Abstract

Based on a comprehensive theoretical model of a recently proposed novel technique known as adaptively modulated optical orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (AMOOFDM), investigations are undertaken into the impact of an analog-to-digital converter involved in the AMOOFDM modem on the transmission performance of AMOOFDM signals in unamplified intensity-modulation and direct-detection (IMDD) multimode-fiber (MMF)-based links. It is found that signal quantization and clipping effects are significant in determining the maximum achievable transmission performance of the AMOOFDM modem. A minimum quantization bit value of ten and optimum clipping ratio of 13 dB are identified, based on which, the transmission performance is maximized. It is shown that 40-Gb/s-over-220-m and 32-Gb/s-over-300-m IMDD-AMOOFDM signal transmission at 1550 nm with loss margins of about 15 dB is feasible in the installed worst case 62.5-µm MMF links having 3-dB effective bandwidths as small as 150 MHz · km. Meanwhile, excellent performance, robustness to fiber types, and variation in launch conditions and signal bit rates is observed. In addition, discussions are presented of the potential of 100-Gb/s AMOOFDM signal transmission over installed MMF links.

© 2007 IEEE

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2006 (7)

Y. Mostofi, D. C. Cox, "Mathematical analysis of the impact of timing synchronization errors on the performance of an OFDM system," IEEE Trans. Commun. 54, 226-230 (2006).

I. B. Djordjevic, B. Vasic, "Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for high-speed optical transmission," Opt. Express 14, 3767-3775 (2006).

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, K. A. Shore, "Transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode fibre links ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 205-207 (2006).

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, K. A. Shore, "High-speed transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over multimode fibres using directly modulated DFBs," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 429-441 (2006).

J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "30 Gb/s signal transmission over 40-km directly modulated DFB-laser-based single-mode-fibre links without optical amplification and dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2318-2327 (2006).

D. Dardari, "Joint clip and quantization effects characterization in OFDM receivers," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I, Reg. Papers 53, 1741-1748 (2006).

I. B. Djordjevic, B. Vasic, "100-Gb/s transmission using orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1576-1578 (2006).

2005 (1)

C. Xia, M. Ajgaonkar, W. Rosenkranz, "On the performance of the electrical equalization technique in MMF links for 10-Gigabit Ethernet ," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2001-2011 (2005).

2004 (1)

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, K. Motoshima, "Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).

2003 (2)

P. Pepeljugoski, S. E. Golowich, A. J. Ritger, P. Kolesar, A. Risteski, "Modelling and simulation of next-generation multimode fibre links," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1242-1255 (2003).

E. J. Tyler, P. Kourtessis, M. Webster, E. Rochart, T. Quinlan, S. E. M. Dudley, S. D. Walker, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Toward terabit-per-second capacities over multimode fibre links using SCM/WDM techniques ," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3237-3243 (2003).

2002 (2)

L. A. Buckman, B. E. Lemoff, A. J. Schmit, R. P. Tella, W. Gong, "Demonstration of a small-form-factor WWDM transceiver module for 10-Gb/s local area networks ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 702-704 (2002).

K. M. Patel, S. E. Ralph, "Enhanced multimode fibre link performance using a spatially resolved receiver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 393-395 (2002).

1999 (3)

G. C. Papen, G. M. Murphy, "Modal noise in multimode fibres under restricted launch conditions," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 817-822 (1999).

R. H. Walden, "Performance trends for analogue-to-digital converters," IEEE Commun. Mag. 37, 96-101 (1999).

R. H. Walden, "Analogue-to-digital converter survey and analysis," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 17, 539-550 (1999).

1998 (1)

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, M. C. Nowell, "An experimental and theoretical study of the offset launch technique for the enhancement of the bandwidth of multimode fibre links," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 324-331 (1998).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

R. H. Walden, "Performance trends for analogue-to-digital converters," IEEE Commun. Mag. 37, 96-101 (1999).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

R. H. Walden, "Analogue-to-digital converter survey and analysis," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 17, 539-550 (1999).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, K. Motoshima, "Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 376-386 (2004).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

I. B. Djordjevic, B. Vasic, "100-Gb/s transmission using orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1576-1578 (2006).

K. M. Patel, S. E. Ralph, "Enhanced multimode fibre link performance using a spatially resolved receiver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 393-395 (2002).

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, K. A. Shore, "Transmission performance of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals in multimode fibre links ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 205-207 (2006).

L. A. Buckman, B. E. Lemoff, A. J. Schmit, R. P. Tella, W. Gong, "Demonstration of a small-form-factor WWDM transceiver module for 10-Gb/s local area networks ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 702-704 (2002).

IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I, Reg. Papers (1)

D. Dardari, "Joint clip and quantization effects characterization in OFDM receivers," IEEE Trans. Circuits Syst. I, Reg. Papers 53, 1741-1748 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

Y. Mostofi, D. C. Cox, "Mathematical analysis of the impact of timing synchronization errors on the performance of an OFDM system," IEEE Trans. Commun. 54, 226-230 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (7)

L. Raddatz, I. H. White, D. G. Cunningham, M. C. Nowell, "An experimental and theoretical study of the offset launch technique for the enhancement of the bandwidth of multimode fibre links," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 324-331 (1998).

J. M. Tang, P. M. Lane, K. A. Shore, "High-speed transmission of adaptively modulated optical OFDM signals over multimode fibres using directly modulated DFBs," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 429-441 (2006).

C. Xia, M. Ajgaonkar, W. Rosenkranz, "On the performance of the electrical equalization technique in MMF links for 10-Gigabit Ethernet ," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2001-2011 (2005).

E. J. Tyler, P. Kourtessis, M. Webster, E. Rochart, T. Quinlan, S. E. M. Dudley, S. D. Walker, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Toward terabit-per-second capacities over multimode fibre links using SCM/WDM techniques ," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3237-3243 (2003).

J. M. Tang, K. A. Shore, "30 Gb/s signal transmission over 40-km directly modulated DFB-laser-based single-mode-fibre links without optical amplification and dispersion compensation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2318-2327 (2006).

P. Pepeljugoski, S. E. Golowich, A. J. Ritger, P. Kolesar, A. Risteski, "Modelling and simulation of next-generation multimode fibre links," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1242-1255 (2003).

G. C. Papen, G. M. Murphy, "Modal noise in multimode fibres under restricted launch conditions," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 817-822 (1999).

Opt. Express (1)

Other (8)

J. Heiskala, J. Terry, OFDM Wireless LANs: A Theoretical and Practical Guide (Sams, 2002).

N. E. Jolley, H. Kee, R. Rickard, J. Tang, K. Cordina, "Generation and propagation of a 1550 nm 10 Gb/s optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexed signal over 1000 m of multimode fibre using a directly modulated DFB," Optical Fibre Commun. Conf./Nat. Fibre Optical Fibre Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) AnaheimCA (2005) Paper OFP3.

A. J. Lowery, L. Du, J. Armstrong, "Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems," Optical Fibre Commun. Conf./Nat. Fibre Optical Fibre Engineers Conf. (OFC/NFOEC) AnaheimCA (2006) Paper PDP39.

M. Webster, E. J. Tyler, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, "Novel cascaded optical coding schemes for bandwidth efficient systems applications," Proc. OFC (2001) pp. WDD47-1-WDD47-3.

S. S.-H. Yam, F.-T. An, S. Sinha, M. E. Marhic, L. G. Kazovsky, "40 Gb/s transmission over 140 m 62.5 µm multimode fibre using polarization controlled launch," Conf. Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) San FranciscoCA (2004) Paper CTuEE5.

L. Hanzo, S. X. Ng, T. Keller, W. Webb, Quadrature Amplitude Modulation: From Basics to Adaptive Trellis-Coded, Turbo-Equalised and Space-Time Coded OFDM, CDMA and MC-CDMA Systems (Wiley, 2004).

A. B. Carlson, P. B. Crilly, J. C. Rutledge, Communication Systems: An Introduction to Signals and Noise in Electrical Communication (McGraw-Hill, 2002).

G. P. Agrawal, Fibre-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, 1997).

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