Abstract

We report triple wavelength demultiplexers adopting a thin-film filter (TFF) and a waveguide Bragg grating as a reflector for low-cost integrated optical triplexer transceivers deployed for the triple play service-based fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) networks. In the proposed demultiplexers, 1310- and 1550-nm lights were designed to be divided after passing the planar lightwave circuit-based directional coupler by half-cycle and full-cycle coupling actions, respectively. The 1490-nm light was reflected by a TFF or Bragg grating. The losses of the demultiplexers were less than 2.0 dB at all ports. The average crosstalk among the three lights for the demultiplexers was about 20 dB or better. Through a single reflector, the demultiplexer structures are significantly simplified, and cost is reduced. The proposed triple wavelength demultiplexers provide cost-effective and high-performance solutions for FTTH network systems.

© 2007 IEEE

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  1. B. Mukherjee, "WDM optical communication networks: Progress and challenges," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1810-1834 (2000).
  2. D. Nowak, J. Murphy, "FTTH: The overview of existing technologies," Proc. SPIE—Optoelectronics, Photonic Devices, and Optical Networks, Opto-Ireland (2005) pp. 500-509.
  3. K. Okamoto, Fundamentals of Optical Waveguides (Academic, 2000).
  4. K. Kato, Y. Tohmori, "PLC hybrid integration technology and its application to photonic components," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 4-13 (2000).
  5. J. H. Song, K.-Y. Kim, J. Cho, D. Han, J. Lee, Y. S. Lee, S. Jung, Y. Oh, D.-H. Jang, K. S. Lee, "Thin film filter-embedded triplexing-filters based on directional couplers for FTTH networks ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1668-1670 (2005).
  6. J. H. Song, J. H. Lim, R. K. Kim, K. S. Lee, K.-Y. Kim, J. Cho, D. Han, S. Jung, Y. Oh, D.-H. Jang, "Bragg grating-assisted WDM filter for integrated optical triplexer transceivers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2067-2069 (2005).
  7. C. Riziotis, M. N. Zerva, "Novel full-cycle-coupler-based optical add-drop multiplexer and performance characteristics at 40-Gb/s WDM networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1828-1837 (2003).
  8. K. P. Chen, P. R. Herman, "Trimming phase and birefringence errors in photosensitivity-locked planar optical circuits ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 71-73 (2002).
  9. Y. Inoue, T. Oguchi, Y. Hibino, S. Suzuki, M. Yanagisawa, K. Moriwaki, Y. Yamada, "Filter-embedded wavelength-division multiplexer for hybrid-integrated transceiver based on silica-based PLC," Electron. Lett. 32, 847-848 (1996).
  10. K. Kudo, K. Koyabu, F. Ohira, M. Matsunaga, Y. Innoue, "A thin-filter insertion machine for optical WDM transceiver modules," Precis. Eng. 23, 34-38 (1999).
  11. M. Yanagisawa, "Low-loss and compact TFF-embedded silica-waveguide WDM filter for video distribution services in FTTH systems," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) Los AngelesCA (2004) Paper TuI4.
  12. S. S. Orlov, A. Yariv, S. V. Essen, "Coupled-mode analysis of fiber-optic add-drop filters for dense wavelength-division multiplexing ," Opt. Lett. 22, 688-690 (1997).
  13. T. Oguchi, J. Noda, H. Hanafusa, "Dielectric multilayered interference filters deposited on polyimide films," Electron. Lett. 27, 706-707 (1991).
  14. Central Glass Co. http://www.cgco.co.jp/OpticalDevice/english/index.html.
  15. K. O. Hill, G. Meltz, "Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamental and overview," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1263-1276 (1997).
  16. D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement (Prentice-Hall, 1998).
  17. C. Riziotis, M. N. Zerva, "Design consideration in optical add/drop multiplexers based on grating-assisted null couplers ," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 92-104 (2001).
  18. K.-Y. Kim, S. Y. Kim, M. W. Kim, S. Jung, "Development of compact and low-crosstalk PLC-WDM filters for hybrid-integrated bidirectional optical transceivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1913-1917 (2005).
  19. J. H. Lim, J. H. Song, R. K. Kim, K. S. Lee, J. R. Kim, "External cavity laser with high-sidemode suppression ratio using grating-assisted directional coupler," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2430-2432 (2005).
  20. Y. Yamada, S. Suzuki, K. Moriwaki, Y. Hibino, Y. Tohmori, Y. Akutsu, Y. Nakasuga, T. Hashimoto, H. Terui, M. Yanagisawa, Y. Inoue, Y. Akahori, R. Nagase, "Application of planar lightwave circuit platform to hybrid integrated optical WDM transmitter/receiver module," Electron. Lett. 31, 1366-1367 (1995).
  21. J.-W. Kwon, J.-H. Lee, J.-M. Baek, J.-C. Cho, J.-W. Seo, S. S. Park, J.-K. Lee, Y. Oh, D.-H. Jang, "AC-coupled burst-mode OLT SFP transceiver for gigabit Ethernet PON systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1519-1521 (2005).

2005 (5)

J. H. Song, K.-Y. Kim, J. Cho, D. Han, J. Lee, Y. S. Lee, S. Jung, Y. Oh, D.-H. Jang, K. S. Lee, "Thin film filter-embedded triplexing-filters based on directional couplers for FTTH networks ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1668-1670 (2005).

J. H. Song, J. H. Lim, R. K. Kim, K. S. Lee, K.-Y. Kim, J. Cho, D. Han, S. Jung, Y. Oh, D.-H. Jang, "Bragg grating-assisted WDM filter for integrated optical triplexer transceivers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2067-2069 (2005).

K.-Y. Kim, S. Y. Kim, M. W. Kim, S. Jung, "Development of compact and low-crosstalk PLC-WDM filters for hybrid-integrated bidirectional optical transceivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1913-1917 (2005).

J. H. Lim, J. H. Song, R. K. Kim, K. S. Lee, J. R. Kim, "External cavity laser with high-sidemode suppression ratio using grating-assisted directional coupler," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2430-2432 (2005).

J.-W. Kwon, J.-H. Lee, J.-M. Baek, J.-C. Cho, J.-W. Seo, S. S. Park, J.-K. Lee, Y. Oh, D.-H. Jang, "AC-coupled burst-mode OLT SFP transceiver for gigabit Ethernet PON systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1519-1521 (2005).

2003 (1)

C. Riziotis, M. N. Zerva, "Novel full-cycle-coupler-based optical add-drop multiplexer and performance characteristics at 40-Gb/s WDM networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1828-1837 (2003).

2002 (1)

K. P. Chen, P. R. Herman, "Trimming phase and birefringence errors in photosensitivity-locked planar optical circuits ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 71-73 (2002).

2001 (1)

C. Riziotis, M. N. Zerva, "Design consideration in optical add/drop multiplexers based on grating-assisted null couplers ," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 92-104 (2001).

2000 (2)

B. Mukherjee, "WDM optical communication networks: Progress and challenges," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1810-1834 (2000).

K. Kato, Y. Tohmori, "PLC hybrid integration technology and its application to photonic components," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 4-13 (2000).

1999 (1)

K. Kudo, K. Koyabu, F. Ohira, M. Matsunaga, Y. Innoue, "A thin-filter insertion machine for optical WDM transceiver modules," Precis. Eng. 23, 34-38 (1999).

1997 (2)

S. S. Orlov, A. Yariv, S. V. Essen, "Coupled-mode analysis of fiber-optic add-drop filters for dense wavelength-division multiplexing ," Opt. Lett. 22, 688-690 (1997).

K. O. Hill, G. Meltz, "Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamental and overview," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1263-1276 (1997).

1996 (1)

Y. Inoue, T. Oguchi, Y. Hibino, S. Suzuki, M. Yanagisawa, K. Moriwaki, Y. Yamada, "Filter-embedded wavelength-division multiplexer for hybrid-integrated transceiver based on silica-based PLC," Electron. Lett. 32, 847-848 (1996).

1995 (1)

Y. Yamada, S. Suzuki, K. Moriwaki, Y. Hibino, Y. Tohmori, Y. Akutsu, Y. Nakasuga, T. Hashimoto, H. Terui, M. Yanagisawa, Y. Inoue, Y. Akahori, R. Nagase, "Application of planar lightwave circuit platform to hybrid integrated optical WDM transmitter/receiver module," Electron. Lett. 31, 1366-1367 (1995).

1991 (1)

T. Oguchi, J. Noda, H. Hanafusa, "Dielectric multilayered interference filters deposited on polyimide films," Electron. Lett. 27, 706-707 (1991).

Electron. Lett. (3)

Y. Inoue, T. Oguchi, Y. Hibino, S. Suzuki, M. Yanagisawa, K. Moriwaki, Y. Yamada, "Filter-embedded wavelength-division multiplexer for hybrid-integrated transceiver based on silica-based PLC," Electron. Lett. 32, 847-848 (1996).

T. Oguchi, J. Noda, H. Hanafusa, "Dielectric multilayered interference filters deposited on polyimide films," Electron. Lett. 27, 706-707 (1991).

Y. Yamada, S. Suzuki, K. Moriwaki, Y. Hibino, Y. Tohmori, Y. Akutsu, Y. Nakasuga, T. Hashimoto, H. Terui, M. Yanagisawa, Y. Inoue, Y. Akahori, R. Nagase, "Application of planar lightwave circuit platform to hybrid integrated optical WDM transmitter/receiver module," Electron. Lett. 31, 1366-1367 (1995).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

B. Mukherjee, "WDM optical communication networks: Progress and challenges," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 18, 1810-1834 (2000).

IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Kato, Y. Tohmori, "PLC hybrid integration technology and its application to photonic components," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 4-13 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

J. H. Song, K.-Y. Kim, J. Cho, D. Han, J. Lee, Y. S. Lee, S. Jung, Y. Oh, D.-H. Jang, K. S. Lee, "Thin film filter-embedded triplexing-filters based on directional couplers for FTTH networks ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1668-1670 (2005).

J. H. Song, J. H. Lim, R. K. Kim, K. S. Lee, K.-Y. Kim, J. Cho, D. Han, S. Jung, Y. Oh, D.-H. Jang, "Bragg grating-assisted WDM filter for integrated optical triplexer transceivers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2067-2069 (2005).

K. P. Chen, P. R. Herman, "Trimming phase and birefringence errors in photosensitivity-locked planar optical circuits ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 71-73 (2002).

J.-W. Kwon, J.-H. Lee, J.-M. Baek, J.-C. Cho, J.-W. Seo, S. S. Park, J.-K. Lee, Y. Oh, D.-H. Jang, "AC-coupled burst-mode OLT SFP transceiver for gigabit Ethernet PON systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1519-1521 (2005).

J. H. Lim, J. H. Song, R. K. Kim, K. S. Lee, J. R. Kim, "External cavity laser with high-sidemode suppression ratio using grating-assisted directional coupler," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2430-2432 (2005).

J. Lightw. Technol. (4)

K. O. Hill, G. Meltz, "Fiber Bragg grating technology fundamental and overview," J. Lightw. Technol. 15, 1263-1276 (1997).

C. Riziotis, M. N. Zerva, "Design consideration in optical add/drop multiplexers based on grating-assisted null couplers ," J. Lightw. Technol. 19, 92-104 (2001).

K.-Y. Kim, S. Y. Kim, M. W. Kim, S. Jung, "Development of compact and low-crosstalk PLC-WDM filters for hybrid-integrated bidirectional optical transceivers," J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1913-1917 (2005).

C. Riziotis, M. N. Zerva, "Novel full-cycle-coupler-based optical add-drop multiplexer and performance characteristics at 40-Gb/s WDM networks," J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 1828-1837 (2003).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Precis. Eng. (1)

K. Kudo, K. Koyabu, F. Ohira, M. Matsunaga, Y. Innoue, "A thin-filter insertion machine for optical WDM transceiver modules," Precis. Eng. 23, 34-38 (1999).

Other (5)

M. Yanagisawa, "Low-loss and compact TFF-embedded silica-waveguide WDM filter for video distribution services in FTTH systems," Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC) Los AngelesCA (2004) Paper TuI4.

D. Nowak, J. Murphy, "FTTH: The overview of existing technologies," Proc. SPIE—Optoelectronics, Photonic Devices, and Optical Networks, Opto-Ireland (2005) pp. 500-509.

K. Okamoto, Fundamentals of Optical Waveguides (Academic, 2000).

Central Glass Co. http://www.cgco.co.jp/OpticalDevice/english/index.html.

D. Derickson, Fiber Optic Test and Measurement (Prentice-Hall, 1998).

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