We have theoretically investigated the transmission performance of the optical millimeter-waves (mm-waves) generated using intensity modulation via a LiNbO<sub>3</sub> Mach–Zehnder modulator, with the double and single sidebands (DSB and SSB) and optical carrier suppression (OCS) schemes. According to our theoretical analysis, fiber chromatic dispersion leads to fading effect and time shifting of the codes; therefore, signals are greatly degraded. Of all signals, DSB optical mm-wave suffers from both the fading effect and the time shifting of the codes. However, the optical mm-waves generated by SSB and OCS schemes are immune to the fading effect, while the time shifting of the codes limits their transmission distance. Experimental and simulation results confirm the theoretical analysis.
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