Abstract

We have proposed and experimentally demonstrated three different optical front-ends to implement in wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM) radio-over-fiber (ROF) networks to minimize the cost of the ROF system. When the number of WDM channels is small, such as smaller than four channels, the simplest front-end to generate WDM optical millimeter (mm)-wave signals is to use only broadband direct-modulation laser (DML) for each WDM channel. In this case, the expensive external modulator can be removed. However, when the number of WDM channels is large, such as larger than four, the frond-end to generate WDM optical mm-wave signals can be realized by using an external modulator to upconvert simultaneously all channels after the WDM channel signals are multiplexed. In this way, the cost of the expensive external modulator will be shared by all channels. For seamless integration of WDM signals that come from the existing backbone with ROF system, a broadband external modulator can be used to upconvert WDM signals.

© 2007 IEEE

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2007 (2)

L. Chen, Y. Shao, X. Lei, H. Wen, S. Wen, "A novel radio-over-fiber system with wavelength reuse for upstream data connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 387-389 (2007).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G.-K. Chang, "A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 140-142 (2007).

2006 (14)

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L. Chen, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, "A DWDM optical mm-wave generation for ROF downstream link using optical phase modulator and optical interleaver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1418-1420 (2006).

L. Chen, H. Wen, S. Wen, "A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2056-2058 (2006).

A. Murakoshi, K. Tsukamoto, S. Komaki, "High-performance RF signals transmission in SCM/WDMA radio-on-fiber bus link using optical FM method in presence of optical beat interference," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 2967-972 (2006).

Y. L. Guennec, G. Maury, J. Yao, B. Cabon, "New optical microwave up-conversion solution in radio-over-fiber networks for 60-GHz wireless applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1277-1282 (2006).

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, "Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies toward an integrated DWDM network ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2311-2313 (2006).

C.-T. Lin, W.-R. Peng, P.-C. Peng, J. Chen, C.-F. Peng, B. S. Chiou, S. Chi, "Simultaneous generation of baseband and radio signals using only one single-electrode Mach–Zehnder modulator with enhanced linearity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2481-2483 (2006).

M. M. Sisto, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, "Carrier-to-noise ratio optimization by modulator bias control in radio-over-fiber links ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1840-1842 (2006).

T.-S. Cho, K. Kim, "Effect of third-order intermodulation on radio-over-fiber systems by a dual-electrode Mach–Zehnder modulator with ODSB and OSSB signals," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2052-2058 (2006).

X. Zhang, B. Liu, J. Yao, K. Wu, R. Kashyap, "A novel millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber system with dense wavelength-division multiplexing bus architecture," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 929-937 (2006).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G.-K. Chang, T. Wang, "Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, "A full-duplex radio-over fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726-1728 (2006).

A. Kaszubowska, L. Hu, L. P. Barry, "Remote downconversion with wavelength reuse for the radio/fiber uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 562-564 (2006).

M. Attygalle, C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, "Extending optical transmission distance in fiber wireless links using passive filtering in conjunction with optimized modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1703-1709 (2006).

J. Ma, C. Yu, Z. Zhou, J. Yu, "Optical mm-wave generation by using external modulator based on optical carrier suppression ," Opt. Commun. 268, 51-57 (2006).

2005 (14)

H.-J. Song, J.-S. Lee, J.-I. Song, "Error-free simultaneous all-optical upconversion of WDM radio-over-fiber signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1731-1733 (2005).

J. Yu, J. Gu, X. Liu, Z. Jia, G.-K. Chang, "Seamless integration of an 8 × 2.5 Gb/s WDM-PON and radio-over-fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on Raman-assisted FWM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1986-1988 (2005).

C. Kim, I. Kim, G. Li, M. R. Lange, T. E. Dimmick, P. Langlois, B. Reid, "Optical microwave/millimeter-wave links using direct modulation of two-section gain-coupled DFB lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1734-1736 (2005).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, "All-optical 16 × 2.5 Gb/s WDM signal simultaneous up-conversion based on XPM in an NOLM in ROF Systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2724-2726 (2005).

M. Attygalle, C. Lim, G. J. Pendock, A. Nirmalathas, G. Edvell, "Transmission improvement in fiber wireless links using fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 190-192 (2005).

A. Wiberg, P. P. Millán, M. V. Andrés, P. A. Andrekson, P. O. Hedekvist, "Fiber-optic 40 GHz mm-wave link with 2.5 Gb/s data transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1938-1940 (2005).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, G. K. Chang, "All-optical mixer based on cross-absorption modulation in electro-absorption modulator ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2421-2423 (2005).

L. S. Yan, X. S. Yao, C. Yu, "40 Gb/s transmission over 25 km of negative-dispersion fiber using asymmetric narrow-band filtering of a commercial directly modulated laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1322-1324 (2005).

J. Yao, G. Maury, Y. Guennec, B. Cabon, "All-optical subcarrier frequency conversion using an electrooptic phase modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2427-2429 (2005).

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, C. Belisle, "Optical generation and distribution of continuously tunable millimeter-wave signals using an optical phase modulator," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 2687-2695 (2005).

G. Zhou, X. Zhang, J. Yao, K. Wu, R. Kashyap, "A novel photonic frequency down-shifting technique for millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 130-134 (2005).

P. Horvath, I. Frigyes, "Effects of the nonlinearity of a Mach–Zehnder modulator on OFDM radio-over-fiber transmission," IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 921-923 (2005).

H. H. Lu, W. S. Tsai, H. C. Peng, Y. J. Ji, "A comparison between optical SSB transmitter-filter in a full-duplex radio-on-fiber transport system," IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 649-651 (2005).

T. S. Cho, C. Yun, J. I. Song, K. Kim, "Analysis of CNR penalty of radio-over-fiber systems including the effects of phase noise from laser and RF oscillator," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 4093-4100 (2005).

2004 (3)

H. H. Lu, S.-J. Tzeng, Y.-L. Liu, "Intermodulation distortion suppression in a full-duplex radio-on-fiber ring network ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 602-604 (2004).

P. K. Tang, L. C. Ong, A. Alphones, B. Luo, M. Fujise, "PER and EVM measurements of a radio-over-fiber network for cellular and WLAN system applications ," J. Lightw. Technol. 22, 2370-2376 (2004).

H.-S. Ryu, Y.-K. Seo, W.-Y. Choi, "Dispersion-tolerant transmission of 155-Mb/s data at 17 GHz using a 2.5-Gb/s-grade DFB laser with wavelength-selective gain from an FP laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1942-1944 (2004).

2001 (1)

A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, C. Lim, R. B. Waterhouse, "Wavelength reuse in the WDM optical interface of a millimeter-wave fiber-wireless antenna base station," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 22006-2009 (2001).

2000 (1)

J. M. Fuster, J. Marti, J. L. Corral, V. Polo, F. Ramos, "Generalized study of dispersion-induced power penalty mitigation techniques in millimeter-wave fiber-optic links," J. Lightw. Technol. 18, 933-940 (2000).

1997 (1)

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, "Overcome chromatic-dispersion effects in fiber-wireless systems incorporating external modulators ," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1410-1415 (1997).

1996 (3)

C. K. Sun, R. J. Orazi, S. A. Pappert, "Efficient microwave frequency conversion using photonic link signal mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 154-156 (1996).

U. Glies, S. Nøskov, T. N. Nielsen, "Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44, 1716-1724 (1996).

D. Wake, C. R. Lima, P. A. Davies, "Transmission of 60 GHz signals over 100 km of optical fiber using a dual-mode semiconductor laser source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 578-580 (1996).

1992 (2)

J. J. O'Reilly, P. M. Lane, R. Heidemann, R. Hofstetter, "Optical generation of very narrow linewidth millimetre wave signals," Electron. Lett. 28, 2309-2311 (1992).

T. Ishikawa, "Polarisation-independent $\hbox{LiNbO}_{3}$ waveguide optical modulator," Electron. Lett. 28, 566-567 (1992).

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. J. O'Reilly, P. M. Lane, R. Heidemann, R. Hofstetter, "Optical generation of very narrow linewidth millimetre wave signals," Electron. Lett. 28, 2309-2311 (1992).

T. Ishikawa, "Polarisation-independent $\hbox{LiNbO}_{3}$ waveguide optical modulator," Electron. Lett. 28, 566-567 (1992).

IEEE Commun. Lett. (2)

P. Horvath, I. Frigyes, "Effects of the nonlinearity of a Mach–Zehnder modulator on OFDM radio-over-fiber transmission," IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 921-923 (2005).

H. H. Lu, W. S. Tsai, H. C. Peng, Y. J. Ji, "A comparison between optical SSB transmitter-filter in a full-duplex radio-on-fiber transport system," IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 649-651 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (24)

H. H. Lu, S.-J. Tzeng, Y.-L. Liu, "Intermodulation distortion suppression in a full-duplex radio-on-fiber ring network ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 602-604 (2004).

L. S. Yan, X. S. Yao, C. Yu, "40 Gb/s transmission over 25 km of negative-dispersion fiber using asymmetric narrow-band filtering of a commercial directly modulated laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1322-1324 (2005).

M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, "Hybrid multiplexing of multiband optical access technologies toward an integrated DWDM network ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2311-2313 (2006).

C.-T. Lin, W.-R. Peng, P.-C. Peng, J. Chen, C.-F. Peng, B. S. Chiou, S. Chi, "Simultaneous generation of baseband and radio signals using only one single-electrode Mach–Zehnder modulator with enhanced linearity," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2481-2483 (2006).

J. Yao, G. Maury, Y. Guennec, B. Cabon, "All-optical subcarrier frequency conversion using an electrooptic phase modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2427-2429 (2005).

M. M. Sisto, S. LaRochelle, L. A. Rusch, "Carrier-to-noise ratio optimization by modulator bias control in radio-over-fiber links ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1840-1842 (2006).

H.-S. Ryu, Y.-K. Seo, W.-Y. Choi, "Dispersion-tolerant transmission of 155-Mb/s data at 17 GHz using a 2.5-Gb/s-grade DFB laser with wavelength-selective gain from an FP laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1942-1944 (2004).

D. Wake, C. R. Lima, P. A. Davies, "Transmission of 60 GHz signals over 100 km of optical fiber using a dual-mode semiconductor laser source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 578-580 (1996).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G.-K. Chang, T. Wang, "Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G.-K. Chang, "A full-duplex radio-over fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726-1728 (2006).

A. Wiberg, P. P. Millán, M. V. Andrés, P. A. Andrekson, P. O. Hedekvist, "Fiber-optic 40 GHz mm-wave link with 2.5 Gb/s data transmission," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1938-1940 (2005).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, G. K. Chang, "All-optical mixer based on cross-absorption modulation in electro-absorption modulator ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2421-2423 (2005).

M. Attygalle, C. Lim, G. J. Pendock, A. Nirmalathas, G. Edvell, "Transmission improvement in fiber wireless links using fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 190-192 (2005).

C. K. Sun, R. J. Orazi, S. A. Pappert, "Efficient microwave frequency conversion using photonic link signal mixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 154-156 (1996).

H.-J. Song, J.-S. Lee, J.-I. Song, "Error-free simultaneous all-optical upconversion of WDM radio-over-fiber signals," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1731-1733 (2005).

J. Yu, J. Gu, X. Liu, Z. Jia, G.-K. Chang, "Seamless integration of an 8 × 2.5 Gb/s WDM-PON and radio-over-fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on Raman-assisted FWM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1986-1988 (2005).

C. Kim, I. Kim, G. Li, M. R. Lange, T. E. Dimmick, P. Langlois, B. Reid, "Optical microwave/millimeter-wave links using direct modulation of two-section gain-coupled DFB lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1734-1736 (2005).

Z. Jia, J. Yu, G. K. Chang, "All-optical 16 × 2.5 Gb/s WDM signal simultaneous up-conversion based on XPM in an NOLM in ROF Systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2724-2726 (2005).

A. Kaszubowska, L. Hu, L. P. Barry, "Remote downconversion with wavelength reuse for the radio/fiber uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 562-564 (2006).

L. Chen, H. Wen, S. Wen, "A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2056-2058 (2006).

L. Chen, Y. Shao, X. Lei, H. Wen, S. Wen, "A novel radio-over-fiber system with wavelength reuse for upstream data connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 387-389 (2007).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Xu, L. Chen, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, "A DWDM optical mm-wave generation for ROF downstream link using optical phase modulator and optical interleaver," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1418-1420 (2006).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G.-K. Chang, "A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 140-142 (2007).

G. Zhou, X. Zhang, J. Yao, K. Wu, R. Kashyap, "A novel photonic frequency down-shifting technique for millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 130-134 (2005).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (5)

U. Glies, S. Nøskov, T. N. Nielsen, "Chromatic dispersion in fiber-optic microwave and millimeter-wave links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 44, 1716-1724 (1996).

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, Z. Ahmed, "Overcome chromatic-dispersion effects in fiber-wireless systems incorporating external modulators ," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1410-1415 (1997).

A. Murakoshi, K. Tsukamoto, S. Komaki, "High-performance RF signals transmission in SCM/WDMA radio-on-fiber bus link using optical FM method in presence of optical beat interference," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 2967-972 (2006).

A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, C. Lim, R. B. Waterhouse, "Wavelength reuse in the WDM optical interface of a millimeter-wave fiber-wireless antenna base station," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 22006-2009 (2001).

X. Zhang, B. Liu, J. Yao, K. Wu, R. Kashyap, "A novel millimeter-wave-band radio-over-fiber system with dense wavelength-division multiplexing bus architecture," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 929-937 (2006).

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