Abstract

Ultrawideband (UWB) that is regulated by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) for short-range high-throughput wireless communication and sensor networks with advantageous features, such as immunity to multipath fading, extremely short time duration, being carrier free, and having low duty cycle, wide bandwidth, and low power spectral density, has been a topic of interest recently. By wireless transmission, UWB communications systems can only operate in a short distance of a few meters to tens of meters. The convergence of UWB and optical fiber distribution techniques, or UWB over fiber, offers the availability of undisrupted service across different networks and eventually achieves high-data-rate access at any time and from any place. To distribute the UWB signals over the optical fiber, it is also desirable that the UWB signals can be generated in the optical domain without having extra electrical-to-optical conversion. In addition, UWB signals that are generated in the optical domain can be easily tailored to have a spectrum that meets the FCC-specified spectral mask. In this paper, techniques to generate UWB signals in the optical domain will be discussed. These techniques are divided into three categories, with the generation of UWB signals based on the following: 1) phase-modulation-to-intensity-modulation conversion, 2) a photonic microwave delay-line filter, and 3) optical spectral shaping and dispersion-induced frequency-to-time mapping. The areas for future development and the challenge of implementation of these techniques for practical applications will also be discussed.

© 2007 IEEE

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  34. Y. C. Tong, L. Y. Chan, H. K. Tsang, "Fiber dispersion or pulse spectrum measurement using a sampling oscilloscope," Electron. Lett. 33, 983-985 (1997).
  35. B. Jalali, J. Chou, H. Yan, "Optically sculpt UWB waveforms," Microw. RF 43, 54-62 (2004).
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  39. C. Wang, F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "All-fiber ultra wideband pulse generation based on spectral shaping and dispersion-induced frequency-to-time conversion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 137-139 (2007).
  40. T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, M. Izutsu, "Ultra-wide-band signal generation using high-speed optical frequency-shift-keying technique ," IEEE Int. Top. Meeting MWP—Tech. Dig. (2004) pp. 48-51.
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2007 (4)

F. Zeng, Q. Wang, J. P. Yao, "All-optical UWB impulse generation based on cross phase modulation and frequency discrimination ," Electron. Lett. 43, 119-121 (2007).

J. P. Yao, Q. Wang, "Photonic microwave bandpass filter with negative coefficients using a polarization modulator ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 644-646 (2007).

C. Wang, F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "All-fiber ultra wideband pulse generation based on spectral shaping and dispersion-induced frequency-to-time conversion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 137-139 (2007).

Q. Wang, J. P. Yao, "An electrically switchable optical ultra-wideband pulse generator," J. Lightw. Technol 25, 3626-3633 (2007).

2006 (11)

Q. Wang, J. P. Yao, "UWB doublet generation using a nonlinearly-biased electro-optic intensity modulator ," Electron. Lett. 42, 1304-1305 (2006).

J. D. McKinney, I. S. Lin, A. M. Weiner, "Shaping the power spectrum of ultra-wideband radio-frequency signals," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 4247-4255 (2006).

S. Xiao, A. M. Weiner, "Programmable photonic microwave filters with arbitrary ultra-wideband phase response ," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 4002-4008 (2006).

J. D. McKinney, A. M. Weiner, "Compensation of the effects of antenna dispersion on UWB waveforms via optical pulse-shaping techniques," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 1681-1686 (2006).

R. A. Minasian, "Photonic signal processing of microwave signals," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 832-846 (2006).

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, D. Pastor, "A tutorial on microwave photonic filters," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 201-229 (2006).

Q. Wang, F. Zeng, S. Blais, J. P. Yao, "Optical UWB monocycle pulse generation based on cross-gain modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Lett. 31, 3083-3085 (2006).

F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "An approach to ultra-wideband pulse generation and distribution over optical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 823-825 (2006).

F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "Ultrawideband signal generation using a high-speed electrooptic phase modulator and an FBG-based frequency discriminator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2062-2064 (2006).

Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, J. P. Yao, B. Cabon, "New optical microwave up-conversion solution in radio-over-fiber networks for 60 GHz wireless applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1277-1282 (2006).

X. Wu, Z. Tian, T. N. Davidson, G. B. Giannakis, "Optimum waveform design for UWB radios," IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 54, 2009-2021 (2006).

2005 (9)

L. Zhu, S. Sun, W. Menzel, "Ultra-wideband (UWB) bandpass filters using multiple-mode resonator," IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett. 15, 796-798 (2005).

W. P. Lin, J. Y. Chen, "Implementation of a new ultrawide-band impulse system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2418-2420 (2005).

F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "Investigation of phase modulator based all-optical bandpass filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1721-1728 (2005).

J. Wang, F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "All-optical microwave bandpass filters implemented in a radio-over-fiber link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1737-1739 (2005).

F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "All-optical microwave mixing and bandpass filtering in a radio-over-fiber link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 899-901 (2005).

J. P. Yao, G. Maury, Y. L. Guennec, B. Cabon, "All-optical subcarrier frequency conversion using an electrooptic phase modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2427-2429 (2005).

J. Wang, F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "All-optical microwave bandpass filters with negative coefficients based on PM-IM conversion ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2176-2178 (2005).

F. Zeng, J. Wang, J. P. Yao, "All-optical microwave bandpass filter with negative coefficients based on an electro-optic phase modulator and linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Lett. 30, 2203-2205 (2005).

I. Lin, J. D. McKinney, A. M. Weiner, "Photonic synthesis of broadband microwave arbitrary waveforms applicable to ultra-wideband communication," IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett. 15, 226-228 (2005).

2004 (3)

L. Q. Yang, G. B. Giannakis, "Ultra-wideband communications: An idea whose time has come," IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 21, 26-54 (2004).

B. Jalali, J. Chou, H. Yan, "Optically sculpt UWB waveforms," Microw. RF 43, 54-62 (2004).

F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "All-optical bandpass microwave filter based on an electro-optic phase modulator," Opt. Express 12, 3814-3819 (2004).

2003 (3)

D. Porcine, P. Research, W. Hirt, "Ultra-wideband radio technology: Potential and challenges ahead," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 66-74 (2003).

G. R. Aiello, G. D. Rogerson, "Ultra-wideband wireless systems," IEEE Microw. Mag. 4, 36-47 (2003).

J. Chou, Y. Han, B. Jalali, "Adaptive RF-photonic arbitrary waveform generator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 581-583 (2003).

2002 (1)

A. J. Seeds, "Microwave photonics," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 50, 877-887 (2002).

2000 (1)

A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929-1960 (2000).

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

Y. C. Tong, L. Y. Chan, H. K. Tsang, "Fiber dispersion or pulse spectrum measurement using a sampling oscilloscope," Electron. Lett. 33, 983-985 (1997).

Electron. Lett. (3)

F. Zeng, Q. Wang, J. P. Yao, "All-optical UWB impulse generation based on cross phase modulation and frequency discrimination ," Electron. Lett. 43, 119-121 (2007).

Y. C. Tong, L. Y. Chan, H. K. Tsang, "Fiber dispersion or pulse spectrum measurement using a sampling oscilloscope," Electron. Lett. 33, 983-985 (1997).

Q. Wang, J. P. Yao, "UWB doublet generation using a nonlinearly-biased electro-optic intensity modulator ," Electron. Lett. 42, 1304-1305 (2006).

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

D. Porcine, P. Research, W. Hirt, "Ultra-wideband radio technology: Potential and challenges ahead," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 66-74 (2003).

IEEE Microw. Mag. (1)

G. R. Aiello, G. D. Rogerson, "Ultra-wideband wireless systems," IEEE Microw. Mag. 4, 36-47 (2003).

IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett. (2)

L. Zhu, S. Sun, W. Menzel, "Ultra-wideband (UWB) bandpass filters using multiple-mode resonator," IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett. 15, 796-798 (2005).

I. Lin, J. D. McKinney, A. M. Weiner, "Photonic synthesis of broadband microwave arbitrary waveforms applicable to ultra-wideband communication," IEEE Microw. Wireless Compon. Lett. 15, 226-228 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (10)

J. Chou, Y. Han, B. Jalali, "Adaptive RF-photonic arbitrary waveform generator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 581-583 (2003).

F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "An approach to ultra-wideband pulse generation and distribution over optical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 823-825 (2006).

F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "Ultrawideband signal generation using a high-speed electrooptic phase modulator and an FBG-based frequency discriminator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2062-2064 (2006).

J. P. Yao, Q. Wang, "Photonic microwave bandpass filter with negative coefficients using a polarization modulator ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 644-646 (2007).

W. P. Lin, J. Y. Chen, "Implementation of a new ultrawide-band impulse system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2418-2420 (2005).

J. Wang, F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "All-optical microwave bandpass filters with negative coefficients based on PM-IM conversion ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2176-2178 (2005).

J. Wang, F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "All-optical microwave bandpass filters implemented in a radio-over-fiber link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1737-1739 (2005).

F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "All-optical microwave mixing and bandpass filtering in a radio-over-fiber link," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 899-901 (2005).

J. P. Yao, G. Maury, Y. L. Guennec, B. Cabon, "All-optical subcarrier frequency conversion using an electrooptic phase modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2427-2429 (2005).

C. Wang, F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "All-fiber ultra wideband pulse generation based on spectral shaping and dispersion-induced frequency-to-time conversion," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 137-139 (2007).

IEEE Signal Process. Mag. (1)

L. Q. Yang, G. B. Giannakis, "Ultra-wideband communications: An idea whose time has come," IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 21, 26-54 (2004).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (5)

A. J. Seeds, "Microwave photonics," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 50, 877-887 (2002).

R. A. Minasian, "Photonic signal processing of microwave signals," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 832-846 (2006).

J. D. McKinney, I. S. Lin, A. M. Weiner, "Shaping the power spectrum of ultra-wideband radio-frequency signals," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 4247-4255 (2006).

S. Xiao, A. M. Weiner, "Programmable photonic microwave filters with arbitrary ultra-wideband phase response ," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 4002-4008 (2006).

J. D. McKinney, A. M. Weiner, "Compensation of the effects of antenna dispersion on UWB waveforms via optical pulse-shaping techniques," IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 1681-1686 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Signal Process. (1)

X. Wu, Z. Tian, T. N. Davidson, G. B. Giannakis, "Optimum waveform design for UWB radios," IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 54, 2009-2021 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol (1)

Q. Wang, J. P. Yao, "An electrically switchable optical ultra-wideband pulse generator," J. Lightw. Technol 25, 3626-3633 (2007).

J. Lightw. Technol. (3)

Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, J. P. Yao, B. Cabon, "New optical microwave up-conversion solution in radio-over-fiber networks for 60 GHz wireless applications," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 1277-1282 (2006).

F. Zeng, J. P. Yao, "Investigation of phase modulator based all-optical bandpass filter," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1721-1728 (2005).

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, D. Pastor, "A tutorial on microwave photonic filters," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 201-229 (2006).

Microw. RF (1)

B. Jalali, J. Chou, H. Yan, "Optically sculpt UWB waveforms," Microw. RF 43, 54-62 (2004).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

A. M. Weiner, "Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929-1960 (2000).

Other (8)

X. Chen, S. Kiaei, "Monocycle shapes for ultra wideband system," Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Circuits Syst. (2002) pp. 26-29.

H. Ishida, K. Araki, "Design and analysis of UWB bandpass filter with ring filter," IEEE MTT-S Int. Tech. Dig. (2004) pp. 1307-1310.

C. R. Nassar, F. Zhu, Z. Wu, "Direct sequence spreading UWB systems: Frequency domain processing for enhanced performance and throughput," Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Commun. (2003) pp. 2180-2186.

J. Balakrishnan, A. Batra, A. Dabak, "A multi-band OFDM system for UWB communication," Proc. IEEE Conf. Ultra Wideband Syst. Technol. (2003) pp. 354-358.

K. Siwiak, D. McKeown, Ultra-Wideband Radio Technology (Wiley, 2004).

Fed. Commun. CommissionRevision of Part 15 of the Commission's Rules Regarding Ultra-Wideband Transmission Systems (2002) Tech. Rep., ET-Docket 98-153, FCC02-48.

M. Ghavami, L. B. Michael, R. Kohno, Ultra Wideband Signals and Systems in Communication Engineering (Wiley, 2004).

T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, M. Izutsu, "Ultra-wide-band signal generation using high-speed optical frequency-shift-keying technique ," IEEE Int. Top. Meeting MWP—Tech. Dig. (2004) pp. 48-51.

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