Abstract

We investigated a cost-effective method using 10-Gb/s LiNbO<sub>3</sub> Mach–Zehnder Modulators (MZMs) for transmitting 40-Gb/s duobinary nonreturn-to-zero (NRZ) and duobinary carrier-suppressed return-to-zero (DCS-RZ) signals. The transmission performance of the signals was investigated. The optimum bandwidths of low-pass filters in transmitters using 10- and 40-Gb/s LiNbO<sub>3</sub> MZMs were also investigated. The calculated transmission performance of the transmitter using 10-Gb/s LiNbO<sub>3</sub> MZMs was compared to that using 40-Gb/s LiNbO<sub>3</sub> MZMs. The effect of the bias offset in the transmitters was investigated. Compared to duobinary-NRZ and DCS-RZ signals generated by a transmitter using 40-Gb/s LiNbO<sub>3</sub> MZMs, those generated by using 10-Gb/s LiNbO<sub>3</sub> MZMs can be transmitted with 1-dB power penalty over 480-km transmission.

© 2007 IEEE

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. G. E. Keiser, "A review of WDM technology and applications," Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 3-39 (1999).
  2. D. Breuer, H. J. Ehrke, F. Küppers, R. Ludwig, K. Petermann, H. G. Weber, K. Weich, "Unrepeated 40-Gb/s RZ single-channel transmission at 1.55 μm using various fiber types," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 822-824 (1998).
  3. T. Hoshida, O. Vassilieva, K. Yamada, S. Choudhary, R. Pecqueur, H. Kuwahara, "Optimal 40 Gb/s modulation formats for spectrally efficient long-haul DWDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1989-1996 (2002).
  4. P. M. A. Charrua, A. V. T. Cartaxo, "Optimized filtering for AMI-RZ and DCS-RZ SSB signals in 40-Gb/s/ch-based UDWDM systems ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 223-225 (2005).
  5. A. Royset, D. R. Hjelme, "Symmetry requirements for 10-Gb/s optical duobinary transmitters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 273-275 (1998).
  6. S. Won, J. Lee, Y. Kim, S. Kim, J. Jeong, "Performance limits of 10-Gb/s optical duobinary transmissions using reduced bandwidth single-arm Mach–Zehnder modulators considering residual chirp and dc-bias offset," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 479-481 (2003).
  7. H. Lee, H. Kim, G. Lee, S. K. Kim, S. Kim, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, J. Jeong, "OC-768 optical duobinary transmission systems using OC-192 LiNbO Mach–Zehnder modulators ," Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. StockholmSweden (2004) Paper We2.4.3..
  8. D. M. Gill, A. H. Gnauck, X. Liu, X. Wei, D. S. Levy, S. Chandrasekhar, C. R. Doerr, "42.7-Gb/s cost-effective duobinary optical transmitter using a commercial 10-Gb/s Mach–Zehnder modulator with optical filtering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 917-919 (2005).
  9. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 1989).
  10. Y. K. Park, S. W. Granlund, "Optical preamplifier receivers: Application to long-haul digital transmission," Opt. Fiber Technol. 1, 59-71 (1994).
  11. X. Zheng, F. Liu, P. Jeppesen, "Receiver optimization for 40-Gb/s optical duobinary signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 744-746 (2001).
  12. R. J. Nuyts, L. D. Tzeng, O. Mizuhara, P. Gallion, "Effect of transmitter speed and receiver bandwidth on the eye margin performance of a 10-Gb/s optical fiber transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 532-534 (1997).

2005

P. M. A. Charrua, A. V. T. Cartaxo, "Optimized filtering for AMI-RZ and DCS-RZ SSB signals in 40-Gb/s/ch-based UDWDM systems ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 223-225 (2005).

D. M. Gill, A. H. Gnauck, X. Liu, X. Wei, D. S. Levy, S. Chandrasekhar, C. R. Doerr, "42.7-Gb/s cost-effective duobinary optical transmitter using a commercial 10-Gb/s Mach–Zehnder modulator with optical filtering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 917-919 (2005).

2003

S. Won, J. Lee, Y. Kim, S. Kim, J. Jeong, "Performance limits of 10-Gb/s optical duobinary transmissions using reduced bandwidth single-arm Mach–Zehnder modulators considering residual chirp and dc-bias offset," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 479-481 (2003).

2002

T. Hoshida, O. Vassilieva, K. Yamada, S. Choudhary, R. Pecqueur, H. Kuwahara, "Optimal 40 Gb/s modulation formats for spectrally efficient long-haul DWDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1989-1996 (2002).

2001

X. Zheng, F. Liu, P. Jeppesen, "Receiver optimization for 40-Gb/s optical duobinary signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 744-746 (2001).

1999

G. E. Keiser, "A review of WDM technology and applications," Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 3-39 (1999).

1998

D. Breuer, H. J. Ehrke, F. Küppers, R. Ludwig, K. Petermann, H. G. Weber, K. Weich, "Unrepeated 40-Gb/s RZ single-channel transmission at 1.55 μm using various fiber types," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 822-824 (1998).

A. Royset, D. R. Hjelme, "Symmetry requirements for 10-Gb/s optical duobinary transmitters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 273-275 (1998).

1997

R. J. Nuyts, L. D. Tzeng, O. Mizuhara, P. Gallion, "Effect of transmitter speed and receiver bandwidth on the eye margin performance of a 10-Gb/s optical fiber transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 532-534 (1997).

1994

Y. K. Park, S. W. Granlund, "Optical preamplifier receivers: Application to long-haul digital transmission," Opt. Fiber Technol. 1, 59-71 (1994).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

P. M. A. Charrua, A. V. T. Cartaxo, "Optimized filtering for AMI-RZ and DCS-RZ SSB signals in 40-Gb/s/ch-based UDWDM systems ," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 223-225 (2005).

A. Royset, D. R. Hjelme, "Symmetry requirements for 10-Gb/s optical duobinary transmitters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 273-275 (1998).

S. Won, J. Lee, Y. Kim, S. Kim, J. Jeong, "Performance limits of 10-Gb/s optical duobinary transmissions using reduced bandwidth single-arm Mach–Zehnder modulators considering residual chirp and dc-bias offset," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 479-481 (2003).

D. Breuer, H. J. Ehrke, F. Küppers, R. Ludwig, K. Petermann, H. G. Weber, K. Weich, "Unrepeated 40-Gb/s RZ single-channel transmission at 1.55 μm using various fiber types," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 822-824 (1998).

D. M. Gill, A. H. Gnauck, X. Liu, X. Wei, D. S. Levy, S. Chandrasekhar, C. R. Doerr, "42.7-Gb/s cost-effective duobinary optical transmitter using a commercial 10-Gb/s Mach–Zehnder modulator with optical filtering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 917-919 (2005).

X. Zheng, F. Liu, P. Jeppesen, "Receiver optimization for 40-Gb/s optical duobinary signal," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 744-746 (2001).

R. J. Nuyts, L. D. Tzeng, O. Mizuhara, P. Gallion, "Effect of transmitter speed and receiver bandwidth on the eye margin performance of a 10-Gb/s optical fiber transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 532-534 (1997).

J. Lightw. Technol.

T. Hoshida, O. Vassilieva, K. Yamada, S. Choudhary, R. Pecqueur, H. Kuwahara, "Optimal 40 Gb/s modulation formats for spectrally efficient long-haul DWDM systems," J. Lightw. Technol. 20, 1989-1996 (2002).

Opt. Fiber Technol.

G. E. Keiser, "A review of WDM technology and applications," Opt. Fiber Technol. 5, 3-39 (1999).

Y. K. Park, S. W. Granlund, "Optical preamplifier receivers: Application to long-haul digital transmission," Opt. Fiber Technol. 1, 59-71 (1994).

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 1989).

H. Lee, H. Kim, G. Lee, S. K. Kim, S. Kim, S. Hwang, Y. Oh, J. Jeong, "OC-768 optical duobinary transmission systems using OC-192 LiNbO Mach–Zehnder modulators ," Eur. Conf. Optical Commun. StockholmSweden (2004) Paper We2.4.3..

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.