Abstract

We have theoretically investigated the transmission performance of the optical millimeter-waves (mm-waves) generated using intensity modulation via a LiNbO<sub>3</sub> Mach–Zehnder modulator, with the double and single sidebands (DSB and SSB) and optical carrier suppression (OCS) schemes. According to our theoretical analysis, fiber chromatic dispersion leads to fading effect and time shifting of the codes; therefore, signals are greatly degraded. Of all signals, DSB optical mm-wave suffers from both the fading effect and the time shifting of the codes. However, the optical mm-waves generated by SSB and OCS schemes are immune to the fading effect, while the time shifting of the codes limits their transmission distance. Experimental and simulation results confirm the theoretical analysis.

© 2007 IEEE

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2007 (2)

L. Chen, Y. Shao, X. Lei, H. Wen, S. Wen, "A novel radio-over-fiber system with wavelength reuse for upstream data connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 387-389 (2007).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, "A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 140-142 (2007).

2006 (10)

L. Chen, H. Wen, S. Wen, "A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2056-2058 (2006).

C. Lim, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Analysis of optical carrier-to-sideband ratio for improving transmission performance in fiber–radio links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 2181-2187 (2006).

M. Attygalle, C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, "Extending optical transmission distance in fiber wireless links using passive filtering in conjunction with optimized modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1703-1709 (2006).

J. Kim, Y. Kang, Y. Chung, K. Choi, "Development and RF characteristics of analog 60-GHz electroabsorption modulator module for RF/optic conversion," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 780-787 (2006).

T. Cho, K. Kim, "Optimization of radio-on-fiber systems employing ODSB signals by utilizing a dual-electrode Mach–Zehnder modulator against IM3," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1076-1078 (2006).

D. Fonseca, A. V. T. Cartaxo, P. Monteiro, "Optical single-sideband transmitter for various electrical signaling formats," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2059-2070 (2006).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G.-K. Chang, T. Wang, "Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).

Z. Deng, J. Yao, "Photonic generation of microwave signal using a rational harmonic mode-locked fiber ring laser ," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 763-767 (2006).

T. Schneider, D. Hannover, M. Junker, "Investigation of Brillouin scattering in optical fibers for the generation of millimeter-waves ," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 295-304 (2006).

T. Nakasyotani, H. Toda, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed millimeter-waveband radio-on-fiber system using a supercontinuum light source," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 404-410 (2006).

2005 (4)

Y. Shen, X. Zhang, K. Chen, "Optical single sideband modulation of 11-GHz ROF system using stimulated Brillouin scattering ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1277-1279 (2005).

J. Yu, J. Gu, X. Liu, Z. Jia, G.-K. Chang, "Seamless integration of an 8 × 2.5 Gb/s WDM-PON and radio-over-fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on Raman-assisted FWM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1986-1988 (2005).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, G. K. Chang, "All-optical mixer based on cross-absorption modulation in electro-absorption modulator ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2421-2423 (2005).

J. Yao, G. Maury, Y. Le Guennec, B. Cabon, "All-optical subcarrier frequency conversion using an electrooptic phase modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2427-2429 (2005).

2003 (4)

G. Jaro, T. Berceli, "A new high-efficiency optical-microwave mixing approach," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3078-3084 (2003).

A. Kaszubowska, L. P. Barry, P. Anandarajah, "Effects of intermodulation distortion on the performance of a hybrid radio/fiber system employing a self-pulsating laser diode transmitter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 852-854 (2003).

M. Hyodo, K. S. Abedin, N. Onodera, M. Watanabe, "Beat-signal synchronisation for optical generation of millimeter-wave signals," Electron. Lett. 39, 1740-1741 (2003).

M. Hyodo, M. Watanabe, "Optical generation of millimeter-wave signals up to 330 GHz by means of cascadingly phase locking three semiconductor lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 458-460 (2003).

2001 (1)

J. L. Corral, J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, "General expressions for IM/DD dispersive analog optical links with external modulation or optical up-conversion in a Mach–Zehnder electrooptical modulator," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 1968-1976 (2001).

1999 (1)

A. C. Bordonalli, C. Walton, A. J. Seeds, "High-performance phase locking of wide linewidth semiconductor lasers by combined use of optical injection locking and optical phase-lock loop," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 328-342 (1999).

1998 (3)

C. Walton, A. C. Bordonalli, A. J. Seeds, "High-performance heterodyne optical injection phase-lock loop using wide linewidth semiconductor lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 427-429 (1998).

K. Noguchi, O. Mitomi, H. Miyazawa, "Millimeter-wave $\hbox{Ti:LiNbO}_{3}$ optical modulators ," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 615-619 (1998).

R. P. Braun, G. Grosskopf, D. Rohde, F. Schmidt, "Low-phase-noise millimeter-wave generation at 64 GHz and data transmission using optical sideband injection locking," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 728-730 (1998).

1997 (1)

G. Maury, A. Hilt, T. Berceli, B. Cabon, A. Vilcot, "Microwave-frequency conversion methods by optical interferometer and photodiode," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1481-1485 (1997).

1995 (1)

J. C. Cartledge, "Performance of 10 Gb/s lightwave systems based on lithium niobate Mach–Zehnder modulators with asymmetric Y-branch waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1090-1092 (1995).

1994 (1)

1985 (1)

L. Goldberg, A. M. Yurek, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, "35 GHz microwave signal generation with an injection-locked laser diode," Electron. Lett. 21, 814-815 (1985).

Electron. Lett. (2)

L. Goldberg, A. M. Yurek, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, "35 GHz microwave signal generation with an injection-locked laser diode," Electron. Lett. 21, 814-815 (1985).

M. Hyodo, K. S. Abedin, N. Onodera, M. Watanabe, "Beat-signal synchronisation for optical generation of millimeter-wave signals," Electron. Lett. 39, 1740-1741 (2003).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (14)

M. Hyodo, M. Watanabe, "Optical generation of millimeter-wave signals up to 330 GHz by means of cascadingly phase locking three semiconductor lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 458-460 (2003).

R. P. Braun, G. Grosskopf, D. Rohde, F. Schmidt, "Low-phase-noise millimeter-wave generation at 64 GHz and data transmission using optical sideband injection locking," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 728-730 (1998).

Y. Shen, X. Zhang, K. Chen, "Optical single sideband modulation of 11-GHz ROF system using stimulated Brillouin scattering ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1277-1279 (2005).

J. Yu, J. Gu, X. Liu, Z. Jia, G.-K. Chang, "Seamless integration of an 8 × 2.5 Gb/s WDM-PON and radio-over-fiber using all-optical up-conversion based on Raman-assisted FWM," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1986-1988 (2005).

A. Kaszubowska, L. P. Barry, P. Anandarajah, "Effects of intermodulation distortion on the performance of a hybrid radio/fiber system employing a self-pulsating laser diode transmitter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 852-854 (2003).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, G. K. Chang, "All-optical mixer based on cross-absorption modulation in electro-absorption modulator ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2421-2423 (2005).

J. Yao, G. Maury, Y. Le Guennec, B. Cabon, "All-optical subcarrier frequency conversion using an electrooptic phase modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2427-2429 (2005).

T. Cho, K. Kim, "Optimization of radio-on-fiber systems employing ODSB signals by utilizing a dual-electrode Mach–Zehnder modulator against IM3," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1076-1078 (2006).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G.-K. Chang, T. Wang, "Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 265-267 (2006).

C. Walton, A. C. Bordonalli, A. J. Seeds, "High-performance heterodyne optical injection phase-lock loop using wide linewidth semiconductor lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 427-429 (1998).

J. C. Cartledge, "Performance of 10 Gb/s lightwave systems based on lithium niobate Mach–Zehnder modulators with asymmetric Y-branch waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1090-1092 (1995).

L. Chen, Y. Shao, X. Lei, H. Wen, S. Wen, "A novel radio-over-fiber system with wavelength reuse for upstream data connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 387-389 (2007).

L. Chen, H. Wen, S. Wen, "A radio-over-fiber system with a novel scheme for millimeter-wave generation and wavelength reuse for up-link connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2056-2058 (2006).

J. Yu, Z. Jia, T. Wang, G. K. Chang, "A novel radio-over-fiber configuration using optical phase modulator to generate an optical mm-wave and centralized lightwave for uplink connection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 140-142 (2007).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (5)

J. L. Corral, J. Marti, J. M. Fuster, "General expressions for IM/DD dispersive analog optical links with external modulation or optical up-conversion in a Mach–Zehnder electrooptical modulator," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 49, 1968-1976 (2001).

C. Lim, M. Attygalle, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, "Analysis of optical carrier-to-sideband ratio for improving transmission performance in fiber–radio links," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 2181-2187 (2006).

Z. Deng, J. Yao, "Photonic generation of microwave signal using a rational harmonic mode-locked fiber ring laser ," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 763-767 (2006).

G. Maury, A. Hilt, T. Berceli, B. Cabon, A. Vilcot, "Microwave-frequency conversion methods by optical interferometer and photodiode," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 45, 1481-1485 (1997).

J. Kim, Y. Kang, Y. Chung, K. Choi, "Development and RF characteristics of analog 60-GHz electroabsorption modulator module for RF/optic conversion," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 780-787 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol. (7)

T. Nakasyotani, H. Toda, T. Kuri, K. Kitayama, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed millimeter-waveband radio-on-fiber system using a supercontinuum light source," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 404-410 (2006).

G. Jaro, T. Berceli, "A new high-efficiency optical-microwave mixing approach," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3078-3084 (2003).

T. Schneider, D. Hannover, M. Junker, "Investigation of Brillouin scattering in optical fibers for the generation of millimeter-waves ," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 295-304 (2006).

D. Fonseca, A. V. T. Cartaxo, P. Monteiro, "Optical single-sideband transmitter for various electrical signaling formats," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 2059-2070 (2006).

M. Attygalle, C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, "Extending optical transmission distance in fiber wireless links using passive filtering in conjunction with optimized modulation," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1703-1709 (2006).

K. Noguchi, O. Mitomi, H. Miyazawa, "Millimeter-wave $\hbox{Ti:LiNbO}_{3}$ optical modulators ," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 615-619 (1998).

A. C. Bordonalli, C. Walton, A. J. Seeds, "High-performance phase locking of wide linewidth semiconductor lasers by combined use of optical injection locking and optical phase-lock loop," J. Lightw. Technol. 17, 328-342 (1999).

Opt. Lett. (1)

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