Abstract

The deployment rate of wavelength division multiplexed passive optical networks (WDM-PONs) is expected to accelerate with the availability of cost-efficient wavelength-specific transmitters. Fueled by this promise, we propose and experimentally demonstrate a novel scheme that facilitates the use of reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers (RSOAs) as colorless upstream transmitters. Central to the scheme is the use of a passive reflective path that is placed at the remote node (RN) to reflect a spectral slice of the broadband amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) light emitted from each RSOA. The reflected spectral slice, termed as a seeding light, establishes a self-seeding of the RSOA with measurements indicating the self-seeded output to be incoherent with a low relative intensity noise. The subsequent direct modulation of the self-seeding RSOA with nonreturn-to-zero data at 1.25 Gb/s for upstream transmission exhibits good transmission and crosstalk performance after traversing 21 km of single-mode fiber. Our proposed scheme eliminates the need for centralized broadband sources, external modulators, and active temperature control within the RN and between the RN and the optical network unit. Aside from the feasibility study of self-seeding RSOAs, we investigate the upstream performance dependence on the characteristics of the seeding light. Our investigations reveal that there exists a noise floor limit of the bit error rate (BER) of the self-seeded upstream signal. The noise floor is shown to vary with an initial optical seeding power that affects the level of ASE noise suppression of the self-seeded upstream signal. Nonetheless, the RSOA self-seeds at a user-defined wavelength with a sufficient suppression of ASE noise to achieve a BER=10<sup>-9</sup> with only -30.5 dBm of initial optical seeding power. Our characterization of the frequency response of the RSOA reveals a high-pass filter response that suppresses the modulation on the reflected seeding light, and thus stabilizing the self-seeded output. Collectively, these features highlight the potential of using the self-seeding RSOAs to realize a cost-efficient WDM-PON solution in the near future.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. R. D. Feldman, E. E. Harstead, S. Jiang, T. H. Wood, M. Zirngibl, "An evaluation of architectures incorporating wavelength division multiplexing for broad-band fiber access," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1546-1559 (1998).
  2. F.-T. An, K. S. Kim, Y.-L. Hsueh, M. Rogge, W.-T. Shaw, L. Kazovsky, "Evolution, challenges and enabling technologies for future WDM-based optical access networks ," Proc. 2nd Symp. Photon., Netw. and Comput. (2003) pp. 1449-1453.
  3. A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "WDM-PON technologies for broadband access: A review," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 4, 737-758 (2005).
  4. N. Deng, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, F. Tong, "Data re-modulation on downstream OFSK signal for upstream transmission in WDM passive optical network," Electron. Lett. 39, 1741-1743 (2003).
  5. W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chan, F. Tong, "An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1476-1478 (2003).
  6. M. Attygalle, N. Nadarajah, A. Nirmalathas, "Wavelength reused upstream transmission scheme for WDM passive optical networks," Electron. Lett. 41, 1025-1027 (2005).
  7. D. J. Shin, Y. C. Keh, J. W. Kwon, E. H. Lee, J. K. Lee, M. K. Park, J. W. Park, K. Y. Oh, S. W. Kim, I. K. Yun, H. C. Shin, D. Heo, J. S. Lee, H. S. Shin, H. S. Kim, S. B. Park, D. K. Jung, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, D. H. Jang, C. S. Shim, "Low-cost WDM-PON with colorless bidirectional transceivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 158-165 (2006).
  8. H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, C. H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry–Pérot semiconductor lasers ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).
  9. D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, "155 Mb/s transmission using ASE-injection Fabry–Pérot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 $^{\circ}\hbox{C}$ temperature range," Electron. Lett. 39, 1331-1332 (2003).
  10. P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).
  11. F. Payoux, P. Chanclou, M. Moignard, R. Brenot, "Gigabit optical access using WDM PON based on spectrum slicing and reflective SOA," Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (2005) pp. 455-456.
  12. S. Hann, T. Y. Kim, C.-S. Park, "Direct-modulated upstream signal transmission using a self-injection locked F–P LD for WDM-PON," Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (2005) pp. 451-452.
  13. Reflective SOA-RL-OEC-1550 data sheet CIPIpswichU.K. (CIP, 2006) http://www.ciphotonics.com/PDFs_29Aug06/SOA_RL_OEC_1550_G.pdf.
  14. K. Sato, H. Toba, "Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 7, 328-333 (2001).
  15. J. M. Kang, S. K. Han, "Novel hybrid WDM/SCM-PON sharing wavelength for up- and down-link using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 18, 502-504 (2006).

2006

D. J. Shin, Y. C. Keh, J. W. Kwon, E. H. Lee, J. K. Lee, M. K. Park, J. W. Park, K. Y. Oh, S. W. Kim, I. K. Yun, H. C. Shin, D. Heo, J. S. Lee, H. S. Shin, H. S. Kim, S. B. Park, D. K. Jung, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, D. H. Jang, C. S. Shim, "Low-cost WDM-PON with colorless bidirectional transceivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 158-165 (2006).

J. M. Kang, S. K. Han, "Novel hybrid WDM/SCM-PON sharing wavelength for up- and down-link using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 18, 502-504 (2006).

2005

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "WDM-PON technologies for broadband access: A review," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 4, 737-758 (2005).

M. Attygalle, N. Nadarajah, A. Nirmalathas, "Wavelength reused upstream transmission scheme for WDM passive optical networks," Electron. Lett. 41, 1025-1027 (2005).

2003

N. Deng, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, F. Tong, "Data re-modulation on downstream OFSK signal for upstream transmission in WDM passive optical network," Electron. Lett. 39, 1741-1743 (2003).

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chan, F. Tong, "An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1476-1478 (2003).

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, "155 Mb/s transmission using ASE-injection Fabry–Pérot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 $^{\circ}\hbox{C}$ temperature range," Electron. Lett. 39, 1331-1332 (2003).

2001

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).

K. Sato, H. Toba, "Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 7, 328-333 (2001).

2000

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, C. H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry–Pérot semiconductor lasers ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).

1998

R. D. Feldman, E. E. Harstead, S. Jiang, T. H. Wood, M. Zirngibl, "An evaluation of architectures incorporating wavelength division multiplexing for broad-band fiber access," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1546-1559 (1998).

Electron. Lett.

N. Deng, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, F. Tong, "Data re-modulation on downstream OFSK signal for upstream transmission in WDM passive optical network," Electron. Lett. 39, 1741-1743 (2003).

M. Attygalle, N. Nadarajah, A. Nirmalathas, "Wavelength reused upstream transmission scheme for WDM passive optical networks," Electron. Lett. 41, 1025-1027 (2005).

D. J. Shin, D. K. Jung, J. K. Lee, J. H. Lee, Y. H. Choi, Y. C. Bang, H. S. Shin, J. Lee, S. T. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, "155 Mb/s transmission using ASE-injection Fabry–Pérot laser diode in WDM-PON over 70 $^{\circ}\hbox{C}$ temperature range," Electron. Lett. 39, 1331-1332 (2003).

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37, 1181-1182 (2001).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron.

K. Sato, H. Toba, "Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 7, 328-333 (2001).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett

J. M. Kang, S. K. Han, "Novel hybrid WDM/SCM-PON sharing wavelength for up- and down-link using reflective semiconductor optical amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett 18, 502-504 (2006).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, C. H. Lee, "A low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry–Pérot semiconductor lasers ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1067-1069 (2000).

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chan, F. Tong, "An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1476-1478 (2003).

J. Lightw. Technol.

R. D. Feldman, E. E. Harstead, S. Jiang, T. H. Wood, M. Zirngibl, "An evaluation of architectures incorporating wavelength division multiplexing for broad-band fiber access," J. Lightw. Technol. 16, 1546-1559 (1998).

D. J. Shin, Y. C. Keh, J. W. Kwon, E. H. Lee, J. K. Lee, M. K. Park, J. W. Park, K. Y. Oh, S. W. Kim, I. K. Yun, H. C. Shin, D. Heo, J. S. Lee, H. S. Shin, H. S. Kim, S. B. Park, D. K. Jung, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, D. H. Jang, C. S. Shim, "Low-cost WDM-PON with colorless bidirectional transceivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 158-165 (2006).

OSA J. Opt. Netw.

A. Banerjee, Y. Park, F. Clarke, H. Song, S. Yang, G. Kramer, K. Kim, B. Mukherjee, "WDM-PON technologies for broadband access: A review," OSA J. Opt. Netw. 4, 737-758 (2005).

Other

F.-T. An, K. S. Kim, Y.-L. Hsueh, M. Rogge, W.-T. Shaw, L. Kazovsky, "Evolution, challenges and enabling technologies for future WDM-based optical access networks ," Proc. 2nd Symp. Photon., Netw. and Comput. (2003) pp. 1449-1453.

F. Payoux, P. Chanclou, M. Moignard, R. Brenot, "Gigabit optical access using WDM PON based on spectrum slicing and reflective SOA," Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (2005) pp. 455-456.

S. Hann, T. Y. Kim, C.-S. Park, "Direct-modulated upstream signal transmission using a self-injection locked F–P LD for WDM-PON," Proc. Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. (2005) pp. 451-452.

Reflective SOA-RL-OEC-1550 data sheet CIPIpswichU.K. (CIP, 2006) http://www.ciphotonics.com/PDFs_29Aug06/SOA_RL_OEC_1550_G.pdf.

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