Abstract

We propose a novel dispersion-free interleaver using optical delay lines by accurately locating the zeros in the transfer function. It has been implemented with the design of interleaver pairs with the same amplitude responses but opposite phase responses for bidirectional dense wavelength-division multiplexed (DWDM) transmission systems. The measured results are consistent with device simulation. We have further modified the original three-port design using unidirectional amplification, and a fourport interleaver has been built and demonstrated to achieve bidirectional DWDM transmission. In this paper, we fully studied and verified the applications of our four-port interleavers in bidirectional transmission. We demonstrated a bidirectional strain-line system over 210 km and a recirculating loop transmission over a 500-km standard single-mode fiber using 10-Gb/s on–off keying signals. Furthermore, we also demonstrated return-to-zero differential phase-shift keying (DPSK) and nonreturn-to-zero DPSK modulation formats for more than 230 km of transmission. For comparison, the different amplification functions, such as the erbium-doped fiber amplifier and the semiconductor optical amplifier, have also been probed in this paper. The experimental results have clearly illustrated the desirable functions of this novel bidirectional amplifier in this dispersion-free interleaver.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. K. Jinguji, M. Oguma, "Optical half-band filters," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 252-259 (2000).
  2. S. Cao, J. Chen, J. N. Damask, C. R. Doerr, L. Guiziou, G. Harvey, Y. Hibino, H. Li, S. Suzuki, K.-Y. Wu, P. Xie, "Interleaver technology: Comparisons and applications requirements," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 281-289 (2004).
  3. K. Tai, B. Chang, J. Chen, C. Mao, T. Ducellier, J. Xie, L. Mao, J. Wheeldon, "Wavelength-interleaving bidirectional circulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 320-322 (2001).
  4. S. Y. Kim, S. H. Lee, S. S. Lee, J. S. Lee, "Upgrading WDM networks using ultradense WDM channel groups," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1966-1968 (2004).
  5. H. S. Chung, J. S. Han, S. H. Chang, H. J. Lee, "Bidirectional transmissions of 32 channels × 10 Gb/s over metropolitan networks using xs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1194-1196 (2004).
  6. S. T. Lee, C. J. Chae, "Low-cost bidirectional optical amplifier using a single EDFA and a 4-port wavelength interleaver ," Proc. 13th Annu. Meeting. IEEE LEOS (2000) pp. 277-278.
  7. M. F. Huang, J. Chen, K. M. Feng, C. C. Wei, C. Y. Lai, T. Y. Lin, S. Chi, "210-km Bidirectional transmission system with a novel four-port interleaver to facilitate unidirectional amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 172-174 (2006).
  8. S. Radic, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Srivastava, H. Kim, L. Nelson, S. Liang, K. Tai, N. Copner, "Dense interleaved bidirectional transmission over 5 × 80 km of nonzero dispersion-shifted fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 218-220 (2002).
  9. M. D. Feuer, "Measurement of OSNR in the presence of partially polarized ASE," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 435-437 (2005).
  10. J. Yu, A. Buxens, A. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, "16 × 10 Gb/s WDM bidirectional gating in a semiconductor optical amplifier for optical cross connects exploiting network connection symmetry," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 702-704 (2000).
  11. A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, D. M. Gill, "2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40 × 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans ," Proc. OFC (2002) pp. FC2-1-FC2-3.
  12. J. Yu, Y. K. Yeo, O. Akanbi, G. K. Chang, "Bi-directional transmission of 8 × 10 Gb/s DPSK signals over 80 km of SMF-28 fiber using in-line semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Express 12, 6215-6218 (2004).
  13. R. Proietti, A. D'Errico, L. Giorgi, N. Calabretta, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, "16 × 10 Gb/s DPSK transmission over 140-km SSMF by using two common SOAs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1675-1677 (2006).
  14. V. S. Grigoryan, M. Shin, P. Devgan, J. Lasri, P. Kumar, "SOA-based regenerative amplification of phase-noise-degraded DPSK signals: Dynamic analysis and demonstration," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 135-142 (2006).
  15. T. Mizuochi, K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, K. Motoshima, K. Kasahara, "A comparative study of DPSK and OOK WDM transmission over transoceanic distances and their performance degradations due to nonlinear phase noise," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1933-1943 (2003).
  16. B. Lyot, "Optical apparatus with wide field using interference of polarized light," C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 195, 1593-1597 (1993).
  17. Y. Öhman, "A new monochromator," Nature 41, 291-296 (1938).
  18. I. Šolc, "Birefringent chain filters," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 55, 621-624 (1965).
  19. J. Chen, "Dispersion-compensating optical digital filters for 40-Gb/s metro add–drop applications ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1310-1312 (2004).
  20. M. F. Huang, K. M. Feng, J. Chen, T. Y. Lin, C. C. Wei, S. Chi, "Wavelength-interleaving bidirectional transmission system using unidirectional amplification in a 5 × 100 km recirculating loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1326-1328 (2006).
  21. K. M. Feng, M. F. Huang, C. C. Wei, C. Y. Lai, T. Y. Lin, J. Chen, S. Chi, "Metro add–drop network applications of cascaded dispersion-compensated interleaver pairs using a recirculating loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1349-1351 (2005).

2006 (4)

M. F. Huang, J. Chen, K. M. Feng, C. C. Wei, C. Y. Lai, T. Y. Lin, S. Chi, "210-km Bidirectional transmission system with a novel four-port interleaver to facilitate unidirectional amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 172-174 (2006).

R. Proietti, A. D'Errico, L. Giorgi, N. Calabretta, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, "16 × 10 Gb/s DPSK transmission over 140-km SSMF by using two common SOAs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1675-1677 (2006).

V. S. Grigoryan, M. Shin, P. Devgan, J. Lasri, P. Kumar, "SOA-based regenerative amplification of phase-noise-degraded DPSK signals: Dynamic analysis and demonstration," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 135-142 (2006).

M. F. Huang, K. M. Feng, J. Chen, T. Y. Lin, C. C. Wei, S. Chi, "Wavelength-interleaving bidirectional transmission system using unidirectional amplification in a 5 × 100 km recirculating loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1326-1328 (2006).

2005 (2)

K. M. Feng, M. F. Huang, C. C. Wei, C. Y. Lai, T. Y. Lin, J. Chen, S. Chi, "Metro add–drop network applications of cascaded dispersion-compensated interleaver pairs using a recirculating loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1349-1351 (2005).

M. D. Feuer, "Measurement of OSNR in the presence of partially polarized ASE," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 435-437 (2005).

2004 (5)

S. Cao, J. Chen, J. N. Damask, C. R. Doerr, L. Guiziou, G. Harvey, Y. Hibino, H. Li, S. Suzuki, K.-Y. Wu, P. Xie, "Interleaver technology: Comparisons and applications requirements," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 281-289 (2004).

S. Y. Kim, S. H. Lee, S. S. Lee, J. S. Lee, "Upgrading WDM networks using ultradense WDM channel groups," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1966-1968 (2004).

H. S. Chung, J. S. Han, S. H. Chang, H. J. Lee, "Bidirectional transmissions of 32 channels × 10 Gb/s over metropolitan networks using xs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1194-1196 (2004).

J. Yu, Y. K. Yeo, O. Akanbi, G. K. Chang, "Bi-directional transmission of 8 × 10 Gb/s DPSK signals over 80 km of SMF-28 fiber using in-line semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Express 12, 6215-6218 (2004).

J. Chen, "Dispersion-compensating optical digital filters for 40-Gb/s metro add–drop applications ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1310-1312 (2004).

2003 (1)

T. Mizuochi, K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, K. Motoshima, K. Kasahara, "A comparative study of DPSK and OOK WDM transmission over transoceanic distances and their performance degradations due to nonlinear phase noise," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1933-1943 (2003).

2002 (1)

S. Radic, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Srivastava, H. Kim, L. Nelson, S. Liang, K. Tai, N. Copner, "Dense interleaved bidirectional transmission over 5 × 80 km of nonzero dispersion-shifted fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 218-220 (2002).

2001 (1)

K. Tai, B. Chang, J. Chen, C. Mao, T. Ducellier, J. Xie, L. Mao, J. Wheeldon, "Wavelength-interleaving bidirectional circulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 320-322 (2001).

2000 (2)

J. Yu, A. Buxens, A. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, "16 × 10 Gb/s WDM bidirectional gating in a semiconductor optical amplifier for optical cross connects exploiting network connection symmetry," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 702-704 (2000).

K. Jinguji, M. Oguma, "Optical half-band filters," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 252-259 (2000).

1993 (1)

B. Lyot, "Optical apparatus with wide field using interference of polarized light," C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 195, 1593-1597 (1993).

1965 (1)

I. Šolc, "Birefringent chain filters," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 55, 621-624 (1965).

1938 (1)

Y. Öhman, "A new monochromator," Nature 41, 291-296 (1938).

C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) (1)

B. Lyot, "Optical apparatus with wide field using interference of polarized light," C. R. Acad. Sci. (Paris) 195, 1593-1597 (1993).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (11)

R. Proietti, A. D'Errico, L. Giorgi, N. Calabretta, G. Contestabile, E. Ciaramella, "16 × 10 Gb/s DPSK transmission over 140-km SSMF by using two common SOAs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1675-1677 (2006).

K. Tai, B. Chang, J. Chen, C. Mao, T. Ducellier, J. Xie, L. Mao, J. Wheeldon, "Wavelength-interleaving bidirectional circulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 320-322 (2001).

S. Y. Kim, S. H. Lee, S. S. Lee, J. S. Lee, "Upgrading WDM networks using ultradense WDM channel groups," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1966-1968 (2004).

H. S. Chung, J. S. Han, S. H. Chang, H. J. Lee, "Bidirectional transmissions of 32 channels × 10 Gb/s over metropolitan networks using xs," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1194-1196 (2004).

M. F. Huang, J. Chen, K. M. Feng, C. C. Wei, C. Y. Lai, T. Y. Lin, S. Chi, "210-km Bidirectional transmission system with a novel four-port interleaver to facilitate unidirectional amplification," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 172-174 (2006).

S. Radic, S. Chandrasekhar, A. Srivastava, H. Kim, L. Nelson, S. Liang, K. Tai, N. Copner, "Dense interleaved bidirectional transmission over 5 × 80 km of nonzero dispersion-shifted fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 218-220 (2002).

M. D. Feuer, "Measurement of OSNR in the presence of partially polarized ASE," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 435-437 (2005).

J. Yu, A. Buxens, A. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, "16 × 10 Gb/s WDM bidirectional gating in a semiconductor optical amplifier for optical cross connects exploiting network connection symmetry," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 702-704 (2000).

J. Chen, "Dispersion-compensating optical digital filters for 40-Gb/s metro add–drop applications ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1310-1312 (2004).

M. F. Huang, K. M. Feng, J. Chen, T. Y. Lin, C. C. Wei, S. Chi, "Wavelength-interleaving bidirectional transmission system using unidirectional amplification in a 5 × 100 km recirculating loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1326-1328 (2006).

K. M. Feng, M. F. Huang, C. C. Wei, C. Y. Lai, T. Y. Lin, J. Chen, S. Chi, "Metro add–drop network applications of cascaded dispersion-compensated interleaver pairs using a recirculating loop," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1349-1351 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

V. S. Grigoryan, M. Shin, P. Devgan, J. Lasri, P. Kumar, "SOA-based regenerative amplification of phase-noise-degraded DPSK signals: Dynamic analysis and demonstration," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 135-142 (2006).

T. Mizuochi, K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, K. Motoshima, K. Kasahara, "A comparative study of DPSK and OOK WDM transmission over transoceanic distances and their performance degradations due to nonlinear phase noise," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1933-1943 (2003).

K. Jinguji, M. Oguma, "Optical half-band filters," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 252-259 (2000).

S. Cao, J. Chen, J. N. Damask, C. R. Doerr, L. Guiziou, G. Harvey, Y. Hibino, H. Li, S. Suzuki, K.-Y. Wu, P. Xie, "Interleaver technology: Comparisons and applications requirements," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 281-289 (2004).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. (1)

I. Šolc, "Birefringent chain filters," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 55, 621-624 (1965).

Nature (1)

Y. Öhman, "A new monochromator," Nature 41, 291-296 (1938).

Opt. Express (1)

Other (2)

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, D. M. Gill, "2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40 × 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans ," Proc. OFC (2002) pp. FC2-1-FC2-3.

S. T. Lee, C. J. Chae, "Low-cost bidirectional optical amplifier using a single EDFA and a 4-port wavelength interleaver ," Proc. 13th Annu. Meeting. IEEE LEOS (2000) pp. 277-278.

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