Abstract

We propose two novel wavelength-division-multiplexed passive-optical-network (WDM-PON) architectures where subcarriers are employed to transmit downstream data and optical carriers are reused for upstream transmission. Architecture I is designed for the situation where two short distribution fibers are available between the remote node (RN) and each optical network unit (ONU), whereas Architecture II is devised for the case where there is only one distribution fiber between the RN and each ONU. Both architectures use only one interferometric filter located at the RN to simultaneously separate all downlink optical carriers and subcarriers, leading to a considerable cost reduction in the implementation of the WDM-PONs. Separated optical carriers are then reused and injected into reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers as the uplink light sources, which eliminates the necessity of specific wavelength sources at the ONUs. The downstream subcarrier signals are directly detected using baseband receivers. Two multichannel upstream and downstream transmission experiments are carried out at 1.25 Gb/s using the proposed schemes. The impact of optical carrier-to-subcarrier ratio of downlink signal, Rayleigh-backscattering noise, and wavelength mismatch between laser source and filter on system performance is also investigated.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. C.-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).
  2. S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, K.-H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network ," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2582-2591 (2004).
  3. D. K. Jung, S. K. Shin, C.-H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network based on spectrum-slicing techniques ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1334-1336 (1998).
  4. K. H. Han, E. S. Son, H. Y. Choi, K. W. Lim, Y. C. Chung, "Bidirectional WDM PON using light-emitting diodes spectrum-sliced with cyclic arrayed-waveguide grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2380-2382 (2004).
  5. A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: A review [Invited]," J. Opt. Netw. 4, 737-758 (2005).
  6. F.-T. An, K. S. Kim, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. Hu, K. Shrikhande, L. G. Kazovsky, "SUCCESS: A next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2557-2569 (2004).
  7. Y. J. Wen, X. Cheng, Z. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Shankar, "Light sources for WDM passive optical networks," Int. Conf. Optical Internet (COIN) MelbourneAustralia (2007) Paper WeA2-5.
  8. O. Akanbi, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, "A new scheme for bidirectional WDM-PON using upstream and downstream channels generated by optical carrier suppression and separation technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 340-342 (2006).
  9. M. Fujiwara, J.-I. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, "Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks ," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 740-746 (2006).
  10. H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, C.-H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry–Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
  11. S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, C.-H. Lee, "Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry–Perot laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1579-1581 (2005).
  12. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, "155 Mb/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry–Perot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 $^{\circ}\hbox{C}$ temperature range," Electron. Lett. 39, 1331-1332 (2003).
  13. X. Cheng, Y. J. Wen, Y. Dong, Z. Xu, X. Shao, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "Optimization of spectrum-sliced ASE source for injection-locking a Fabry–Perot laser diode ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1961-1963 (2006).
  14. W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).
  15. P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength seed reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).
  16. L. Y. Chan, C. K. Chan, D. T. K. Tong, S. Y. Cheung, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, "Demonstration of data remodulation for upstream traffic in WDM access networks using injection-locking FP laser as modulator," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) Los AngelesCA (2001) Paper WU5.
  17. W. Hung, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, F. Tong, "An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1476-1478 (2003).
  18. N. Deng, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, F. Tong, "Data remodulation on downstream OFSK signal for upstream transmission in WDM passive optical network," Electron. Lett. 39, 1741-1743 (2003).
  19. M. Attygalle, T. Anderson, D. Hewitt, A. Nirmalathas, "WDM passive optical network with subcarrier transmission and baseband detection scheme for laser-free optical network units," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1279-1281 (2006).
  20. Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "Carrier-reuse WDM-PON using a shared delay interferometer for separating carriers and subcarriers ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 837-839 (2007).
  21. C.-J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, "Passive virtual optical networking technique using a cyclic N $\times$ N arrayed waveguide grating for multiple multihop ring networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 948-950 (2004).
  22. W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).

2007 (1)

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "Carrier-reuse WDM-PON using a shared delay interferometer for separating carriers and subcarriers ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 837-839 (2007).

2006 (5)

M. Attygalle, T. Anderson, D. Hewitt, A. Nirmalathas, "WDM passive optical network with subcarrier transmission and baseband detection scheme for laser-free optical network units," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1279-1281 (2006).

X. Cheng, Y. J. Wen, Y. Dong, Z. Xu, X. Shao, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "Optimization of spectrum-sliced ASE source for injection-locking a Fabry–Perot laser diode ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1961-1963 (2006).

C.-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).

O. Akanbi, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, "A new scheme for bidirectional WDM-PON using upstream and downstream channels generated by optical carrier suppression and separation technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 340-342 (2006).

M. Fujiwara, J.-I. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, "Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks ," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 740-746 (2006).

2005 (4)

S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, C.-H. Lee, "Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry–Perot laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1579-1581 (2005).

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) technologies for broadband access: A review [Invited]," J. Opt. Netw. 4, 737-758 (2005).

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).

2004 (4)

K. H. Han, E. S. Son, H. Y. Choi, K. W. Lim, Y. C. Chung, "Bidirectional WDM PON using light-emitting diodes spectrum-sliced with cyclic arrayed-waveguide grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2380-2382 (2004).

C.-J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, "Passive virtual optical networking technique using a cyclic N $\times$ N arrayed waveguide grating for multiple multihop ring networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 948-950 (2004).

F.-T. An, K. S. Kim, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. Hu, K. Shrikhande, L. G. Kazovsky, "SUCCESS: A next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2557-2569 (2004).

S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, K.-H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network ," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2582-2591 (2004).

2003 (3)

J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, "155 Mb/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry–Perot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 $^{\circ}\hbox{C}$ temperature range," Electron. Lett. 39, 1331-1332 (2003).

W. Hung, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, F. Tong, "An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1476-1478 (2003).

N. Deng, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, F. Tong, "Data remodulation on downstream OFSK signal for upstream transmission in WDM passive optical network," Electron. Lett. 39, 1741-1743 (2003).

2001 (1)

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength seed reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).

2000 (1)

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, C.-H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry–Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).

1998 (1)

D. K. Jung, S. K. Shin, C.-H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network based on spectrum-slicing techniques ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1334-1336 (1998).

Electron. Lett. (3)

J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, "155 Mb/s transmission using ASE-injected Fabry–Perot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 $^{\circ}\hbox{C}$ temperature range," Electron. Lett. 39, 1331-1332 (2003).

N. Deng, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, F. Tong, "Data remodulation on downstream OFSK signal for upstream transmission in WDM passive optical network," Electron. Lett. 39, 1741-1743 (2003).

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength seed reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (12)

W. Hung, C.-K. Chan, L.-K. Chen, F. Tong, "An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1476-1478 (2003).

M. Attygalle, T. Anderson, D. Hewitt, A. Nirmalathas, "WDM passive optical network with subcarrier transmission and baseband detection scheme for laser-free optical network units," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1279-1281 (2006).

Z. Xu, Y. J. Wen, W.-D. Zhong, M. Attygalle, X. Cheng, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "Carrier-reuse WDM-PON using a shared delay interferometer for separating carriers and subcarriers ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 837-839 (2007).

C.-J. Chae, R. S. Tucker, "Passive virtual optical networking technique using a cyclic N $\times$ N arrayed waveguide grating for multiple multihop ring networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 948-950 (2004).

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).

X. Cheng, Y. J. Wen, Y. Dong, Z. Xu, X. Shao, Y. Wang, C. Lu, "Optimization of spectrum-sliced ASE source for injection-locking a Fabry–Perot laser diode ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1961-1963 (2006).

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, B. W. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462 (2005).

H. D. Kim, S.-G. Kang, C.-H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry–Perot semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).

S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, C.-H. Lee, "Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry–Perot laser diodes," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1579-1581 (2005).

D. K. Jung, S. K. Shin, C.-H. Lee, Y. C. Chung, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network based on spectrum-slicing techniques ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1334-1336 (1998).

K. H. Han, E. S. Son, H. Y. Choi, K. W. Lim, Y. C. Chung, "Bidirectional WDM PON using light-emitting diodes spectrum-sliced with cyclic arrayed-waveguide grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2380-2382 (2004).

O. Akanbi, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, "A new scheme for bidirectional WDM-PON using upstream and downstream channels generated by optical carrier suppression and separation technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 340-342 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

M. Fujiwara, J.-I. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, "Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks ," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 740-746 (2006).

F.-T. An, K. S. Kim, D. Gutierrez, S. Yam, E. Hu, K. Shrikhande, L. G. Kazovsky, "SUCCESS: A next-generation hybrid WDM/TDM optical access network architecture," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2557-2569 (2004).

C.-H. Lee, W. V. Sorin, B. Y. Kim, "Fiber to the home using a PON infrastructure," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 4568-4583 (2006).

S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, K.-H. Song, "Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network ," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2582-2591 (2004).

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Other (2)

Y. J. Wen, X. Cheng, Z. Xu, Y. Wang, J. Shankar, "Light sources for WDM passive optical networks," Int. Conf. Optical Internet (COIN) MelbourneAustralia (2007) Paper WeA2-5.

L. Y. Chan, C. K. Chan, D. T. K. Tong, S. Y. Cheung, F. Tong, L. K. Chen, "Demonstration of data remodulation for upstream traffic in WDM access networks using injection-locking FP laser as modulator," Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC) Los AngelesCA (2001) Paper WU5.

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