Abstract

This paper presents the time analysis of the Bragg wavelength shift in fiber gratings based on the elastodynamics theory. The model is valuable for estimating an upper limit for the tuning speed when traction forces are applied to the free end of the grating. A comparison between the single-mode silica optical fiber and polymer optical fiber is performed, showing the differences in time response, tuning speed, and Bragg wavelength shift when the same longitudinal load is applied on both types of fibers.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. R. Kashyap, S. V. Chernikov, P. F. McKee, J. R. Taylor, "30 ps chromatic dispersion compensation of 400 fs pulses at 100 Gb/s in optical fibers using an all fiber photoinduced chirped reflection grating," Electron. Lett. 30, 1078-1080 (1994).
  2. A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, J. E. Sipe, "Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters," Proc. Conf. OFC (1995) pp. PD4-1-PD4-5.
  3. T. Mizuochi, K. Shimizu, T. Kitayama, "All-fiber add/drop multiplexing of 6 × 10 Gb/s using a photo-induced Bragg grating filter for WDM networks," Proc. OFC (1996) pp. 116-117.
  4. N. Mohammad, W. Szyszkowsky, W. J. Zhang, E. I. Haddad, J. Zou, W. J. Jamroz, R. Kruzelecky, "Analysis and development of a tunable fiber Bragg grating filter based on axial tension/compression," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2001-2013 (2004).
  5. A. Iocco, Tunable fiber Bragg grating filters Ph.D. dissertation Inst. Appl. Opt. Swiss Federal Inst. Technol.LausanneSwitzerland (1999).
  6. S. Jin, H. Mavoori, P. Espindola, L. E. Adams, T. A. Strasser, "Magnetically tunable fiber Bragg gratings," Proc. OFC (1999) pp. 135-137.
  7. G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, "Compression-tuned single-frequency Bragg grating fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 19, 1979-1981 (1994).
  8. S. P. Timoshenko, J. N. Goodier, Theory of Elasticity (McGraw-Hill, 1970).
  9. C. A. R. Vera-Tudela, Formulação alternativa do MEC para problemas elastodinâmicos de mecânica da fratura com uso da função de Green numérica Ph.D. dissertation COPPE/UFRJRio de JaneiroBrazil.
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  14. C. S. Goh, M. R. Mokhtar, S. A. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, M. Ibsen, "Wavelength tuning of fiber Bragg gratings over 90 nm using a simple tuning package," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 557-559 (2003).
  15. J. M. Gere, S. P. Timoshenko, Mechanical of Materials (PWS-Kent, 1997).
  16. G. P. Carman, G. P. Sendeckyj, "Review of the mechanics of embedded optical sensors," J. Compos. Technol. Res. 17, 183-193 (1995).
  17. A. Bertholds, R. Dándliker, "Determination of the individual strain-optic coefficients in single-mode optical fibers ," J. Lightw. Technol. 6, 17-20 (1988).
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  20. H. Y. Liu, H. B. Liu, G. D. Peng, "Tensile strain characterization of polymer optical fibre Bragg gratings," Opt. Commun. 251, 37-43 (2005).
  21. P. T. Neves, Jr.A. A. P. Pohl, "A comparison study of fiber Bragg gratings in silica and polymer optical fibers using elastodynamics," Proc. Int. WorkPoF (2006) pp. 225-228.
  22. B. M. Beadle, R. S. Weis, "Longitudinal vibrations of a silica fiber segment characterized using a fiber Bragg grating ," IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelectr., Freq. Control 45, 1100-1104 (1998).

2005 (1)

H. Y. Liu, H. B. Liu, G. D. Peng, "Tensile strain characterization of polymer optical fibre Bragg gratings," Opt. Commun. 251, 37-43 (2005).

2004 (1)

N. Mohammad, W. Szyszkowsky, W. J. Zhang, E. I. Haddad, J. Zou, W. J. Jamroz, R. Kruzelecky, "Analysis and development of a tunable fiber Bragg grating filter based on axial tension/compression," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2001-2013 (2004).

2003 (1)

C. S. Goh, M. R. Mokhtar, S. A. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, M. Ibsen, "Wavelength tuning of fiber Bragg gratings over 90 nm using a simple tuning package," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 557-559 (2003).

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, P. L. Chu, "Highly tunable Bragg gratings in single-mode polymer optical fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 352-354 (1999).

1998 (1)

B. M. Beadle, R. S. Weis, "Longitudinal vibrations of a silica fiber segment characterized using a fiber Bragg grating ," IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelectr., Freq. Control 45, 1100-1104 (1998).

1995 (1)

G. P. Carman, G. P. Sendeckyj, "Review of the mechanics of embedded optical sensors," J. Compos. Technol. Res. 17, 183-193 (1995).

1994 (2)

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, "Compression-tuned single-frequency Bragg grating fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 19, 1979-1981 (1994).

R. Kashyap, S. V. Chernikov, P. F. McKee, J. R. Taylor, "30 ps chromatic dispersion compensation of 400 fs pulses at 100 Gb/s in optical fibers using an all fiber photoinduced chirped reflection grating," Electron. Lett. 30, 1078-1080 (1994).

1988 (1)

A. Bertholds, R. Dándliker, "Determination of the individual strain-optic coefficients in single-mode optical fibers ," J. Lightw. Technol. 6, 17-20 (1988).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

R. Kashyap, S. V. Chernikov, P. F. McKee, J. R. Taylor, "30 ps chromatic dispersion compensation of 400 fs pulses at 100 Gb/s in optical fibers using an all fiber photoinduced chirped reflection grating," Electron. Lett. 30, 1078-1080 (1994).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

C. S. Goh, M. R. Mokhtar, S. A. Butler, S. Y. Set, K. Kikuchi, M. Ibsen, "Wavelength tuning of fiber Bragg gratings over 90 nm using a simple tuning package," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 557-559 (2003).

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, P. L. Chu, "Highly tunable Bragg gratings in single-mode polymer optical fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 352-354 (1999).

IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelectr., Freq. Control (1)

B. M. Beadle, R. S. Weis, "Longitudinal vibrations of a silica fiber segment characterized using a fiber Bragg grating ," IEEE Trans. Ultrason., Ferroelectr., Freq. Control 45, 1100-1104 (1998).

J. Compos. Technol. Res. (1)

G. P. Carman, G. P. Sendeckyj, "Review of the mechanics of embedded optical sensors," J. Compos. Technol. Res. 17, 183-193 (1995).

J. Lightw. Technol. (2)

A. Bertholds, R. Dándliker, "Determination of the individual strain-optic coefficients in single-mode optical fibers ," J. Lightw. Technol. 6, 17-20 (1988).

N. Mohammad, W. Szyszkowsky, W. J. Zhang, E. I. Haddad, J. Zou, W. J. Jamroz, R. Kruzelecky, "Analysis and development of a tunable fiber Bragg grating filter based on axial tension/compression," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2001-2013 (2004).

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. Y. Liu, H. B. Liu, G. D. Peng, "Tensile strain characterization of polymer optical fibre Bragg gratings," Opt. Commun. 251, 37-43 (2005).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (12)

S. P. Timoshenko, J. N. Goodier, Theory of Elasticity (McGraw-Hill, 1970).

C. A. R. Vera-Tudela, Formulação alternativa do MEC para problemas elastodinâmicos de mecânica da fratura com uso da função de Green numérica Ph.D. dissertation COPPE/UFRJRio de JaneiroBrazil.

A. C. Eringen, E. S. Suhubi, Elastodynamics—Linear Theory (Academic, 1975).

M. D. Greenberg, Application of Green's Functions in Science and Engineering (Prentice-Hall, 1971).

A. Iocco, Tunable fiber Bragg grating filters Ph.D. dissertation Inst. Appl. Opt. Swiss Federal Inst. Technol.LausanneSwitzerland (1999).

S. Jin, H. Mavoori, P. Espindola, L. E. Adams, T. A. Strasser, "Magnetically tunable fiber Bragg gratings," Proc. OFC (1999) pp. 135-137.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, J. E. Sipe, "Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters," Proc. Conf. OFC (1995) pp. PD4-1-PD4-5.

T. Mizuochi, K. Shimizu, T. Kitayama, "All-fiber add/drop multiplexing of 6 × 10 Gb/s using a photo-induced Bragg grating filter for WDM networks," Proc. OFC (1996) pp. 116-117.

P. T. Neves, Jr.A. A. P. Pohl, "A comparison study of fiber Bragg gratings in silica and polymer optical fibers using elastodynamics," Proc. Int. WorkPoF (2006) pp. 225-228.

Z. Xiong, G. D. Peng, B. Wu, P. L. Chu, "73 nm wavelength tuning in polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings," Proc. 24th ACOFT (1999) pp. 135-138.

J. M. Gere, S. P. Timoshenko, Mechanical of Materials (PWS-Kent, 1997).

J. S. Rao, Advanced Theory of Vibration (Wiley, 1992).

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