303.

M. Yoo, C. Qiao, S. Dixit, "A comparative study of contention resolution policies in optical burst switched WDM networks ," Proc. SPIE Conf. Terabit Opt. Netw.: Architecture, Control and Management Issues (2000) pp. 124-135.

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