Abstract

We introduce and demonstrate an all-optical clock recovery scheme for return-to-zero transmission systems based on the buffering property of the temporal Talbot effect. This linear, dispersive, and, in principle, lossless phenomenon allows us to generate a regular pulse train from a pseudorandom (aperiodic) input train. Proof-of-principle operation at one and two simultaneous wavelengths is demonstrated using the single-mode fiber as the dispersive medium to implement the temporal Talbot effect. We examine both the limitations and the tolerance of our approach.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. P. E. Barnsley, H. J. Wickes, G. E. Wickens, D. M. Spirit, "All-optical clock recovery from 5 Gb/s RZ data using a self-pulsating 1.56 $\mu \hbox{m}$ laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 942-944 (1991).
  2. K. Vlachos, G. Theophilopoulos, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, "30 Gb/s all-optical clock recovery circuit," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 705-707 (2000).
  3. S. Yikai, W. Lijun, P. Kumar, "Wavelength tunable all-optical clock recovery using a fiber parametric oscillator," Proc. 12th Annu. Meeting IEEE Lasers Electro-Optics Soc. (1999) pp. 351-352.
  4. R. Salem, T. E. Murphy, "Broad-band optical clock recovery system using two-photon absorption," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2141-2143 (2004).
  5. C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, G. Guekos, "Clock recovery circuit for optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1363-1365 (2002).
  6. T. Jannson, J. Jannson, "Temporal self-imaging effect in single-mode fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 71, 1373-1376 (1981).
  7. J. Azaña, M. A. Muriel, "Temporal self-imaging effects: Theory and application for multiplying pulse repetition rates ," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 7, 728-744 (2001).
  8. D. Pudo, L. R. Chen, "Tunable passive all-optical pulse repetition rate multiplier using fiber Bragg gratings ," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1729-1733 (2005).
  9. J. Azaña, "Temporal self-imaging effects for periodic optical pulse sequences of finite duration ," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 20, 83-90 (2003).
  10. C. R. Fernández-Pousa, F. Mateos, L. Chantada, M. T. Flores-Arias, C. Bao, M. V. Pérez, C. Gómez-Reino, "Broadband noise filtering in random sequences of coherent pulses using the temporal Talbot effect ," J. Opt. Soc Amer. B 21, 914-922 (2004).
  11. J. T. Mok, B. J. Eggleton, "Impact of group delay ripple on repetition-rate multiplication through Talbot self-imaging effect ," Opt. Commun. 232, 167-178 (2004).
  12. J. Azaña, M. A. Muriel, "Technique for simultaneously multiplying the repetition rate of multiwavelength optical pulse trains," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1358-1360 (2001).
  13. D. Pudo, M. Depa, L. R. Chen, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "Temporal-Talbot effect based all-optical clock recovery using Bragg gratings," Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics Eur. (2007) pp. CI7-5-Thu.
  14. V. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. Fu, D. Moss, M. Rochette, I. Littler, B. Eggleton, Y. Ruan, B. Luther-Davies, "Integrated all-optical pulse regenerator in chalcogenide waveguides," Opt. Lett. 30, 2900-2902 (2005).
  15. C. Kouloumentas, N. Pleros, P. Zakynthinos, D. Petrantonakis, D. Apostolopoulos, O. Zouraraki, A. Tzanakaki, H. Avramopoulos, I. Tomkos, "Packet clock recovery at 40 Gb/s and beyond, using a Fabry–Pérot filter and an optical power limiter based on a bismuth oxide fibre," Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics Eur. (2007) pp. CI7-4-Thu.
  16. C. R. Fernández-Pousa, F. Mateos, L. Chantada, M. T. Flores-Arias, C. Bao, M. V. Pérez, C. Gómez-Reino, "Timing jitter smoothing by Talbot effect. I. Variance," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 21, 1170-1177 (2004).
  17. C. R. Fernández-Pousa, F. Mateos, L. Chantada, M. T. Flores-Arias, C. Bao, M. V. Pérez, C. Gómez-Reino, "Timing jitter smoothing by Talbot effect. II. Intensity spectrum," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 22, 753-763 (2005).
  18. D. Pudo, L. R. Chen, "Simple estimation of pulse amplitude noise and timing jitter evolution through the temporal Talbot effect," Opt. Express 15, 6351-6357 (2007).

2007 (1)

2005 (3)

C. R. Fernández-Pousa, F. Mateos, L. Chantada, M. T. Flores-Arias, C. Bao, M. V. Pérez, C. Gómez-Reino, "Timing jitter smoothing by Talbot effect. II. Intensity spectrum," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 22, 753-763 (2005).

V. Ta'eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. Fu, D. Moss, M. Rochette, I. Littler, B. Eggleton, Y. Ruan, B. Luther-Davies, "Integrated all-optical pulse regenerator in chalcogenide waveguides," Opt. Lett. 30, 2900-2902 (2005).

D. Pudo, L. R. Chen, "Tunable passive all-optical pulse repetition rate multiplier using fiber Bragg gratings ," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1729-1733 (2005).

2004 (4)

C. R. Fernández-Pousa, F. Mateos, L. Chantada, M. T. Flores-Arias, C. Bao, M. V. Pérez, C. Gómez-Reino, "Broadband noise filtering in random sequences of coherent pulses using the temporal Talbot effect ," J. Opt. Soc Amer. B 21, 914-922 (2004).

J. T. Mok, B. J. Eggleton, "Impact of group delay ripple on repetition-rate multiplication through Talbot self-imaging effect ," Opt. Commun. 232, 167-178 (2004).

R. Salem, T. E. Murphy, "Broad-band optical clock recovery system using two-photon absorption," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2141-2143 (2004).

C. R. Fernández-Pousa, F. Mateos, L. Chantada, M. T. Flores-Arias, C. Bao, M. V. Pérez, C. Gómez-Reino, "Timing jitter smoothing by Talbot effect. I. Variance," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 21, 1170-1177 (2004).

2003 (1)

J. Azaña, "Temporal self-imaging effects for periodic optical pulse sequences of finite duration ," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 20, 83-90 (2003).

2002 (1)

C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, G. Guekos, "Clock recovery circuit for optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1363-1365 (2002).

2001 (2)

J. Azaña, M. A. Muriel, "Technique for simultaneously multiplying the repetition rate of multiwavelength optical pulse trains," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1358-1360 (2001).

J. Azaña, M. A. Muriel, "Temporal self-imaging effects: Theory and application for multiplying pulse repetition rates ," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 7, 728-744 (2001).

2000 (1)

K. Vlachos, G. Theophilopoulos, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, "30 Gb/s all-optical clock recovery circuit," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 705-707 (2000).

1991 (1)

P. E. Barnsley, H. J. Wickes, G. E. Wickens, D. M. Spirit, "All-optical clock recovery from 5 Gb/s RZ data using a self-pulsating 1.56 $\mu \hbox{m}$ laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 942-944 (1991).

1981 (1)

T. Jannson, J. Jannson, "Temporal self-imaging effect in single-mode fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 71, 1373-1376 (1981).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Azaña, M. A. Muriel, "Temporal self-imaging effects: Theory and application for multiplying pulse repetition rates ," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 7, 728-744 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

P. E. Barnsley, H. J. Wickes, G. E. Wickens, D. M. Spirit, "All-optical clock recovery from 5 Gb/s RZ data using a self-pulsating 1.56 $\mu \hbox{m}$ laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 942-944 (1991).

K. Vlachos, G. Theophilopoulos, A. Hatziefremidis, H. Avramopoulos, "30 Gb/s all-optical clock recovery circuit," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 705-707 (2000).

R. Salem, T. E. Murphy, "Broad-band optical clock recovery system using two-photon absorption," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2141-2143 (2004).

C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, G. Guekos, "Clock recovery circuit for optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1363-1365 (2002).

J. Azaña, M. A. Muriel, "Technique for simultaneously multiplying the repetition rate of multiwavelength optical pulse trains," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1358-1360 (2001).

J. Lightw. Technol. (1)

D. Pudo, L. R. Chen, "Tunable passive all-optical pulse repetition rate multiplier using fiber Bragg gratings ," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1729-1733 (2005).

J. Opt. Soc Amer. B (1)

C. R. Fernández-Pousa, F. Mateos, L. Chantada, M. T. Flores-Arias, C. Bao, M. V. Pérez, C. Gómez-Reino, "Broadband noise filtering in random sequences of coherent pulses using the temporal Talbot effect ," J. Opt. Soc Amer. B 21, 914-922 (2004).

J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. (4)

J. Azaña, "Temporal self-imaging effects for periodic optical pulse sequences of finite duration ," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 20, 83-90 (2003).

T. Jannson, J. Jannson, "Temporal self-imaging effect in single-mode fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 71, 1373-1376 (1981).

C. R. Fernández-Pousa, F. Mateos, L. Chantada, M. T. Flores-Arias, C. Bao, M. V. Pérez, C. Gómez-Reino, "Timing jitter smoothing by Talbot effect. I. Variance," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 21, 1170-1177 (2004).

C. R. Fernández-Pousa, F. Mateos, L. Chantada, M. T. Flores-Arias, C. Bao, M. V. Pérez, C. Gómez-Reino, "Timing jitter smoothing by Talbot effect. II. Intensity spectrum," J. Opt. Soc. Amer. B, Opt. Phys. 22, 753-763 (2005).

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. T. Mok, B. J. Eggleton, "Impact of group delay ripple on repetition-rate multiplication through Talbot self-imaging effect ," Opt. Commun. 232, 167-178 (2004).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

D. Pudo, M. Depa, L. R. Chen, M. Ibsen, D. J. Richardson, "Temporal-Talbot effect based all-optical clock recovery using Bragg gratings," Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics Eur. (2007) pp. CI7-5-Thu.

C. Kouloumentas, N. Pleros, P. Zakynthinos, D. Petrantonakis, D. Apostolopoulos, O. Zouraraki, A. Tzanakaki, H. Avramopoulos, I. Tomkos, "Packet clock recovery at 40 Gb/s and beyond, using a Fabry–Pérot filter and an optical power limiter based on a bismuth oxide fibre," Proc. Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics Eur. (2007) pp. CI7-4-Thu.

S. Yikai, W. Lijun, P. Kumar, "Wavelength tunable all-optical clock recovery using a fiber parametric oscillator," Proc. 12th Annu. Meeting IEEE Lasers Electro-Optics Soc. (1999) pp. 351-352.

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